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Metal ceramic bonding and test designs for in vitro metal ceramic bond evaluation

Author: 
Madhav, V. N. V.
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

All-ceramic anterior restorations can appear very natural. Unfortunately, the ceramics used in these restorations are brittle and subject to fracture from high tensile stresses. Fortunately the esthetic qualities of ceramic materials can be combined with the strength and toughness of metals to produce restorations that have both a natural tooth like appearance and very good mechanical properties. As a result they are more successful as posterior restorations than all-ceramic crowns. The cast metal coping provides a substrate on which a ceramic coating is fused. The ceramics used for these restora¬tions are porcelains, hence the common name, porcelain-fused-to-metal restorations. Fractures of these Metal ceramic restorations happen at different levels, and the restorations themselves are subjected to various types of stresses. This article describes test designs which can evaluate the strength of the metal ceramic bond in a laboratory setup, mainly flexural and tensile tests, to enable us to evaluate the newer ceramics to be used in a clinical setup, with advantages and shortcomings of the same.

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