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December 2013

A study was conducted to compare gender representation in the smallholder tea post production management in Imenti South District, Kenya, involving three smallholder tea factory companies, 150 public tea buying centers, and a tea growers’ Savings and Credit Cooperative Organization (SACCO). There were a gender significant (p≤0.05) differences in the recruitment of factory directors, senior management staff, technical and skilled staff, and unskilled staff, all to the disadvantage of women. There was no significant (p≤0.05) difference for the factory office staff cadre.

Actinomycetes are wide spread in nature and known for production of bioactive metabolites. Marine source world-wide are considered to be rich for bio-resource and efforts has been taken to identify new bacterial agents from marine environment for human welfare. In this study, we reported isolation of 20 Actinomycetes strains from marine sediments and tested with standard biochemical test and utilization of carbon sugar, to confirm the Actinomycetes character. Among the isolates 17 and 3 were recorded to be gram positive and gram negative respectively.

The activity concentration of natural radionuclide’s; 226Ra, 232Th, 40K of surface and ground water samples in coastal communities of Delta State, Nigeria was measured using a well - calibrated gamma – ray spectrometry system with high – purity germanium detector. The mean activity concentration of radionuclides in surface water samples for 226Ra¬¬¬¬, 232Th and 40K are 3.2± 0.2BqL-1, 3.1± 0.4BqL-1 and 12.3± 0.1BqL-1 respectively. For the ground water samples the mean activity concentration for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K are; 2.1±0.2BqL-1, 0.9± 0.2BqL-1 and 4.9± 0.6BqL-1 respectively.

3-Hydroxy steroid dehydrogenase (3-HSD) is a member of the aldo-keto reductase family. The enzyme is used in the synthesis of neuroactive steroids in steroidogenesis. The 3-HSD catalyzes the conversion of 5-dihydroprogesterone (5-DHP) and 5-dihydrotestosterone (5-DHT) into 3,5-tetrahydroxyprogesterone (3,5-THPROG) and 3,5-tetrahydroxytestosterone (3,5-THT) respectively. The progesterone metabolite of neuroactive steroid, 3,5-THPROG is synthesized in different regions of brain. In the present study, the gene expression of 3-HSD in the brain of Labeo rohita was identified.

Molluscs constitute the second largest animal phylum, after Arthropods, in terms of number of species. Molluscs are widely distributed throught the world and have many representatives such as slugs, whelks, clams, mussels, gastropods, oysters, scallops, squids and octopods etc. in marine and estuarine ecosystem. The present study was carried out to screen the antimicrobial activity of haemoplymph of selected gastropod species.

The present study was aimed at to investigate the bioactive compounds from the leaf and root extracts of Hypochaeris radicata using GC-MS analysis. 11 compounds from leaf and 9 compounds from root extracts were identified. The major chemical constituents in leaf and root extracts are phytol, acetate (19.22%), hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester (17.37%), 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid, methyl ester, (Z,Z,Z)- (16.74%) and phytol (13.60%) and Urs-12-en-3-ol, acetate, (3.beta.) (43.86%) and 1-Benzazirene-1-carboxylic acid, 2,2,5a-trimethyl-1a-(3-oxo-1-butenyl) perhydro-, methyl ester (30.31%).

Every year, the increase of human population and the accompanying with the growth of industrialization results in the increase of pollution in aquatic ecosystems. Micronucleus (MN) assay is an ideal monitoring system that uses aquatic organisms to assess the genotoxicity of water in the field and in the laboratory. In the present study, an attempt was made to detect the Micronucleus Test (MNT) of Etroplus suratensis in blood erythrocytes after exposure to pyrethroid insecticide lambda-cyhalothrin.

The Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio cholerae is the etiologic agent of cholera. The ability of V. cholerae to colonize and cause disease in hosts requires production of a number of virulence factors during infection. A total of Forty clinical and environmental V.

Pruning of guava cv. Allahabad Safeda under high density planting was done in the third week of June, 2012 with three pruning intensities i.e. leaving 10 cm, 20 cm and 30 cm from base of the shoot and retaining 30, 40 and 50 fruits per tree. Ten centimeter (10 cm) pruning intensity has advanced the vegetative bud appearance, recorded maximum cumulative length of new shoots, maximum fruit diameter at harvest, average fruit weight and fruit yield.

With the aim of contributing to natural control of plant pathogens, the antifungal activity of 11 extracts from 3 Cameroonian plants namely, Drypetes gossweileri, Eucalyptus tereticornis and Sida acuta was evaluated against Acremonium apii and Colletotrichum dematium, respectively causal agents of brown spot and anthracnose diseases of celery (Apium graveolens L.). The supplemented media technique was used to assess the inhibition of both fungi mycelial growth by essential oils, ethanol,hot water and cold water extracts.

Every Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, which is characterized by amyloid β peptide deposition in the brain. Amyloid β peptide (Aβ), the major component of amyloid plaques is generated by the sequential processing of a larger protein called the Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) by β-amyloid cleaving enzyme (BACE-1). Since BACE-1 is an important therapeutic target for AD, we have applied a computer assisted methodology unifying molecular docking studies to identify potent inhibitors against BACE-1 from 9 selective medicinal plants.

In recent years, Ghana has been cited in several local Newspapers as the second largest consumer of paste tomato in the world. According to the Ghana National Tomato Producers’ Federation, Ghana imports up to 7,000 metric tons (t) of fresh tomato per month from its neighbors, along with 27,000 t of processed tomato from Europe. It is a common practice for the Ghanaian tomato marketers called “market queens” to travel all the way to neighboring Burkina Faso, usually in March and May, to scout for tomatoes, encountering several hazards on the highways.

The study recorded 26 stomatopod species belonging to 6 families and 11 genera in the trawl net by-catches at Visakhapatnam, east coast of India during February 2008 to January 2009. The family Squillidae (54.16%) was the dominant among the 6 families recorded. Species-wise composition showed that Oratosquilla anomala (34.34%) and Harpiosquilla harpax (29.80%) were the dominant species followed by Harpiosquilla annandalei (12.10%), Oratosquilla nepa (9.38%), Lophosquilla costata (4.83%) and remaining 21 species scarcely distributed in the trawl net by-catches.

