CALL FOR PAPERS

CERTIFICATE

IMPACT FACTOR 2019

Subject Area

  • Life Sciences / Biology
  • Architecture / Building Management
  • Asian Studies
  • Business & Management
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Economics & Finance
  • Engineering / Acoustics
  • Environmental Science
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • General Sciences
  • Materials Science
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine
  • Nanotechnology & Nanoscience
  • Nonlinear Science
  • Chaos & Dynamical Systems
  • Physics
  • Social Sciences & Humanities

Why Us? >>

  • Open Access
  • Peer Reviewed
  • Rapid Publication
  • Life time hosting
  • Free promotion service
  • Free indexing service
  • More citations
  • Search engine friendly

Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Returns to levels of education by the urban self employed in kenya

Author: 
Eliud Nyakundi
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

The self-employment sector provides an avenue for workers to earn a living. The returns to the self-employed remains unexplained. In Kenya studies indicate the increasing entry of school graduates of all levels of education entering the self-employment whose returns remains unpredictable. The study objectives were to; analyze the returns to levels of education of the self-employed in computer industry, analyze the returns to education of levels of education of the self-employed in spare parts industry. The study used descriptive and correlation design. The study used human capital theory as advanced by Becker which states that earnings rise with additional years of schooling. The population of the study was 11,240.That is in computer service industry 6,400 and spare parts 4840 workers. The study used Glen model to derive a sample of 384 respondents with 218 computer services and 166 spare parts self-employed workers. Questionnaire and interview schedules were used to collect data for the study. Validation of the instruments was done by consultation with supervisors of this study and other researchers to ensure they complied with universal standard of proposal and research finding reporting. Reliability of instruments was established at 0.7. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Qualitative data was transcribed and analyzed in emergent themes and sub-themes and reported verbatim. The study found out that; on average in computer service industry self-employed respondents with KCPE, K.C.S.E and diploma had similar amount of returns while bachelor’s degree and masters earnings were higher with certificate recording lower earnings. The combined levels of education explained 22.6% of the returns in education. The result therefore indicated that education levels marginally explain the returns to education in computer service industry. In spare parts the results showed that on average; respondents with KCPE, KCSE and certificate earned nearly similar amount of money. Diploma graduates earnings bachelor’s degree and masters graduates recorded higher earnings.The combined effects of all levels of education explained 31.8% while 68.2% remained unexplained. Education levels therefore significantly explained the returns to education. Government intervention were not effective in the provision of: market stalls, loans and market for finished products, but effective in provision of: security, electricity and infrastructure. The study conclude that K.C.P.E level of education had positive returns and other levels of education could not be relied upon to explain the returns to education. The study recommended curriculum review in other levels of education apart from K.C.P.E to make them relevant to the needs of the self-employed in computer and motor spare part. The study is important in formulation of education programmes relevant to the self-employed and government intervention in support of the self-employed.

PDF file: 

IJMCE RECOMMENDATION

ONLINE PAYPAL PAYMENT

CURRENT ISSUE

NEWS

CHIEF EDITOR
Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil
ASSOCIATE CHIEF EDITOR

   

Jean-Marc SABATIER
Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group
France

Advantages of IJCR

  • Rapid Publishing
  • Professional publishing practices
  • Indexing in leading database
  • High level of citation
  • High Qualitiy reader base
  • High level author suport

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EDITORIAL BOARD

Luai Farhan Zghair
Iraq
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Jordanian
Fredrick OJIJA
Tanzanian
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Uzbekistan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Philippines
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Sudan
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
India
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Pakistan
Dr. SHAHERA S.PATEL
India
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
India
Dr. Recep TAS
Turkey
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Egypt
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
India
DR. PATRICK D. CERNA
Philippines
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Mexico
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Libiya
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
DR. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL MOHMAND
United State
DR. MAHESH SHIVAJI CHAVAN
India
DR. M. ARUNA
India
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Malaysia
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
India
DR. IRAM BOKHARI
Pakistan
Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
Pakistan
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
India
Dr. ASHWANI KUMAR DUBEY
India
Dr. Ali Seidi
Iran
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Indonesia
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
India
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
France
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Pakistan
Dr. Imran Azad
Oman
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
India
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Iraq
Anam Bhatti
Malaysia
Md. Amir Hossain
Bangladesh
Ahmet İPEKÇİ
Turkey
Mirzadi Gohari
Iran