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Maternal and fetal outcome in teenage pregnancies

Author: 
Dr. Rashmi, L.
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Aims: To study the maternal and fetal outcome in teenage pregnancies. Settings and design: This is a retrospective study done over a period of 1 year in Subbaiah Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore from 1st april 2015 to 31st march 2016. Data was collected with information covering maternal risk factors and obstetric outcome after fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Materials and methods: 200 women with teenage pregnancies (13-19 yrs) were evaluated for maternal risk factors and obstetric outcome. All pregnant females admitted to the Hospital in the age group of 13-19 years during the study period were included and all pregnant females equal to or more than 20 years admitted to the Hospital during the same period were excluded from the study. MS Excel was used for statistical purpose. Results: Teenage pregnancy comprised 5.57% of the total Obstetric admissions. In this study 52% teenage pregnancies were associated with complications. The major maternal complications were Preterm labour 26.9%, Anemia (22.11%), Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy 15.38%, Premature Rupture of Membranes 15.38%,. Low Birth Weight 17%, preterm births 23% and NICU admissions 6% were major adverse fetal outcomes. Conclusion: Teenage pregnancy has adverse impact on the health of teenage mothers leading to various adverse maternal and fetal outcome.

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