Several potential health hazards are associated with the wide use of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (e.g., n-TiO2). The primary aim of the current study was to detect the toxic effects of 800 mg/kg 50 nm n-TiO2 on bone metabolism. Comparative studies were conducted to determine whether natural antioxidants, such as idebenone, carnosine and melatonin, could ameliorate the hazardous effects of n-TiO2 on down regulation of bone.

Water is basic and vital resource on earth. Due to increase in population, industrialization and pollution, water has became polluted. In this study, physico-chemical properties and bacteriological examination of stepwell water from Majhwar region in Distt. Mandi of Himachal Pradesh, India was done. Among the physico-chemical analysis, Total Dissolved Soilds (TDS), Disssolved Oxygen (DO), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Alkalinity, Hardness, Chloride and pH were checked.

Relative abundance, feeding habits, length-weight relationships and conditions factors of two fish species from Gilgel Gibe reservoir, Ethiopia, were investigated. Percentage index of relative importance (%IRI) was used to investigate relative abundance of the fish species. Frequency of occurrence and volumetric methods were used in analyzing feeding habits of the fishes. However, an index of preponderance was used to assess relative contribution of prey items to the fish diets. The diet breadth index (BA) values (O. niloticus = 0.40 & L.

The present investigation deals with the aquatic macrophyte diversity and species composition along the lower reaches of the second longest river of Kerala, the Bharathapuzha River, also known as Nila. 110 plants of aquatic and shore vegetation belonging to three Pteridophyta and 38 Angiosperm families were enumerated. 23% of the vegetation analysed were grasses and sedges and 34% of plants were of medicinal importance. Aquatic and wetland plant communities are bioindicators of environmental quality.

Rural households, especially those in the developing world, rely on fuelwood for provision of energy for cooking and lighting. This study, carried out in Lurambi District, Kakamega County, examined factors influencing fuelwood scarcity among rural households. Data was collected from 200 households using sysematic random sampling technique, with the main tools for data collection being a standardised questionnaire and a Key Informant Interviews checklist. The findings of the study indicated that 95% of the households used fuelwood and that 84% of them experienced fuelwood scarcity.

Natural water is never pure water but a complex and ever-changing mixture of dissolved inorganic and organic molecules and suspended particles. Trace elements were found in rarer form in surface water. The present study was undertaken to determine the trace elements from Manjara Dam. The total concentrations of manganese and selenium were determined using UV spectroscopic method. The concentration of selected trace elements was evaluated from three sampling sites named S1, S2 and S3. The study was carried out for two years of 2009 – 2010 and 2010 - 2011.

The present study is the report on the growth performance of L. vannamei in the bore well and brackish water fed ponds. Crab fencing and antibird netting were done before pumping water to prevent the disease and carries of White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV). The water quality parameters such as temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen and alkalinity were measured during the entire culture period. The Daily Growth Rate (DGR) was ranged between 0.05 and 0.38 g in the bore will fed pond and in the brackish water fed pond the DGR varied between 0.11 and 0.33 g.

Seed-borne fungi are a serious problem during storage in India. Seed infection reduces seed viability, productivity and food value. Maize is one of the most important cereal crops in the world. It has a nutritional value for both animals and humans. Isolation of seed borne mycoflora of maize varieties was studied by using blotter and agar plate methods. During isolation eight fungal species were recovered. Agar plate method yielded highest number of fungi as compared to blotter method. Frequency occurrence of Aspergillus niger and A. flavus was very high in all varieties of maize.

Fifteen isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes was isolated and activated from tonsillitis in Muqdadiya city/Iraq. The sensitively of these isolates have been tested against (15) antibiotics. The results showed that highest resistance among Amikacin, Ampicillin and Trimethoprim with percentage 100%, while the lowest resistance was recorded for Penicillin, Imipenem, Chloramphenicol and Vancomycin with 0%.

Stem cell research has emerged as an innovative scientific tool in the field of science such as biology, drug discovery, regenerative medicine and toxicological studies which allow us to develop novel techniques for restoration and replacement of damaged tissue. Stem cells are unspecialized cells which show the capacity to develop various cell types in the body. These are derived from a variety of sources (embryos, umbilical cord, blood and placentas) and are classified on the basis of their sources, origin and development and plasticity of differentiation.

Background : Detection of Circulating Fetal Trophoblastic Cells (CFTC) by single cell genotyping not only allows to identify fetal cells from maternal blood, but also to characterize their bi-parental genome. Methods : We have tested intact fetal trophoblastes recovered at 4th to 10th Week of Gestation (WG) from blood of 13 women after In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and transfer of one or several embryos.

Corrosion inhibition of C-steel in HCl solution using CdS and CdS/Polymethylmethacrylate hybrid has studied by weight loss, Tafel polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results show that CdS acted as a good inhibitor and this inhibition efficiency enhanced by using CdS/ PMMA hybrid. This inhibitory action increases with increasing the inhibitor concentration but decreases with rising the temperature. Polarization curves indicated that both CdS and CdS/PMMA acted as mixed inhibitor.

We discuss in this work, the simulation of radar signals GPR, using Reflexw (Sandmeier, 1998) and GprMax (www.gprmax.org/~agianno/GprMax/Download/) software. Note, however, that the operation of these two programs is based on numerical methods including finite difference method (FD) for Reflexw and finite difference time domain (FDTD) for GprMax. The simulations we have performed include the following items: an iron bar, a plastic tube and a plastic water bottle.

Submerged arc welding is widely used in the fabrication of pressure vessels, pipe lines and offshore structures because of its higher metal deposition rate, good strength of the joint and good surface appearance. The properties of the welded joint such as strength, toughness can be improved by controlling the microstructure of the welded joint. The element transfer from the flux has major influence on weld metal composition and weld metal properties.

The pressure vessel is an important component of the nuclear reactor, the knowledge of the fluence of neutron in this part of the reactor during its operation and their associated effects is a key issue. The calculation method and also the cross section data and their treatment, have an important rule to this problem. For this object the NESDIP benchmark where the neutron transports through typical side-shield of a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) were performed at AEA technology Winfrith, UK (United Kingdom).

