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Training need areas of poultry farmers and their preference regarding methods, venue, time and period of training

Author: 
Balvir Singh, Ram Bahal Rai, Kuldeep Dhama, Hamid Ali, Thukkaram Damodaran, Sandip Chakraborty and Ashwani Kumar Singh
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Poultry farming as a business had tremendous scope for self-employment on one hand and could diversify the agriculture production system on the other hand. Training is very essential for capacity building and for strengthening the business economically by developing scientific attitude to increase knowledge status and making aware about present situation of sector throughout country and worldwide. Present study was carried out under World Bank funded ICAR research project, National Agricultural Innovative Project, Component- III in the Raebareli and Barabanki districts of Uttar Pradesh, India to identify the training need areas and farmers preference regarding methods, venue, time and period of training activities. Information was collected with the help of well-constructed questionnaire from a list of poultry farmers selected. The data were tabulated and analyzed using appropriate statistical method. Training need areas were classified into more important and less important based on the average mean score value, which was 9.18. Out of sixteen activities of poultry husbandry five were found to be most important training areas among farmers viz., feed formulation; vaccination and preventive measures; finance and loan facilities; brooding management; disease diagnosis and health care. Maximum 89.5% farmers acquired training during the period January to March; 3.5% during April to June (3.5%); 2.5% during July to September; and 4.5 % during October to December. Majority of the farmers desired training by on site demonstration method (74.5%), 15.5% by using exposure visits, 5.5% by lecture with field trip, and 4.5 % by group discussions. This suggests that site demonstrations provide multi-session interaction with experts at their farm during frequent visit at any stage of development. Largest part of the farmers (83.5%) recommended village name as venue of the training programme, as an alternative of Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) (14%) and Block / Tahsil / District headquarter (2.5%). The 78.5% farmers suggested that the duration of the training programme should be for 2-3 days, followed by 19% for one day, 1.5% for 4-5 days and 1.0% for one week or more. It can be concluded from this study that all these aspects when studied vividly will enable the farmers to perform poultry farming more efficiently to enhance their own household income, which is crucial for obtaining sustained livelihood security and poverty alleviation.

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