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ndexing Refraction of commonly used edible oils - A tool for finding adulteration- Thinking ‘researchy’ at undergraduate level – I

Author: 
Vishakh M. Premkumar and Rageena Joseph
Subject Area: 
Physical Sciences and Engineering
Abstract: 

In terms Indexing refractionis an important parameter in studying the characteristics of liquids. In this study the characteristic variation in the indexing of refraction of homemade pure virgin coconut Oil is done with a spectrometer and a hollow liquid prism, when locally available palm oil is added to it as an adulterant. Expected value is calculated at an interval of 5% and Graph is drawn giving regression to the mean value R² = 1. Different samples of coconut oil are collected from the local market. The refraction of these sample is indexed, and Graph is drawn which gives a regression to the mean value R² = 0.9643. This Graph is compared with the graph drawn with the standard calculated value. Comparison Graph shows considerable adulteration as reported in the local news during festive season in September 2015 in state Kerala, India, when coconut oil was in high demand. Low cost palm oil was widely available, and the state produces no other cheaper oil other than palm oil to be used as an adulterant. Nonetheless, Simple laboratory experiments still plays an important role in bringing equally important outcomes as that of more expensive and sophisticated instruments in the expensive laboratory settings.

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