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Prevalence of sex ratio, preterm birth rate, low birth weight rate, twin birth rate, congenital abnormalities, caesarean delivery rate, morbidity & mortality rate in neonates born in a tertiary care hospital

Author: 
Chaudhary Veena
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

In this study, the aim was to find out the prevalence of sex ratio, preterm birth rate, low birth weight rate, twin birth rate, congenital abnormalities, caesarean delivery rate, morbidity & mortality rate in a group of neonates born alive in a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India. These neonates (652 singleton neonates & 16 twins) were born alive to 660 mothers (42.73% primigravida & 57.27% multigravida), in Rockland hospital, from 01.01.2012 till 07.08.2014. In our study of 668 neonates (368 males & 300 females), Sex ratio of birth was 1.23 males/female, preterm birth rate was 9.58%, LBW rate was 11.23%, VLBW rate was 0.3%, ELBW rate was 0.15%, twin birth rate was 1.21% & caesarean delivery rate was 70.9%. The prevalence of congenital abnormalities was 1.35% and congenital heart defects (0.45%) were the most common congenital anomalies, in our study. About 7 neonates (1.05%) were referred to the higher centre. No neonate discharged from Rockland hospital was reported to have bronchopulmonary dysplasia, kernicterus or cerebral palsy on follow up. Besides, the NMR was zero, in our study.

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