CALL FOR PAPERS

CERTIFICATE

IMPACT FACTOR 2018

Subject Area

  • Life Sciences / Biology
  • Architecture / Building Management
  • Asian Studies
  • Business & Management
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Economics & Finance
  • Engineering / Acoustics
  • Environmental Science
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • General Sciences
  • Materials Science
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine
  • Nanotechnology & Nanoscience
  • Nonlinear Science
  • Chaos & Dynamical Systems
  • Physics
  • Social Sciences & Humanities

Why Us? >>

  • Open Access
  • Peer Reviewed
  • Rapid Publication
  • Life time hosting
  • Free promotion service
  • Free indexing service
  • More citations
  • Search engine friendly

Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

The role and importance of social capital in face of the challenges of economic development

Author: 
Dr. Saoud Chayed Mashkour, Dr. Aqeel Hameed Jaber and Dr. Mohamed Hassan Rashem
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

The aim of the research is to know the role of social capital as one of the main pillars of the economic development process, which requires the treatment of the causes of underdevelopment, reducing unemployment and economic inflation, and to bring about a radical change in society in order to elevate it to certain levels to achieve its aspirations to live in welfare according to accepted health, educational and social standards. The concept of economic development is based on the fact that it is a dynamic social activity that involves material and qualitative changes in the life of the community within a certain period of time. The economic development is a conscious and deliberate process of society, as well as structural transformations that lead to the formation of a material base that is used to expand self-productive capacities to achieve a systematic increase in the average productivity of the individual and the capabilities of society, within a framework of social relations that emphasizes the correlation between efficiency and effort, and deepening requirements participation for the purpose of providing basic needs (material and immaterial) for individual and social security. The Iraqi economy faces a number of challenges due to the lack of diagnosis of structural errors and imbalances of different economic sectors accurately. The decline in petrol prices has caused negative effects on the development plans in Iraq because of the significant decline in petrol revenues. This has hindered the development process due to the lack of indicators of the economic performance of the economic sectors, the widespread phenomenon of unemployment, inflation and financial and administrative corruption. This economic variables led to the increase and multiplicity and diversity of challenges that have negatively affected the Iraqi economy in various economic sectors. The study reached a number of conclusions, the most prominent of which is the observation of the increase in operating expenses on investment expenditures in the Iraqi state budget. These expenditures are not consistent with the size of the planned targets for economic development in Iraq. Based on this conclusion, the study recommended that financial returns should be invested in raising the indicators of economic development, including human development in education, housing, health and reconstruction. It is necessary to reduce dependence on petrol exports, which is considered a phenomenon of rent, by adopting strategic planning to employ petrol revenues in non-petrol investments, and industry in order to achieve comprehensive economic development.

PDF file: 

IJMCE RECOMMENDATION

ONLINE PAYPAL PAYMENT

CURRENT ISSUE

NEWS

CHIEF EDITOR
Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil
ASSOCIATE CHIEF EDITOR

   

Jean-Marc SABATIER
Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group
France

Advantages of IJCR

  • Rapid Publishing
  • Professional publishing practices
  • Indexing in leading database
  • High level of citation
  • High Qualitiy reader base
  • High level author suport

EDITORIAL BOARD

Luai Farhan Zghair
Iraq
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Jordanian
Fredrick OJIJA
Tanzanian
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Uzbekistan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Philippines
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Sudan
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
India
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Pakistan
Dr. SHAHERA S.PATEL
India
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
India
Dr. Recep TAS
Turkey
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Egypt
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
India
DR. PATRICK D. CERNA
Philippines
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Mexico
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Libiya
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
DR. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL MOHMAND
United State
DR. MAHESH SHIVAJI CHAVAN
India
DR. M. ARUNA
India
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Malaysia
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
India
DR. IRAM BOKHARI
Pakistan
Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
Pakistan
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
India
Dr. ASHWANI KUMAR DUBEY
India
Dr. Ali Seidi
Iran
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Indonesia
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
India
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
France
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Pakistan
Dr. Imran Azad
Oman
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
India
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Iraq
Anam Bhatti
Malaysia
Md. Amir Hossain
Bangladesh
Ahmet İPEKÇİ
Turkey
Mirzadi Gohari
Iran