A mild and improved procedure is reported for the synthesis of cyanamides from the corresponding dithiocarbamic acid salts via a desulfurization strategy using phase transfer reagent ethyltriphenylphosphonium tribromide (ETPPTB) and sodium bicarbonate in water / ethyl acetate biphasic medium. This method is highly appealing because of its one-pot process, convenient operation, environmental friendly, mild reaction conditions and broad substrate scope.

A multi-level analysis was carried out among people of Kudapakkam Village. This area was chosen as a model to study malaria Knowledge Attitude and Practices (KAP). This area is situated Thiruvallur district of Tamilnadu in India. The aim is to determine awareness factors associated with malaria. Data were collected from secondary sources containing 580 respondents. The data deals with socio demographic characteristics, knowledge of signs and symptoms, usage of Long Lasting Insecticidal Net (LLIN) and adverse measures of malaria.

Water quality is the critical factor that influence on human health, it is mostly based on the hydrochemical characteristics which reveals the suitability of water for drinking and agriculture. The beach zone of Red Sea in Egypt is considered as one of the most promising areas for development in the Eastern Desert, especially for the agricultural activities. The underground water would be one of the most important resources for such development process. The underground water in the beach zone is of great importance where it is the unique source for drinking and irrigation water.

Zinc sulfide thin films have been deposited onto glass substrates by chemical bath deposition. Thin films of ZnS with different thicknesses of 720nm to 1045 nm were calculated from UV parameters. The effect of film thickness on structural and electrical properties was studied. The thermal conductivity of ZnS thin film is 0.88W/K-m. The structural and activation energy studies support this decrease in the resistivity due to improvement in crystallinity of the films which would increase the charge carrier mobility and decrease in defect levels with increase in the thickness of film.

Madurai is one of the most traditional and prominent cities in Tamilnadu, India. Madurai has the distinction of accommodating a very high number of Arts & Science Colleges offering UG and PG programmes. This study aims in analyzing the Competency Mapping of Under Graduate students in Autonomous Arts & Science Colleges in Madurai. The various competencies needed by these students are Psychological Health, Organisational Skills, Technological Skills, Reading & Writing Skills, Listening and Speaking Skills.

Pericardial effusion (PE) is an abnormal accumulation of fluid between epicardium and pericardium and may occur due to tumour masses, infectious agents or can be idiopathic in nature. It is more prevalent in large male dog breeds with higher predisposition of Golden retrievers. There are number of modalities that can be useful in diagnosing the pericardial effusion, however, each in one way or other the lack potential for confirmatory diagnosis and thus multiple diagnostic modalities are employed.

Introduction: In the present era of developing three dimensional multi-planar imaging techniques used for medical examination and diagnosis, there is a pressing need for an in-depth knowledge of cross-sectional anatomy. The technique of Sheet Plastination invented by Dr Gunther Von Hagens which yields solid transparent sections using synthetic resins is a boon to medical fraternity for learning sectional anatomy. Observation: In JSS Medical College, Mysore, Karnataka, a low cost technique of sheet Plastination was explored, and is being successfully practiced.

The phytochemical analysis of a traditional medicinal formulation also called “komi da ruwanka” used in the treatment of diseases was carried out. The screening of the formulations from all the locations revealed the presence of alkaloids, saponins, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, steroids and volatile oils.

The present study investigates the anti-inflammatory activity of methanolic root extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta against paw edema induced by egg albumin and carrageenan in rats. Phytochemical analysis and acute toxicity test (LD50) of the ethanol extract was also carried out. The results obtained show that the methanol root extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta has significant (P<0.05) dose-dependent anti-inflammatory activity in the entire model studied.

This study was conducted to determine the anti-diabetic effect and safety profile of alkaloids of Acanthus montanus Leaf (AAML). The anti-diabetic study was carried out using alloxan-induced diabetic rats by daily intraperitoneal administration of AAML at doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg for 4 weeks and 8 weeks. The toxicological assessment of AAML was also done by determining the haematological, biochemical and urinary parameters in blood, serum, and urine samples respectively at the end of the tested periods.

Total (230) isolates of Staphylococci species were isolated from different clinical samples. They were distributed isolates from urine, wound infections and ear swabs. These isolates were diagnosed using different morphological and biochemical test. Out of 100 isolates were Staphylococcus aureus. Disk diffusion method antibiotic susceptibility were used, 13 methicillin resistant S. aureus isolates was identified, It was found that 13(100%) isolates have positive result for mecA gene expressed S.aureus (mecA)in their PCR products.

Pancytopenia is a very common entity among children in today’s scenario. The cause of pancytopenia can be varied from drug induced bone marrow depression to leukaemia. So, the objective of this study is to determine the cause of pancytopenia among children by haematological parameters (complete blood count) and bone marrow aspiration in a tertiary health care centre. Material and method- A retrospective study was done patients below 18 years of age, diagnosed with pancytopenia at Patna Medical College and Hospital between May2010 to October 2012.

The objective of study is to see the trend of oligospermia in urban and rural population in and around Patna Medical College and Hospital (PMCH), Patna. The study was done from December 2006 to January 2013 in PMCH and private laboratory situated near PMCH. The urban population included people residing in Patna and the rural population consisted of people residing in villages around Patna, who had come to PMCH for treatment of infertility.

The term Temporary anchorage devices presents professional dilemma in the field of orthodontics. Though there are many anchorage devices which are used in the treatment of various malocclusion by orthodontist, Temporary anchorage devices has been recently widely accepted. These devices compose a broad array of implants used to support orthodontic treatment. This article reviews about the various aspects of temporary anchorage devices in the field of orthodontics.

Background: Studies on the association between H. pylori infection and ABO/Rhesus blood groups have obtained controversial results. Objectives: To determine the association between H. pylori seropositivity among asymptomatic healthy persons and ABO/Rhesus blood groups, as well as certain demographic factors in Diyala province. Subjects and methods: This study was conducted in Diyala province for the period from November / 2010 to August 2011. 90 apparently healthy individuals were included. The age range was (14-43) years. 47 of them were males and 43 were females.

