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A study of assessment on the knowledge, awareness and practices about STI/RTIS among adolescent girls in rural South India

Author: 
Surendra Darivemula, Durga Prasad Palla, Chandra Sekhar, C., Anitha, K. P. Shakeer Kahn, P.
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Introduction: During adolescence, hormonal changes lead to onset of puberty, sudden and rapid physical growth, and development of secondary sexual characteristics. They could engage in wrong activities such as smoking, substance abuse, consumption of alcohol, and unprotected sex. Methodology: A community based cross sectional study was conducted in the rural field practice area. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge, awareness and practices about STI/RTIs among adolescent girls. All the mid and late adolescents were included. A pretested semi structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Sample size 240 was selected for the study. The participants were selected by house to house visit. The results were shown in frequency and proportions. Results: Out of 240 participants 104 were mid and 136 belong to late adolescent age group. The most common self reported RTI was white discharge per vaginum 58 (24.1%) among them almost half of them didn’t took any treatment. More than half of them didn’t know the complications of RTIs. Regarding to the awareness of HIV/AIDS more than 80% of them heard about HIV/AIDS. More than 60% of them said that the route of transmission is by sexually and one third from mother to child transmission. Majority of them got to know about HIV/AIDS via television 104 (43.3%); and 69 (28.8%) of them heard in the school from teacher Conclusion: There is a need to educate adolescent girls about STI/RTI as most of them ignore it as they cannot discuss freely even with family members. In such circumstances the role of adolescent friendly health clinics playing vital role needs to be reinforced.

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