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Knowledge, attitude and practice in emergency management of avulsed and fractured tooth in KVG medical college among post graduate students and staff members–a cross sectional study

Author: 
Dr. Krishna Prasad, L., Dr. Bhagat S Tanwar, Dr. Naveen Kumar, K. and Dr. Ramya, M. K.
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Introduction:-Avulsion is the total dislodgement of an intact tooth from its socket.The principal challenge is to maintain the vitality of periodontal cells, as prognosis of a replanted tooth is directly proportional to the viable periodontal cells. Use of physiological storage media like milk, saliva or saline is critical to maintain the viability of periodontal cells until professional help is obtained. To ensure proper and appropriate management of the avulsed tooth, it is essential that medical professionals have sufficient knowledge on the emergency management. Aim-The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes among KVG Medical College Doctors towards emergency management of Avulsed and fractured tooth. Materials and Methods- In this survey55 medical college doctors were randomly included in the study with their voluntary participation. Data regarding the emergency management of avulsed and fractured tooth was collected using a questionnaire having questions which was close ended. Results-cross sectional study participant doctors out of 55 respodents61.8% of the participants knew the correct meaning of avulsed tooth. 20% of the participants thought avulsion as the dislodgement of fractured segment of the tooth and 20% did not know the meaning. 41% of the participants did not have the prior knowledge about the management of an avulsed tooth.. 90.9% of the participants would suggest the patient to consult the dentist in case they come across a patient with avulsed tooth. None of the participants preferred milk to preserve the tooth in case professional care is not possible immediately.92.7% not aware about root fracture in apical, middle as well as cervical third and its consequences and management. Only 9.2% knows about tooth fracture traumatised with vertical fracture involving root. Conclusion- An education programme should be conducted to increase the knowledge and awareness of management of avulsed tooth and fractured tooth. From the survey conducted many of the participants showed a fair knowledge on the emergency management of an avulsed and fractured tooth and their dilemma pertaining to some aspects of this procedure can be solved by providing required awareness and knowledge.

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