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The prevalence and economic importance of bovine fasciolosis at Debre Birhan Municipal Abattoir

Author: 
Feleke Eriso and Girma Deneke
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: Fasciola hepatica is a parasite of herbivorous animals (sheep, goat, and cattle), living in the biliary passages of the liver and it also infects humans. Fasciola gigantica is the largest of human liver and lung flukes. Both of these parasitic flat worms cause the disease termed fasciolosis or fascioliasis in herbivorous animals as well as in humans. The prevalence of Fasciola gigantica does overlap with that of Fasciola hepatica. The key objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence rate of bovine fasciolosis and dealing with the consequences & the associated issues of interest. Method: Information from the sample animals was collected by observation and palpation during antemortem examination of each slaughtered animal. Date that the cattle entered the Debre Birhan municipal abattoir, age, sex, breed, and body condition of each individual cattle was recorded. Postmortem examination of liver and associated bile ducts were carefully accomplished by visualization and palpation of the entire organ followed by transverse opening of the organ across thin sections. The livers of 400 randomly selected cattle were examined. Result: Out of 400 cattle examined 261 (65.25%) cattle were confirmed positive for Fasciola species. Conclusion: Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica were the causative agents of bovine fasciolosis in and around Debre Birhan. Poor nutrition & resistance of the livestock, types of nonproductive breed and seasonal occurrence of these infectious parasites together with nonproductive husbandry practices worsen the effects of fasciolosis. Assessment of human fasciolosis must be executed in & around Debre Birhan.

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