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Knowledge, attitude and practices of pharmacovigilance among healthcare professionals in a medical and dental institute: A comparative study

Author: 
Dr. Mahesh Kumar, Dr. Shravani Deolia, Dr. Sangita Totade, Dr. Kumar Gaurav Chhabra, Dr. Chaya Chhabra and Dr. Shailesh Nagpure
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: Pharmacovigilance deals with the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse effects, particularly long term and short-term adverse effect of medicines. Objectives: To assess knowledge, attitude and Practice among health professionals about Pharmacovigilance and barriers towards reporting adverse drug reactions. Material & Methods: It was a cross-sectional, questionnaire based survey. The participants were Under Graduates, Interns & post graduates pursuing their courses in dental & medical field. The assessment regarding knowledge, attitude and practice was done by questionnaire having 23, 8 & 8 items respectively. Five point Likert scale was used to evaluate attitude and practice. 07 questions for under reporting the adverse drug reactions, with an option to tick multiple options were also included. Demographic data of the participants was also collected. Unpaired’t’ test was used to assess the statistical differences. Results: A total of 397 out of 605 Study subjects responded in medical, and similarly 203 out of 283 in dentistry. Among medical and dental subjects 9% and 36.4% have never heard the term pharmacovigilance. Overall 3% and 5.4% had taken special training in pharmacovigilance, respectively. The mean knowledge, attitude and practices scores were higher in medical compared to dental professions but only mean practices scores was found statistically significant. Conclusion: The underreporting of ADRs was due to lack of knowledge and poor practice. Even though the attitude was good but still it has to improve among dental students by appropriate curriculum changes and continuing education programs in medical students.

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