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Influence of probiotics on growth performance and digestive enzyme activity of common carp (cyprinus carpio)

Author: 
Renuka, K. P., Venkateshwarlu, M., Ramachandra Naik A. T. and Prashantha Kumara, S. M.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

The present study was carried out to evaluate the influence of dietary supplementation of probiotic bacteria (Lactobacillus sp.) on growth performance, enzyme activity and water quality parameters of common carp. The Probiotic was isolated from the intestine of common carp. The feeding trail was conducted for 60 days, to determine the effect of dietary probiotic on the growth and health status of fish. The fish with a similar body weight (24±1 gm) were distributed randomly into five treatment groups, which fed a feed containing Lactobacillus sp. in four concentrations viz., 1.0 (T1), 1.5 (T2), 2.0 (T3) and 2.5 (T4) X 107 CFU g-1 feed. The control group (T5) was fed without Lactobacillus sp. for the same period. Blood samples were collected at the intervals of 15, 30, 45, 60 days. The digestive enzymes such as protease, amylase and lipase activity were analyzed. Water quality parameters such as Temperature, pH, Dissolve oxygen, Alkalinity, Hardness, and Ammonia were examined. The Lactobacillus sp treated fish (T3, 2.0 X 107 CFU g_1 feed) showed maximum percentage of growth performance and better enzyme activity than in other groups. The results suggest that Lactobacillus sp. Could be used effectively as a probiotics for the use in aquaculture.

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