CALL FOR PAPERS

CERTIFICATE

IMPACT FACTOR 2019

Subject Area

  • Life Sciences / Biology
  • Architecture / Building Management
  • Asian Studies
  • Business & Management
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Economics & Finance
  • Engineering / Acoustics
  • Environmental Science
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • General Sciences
  • Materials Science
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine
  • Nanotechnology & Nanoscience
  • Nonlinear Science
  • Chaos & Dynamical Systems
  • Physics
  • Social Sciences & Humanities

Why Us? >>

  • Open Access
  • Peer Reviewed
  • Rapid Publication
  • Life time hosting
  • Free promotion service
  • Free indexing service
  • More citations
  • Search engine friendly

Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Analysis of the social and reproductive behaviour of the west African giraffe (giraffa camelopardalis peralta) for optimal population management

Author: 
Hamadou O., Amadou Oumani A., Morou B. and Mahamane A.
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

This study aims to understand the biology of the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis peralta) and its ethological characteristics for optimal management. Little is known about the social and reproductive behaviour of the Niger giraffe. This information enables conservation measures to be adapted for the sustainable management of the giraffe. The present study was conducted in the area between 13°00' and 14°30' north latitude and 2°30' and 3°30' east longitude. Direct daily observations of the giraffe were conducted from 0800 pm to 0700 am for 111 days, from April 2018 to March 2019 on the trays of Kouré, Fakara, Fabidji, Falmey, Northern Dallol Bosso, Fandou, Dingazi-banda and Simiri. It appears from this study that adult females are more numerous; are always accompanied either by a giraffe or by other giraffes of different classes and or sexes. The average herd size is 5.59±3.49 individuals in the cold dry season, 3.96±1.42 individuals in the hot dry season and 7.58±5.20 individuals in the rainy season. All combinations are possible, except groups of young and giraffe only. After 243 observations, only 21 individuals were observed solitary and all of them are adult males, so, no solitary females. There are several types of associations between individuals of the same class and/or different sexes. The average birth rate is 0.13±0.08 individuals and a proportion of 32.93% for breeding females. The rate of increase is 11% and the mortality rate is close to 2% by year. The causes of death are mainly natural. The distance between individuals in a group is about 121.19±80.02 meters. There is an important social connection between the mother and the giraffe baby.

PDF file: 

IJMCE RECOMMENDATION

ONLINE PAYPAL PAYMENT

CURRENT ISSUE

NEWS

CHIEF EDITOR
Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil
ASSOCIATE CHIEF EDITOR

   

Jean-Marc SABATIER
Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group
France

Advantages of IJCR

  • Rapid Publishing
  • Professional publishing practices
  • Indexing in leading database
  • High level of citation
  • High Qualitiy reader base
  • High level author suport

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EDITORIAL BOARD

Luai Farhan Zghair
Iraq
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Jordanian
Fredrick OJIJA
Tanzanian
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Uzbekistan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Philippines
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Sudan
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
India
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Pakistan
Dr. SHAHERA S.PATEL
India
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
India
Dr. Recep TAS
Turkey
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Egypt
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
India
DR. PATRICK D. CERNA
Philippines
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Mexico
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Libiya
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
DR. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL MOHMAND
United State
DR. MAHESH SHIVAJI CHAVAN
India
DR. M. ARUNA
India
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Malaysia
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
India
DR. IRAM BOKHARI
Pakistan
Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
Pakistan
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
India
Dr. ASHWANI KUMAR DUBEY
India
Dr. Ali Seidi
Iran
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Indonesia
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
India
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
France
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Pakistan
Dr. Imran Azad
Oman
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
India
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Iraq
Anam Bhatti
Malaysia
Md. Amir Hossain
Bangladesh
Ahmet İPEKÇİ
Turkey
Mirzadi Gohari
Iran