Reaction time is a simple means of determing the sensorimotor performance of an individual. It has been more widely used as an objective method in experimental procedure in field of data processing. Auditory recognition reaction time is a type of reaction time and it plays a very important role while driving vehicles. Previous studies were mainly on simple and choice reaction time and there are very less studies on recognition reaction time. The aim of our study was to compare the dominant hand recognition reaction time with that of foot.

Heart Rate Variability (HRV) provides non invasive, unobtrusive information about modulation of heart rate by Autonomic Nervous System (ANS). HRV is commonly described by standard deviation of intervals between successive R waves (SDNN) of cardiac cycle. Reduced HRV is indicated by reduced SDNN. Work stress is a common entity in the present day world and a job involving the manning of a traffic signal is one such stressful jobs. ANS is involved in the physiological expression of anxiety and stress.

Though, the opportunities for improvement as a result of procurement automation seem abound, 60% of information technology application in procurement initiatives do not deliver the expected results. One such area greatly affected, in many procurement entities, is customer service. Thus, customer service delivery, in many procurement entities, remains a great challenge. For few, if any, consider procurement as a service function, and emphasize into procurement automation is often focused on the cost efficiency rather than service delivery.

Higher education in Nigeria was established for a definite purpose. The goals which are spelt out in the National Policy on Education are pursued through teaching, research and community service. Learning therefore at the tertiary level of education as explained by Babalola and Jaiyeoba (2008) could be described as being effective if it results in bringing about the expected transformation in the attitudes, skills and knowledge of higher education in students over a period of time.

Students at every stage of their learning need props to help them achieve their learning goals. Part-time students are no exception. Support services are essential for part-time adult students since they often have to combine their learning with work, maintenance of a home and social activities. This study looks at support services available to students at the family, work and institutional levels; likewise peer support, financial support and support from friends.

Biology is a very important subject. It enables one to understand himself/herself and the surrounding environment. The knowledge acquired in Biology is applied in many fields such as medicine, pharmacy, nursing, dentistry and agriculture. Students’ performance in Biology at the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) has been unsatisfactory over many years. Various reasons have been put forward by scholars to explain the cause of the poor performance.

Women empowerment is one major issue of todays. Various International organisations, and governments, are engaged for empowering women, economically, socially, and politically. United Nation World Travel Organisation implemented an action plan for empowering women through tourism. As far as Sikkim state is concern, tourism is one of the main sector in the state and contributing in income and employment to people. In this context, the present study examines the contributions of tourism in women’s empowerment in Sikkim. The study is based on secondary data.

Submersed Humanism is a system of views based on respect for the dignity of man, concern for his welfare, his all round development and creation of favorable conditions for social life. The humanism that we have seen in thoughts of contemporary Indian philosophers is different from the western humanism. Western humanism is mostly intellectual, economic and political in nature. But the Indian humanism is primarily Spiritual. The Indian humanism does not take man to be material being but as one with spirit, mind, life and body.

The present study was undertaken in the undisturbed and disturbed pine and oak forests of Pauri area in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India. The aim of the present study was to assess the physic-chemical properties of these soils.

Changes in higher education, the new student-centered paradigm and new pedagogy approaches have also created a need for a reconceptualisation of the roles and responsibilities of librarians. Nigerian libraries, like their counterparts elsewhere, is faced with challenges of globalization. Library services now cuts across geographical boundaries. As an integral part of the campus, the academic library will be profoundly affected by changes in the academy itself.

Chemical properties of twenty five composts produced in Saudi Arabia were investigated in order to evaluate their quality compared to local and international standards of compost quality. Generally results showed large variations between most chemical properties of composts under the study. Electrical conductivity (EC) Ec of final composts ranged from 0.6 dSm-1 to 25.4 dSm-1 and 92% of studied composts exceeded the upper limit of accepted EC set by CCQC and PAS-100. Most pH values tended to be alkaline and % were higher than 7.5.

The purpose of this study is to analyze the temperature effect on the infinite multiplication factor of light water moderated UO2 lattices KRITZ: 2-1 and KRITZ: 2-13, and UO2-PuO2 lattice KRITZ: 2-19 of the Sweden KRITZ reactor.

Morocco was equipped, since 2009, of a new development strategy and competitiveness of the halieutic sector. The development of this sector will make it possible to improve the means of existence by the means of the increase of the incomes, employment and the wellness. The development of the aquacultural sector will contribute in addition to the food safety and the socio-economic development of Morocco.

Sustainable agriculture is vitally important in today’s world because it offers the potential to meet our future agricultural needs, something that conventional agriculture will not be able to do. Soil microorganisms with beneficial activity on plant growth and health represent an attractive alternative to conventional agricultural practice. Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) are naturally occurring soil bacteria that aggressively colonize plant roots and benefit plants by providing growth promotion.

Soil fertility decline is a major constraint to increased agricultural productivity. However, the majority of the smallholders could not afford the cost of applying inorganic fertilizers to mitigate a soil fertility decline at recommended rates due to high costs. Hence, the need to supplement inorganic fertilizers with other sources of plant nutrients that is sustainable and environmentally friendly. Three hundred and fifty-six respondents (356) were sampled in Oyo state for the study. A systematic random sampling technique was used in selecting the respondents.

African rivers and floodplain lakes harbor a high fish biodiversity and support important multi-species fisheries that provide sustainable revenues and protein sources for grassroots. The present study assessed the fish biodiversity and community structure of the lower Mono of Benin and Togo in order to improve fish resource conservation and management. Fish samplings have been accomplished on the main channel and tributaries at four locations from May to December 2011. A total of 53 fish species belonging to 41 genera and 29 families were inventoried during the study period.

The white-rot fungus Hexagonia apiaria isolated in wood parks in Gabon showed a high capacity to degrade synthetic dyes used in the textile industry. The results of this study show that this fungus has an optimum growth temperature between 30°C and 40°C. Optimum physicochemical parameters of discoloration on solid culture media are 35°C and 0.3g/L. On solid culture medium, the fungus produces different enzymes (cellulase, laccase, phenoloxidase, and peroxidases) in the presence of different substrates.

