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March 2010

The study was conducted at College of Forestry, Sirsi, Karnatak during 2005. Stevia three node stem cuttings of size 10-15 cm length and less than pencil thickness diameter were prepared. These cuttings were dipped in 100, 300 and 500 ppm of IAA and Coumarin for five minutes. After dipping the cuttings were planted in polythene bag of size 4" X 6'' containing potting mixture at 2:1:1 ratio (Soil, sand and Farm yard manure respectively) and little vermiphos was also added to this mixture. These poly bags were kept in mist chamber for 35 days.

The desert environment of the Gulf countries is characterized by high temperatures and limited water resources. Agriculture is by far the largest water user; most of it is used for production of fodder crops. Exotic fodder species, especially Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana) is the dominant forage plant grown. This species is poorly adapted to the harsh environment and consumes substantial amounts of water. This study was designed to compare indigenous forage species to Rhodes grass with regard to their ability to utilize water from deep soil layers.

The present studies were undertaken to find the selection criteria for higher rice yield which this would also help to select the genotypes possessing plant traits with maximum contribution to grain yield. The experimental material for the study comprised of sixteen genotypes of rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The study revealed that genotypes differed significantly among themselves for all the characters viz., morpho-physiological, biochemical, yield and yield attributing traits.

The discovery of RNAi was preceded first by observations of transcriptional inhibition by antisense RNA expressed in transgenic plants and more directly by reports of unexpected outcomes in experiments performed by plant scientists in the U.S. and the Netherlands in the early 1990s. In an attempt to alter flower colors in petunias, researchers introduced additional copies of a gene encoding chalcone synthase, a key enzyme for flower pigmentation into petunia plants of normally pink or violet flower color.

The rhizomes of Curculigo orchioides have been traditionally acclaimed as aphrodisiac. The ethanolic extract of rhizome was evaluated for its effect on spermatogenesis in ethanol induced albino rats. The increased spermatogenesis in treated group was confirmed by change in histoarchitecture as evidenced by an increase in number of spermatocyte and spermatids. These findings support the folk use of this plant as aphrodisiac.

In India, about 80 per cent of potato crop is cultivated under subtropical and 20 per cent under temperate to sub-temperate climate. The cultivation of this crop is often affected due to attack of various diseases caused by bacteria and viruses. Among bacterial diseases soft rot Erwinia spp., Bacterial wilt caused by Pseudomonas solanacearum, the brown rot pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum, the ring rot pathogen Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus and the scab forming Streptomyces spp. Commercial propagation of potato is normally done vegetatively using ‘seed’ tubers.

In an experiment carried out to determine the effects of inclusion of different levels of diatomaceous earth (fossil shell flour) on growth and haematological variables of broiler birds was investigated. The experiment comprised 150 day-old Arbor Acre strain of broiler chicks were randomly alloted to five dietary treatments; control (T1) and four differents levels of inclusion of fossil flour 2% (T2), 3% (T3), 4% (T4) and 5% (T5). The control birds were fed normal diet. Each diet was replicated 3 times with 10 birds in each replicate in a completely randomised design.

Thirty-two male large white weanling pigs of 8-9 weeks of age averaging 7.49 + 0.36kg were used to evaluate the effect of dietary copper on fertility of pubertal boars. The animals were randomly assigned in a Completely Randomized Design to 4 diets containing 0.2, 100, 200 and 300ppm Cu/kg. The control, diets 1, 2 and 3 respectively, in a 6-month feeding trial such that each treatment had 8 animals. The feeding trial was divided into 3 physiological phases [weanling (starter), pre-pubertal (grower) and pubertal (finisher)].

Studies on the antibacterial activities of the leaf extract of Citrullus colocynthis (Cucurbitaceae), a medicinal plant used for the treatment of various ailments was carried out using agar disc diffusion technique. Broad spectrum of an antimicrobial activity against sixteen bacteria and six fungal strains. No correlation was observed between susceptibility of test strains with plant extracts and antibiotic resistance behavior of the microbial strains. Qualitative phytochemical test of active extracts demonstrated the presence of phenols, tannins and flavonoids as active constituents.

Twenty West Africa Dwarf (WAD) Ewes of 10-12 months old were randomly assigned to five treatments in a completely randomized design experiment to assess the protein, antinutrients intake and digestibility by West African Dwarf ewes fed graded levels of Vernonia amygdalina leaf meal (VALM) diets and the experiment lasted 56 days. The diets were formulated such that 0% (A), 25% (B), 50% (C), 75% (D) and 100% (E) of brewer’s dried grain was replaced with Vernonia amygdalina leaf meal (w/w) respectively.

