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Trans-boundary water dispute: a review of the river nile waters

Author: 
James K. Njuguna, Mercy Kintu and Julius Nkusi
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

Background: The use of Aerobic exercises and The Nile flows for about 6,700 kilometers through ten eastern African countries namely Rwanda, Burundi, D. R .Congo, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Eritrea, Ethiopia, the Sudan, and Egypt before emptying into the Mediterranean, and is the longest international river system in the world. During the colonial era, boundaries were created so as to demarcate territories for easy governance by the majorly Europeans masters. The boundaries created a sense of ownership of natural resources including mountains, valleys, lakes and also rivers that neighbored or passed through various states. While these resources management and sustainability requires the partnership of all the communities around them, their use in social, economic and other livelihood advantages remains a source of dispute among the same would be beneficiaries. A formula for equitable sharing of the water body resources remains elusive for decades with blame games and accusations peddling hostility to almost war levels between the countries that share them. The river Nile region of the world is such an example. The constant attempts to bring all the emissaries together to come up with an agreeable approach to manage and utilize what the waters provide has often failed, with each individual states supporting a certain course hidden behind self-seeking agenda. However all is not lost, as solutions, though few, can be drawn from successive trans-boundary water management initiatives in other regions of the world where a take and give approach among other formulas are deployed.

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