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Impact of Triazophos on Channa punctatus: Hematological and histopathological studies

Author: 
Shikha Singh, Rishikesh K. Tiwari, Somenath Ghosh and Ravi S. Pandey
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

The indiscriminate use of pesticides in agriculture can affect the production of fish by creating different physiological anomaly which can also affect the human health by biomagnifications. Therefore, the present study was aimed to evaluate the Sublethal toxicity of triazophos (o,o-Diethyl-o-(1-phenyl-1H-1,2,4,- triazol-3yl) thiophosphate), an organophosphate (OP) pesticide, on histopathological and haematological parameters of a freshwater fish, Channa punctatus. Fishes were exposed to 5% and 10% of LC50 concentration, 0.068 mg/l of triazophos for 96 h maintaining ten fishes in each group, along with the control group. For histopathological studies, tissues under study were dissected and fixed appropriately and for haematological studies, blood sample were collected. Histopathological changes in liver include vacuolization and increase in number of kupffer cells; in gills, changes in the architecture of primary and secondary gill lamella; and in kidney, shrinkage of glomerular and kidney tubules were observed. In hematological parameters significant increase in total WBC, MCV and significant decrease in RBC, Hb, MCH, MCHC were observed with respect to control. This preliminary study indicates the physiological effect of triazophos on C. punctatus. However, further molecular and biochemical studies may supplement the mechanism of action of this pesticide.

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