In the present investigation, an attempt has been made to study the effect of different concentrations of liquid seaweed fertilizer of Ulva lactuca on morphological and biochemical changes of Vigna unguiculata L. was assessed. The liquid seaweed fertilizer of Ulva lactuca is having a higher amount of organic and inorganic elements. The physic-chemical analysis of aqueous extracts is light brown in colour and it was rich in calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, sulphate, copper, phosphorus, nitrate and lead.

In this study, the effects of arsenic and manganese on the cell division in root tips of green gram were conducted. For this purpose, Vigna radiata were germinated into various concentrations of As and Mn (5, 10, 25, 50 100 mg/l) at 23-24°C for 72 h. Chromosome aberration assay was used to determine the mitotic indices and rate of chromosome aberration in green gram root tip cells due to As and Mn treatment. The results showed that the mitotic indices were complicated due to different concentrations of As and Mn.

Citrullus colocynthis had been widely used for its reported biological activities in indigenous system of medicine. The present investigation was carried out to find the effect of different phlogistic agents-induced paw edema and carrageenan-induced air-pouch inflammation in rats. Methanol extract of Citrullus colocynthis significantly inhibited carrageenan, serotonin and prostaglandin E1-induced paw edema. Maximum inhibition was observed in prostaglandin E1-induced paw edema.

Barnyard millet (Echinochloa colona), rich in fiber among minor millets processed by adopting different pre-milling treatments such as cold water soaking for 6-24 hours with 20 minutes steaming (Treatment I); hot water soaking for 1-5 hours with 20 minutes steaming (Treatment II); and steaming for 10-40 minutes (Treatment III). The treated millet was sun/shade dried and milled. Both raw and treated millet were analyzed for its physical, chemical, functional and milling characteristics.

In this study, a higher amount of various elements get deposited in the soil and make them polluted. Since, this polluted water reduces the crop production as well as the soil properties. To measure the bioremediation of some tree species like Pongamia glabra, Polyalthia, longifolia, Hesperia populnea, Pithecolobium dulci, Mangifera indica, Moringa olefera, Tamarindus indica, Acacia nilotica, Samanea saman and Azadirachta indica were grown in the polluted soil upto 90 days. The treatment in which all the tree species are grown in one pot and it showed a remarkable reduction of pollutants.

In this study four bacterial colonies (Bacillus spp, two Pseudomonas spp and Proteus spp.) and two fungal spp (Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus fumigatus) were isolated by spread plate technique and were checked for cellulase production (zone formation) with the help of congo red and NaCl/NaOH. The production of cellulase by bacteria (Bacillus spp , Pseudomonas spp and Proteus spp) and fungi (A.niger and A. fumigatus) were also confirmed by different assay (Gel punch assay, Dinitrosalicylic acid (DNS) and Carboxy Methyl Cellulose assay (CMC) ).

Microbiological and biochemical analysis of different curd samples collected from different locations of Tamilnadu India were enumerated for their total bacteria. The higher bacterial population 3.1x105cfu M1-1 was found in Ruby and lower count 1.3x105 cfu M1-1 was recorded in Bhavani. The six different curd samples collected estimated for their fungi and all of them have no mold population. The total lactic acid bacteria in six different curd sample were enumerated.

Increased salinity in irrigation water due to seawater intrusion has resulted in salinization of large part of agricultural lands in Oman. Government efforts are geared towards restoring water balance to improve groundwater quality with the ultimate aim of leaching the salts from soil profile. Some of these efforts include: controlling digging of new wells and rehabilitation of older wells, construction of recharge dams, reduction of cultivated land, and providing incentives for modern irrigation systems.

Three hundred female patients attending infertility clinic of obstetrics and gynaecology, RMMCH were enrolled in this study for a period of two years. Exclusion criteria included vaginal bleeding and pregnancy. Two high vaginal swaps were taken from each group of patients in three groups, Group1 comprising of 100 primary infertility patients, Group 2 comprising of 100 secondary infertility cases and Group 3 of 100 idiopathic infertility patients. Specimens were processed anaerobically and the results were analyzed.

Clay minerals play an important role in the gravitational stability of man-made rock piles by affecting geotechnical and hydrological characteristics of the material. FT-IR technique is used to distinguish between different types of minerals and to derive information concerning their structure, composition and structural changes upon chemical modification. The selections of the sample technique used depend on the purpose of the study and on the physical state of the sample.

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