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Learner perception of design of print instructional medium and participation in distance learning: A case of bachelor of education programme of University of Nairobi, Kenya

Author: 
Dr. Joyce Otieno, Dr. Omondi Bowa, Dr. Peter Keiyoro, Dr. Angeline Mulwa and Dr. Peter Keiyoro
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

The purpose of this research was to determine how print instructional design influences learner participation in distance education programme. Five areas that constitute design were studied. These included: clarity of instructions, interactivity of content, presence of icons, presence of self-assessment exercises and presence statement of objectives. The target population was 554 students in their final year of study in the Bachelor of Education programme by distance learning of University of Nairobi.. Data collected were analyzed using frequencies, percentages and correlation coefficient. Results show that design of print instructional medium has significant influence on learner participation in distance learning since 145(83%) perceived design to be very important for their participation. On clarity of design of print instructional medium, 138(79%) found it useful for participation. With regard to interactivity of language, 132(75.9%) felt the design interactive was beneficial in their participation. A total of 129 (74%) did not find presence of icons useful to their participation in the programme. Respondents perceived self- assessment exercises to be essential since 166((95%) found them necessary while making reference to print instructional medium. Presence of objectives in the print instructional medium was perceived by the respondents to be the most influential in their participation in the programme. Learners perceived the design of study units to have had an influence on participation in distance learning since correlation results reflected F = 10.495.P < 0.05 at 0.002 which was below 0.5 set level of significance. It was concluded therefore that course designers should revisit the use of icons in the study units to improve on them so that they can assist the learners while studying using print medium. They should also include student study guide to enable the learners to recognize how much time they should take reading particular topics.

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