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Impact Of Industrialization And Displacement On Tribal Groups (Special Reference To Various Industries Of Raigarh District (Chhattisgarh))

Author: 
Nister Kujur and Shailendra Kumar
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

In present era our societies suffering with many processes like globalization, modernization, industrialization, urbanization, etc. all of these processes are co-related with each other. And all of these processes make many changes in societies some are positive, and some are negative. Positive changes called development, and negatives are social problems. Same Results find out in industrialization because of industries. We got much material culture, which makes our life so comfortable and easy but in another side, industry was a major factor of displacement, pollution, slums, etc. Generally, all four components for industry are easily available in forest area that’s why the forest is the first choice of an industrialist. And other side forest areas are residences of various tribal groups so, tribal groups are directly affected by establishment of industry as well as displacement also. Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh has 14 large and small industries of iron, coal, etc. These industries make huge displacement in these areas and tribal groups Total 61 villages, and 1406 families are affected by displacement. Total 1044.436-acre land capture by industrialist for industries and flats of an employee. Present study conduct in 31 affected tribal families of 31villages. The present study shows affected families are leaving their traditional agricultural works because they can’t understand the nature of new land structure and because of this, they are in economic trouble. In study area, there are 67.7 percent family’s primary occupations was agriculture and after displacement, there are only 9.7 percent families engage in agricultural work. There are some other problems also finding out in this study, which are related to fundamental needs. According to affected families, new residences have many fundamental problems, which are provided by government and industrialists. There are no electricity, no regular drinking water resources, satisfied roads and transports are no available, etc.

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