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A study to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching programme on prevention of mosquito borne diseases among women in a selected rural area, VizianagaramDr. Sreelatha, M., Miss. Reshma. B, and Dr. Sudha Rani. P,

Author: 
Dr. Sreelatha, M., Miss. Reshma. B, and Dr. Sudha Rani. P,
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Introduction: Rural women play a key role in supporting their households and communities in achieving food and nutrition security, generating income, and improving rural livelihoods and overall well-being. Mosquito-Borne Diseases or mosquito-borne illness is disease caused by bacterial, viruses, parasites transmitted by mosquitoes. This can transmit disease without being affected themselves. Mosquitoes play essential role in the transmission of animal diseases. Mosquitoes borne diseases involve the transmission of viruses and parasites from animal to animal, animal to person or person to person without affecting the insect vectors with symptoms of disease. It is a main leading problem to human kind. Some mosquitoes are vectors for some of the diseases. Typically, the diseases are caused by viruses or tiny parasites mosquitoes are now called ‘public enemy no.1’ by the world health organization. There are more than 4500 species of mosquitoes distributed throughout the world under 34 genera, but mostly belongs to aedes, anopheles and culex. They are visitors of several public and life-threatening disease including protozoan’s (malaria), viral (yellow fever, dengue fever, chikungunya, west Nile virus, Japanese encephalitis) or pelmentic (filariasis) infections. These diseases not only cause mortality or morbidity among the humans and cause social, cultural environmental and economic loss of the society. Methodology: Pre-experimental research approach was adopted to achieve the objectives of the study, which was felt to be most appropriate in the field of education for its practicability in real life situation. Research design was one group pre-test, post-test research design. The study was conducted in selected area of Vizianagaram. Population includes women residing in the savaravilli village of Vizianagaram. Sample size consists of 60 women under inclusion criteria. Non probability convenient sampling technique was adopted for the present study based on inclusion criteria. Results: The study findings reveal that, knowledge scores on mosquito borne diseases among women in pre-test. Out of 60 women majority i.e., 45(75%) were having inadequate knowledge followed by 13(21.70%) were had moderate knowledge and few of them i.e., 2(3.30%) had adequate knowledge. Mean value was (15.83) & Standard Deviation was (6.26). Whereas in post-test i.e., 41(68.30%) were having moderate knowledge followed by 10(16.70%) were having adequate knowledge and few of them having 9(15%) inadequate knowledge. Mean value was (25.32) & S.D was (5.07) and t value was (18.903), p value was significant at 0.000 level. In pretest, knowledge scores on prevention of mosquito borne diseases among women. Majority i.e., 50(83.30%) were having inadequate knowledge followed by 10(16.70%) were had moderate knowledge and none of them had adequate knowledge. Mean value was (5.28) & Standard Deviation was (1.21). Whereas in post-test i.e., 18(30%) were having moderate knowledge followed by 33(55%) were having adequate knowledge and few of them having 9(15%) inadequate knowledge. Mean value was (9.25) & Standard Deviation was (1.89) and t value was (13.073), p value was significant at 0.000 level. • Related to total knowledge scores on prevention of mosquito borne diseases among women in pretest, majority i.e., 47(78.30%) were having inadequate knowledge followed by 13(21.70%) were had moderate knowledge and none of them had adequate knowledge. Mean value was (21.12) & Standard Deviation was (6.24). Whereas in post-test i.e., 36(60%) were having moderate knowledge followed by 21(35%) were having adequate knowledge and few of them having 3(5%) inadequate knowledge. Mean value was (34.57) & Standard Deviation was (5.99) and t value was (26.752). p value was significant at 0.000 level. Hence HO1 was rejected. • It evidences that the planned teaching programme was significantly effective on improving knowledge on prevention of mosquito borne diseases among women. • In pre-test there was significant association found between level of knowledge on prevention of mosquito borne diseases among women and some of socio – demographic variables like age, education of women and education of husband, occupation of the women, occupation of the husband, family income, and source of information was significant at 0.01 level and other source of water supply significant at 0.05 level. There was no significant association found between knowledge on prevention of mosquito borne diseases such as religion, type of house, method of waste disposal. • In post-test there was significant association found between knowledge on prevention of mosquito borne diseases and some of socio – demographic variables are age of the women, educational status of the women, occupational status of the women, occupational status of the husband, source of information on prevention of mosquito borne diseases was significant at 0.01 level. and only educational status of the husband, family income per month was significant at 0.05 level. Remaining other variables like religion, type of family, type of house, source of water supply, method of waste disposal was not significant. Hence HO2 was rejected. Conclusion: The present study revealed that women have inadequate knowledge on prevention of mosquito borne diseases in pre-test and after planned teaching programme knowledge had improved among women.

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