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Role of abiotic factors and farming methods in the management of the pest leucinodes orbonalis (guenee) on solanum melongena l.

Author: 
Krithika, B.N. and Ananthanarayana, S. R.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Brinjal (Eggplant) is one of the important vegetables which contributes 9% of total vegetables in India. It occupies an area of 5.10 lakh hectares with an annual production of 88.00 million tonnes in India. Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) is one of the most popular and economically important vegetables among small-scale farmers and low-income consumers of Karnataka. The Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer (BSFB), Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenee) has been identified as the most destructive pest which causes serious damage during the fruiting stage and it is the primary limiting factor in brinjal production. Yield losses as high as 95% due to BSFB infestation has been reported. By habit, BSFB is an internal borer which damages the tender shoots and fruits. The normal measures like spraying pesticides do not solve the problem. The use of highly systemic chemicals at a high frequency makes the vegetables unfit for human consumption, ecologically unsafe and economically unviable leading to the exploration of physical and botanical methods. A survey was conducted in two major brinjal growing areas of Karnataka, namely, Magadi and Chikkabalapura to assess the available facilities for farming, extent of yield loss caused due to BSFB infestation, to understand the role of abiotic factors and pest management methods in practice and their efficiency. The survey results revealed that the variety Mysore Badane is most resistant to pest infestation. Cropping and irrigation methods can be used as tools to combat spread of pest infestation in an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) module. Statistical analysis has strengthened the understanding of the effect of abiotic factors on pest infestation. Ongoing laboratory experiments have shown that phytoextracts of commonly grown plants like Marigold are effective in suppression of the insect pest population and can be used in an IPM module.

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