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Macrocytic anemia: study of myelogram in military hospital avicenna in marrakech

Author: 
Skali Hajar, Lazrak, F.Z., Yahyaoui Hicham, Ait Ameur Mustapha and Chakour Mohamed
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: Anemia is one of the most common health problems in the primary care setting. Macrocytosis in adults is defined as a red blood cell mean corpuscular volum >95 fL. Macrocytic anemias are generally classified into megaloblastic or non-megaloblastic anemia. Methods and Material: Retrospective descriptive study included 290 samples of myelogram received in the Hematology Labortory belonging to patients admitted to the Military hospital of Avicenna in Marrakech, over a period of 42 months (from January 2016 to June 2019), aimed to assess the etiological profile of macrocytic anemia in patients whose bone marrow smears were received in our laboratory. Results: Out of 290 myelogram samples, 103 cases of macrocytic anemia were received. The male gender was predominant with a sex-ratio (M/F) at 3,3. The average age was 56.7 years old with extremes ranging from 30 to 90 years. The discovery of macrocytic anemia was fortuitous in 35% of cases. 45% of our population presented anemic syndrom, 12% hemorrhagic syndrome, 8% infectious syndrome. The hemoglobin varyied between 4,7 g/dL and 11,9 g/dL with an average of 7.2 g/dL. The mean corpuscular volume was 107 fL. The bone marrow smear confirmed megaloblastic anemia in 54,3% of cases of macrocytic anemia. Conclusion: The diversity and complexity of factors leading to macrocytic anemia preclude a single or uniform method of investigation. The investigative pattern must be tailored to the individual patient, giving importance to the clinical presentation.

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