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Prospects And Challenges Of Rice Seed Multiplication Scheme In Benue State, Nigeria

Author: 
Rauf, A. J., Iheanacho, A. C., Ojo, P. O. and Ocholi, A.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

This study was conducted to assess and analyze the prospects and challenges involved in contractual rice seed multiplication programme for seed companies in Benue state, Nigeria. Specifically, the study examined the profitability and constraints of the seed farmers. Purposive and random sampling were used to select 68 rice outgrowers/ contract farmers. Data was collected on farm management systems, production information including cost and return figures and lastly constraints faced by the respondents. Gross margin analysis and the likert scale model were the tools used in achieving the objectives. The results showed that the farmers had a gross margin of N97866.47 per hectare. The net return on investment was 0.52. High cost of labour, unfavourable buy-back prices and delay in buy-back by seed companies were the biggest constraints faced by the rice seed contract farmers. It was recommended that efforts should be made to support smallholder rice farmers to access affordable handy technologies for their rice growing operations, and legislations should be made, aimed at protecting smallholder contract farmers especially from breach of buy-back process (time, price and logistics) from the contracting seed companies.

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