Korean field mouse (Apodemus peninsulae) are widely distributed throughout Northeastern Asia comprisingmany regions in many countries, including Russia, Japan, Korean Peninsulae, Mongolia and China. We analyzed mitochrondrial cytochrome b gene (1143 bp) of the Apodemus peninsulae and 11 specimens were collected from Bogd Khan Strictly Protected Area in Mongolia. We identified two different haplotypes from five new sequences. The genetic distance for Mongolian first haplotype was 0-1.8% while second haplotype depicts relatively high genetic distance (1.1-2.6%).

Environmental pollution with toxic heavy metals is spreading throughout the world along with industrial progress. Copper, chromium, cadmium and nickel are few of the known heavy metals. Elevated level of heavy metals not only decrease soil microbial activity and crop production but also threatens human health through the food chain.

Seeds of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were exposed to static magnetic fields of different strength from 100-250 mT in steps of 50 mT for different duration from 1-4 hour in steps of 1 hour. Exposure to static magnetic field significantly increased shoot length, root length, germination index, germination rate, seedling dry weight, seedling vigour index and dehydrogenase enzyme activity of wheat seed over control whereas difference in seed germination was non-significant. Seed coat membrane integrity was significantly improved by magnetic field over control seeds.

The present investigation was undertaken in order to know the effect of pre-sowing seed invigoration treatments on seed quality and seed yield in cotton genotype LRA 5166. The experiment was conducted in experimental farm, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University during summer and winter seasons of the year 2010-12. The different pre-sowing invigoration seed treatments showed differential response for all the seed quality attributes, growth and yield parameters.

The Phytopathogenic fungi Rhizoctonia solani and Sclrotium oryzae were isolated from the diseased rice plants. Nine fungicides and three biological controls were evaluated against the phytopathogenic fungi. Among nine fungicides screened eight fungicides were found to be 100% inhibition to both the test fungi, except the fungicide copper oxychloride could not inhibit the growth of the pathogenic fungi. However, the fungi could not produce Sclerotia at all. Among the bioagents, T. hamatum and T. harzianum could be completely overgrown R. solani.

A large number of pesticides are commonly used to control various agricultural pests; however, their toxicological impact also extends to non-target species like fish. Fish is good indicator of aquatic contamination because its biochemical stress responses are quite similar to those found in mammals.The aim of the present study is to assess the glycogen content in brain and muscle of the fish Channa striatus exposed to sublethal concentrations of endosulfan 1/10th (high), 1/15th (medium) and 1/20th (low) of the 96 hour LC50 values for the period of 7, 14 and 21 days.

The survey was carried out randomly to get information and documentation of medicinal plants of Pachamalai hills, a part of Eastern Ghats, Tamil Nadu, during 2006-2007. A total of 190 medicinal plant species with 158 genera belonging to 67 families (87.6% dicotyledons, 10.7% monocotyledons and 1.5% Gymnsperms) were recorded.

The purpose of this work is to study a laminar free convection flow of viscous incompressible fluid through a saturated porous medium bounded by an infinite vertical permeable plate in the presence of cosinusoidally fluctuating temperature and concentration. Assuming constant suction at the porous plate, the approximate solution for velocity, temperature and concentration are obtained analytically using regular perturbation techniques. The effects of governing parameters on flow characteristic are discussed graphically.

Cost of biodiesel can be reduced if produced from high free fatty acid non edible oils such as neem oil, jatropha etc. In the present study, two stage transesterification processes has been used to convert high free fatty acid neem oil into neem oil methyl ester. In this stage, experiments have conducted by varying methanol quantity (5, 10 and 15 % v / v of oil and reaction time (45 min, 60 min and 75 min) by keeping acid catalyst concentration (H2SO4, 1 % v / v) and reaction temperature (550C to 600C) constant.

The real need of e-Governance structure in the area of Indian Administrative services are yet to be seen as there are various dynamics in the Indian scenario. Although previous studies have focused on evolution of various models, but majority of the model are based on small scale scenario of application.

In this paper, we have studied the effect of temperature on dynamic viscosity of three vegetable oils: argan oil, colza oil and sunflower oil. The effect of temperature on viscosity is fitted with the Arrhenius-type relationship. A plot of Logarithm of viscosity versus 1/T was built for each sample, we have deduced from these curves, the activation energy Ea and the infinite-temperature viscosity (η) for each oil, the correlation constants for the best fit are presented.

A detailed hydrogeochemical study was carried out in Lekkur sub basin which is part of Vellar basin. Groundwater is the major source of water supply for agricultural and domestic uses. The agricultural and urbanization activities have made a lot of impact on groundwater quality of the study area. In order to understand the groundwater quality variations in the sub basin area, twenty groundwater samples were collected from dug wells and hand pumps during pre-monsoon season. These water samples were analysed for major cations and anions.

A heterogeneous precipitates have been used as ion carriers for the preparation of strontium (II) selective membrane sensor. The electrodes give near–Nernstian responses in linear concentration range of 1M to 1x10-5M with detection limits of the order of 10-5M . The stable potentiometric signals are obtained within a short time period of 15 seconds and stable upto 3 month. The effect of pH, and the effect of medium have been studied found to give a better response. Selectively coefficient values were evaluated using fixed interference method.

Rice straw ash and wood ash were admixtured at various weight percentages with cement and its effect on hydration was explored in this report. The ash particles under 75 micron size were mixed together at four different percentages and added to cement as a partial replacement and the samples were hydrated for various time periods from 1 hour to 4 weeks. The samples were analyzed with FTIR, XRD and SEM techniques to characterize the hydration kinetics and to understand the changes occurring in mineral compounds during their modification into hydrated mineral compounds.

The growing popularity of iris based biometric system has motivated rigorous research in iris image compression techniques, considering the need for effective storage and transmission of iris images. In this paper, a new method has been proposed for compressing iris images using a hybrid of two robust clustering methods for generating a codebook thereby achieving compression. Experimental results show that the proposed method outperforms similar compression methods by producing good quality images at high compression rate.

Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 emerged in Mexico and United States and spread throughout the world over a short period of time. The aim of this study was to investigate the demographic, clinical manifestations and epidemiologic characteristics of influenza H1N1pdm09 associated to confirmed influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 in Casablanca. From 07 May, 2009 to 17 May 2010, 1347 nasopharyngeal swab from patients with clinical evidence of influenza-like illness (ILI) were tested for pandemic A(H1N1)pdm09 virus, using One-Step Real-Time RT-PCR.

The school learning requires initially, a visual strategy in the process of information treatment. However, the elements that make up writing are seldom consistent with the reader’s optimal visual capabilities, which may interfere with vision or causing in the long run 'an vision problem'. The study consists in solving experimentally "the constraints that may arise by Arabic typography (orientation 'right to left). We assume that the quality of language comprehension is enhanced when the writing is best perceived in terms of graphics].

The aim of this was to investigate the association between P53 exon 4 codon 72 genotypes and acute and chronic lymphoid leukaemias. A total of 77 subjects were enrolled in this study, 32 with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, 15 with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and 30 healthy individuals as a control group. Genomic DNA was extracted from patients’ blood samples by salting out method, and analyzed for determination of P53 exon 4 codon 72 genotypes using-allele specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR).

In the past few decades, the incidence of superficial fungal infections has been increasing in the tropical countries like India. This study was carried out to evaluate the presence of non-dermatophytic moulds (NDMs) as emerging opportunistic agents of superficial mycosis from patients presenting at a dermatology clinic. A total of 163 skin, nail and hair samples were collected during a period of May 2012 to January 2013. The samples were divided into two parts, one for direct microscopy and another for culture on Saboraud's Dextrose Agar (SDA).

An experiment was conducted in the Department of Poultry Science, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University to evaluate the hatchability of various sanitizing agents for hatching eggs of Kuttand duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) eggs. A total of 2400 hatching eggs over a period of six weeks was collected for the study. Each treatment consisted of 600 eggs with 100 eggs per replicate.

Objectives: Identification of osteopenia and osteoporosis in young female adults and to assess the effect of intervention programme. Materials and Methods: Target population was young female adults (N=500) taken from five private ladies hostels located at urban area of North Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India. The Bone mineral density were measured and classified as either normal or osteopenia / osteoporosis. Out of 500 assessed, 193 were osteopenic and 51 were osteoporotic from which 50 subjects were selected at random for the further study.

A fingerprint is an impression left by the friction ridges of a human finger. Fingerprint patterns are unique in each individual. Since the beginning of twentieth century, fingerprint detection and analysis are being commonly used. It has become an important part of forensic investigation in crime scene. Therefore, it has got a great application in the court of law. Out of many blood grouping systems available, ABO and Rh systems are the most important and are considered for the present study.

Variations in the morphology of sacrum are commonly reported in literature. The present case report describes a rare case of completely non–canalized sacrum or spina bifida occulta with complete midline gap in the posterior aspect of the canal, observed during regular osteology classes for the first year medical students of Yenepoya medical college, Mangalore.

Accurate patient positioning and monitoring play a vital role in radiotherapy to achieve maximum tumour control and minimal normal tissue complications. The main aim of the present investigation was to fabricate indigenously micro-switch controlled circuit based Automatic Patient’s Movement Monitoring Device (APMMD) used with the radiotherapy machine that immediately halts the teletherapy treatment if patient moves claiming accurate field treatment. This device prevents unnecessary radiation exposure to a patient's normal tissue in situations where immobilization devices are not utilized.

Rohingya refugee women are originally hailed from Myanmar. They are living in Bangladesh without any citizenship - as both status and practice, so they are not entitled to get any rights from or have obligations towards the country. Due to their different race, colour, ethnicity, gender and religion Myanmar does not recognize them as citizens, rather they were tortured by the state authority based on these different grounds. After migration to Bangladesh, they are still victims of various deprivations and violence.

Trading as an activity was at its zenith during the Mughal period in India. The role of Geography was exceptionally crucial in the foundation of a trading town. How propitious geographical factors helped in the growth and development of a trading town in that period is the foremost focus of this paper. Assortments of factors were responsible for the growth of trade during that period. Among them geographical factors also played a key role.

The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between self concept and peer social status. The participants were 300 children (equal percentage of girls and boys). The Self concept scale (Ahluwalia, 2003) was used to measure the self concept. A sociometry technique measuring the social status through peer nomination, and an 5-item scale for peer description were administered to children in year 10, 11 and year 12. Children were categorized into rejected and accepted social status.

The Weaving community of Shantipur of Nadia district of West Bengal performing the activities as a means of livelihood since long back. Earlier the weaving had potentiality to meet all basic demands of the families involved in the activity. But at present only the weaving alone as an activity failed to provide minimum livelihood support among the weaver. In this paper we have tried to represent the involvement of the community and the past and present status of the weaving as an economic activity.

The aim of this study was to have a clearer and better understanding of the existing contexts of forest management, especially traditional management practices of the “Thai” in the highlands. We have also explored the potential in sustainable community- based forest management, attempting to understand how the “Thai” reproduced and transformed their traditional management to persists through this period of transformation and to provide the necessary information based on a case study to improve the legal framework for developing community- based forest management.

Dowry is a good custom and practice for those who can afford it. But for the poor, it is a curse. The government has enacted many laws to check its misuse. Officially speaking, no parent or family can demand dowry. But still it continues to cast its baneful grip on society

In this paper provides a procedure for designing the three stage chain sampling plan of type ChSP (0, 1, 2) indexed through minimum angle method. A Table and methods are given for the construction of plans indexed by minimum angle method.

The purpose of the study was to find out what special education teachers know about Asperger’s syndrome. In addition, this study attempted to find out if there any significant differences in special education teachers' knowledge about Asperger Syndrome depending on teachers'(gender, education level, teaching experience, and level of professional development) variables.

Introduction: One of the most frequently occurring macro vascular complications is cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in many countries worldwide and is estimated that it will be the single largest cause of disease burden globally by the year 2020. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is found to be the major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). As compared with individuals without diabetes, CVD is 2–4 times more common in people with diabetes and is associated with a higher mortality.

Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth, usually from an ore body, vein or coal seam. Materials recovered by mining include bauxite, coal, copper, gold, silver, diamonds, iron, precious metals, lead, limestone, magnesite, nickel, phosphate, oil, shale, rock salt, tin, uranium and molbedium. Any material that cannot be grown from agricultural processes, or created artificially in a laboratory or factory, is usually mined. Mining in a widersense comprises extraction of any non renewable resource eg, petroleum, natural gas.

Antibody titre is an indicator of immune response of animal against vaccination. An experimental trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a polyherbal immunomodulatory, antistressor, adaptogenic and rejuvenator product Restobal (supplied by M/S Ayurvet Ltd. Baddi, HP, India) in potentiating post vaccinal immune response against Blue tongue vaccination in Deccani lambs and sheeps. In the experiment twelve (142 days old) lambs were divided into two groups.

Cryptococcosis is an acute, subacute or chronic fungal disease caused by an encapsulated yeast Cryptococcus neoformans. It is the second most common fungal infection after candidiasis in HIV infected individuals and it is consider as the potentially most serious infections. Commercial antibiotics especially chloramphenicol was more effective in controlling C. neoformans. A wide variety of plants can be screened which are potentially antimicrobial. Morphological and cultural characteristics of C. neoformans Sanf. were studied.

An ethnobotanical programme was conducted in tribal inhabited areas of Manipur state of North-eastern India with an aim to document the indigenous knowledge of Maring community of the state. Since, the community is mostly located in hilly areas they depend heavily on plant based medicines for curing their diseases. In this study, a total of 101 plant species belonging to 50 families were collected which is used by the tribal community in curing their ailments.

Micropropagation technique is a powerful tool of biotechnology which can be used in crop improvement and meets the demand for availability of uniform clones in large numbers for economically important crops. Simmondsia chinensis (Link.) Schneider is an oil-yielding, eco-friendly plant of the family Simmondsiaceae. The seed contains a unique liquid-wax about 50-60%of their dry weight which is used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, lubricant industries and treatment for skin cancer and wound healing properties. Propagation of S.

The present study analyses the qualitative phytochemical constituents of different solvent extracts of selected medicinal plants Boerhaavia diffusa Linn (root), Terminalia bellerica Linn (fruit) and Tribulus terrestris Linn (fruit). The extracts of the selected medicinal plants were prepared by using five different types of solvents using Soxhlet apparatus. The qualitative analysis of phytochemicals comprises carbohydrates, proteins, aminoacids, tannins, glycosides, alkaloids, triterpenes and flavonoids.

Milk is a food that inherently favors the microbial growth. There are many sources of contamination of milk including the cows itself, the environment water, milking processes and equipments. The varied routes for the introduction of pathogens into milk preclude the production of milk that can be guaranteed to be safe for human consumption. The objective of this study was to evaluate the microbiological safety and to detect mastitis in milk that sold in Jimma town, south western Ethiopia. A total of 90 samples were collected form some randomly selected restaurants in the town.

Municipal sewage sludge is the by-product of wastewater treatment plants, generated in huge quantity, causing health hazards for plants, animals and human beings. It shows presence of trace elements and their salts along with heavy metals at toxic level. The goal of present study was to reduce the high concentrations of phytotoxic trace elements and harmful soluble salts from sewage sludge, making it suitable for agricultural use as fertilizer and protection of the environment by vermiremediation technology.

An in vitro propagation protocol was developed for large scale production of Jatropha curcas. Uninodal explants in Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 1.33 M Benzyl Aminopurine (BA) and 0.29 M Gibberellic Acid (GA3) was achieved shoot induction. In vitro shoots in MS medium combination of 7.36 M Indole Butyric Acid (IBA) and 9.29 M Kinetin (KN) was obtained multiple shoots. In vitro raised shoots were rooted in half strength MS medium supplemented with 1.34 M Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA).

The study was realized with the aim of showing the variation of the freshwater lens morphology in a unconfined coastal aquifer on a site of 360.000m2 between the Atlantic Ocean and the coastal lagoon. For this study 115Time Domain Electromagnetism (TDEM) soundings were realized in rainy season and in dry season. For two various seasons, the static levels and the electric conductivities of waters in 17 wells were measured. A porosity of 34 % of the aquifer was determined using Archie’s law. That has allowed determining the limit of resistivity value of ground containing freshwater lens.

Economic development entails environmental cost. Striking a balance between the two is a wise theoretical solution. Real world situations are more complex and displacement of human habitats as an offshoot of development process is a case in point. In India, starting from Narmada Valley Project to the recent POSCO exemplified the vulnerability of the oustees and their deplorable life sustenance. Building large dams, mining, clearing forest set the primary objectives of promoting economic growth.

Dihaila Lake is an irrigation Lake constructed in Karera Bustard Sanctuary Mahya Pradesh India with a water spread area of 420 ha at\ FRL receiving water from a huge catchment area of about 446 sq. km. The Lake has been identified under National Wetland Conservation program by Ministry of Environment and Forests (Govt. of India). The Lake supports a rich biodiversity including fishes, birds, reptiles and Mammals. This Lake supports the fish biodiversity include some importance fish species from conservation point of view.

Zooplankton are known as good bio-indicator of changes in water quality because it is strongly affected by any changes in physical and chemical conditions of water as well as the surrounding environmental condition. Zooplankton diversity and physico-chemical parameters of an oxbow lake, Madhura anua was studied for a period of one year from September 2012 to August 2013.

Shrimp waste, extraction of protein hydrolysate active compounds from the waste and using them as useful marketable products is a smart solution here which would minimize the pollution problem and at the same time maximize the profits of the processors. Although part of the waste which mainly consists of exoskeleton and cephalothorax is traditionally used for chitin/chitosan preparation, feed manufacture and manure, and a major portion remains unused or underutilized. Only 65% of the shrimp is edible.

The study was aimed at understanding the effect of mixed leaf litter (Polyalthia longifolia and Samanea saman) vermicompost on the growth and productivity of Vigna mungo plant. The vermicompost of leaf litter was used with Vigna mungo plants under field conditions. The different treatments affected the seed germination of the test crop significantly.

