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IN VITRO gas production and acceptability evaluation of some plant species in Southern guinea savannah zone of Nigeria by red Sokoto goats

Author: 
Ogunbosoye, D. O.
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

This study was conducted to estimate the fermentation characteristics and acceptability of some selected plant species using West African dwarf (WAD) goats in a completely randomized design. The experimental samples were incubated in vitro with rumen liquor taken from three WAD goats in 24 h fermentation. The volume of gas produced at the end of incubation was highest in ECA (27 ml/200mg DM.) and lowest in PRA (24 ml/200mg DM.). The methane ranged from 16 to 5.33 in ECA and PRA respectively. The cumulative gas produced and the nutrients composition of the forages were used to predict the Organic Matter digestibility (OMD), Metabolisable Energy (ME) and Short Chain Fatty Acids (SCFA). The values obtained for the OMD, ME and SCFA ranged from 37.44 to 51.95 %, 2.61to 6.80 MJ/Kg and 0.23 to 0.60µmol respectively. The forage acceptability revealed that the daily DM intake increased as the day progressed. Gliricidia sepium had the highest DM intake from the inception of experiment while Prosopis africana was the least. Coefficient of Preference (COP) varied from 2.20 in GLS to 0.93 in PRA. It was indicated that Gliricidia sepium was best accepted amongst the forages. The rank is as follows: GLS > DLO > PAB > ECA > FIC > FIP > PRA. In conclusion, the result in this study showed that in vitro gas production and acceptability trial may be useful methods of evaluating feed stuffs in ruminant production to avert feed scarcity experienced during the lean period of the year.

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