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A study to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on care of children with febrile seizures among mothers of under-five’sat urban slum areas, Suryapet, Telangana, India

Author: 
Mrs. Manasa Godati, Mrs. Lavanya Uriti, Dr. Ghada Abd El Raoufyoussif, Dr. Mervat Moustafa Arrab and Dr. Eva Lobelle Sampayan
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

The aim of the study was “To assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on Care of Children with Febrile Seizures among mothers of under five’s at selected Urban slum areas, Suryapet”. A Quasi -experimental single group pre-test, post-test design was adopted. The study was conducted in Rajiv Nagar and Ambedkar Nagar (Urban slum areas), Suryapet, Telangana, India. The population were mothers’ of children under five years numbered 50. Convenient sampling technique was adopted for the study. The study was carried out by using a structured interview schedule and structured teaching programme on care of children with febrile seizures among mothers having under-five’s. A pre experimental one group pre –test, post –test design was adopted. Fifty mothers were selected by using purposes sampling methods at selected Urban slum areas, Suryapet to assess the knowledge and practices on care of children with febrile seizures by using this structured questionnaire. Structured teaching programme on care of children with febrile seizures was conducted. After 7 days of the structured teaching programme, the post –test were conducted by using the same pre-test questionnaire. Major findings of the study are: • In pre-test, out of fifty mothers of under fives regarding knowledge, 22% (11) had inadequate knowledge, 70% (35) had moderately adequate knowledge and only 8% (4) had adequate knowledge. Regarding knowledge on practices, 2% (1) had inadequate knowledge, 84% (42) had moderately adequate knowledge and 14% (7) had adequate knowledge. • In post-test, 44% (22) had moderately adequate knowledge, only 56% (28) had adequate knowledge and none were having inadequate knowledge on care of children with febrile seizures. Whereas 4% (2) had moderately adequate knowledge 96% (48) had adequate knowledge and none were having inadequate knowledge on practices. • There is a significant improvement in knowledge and knowledge on practices regarding care of children with febrile seizures at p<0.0001 level. • In pre-test, there is a significant association between the demographic variables and level of knowledge regarding type of family, number of previous attacks of seizures, family history of seizures and number of times admitted in the hospital for treatment at p<0.01 (1%) level, seizures accompanied with fever and family history of seizures were p<0.0001 and p<0.001% level respectively. In post test number of times admitted in the hospital for treatment of febrile seizures at p<0.01 (1%) level. • In pre-test, there is a significant association between the demographic variables and knowledge on practices regarding care of children with febrile seizures with family history of seizures at p<0.05% level. None of the variables were significant in post-test. The effectiveness of structured teaching programme on care of children with febrile seizures was significant at p <0.0001.The study concluded that the data proved that the structured teaching programme was a primary measure which markedly improve the knowledge and practices on care of children with febrile seizures among mothers of under-fives. Irrespective of demographic variables mothers improved their knowledge and practices on care of children with febrile seizures.

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