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Physical activity, life style and food comsumption pattern of type 2 diabetes mellitus

Author: 
Rajapriya, K. and Dr. Vijayanchali, S.S.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: The number of people with diabetes has risen from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014. Diabetes is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke and lower limb amputation. The standardized prevalence rate for DM in the total Indian, urban and rural populations was 4.3, 5.9 and 2.7%, respectively. Objectives: To assess physical Activity of the Diabetic Respondents; To know the lifestyle pattern of the Diabetic Respondents; and To assess the Food Consumption Pattern of the Diabetic Respondents. Methodology: The study area was Apollo Specialty Hospital, Madurai. A total of 100 samples were selected from diabetic population. The samples were selected by adopting purposive random sampling technique. Questionnaire was used as a tool for data collection. Result: About 35 percent of the respondents were females and 65 percent of the respondents were males. Around 31 percent, 45 percent and 24 percent of the respondents were sedentary, moderate and heavy workers. About 52 percent of the respondents had the habit of watching television. Around 56 percent of the respondents had the habit of walking. About 52 percent of the respondents had the habit of smoking and 35 percent of the respondents were consuming alcohol. Majority 93 percent of the respondents consumed parboiled rice daily, 64 percent of the respondents consumed coconut daily, 25 percent of the respondents consumed banana daily. About 40 percent of the respondents had consumed groundnut oil daily. Around 74 percent of the respondents had consumed sugar daily. The mean carbohydrate, protein, fat, calcium and vitamin value was higher and energy, Iron and fibre value was lower than the recommended dietary allowance. Conclusion: Majority (56 %) of the respondents had the habit of walking, 16 percent of the respondents had the habit of cycling, 6 percent of the respondents had the habit of doing yoga and 22 percent of the respondents were not doing any exercise. Majority (52%) of the respondents had the habit of smoking and 35 percent of the respondents were consuming alcohol. Majority (75%) of the respondents were not following the Diabetic diet, 25% of the respondents were following the Diabetic Diet Strictly.

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