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A prospective observational study on health related quality of life and socioeconomic status among chronic disease patients

Author: 
Sravanthi Uppala, Sai Soujanya Thangellapally and Mahender Vatipelli
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: Health Related Quality of Life is a multidimensional construct that consists of at least three broad domains − physical, psychological, and social functioning − that are affected by one's disease and/or treatment. HRQoL is usually measured in chronic conditions and is frequently impaired to a great extent. Associations with socioeconomic status (SES) and HRQoL seem to be vital criteria. Objectives: To evaluate individual patient's health status and to monitor and compare disease burden. Study Design: This is a prospective observational study conducted for 6 months in Multicenter, Hanamkonda, Telangana. Methodology: The patients included in this study were Cerebrovascular accident, Cardiovascular disorders, Diabetes Mellitus, Thyroid disorders, Chronic kidney disease, Osteoarthritis. Patients >65yrs were excluded in this study. Results: By comparison of HRQoL in included chronic diseases, it was much decreased in OA (52.16%) followed by CVA (54.50%). HRQoL according to SES was evaluated and found that the upper status people (64.145%) were showing good QoL and patients with low SES showing decreased medication adherence which results in poor QoL (54.369%). Conclusion: The HRQoL was very poor in OA followed by CVA. According to SES the upper status people showing good HRQoL than low SES patients. The lower status people showing decreased medication adherence which results in poor HRQoL. The emotional health was highly impaired in all included chronic diseases except in Thyroid patients.

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