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Spatio-temporal analysis of land use/land cover shift in Jabalpur City, Madhya Pradesh

Author: 
Dr. Lokesh Shrivastava, Shashikant Nag and Dr. Ritu Rani
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

Land cover changes and the direct or indirect interaction of these changes have drawn much consideration in recent years. Thus in this study, "spatio-temporal analysis of land use/land cover shift in Jabalpur City, Madhya Pradesh” analyzed to reveal the nature, extent and rate of changes. Multi-temporal landsat imagery (LS 5 Oct. 2009 and LS Oct. 2016) were obtained in this study. Arc GIS 10.2 had used for band combination (LS 5 band 4,3,2 and LS 8 band 5,4,3 combined for FCC). Erdas imagine 2013 had used for land cover classification. Land cover classified and four land cover classes were developed; built- up area, vegetation (include agriculture and forest area), water bodies and open space. Land cover maps were generated and change detection analysis was performed. Jabalpur city is located at 2303’ to 23016’ North latitude and 79051' to 8006’ East longitude, at an altitude of 393 m. above mean sea level (MSL). Total area of the city is 276.36 km2. The temporal land use/land cover changes revealed that the built up surfaces had been increasing significantly. For example, in 2009 built up areas were 85.9 km2 which increased gradually to 99.06 km2 in 2016, signifying +13.16% growths within 7 years intervals. Figures 3.3 portrayed the temporal change of trends of land use/land cover change during 2009-2016. This figure signified the remarkable land cover change on the category of built up surface exerting an unbelievable pressure on non-built up surfaces, in particular open spaces, water bodies and Vegetation. Further analysis also showed the extent and rate. It is found the built up area was on continuous increase and vegetation, water bodies and open space were continuous decrease throughout the study period.

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