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Superstitious behavior and decision making among individual dual and team sport groups

Author: 
Dr. Gurmej Singh Dhaliwal Dr. Baljinder Singh Bal, Davinder Singh, Dr. Pritam Singh, and Manharleen Kaur
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

This study examined the superstitious behavior and decision making among individual, dual and team sport groups. To obtain required data, the investigators had selected Ninety (N=90) female intercollege level athletes of 19 to 25 years of age to act as subjects. They were divided into three groups; Thirty (n1=30) Individual Sports, Thirty (n2=30) Dual Sports and Thirty (n3=30) Team Sports athletes of various games and sports. The purposive sampling technique was used to select the subjects. All the subjects, after having been informed about the objective and protocol of the study, gave their consent and volunteered to participate in this study. To measure the level of superstitions behaviors of the subjects, the superstitions beliefs and behaviour scale constructed by Buhramann et al. (2004) was administered and to measure the level of decision making by applying decision making questionnaire prepared by French et al. (1993). One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was employed to compare the different among Individual Dual and Team Sport Groups. Where ‘F’ values were found significant, LSD (Least Significant Difference) Post-hoc test was applied to find out the direction and degree of difference. For testing the hypotheses, the level of significance was set at 0.05. The results revealed significant intra-group differences among individual, dual and team sports on the variable superstitious behavior and decision making. It is concluded that the individual sport group has low superstitious belief and better decision making level as compared to their counterpart dual and team sport.

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