CALL FOR PAPERS

CERTIFICATE

IMPACT FACTOR 2018

Subject Area

  • Life Sciences / Biology
  • Architecture / Building Management
  • Asian Studies
  • Business & Management
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Economics & Finance
  • Engineering / Acoustics
  • Environmental Science
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • General Sciences
  • Materials Science
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine
  • Nanotechnology & Nanoscience
  • Nonlinear Science
  • Chaos & Dynamical Systems
  • Physics
  • Social Sciences & Humanities

Why Us? >>

  • Open Access
  • Peer Reviewed
  • Rapid Publication
  • Life time hosting
  • Free promotion service
  • Free indexing service
  • More citations
  • Search engine friendly

Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

The sensoneural organization of the snout skin of the cow (Bos indicus) in light of the somatosensory adaptations of mammals

Author: 
Gh. Mohd. Bhat, Mohd. Saleem Itoo, Raj Tajamul Hussain, Nasseer Ahmad Shah, Bashir Ahamad Shah and Shamima Banoo
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: In bovines, snout is used as a tactile organ while foraging for food and in social interaction. The snout has the surface that is comparable to the glabrous skin of most non-hooved mammals. Aim of study: To study the structure, pattern of innervation and nerve terminations in the snout of the cow, so as to understand somatosensory adaptation of mammals. Material and Methods: Skin samples from fifteen animals (cow/ox) were taken, sections prepared and stained with a cytological (Haematoxylin – Eosin and Von Gieson’s stains) and a neural stain (Silver Impregnation). Results: With cytological stain, the bovine snout consisted of glabrous skin having well defined dermal ridges. Three types of cells were seen in the epidermis- keratinocytes, melonocytes and Merkel’s cells. After silver impregnation, nerve plexuses were observed in the dermis, from which myelinated nerve fibers ascended up towards epidermis. Four types of nerve fibers were observed in the snout: free nerve endings, Merkel’s nerve endings, papillary nerves and bovine corpuscles. Free nerve endings were sparse due to their loss to tactile friction i. e. grazing. Merkel’s cells were grouped at the dermal pegs. The bovine corpuscular nerve endings, present in the dermal papillae, were two types: one was elongated or cylindrical and the other oval or globular, formed high up in the dermal papilla, close to stratum granulosum. Both types consisted of capsule formed of collagen fibers and capsular cell; surrounding inner core formed by ramifying afferent nerve fibers, Schwann/lamellar cells and collagen fibers. The terminal nerve fibers of the bovine corpuscles formed modifications like neurofibrillar networks, closed end bulbs and neuro fibrillar varicosities. Conclusion: Snout of the cow possess the tripartite array of nerve end organs associated with Eimer’s organ of mammals, consisting of free nerve endings, Merkel’s discs and corpuscular end organs, which indicates that the snout is a highly specialized somatosensory organ of bovine animals.

PDF file: 

IJMCE RECOMMENDATION

ONLINE PAYPAL PAYMENT

CURRENT ISSUE

NEWS

CHIEF EDITOR
Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil
ASSOCIATE CHIEF EDITOR

   

Jean-Marc SABATIER
Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group
France

Advantages of IJCR

  • Rapid Publishing
  • Professional publishing practices
  • Indexing in leading database
  • High level of citation
  • High Qualitiy reader base
  • High level author suport

EDITORIAL BOARD

Luai Farhan Zghair
Iraq
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Jordanian
Fredrick OJIJA
Tanzanian
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Uzbekistan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Philippines
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Sudan
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
India
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Pakistan
Dr. SHAHERA S.PATEL
India
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
India
Dr. Recep TAS
Turkey
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Egypt
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
India
DR. PATRICK D. CERNA
Philippines
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Mexico
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Libiya
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
DR. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL MOHMAND
United State
DR. MAHESH SHIVAJI CHAVAN
India
DR. M. ARUNA
India
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Malaysia
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
India
DR. IRAM BOKHARI
Pakistan
Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
Pakistan
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
India
Dr. ASHWANI KUMAR DUBEY
India
Dr. Ali Seidi
Iran
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Indonesia
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
India
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
France
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Pakistan
Dr. Imran Azad
Oman
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
India
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Iraq
Anam Bhatti
Malaysia
Md. Amir Hossain
Bangladesh
Ahmet İPEKÇİ
Turkey
Mirzadi Gohari
Iran