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The work situation and working conditions of child labour n meerut city

Author: 
Dr. Satendra Kumar Singh
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

Child labour has become a big problem in India. It is no doubt a socio-economic problem. A national survey had shown that more than 16 million children between eight to fourteen are largely appointed in the informal sector, like restaurants, tea stall, motor garages etc. The main objective of the paper are: 1. To find out the factor of motivation for being engaged in such occupation, their prior status. 2. To explain the co-relation between their Socio-economic characteristics and their nature of the job and their working and living conditions. 3. To make an indepth study of their work situation income potential, employer-employee relationship, job satisfaction and exploitative tendencies. The study purpose 100 case sample has been selected purposive randomly of the different restaurants, tea stalls, tailoring, motor garages and scissor work in Meerut city which is scattered in entire city. The Guardian/Parents and employers also too were covered of the selective sample. The primary data of the study was collected through observation and interview schedule. The main finding of the study are: • The poverty was the most important reason for non-schooling of the child labour. • The main reason behind the employers preference for children were suitability for odds job and create less trouble. • The tea stalls, tailoring, motor garages and Scissors work relatively, serve and entry jobs for the child labour in those occupations. • More educated child labour were doing odds jobs and working in tea stalls, in comparison to other occupation. Here is negative co-relationship. • The majority of working children were employed before the got into their present job. • The educated child get employed much later than the illiterate child who gets employed earlier. • The general observation is that the children are put to long hours of work more than adults. • The majority of children work more than 8 hours a day. The decreasing the working hours with increasing of literacy. • The working children do not have fixed time of recess and relaxation it depend Marcy of employer. • The ill-treatment by the employer of the children are decreases with increasing age. It show positive co relation between the employers relation and age. • The majority of the child labour are maximum paid up to 2000/- per month and other are nominal allowances unpaid learner. • The wages of child labour and their educational background do not have positive relationship between the variables. • No discrimatory reason in tailoring, motor garages and scissors work against the low wages. • The mode of payment of wages varies according to the nature of activity. • The shop & commercial establishment act do not follow by the employers. • The majority of the child laborer were dissatisfied with their jobs. • The majority of the child labour have the health problem due to heavy work. • Most of the child labourers were have faced several problem like ill treatment by the employers as well as customers. The greedy employer do not care the existing law like employment act 1973 and the child labour (Prohibition and regulation)8 act 1986. etc.

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