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Shade matching performance of dental students with three various lighting conditions

Author: 
Dr. Sarah Aburaisi, Tala Odeh, Damouh Sabbagh, Tasnim Al-Moughrabi and Sara Al Duraibi
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Aims and objectives: To measure the ability of REU dental students and interns to match the dental shade under three light sources (daylight, clinical unit light, and corrective light source), to assess the importance of clinical experience on shade-matching accuracy, to assess the influence of the three standard light sources on the matching ability of the shade tabs. Methods: Cross-sectional (observational).Two hundred twenty-two female students (level7 to 12) and dental interns at REU participated. Any student with a color deficiency disease was excluded after taking the Ishihara eye test. Results: In this study, 222 interns and female dental students participated. The interns gave the most (100%) correct answers, followed by the level 9 students (92.8%); level 12 students (68.4%); level 11 students (35.2%), and the level 10 students reached the fewest correct answers (20%). Surprisingly, level 7 and 8 students had a high percentage of correct answers as well: (71.4%) and (83.4) respectively. The percentage of correct matches for each light source was corrective light (38.62%),daylight(63.83%), and clinical light(32.81%).The number of correct choices under the corrective light source was significantly higher than the two other light sources (p < 0.0001).At the same time, there was a highly significant difference between natural light, clinical light, and corrective light in significant correlation. Conclusion: As our research showed that the corrective light source was ideal for shade matching, we recommend using it to match the shade taken in daylight, along with improving knowledge of the different shades. It is also beneficial to practice shade-matching while r every 30 seconds by looking at a blue object such as a blue napkin. In this way, we can assure that the patient will get the maximum benefit and the aesthetic results would be optimal.

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