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Sealants or composite?

Author: 
Mimoza Canga and Vito Malagnino
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

The purpose of the study is to follow the caries development for a two year period and to evaluate the dental sealants as a successful option in the treatment of occlusive cavities. Materials and Methods: Our study is experimental and is conducted on children 6-11 year old. We included 144 children, where 72 of them were the group of treatment with sealants and 72 were treated with composite. The caries lesions were checked with radiography every six months for a two year period. Results: The group treated with sealants with 72 children had 188 treated teeth and 100 untreated teeth, from which in treated children we noticed caries on 34 teeth and from 100 untreated teeth we noticed caries in 60 teeth. In the first group of children 32.7% of the children presented caries. In the second group of filling with composite 116 were filled with composite and 172 did not. In the subgroup of untreated children 74 children did not present caries. In the second group, the children treated with composite 25.7% presented caries and 79% of untreated children presented caries. Conclusions: We cannot conclude that sealant treatment is higher in number than composite treatment. In the future it is worthwhile to go further in this study, however, as the initial treatment for prophylaxis compared with non treatment; we can say that sealant treatment reduces by half the presence of caries.

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