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Prevalence of eye diseases in primary school children in rural areas of Jammu city of Jammu & Kashmir, India

Author: 
Anjali Slathia and Renu Hashia Dhar
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Objective: To assess prevalence of eye diseases in primary school children in Jammu city, J&K Settings and Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study Material and Methods: All school going children of both genders aged 5-16 yrs under school screening programme underwent V.A assessment, ocular motility evaluation and cover-uncover test. Depending on type of eye disease, they were categorised. Children with defective vision were further examined employing objective refraction using autorefractometer followed by streak retinoscopy after instilling 1% cyclopentolate eye drops. Children with any kind of refractive errors were evaluated & categorized according to the type of refractive error on post mydriatic examination. Children with prior ocular surgery or any ocular disease contributing to diminished V.A, manifest strabismus & pathological myopia were excluded from the study. Statistical Analysis: done by Chi square test Results: Among children, the prevalence of refractive error in this study was found to be 11.6%.There was no significant difference in prevalence of refractive error between two sexes. The prevalence increases with age. The common refractive error was astigmatism followed by myopia and then hypermetropia Conclusion: Refractive error is important cause of treatable blindness in School going children in the age group of 5-16 yrs. Hence, regular eye screening among school children is mandatory as is covered under NPCB. Conflict of interest: Nil Financial support/Source of funding: Nil.

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