Versatility, abundance and environmental friendliness have made solar energy one of the most promising renewable sources of energy. Solar energy is converted into Electrical Energy by using solar cells and can be used to drive various appliances. This paper reports generation of uninterrupted power by utilizing simultaneously both the wind and solar energy using a gyroscopic wind turbine coupled solar panels. A gyroscopic wind turbine is designed which can generate about 12V.Solar panels can generate about 6V. By combining these two constant power of 4.3W can be obtained.

Tea is the most popular beverage in the world and contains several essential nutrients, which are beneficial for human health. Tea leaves also contains heavy metals which are harmful for human health. In this study, the concentration of heavy metals in tea cultivated soil and tea leaf were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). The concentration of Cd, Cr, Ni and Pb in all the soil samples ranged from 1.28-2.58, 48.26-78.42, 43.12-65.28 and 22.74-49.85 mg/kg respectively.

The goal of this study is to evaluate the impact of using a Quasi-Monte-Carlo (QMC) generator on calculations of beam data, delivered by a 12 MV Saturne 43 LINAC photon beam. In this work, the Geant4.9.4.p04 is used to construct our Geant4-based application for Saturne 43 LINAC simulation. Both beam data calculations for two kinds of random generators (MC and QMC) have been compared to the measured ones using gamma index comparison tool. As known, that the least known parameters in a MC simulation of the treatment head, are often the properties of the initial electron beam.

The main objective of this study is to estimate nuclear data uncertainties on the effective multiplication factor (Keff) related to elastic, inelastic, capture and fission cross sections and the correlations between them. Different rapid and thermal cases of the different IHECSBE benchmarks have been studied by using nuclear data evaluation JENDL4 to calculate the sensitivity vectors for 235U and 238U isotopes and four cases used to validate our sensitivity vectors.

The economic and strength implications of concretes made from virgin and recycled waste concrete aggregate in fresh concrete production was examined using concrete mixes of different water cement ratios.

Coir pith a natural, lignocellulosic, low-cost, agricultural by-product has been evaluated as a sorbent to remove strontium from aqueous solutions. Sorption studies were performed in a batch mode by varying the experimental parameters such as solution pH, initial metal ion concentration and contact time. The extent of strontium sorption was found to increase with increase in initial metal ion concentration and contact time. The optimum sorption of Sr(II) on coir pith was achieved in the pH range of 5-8.

A new series of transition metal complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II), have been prepared from the azo-schiff base ligand (L) formed by coupling reaction of 1-(4-Aminophenyl)ethlidene-3-nitroaniline diazonium chloride with 4,5-diphenyl imidazole. The structural features have been arrived from their elemental analyses, magnetic susceptibility, molar conductivity, IR and UV-Vis spectral studies. The data show that the complexes have composition of [M(L)2Cl2] type M= Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II).

Glasses with composition 60B2O3–(40–x)MnO2–xNa2O (where x = 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 mol. %) have been prepared using the melt quench technique. The structural analysis of glasses is carried out by X-ray diffraction, density, IR spectroscopy and thermal analysis measurements. The XRD profiles confirmed their glassy nature and FTIR spectra indicate that inclusion of modifier oxide produces BO3 and BO4 structural units by breaking the boroxol B3O6 ring.

A semi organic non-linear optical crystal Urea Thiourea Sodium Sulphate (UTNS) has been grown by slow evaporation method at room temperature. The grown crystal was characterized by the presence of powder XRD technique. The presences of various functional groups of the crystal were identified by FT-IR analysis. Optical transmission property of the material was established by UV-Vis spectrum. Thermal studies (TG/DTA) confirm that the stability of the crystal is around at 230 °C. Surface Morphology of the grown crystal of UTNS was carried out by SEM.

The roots of Acanthus montanus were extracted with methanol and the extract successively extracted with n-hexane, petroleum ether, ethylacetate, diethylether and chloroform to investigate the anti-diabetic activity based on ethnomedicinal lead. Through a pilot study the ethylacetate fraction (EAF) was studied against alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Preliminary phytochemical analysis and acute toxicity studies were carried out in mice intraperitoneally. An attempt was made to resolve the EAF into its components using thin layer chromatography (TLC).

The quantitative phytochemical analysis, proximate composition and level of some nutrients of Beta vulgaris (Beet root) were studied using standard analytical method. Result of the quantitative phytochemical analysis indicates the presence of alkaloids (128.889), steroids (16.4), glycosides (0.652), flavonoids (6.417), terpeniods (115.5), saponins (3.789), and acidity level (5.227) all in mg/100g.

Background: The metabolic syndrome which was hitherto taught to be a disease of the western world is now becoming more prevalent in developing countries. Of paramount importance is its association with cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. This study seeks to determine the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in an urban and rural area of Nigeria and its association with some socio-demographic factors. Method: In a cross-sectional community based study, by a stratified random sampling method, 229 subjects were selected aged 18 – 78 years.

Poisons like pesticides and insecticides are commonly encountered in suicidal/homicidal cases in India and abroad. Out of the large number of pesticides used for criminal activities Organophosphorous (OP) group of insecticides are largely reported in forensic toxicology cases. Qualitative and the quantitative analysis of the forensic toxicology samples are very important for the medico-legal cases to provide justice to the victims. In the present study we analyzed some of the quinolfos, chlorpyrifos & malathion insecticides in spiked biological tissues.

Three dimensional quantitative structure activity relationship (3D-QSAR) models were developed for anilino pyrimidine and anilino quinazoline derivatives to inhibit the glycogen synthase kinase (GSK-3β) and EGFR tyrosine kinase respectively. The selective glycogen synthase kinase is an important for improved therapeutic profile of gsk3β inhibitors over tyrosine kinase. For this purpose we developed atom based 3D-QSAR for 60 selected compounds. The model showed satisfactory statistical significance; (Regression (r2) with 0.9738 and Regression coefficient of variation (r2cv) with 0.6172).

Although childhood mortality rates have been steadily declining in Ghana over the last two decades, the rate of decline has been very slow and uneven. This study compares the determinants of childhood mortality in Ghana for 2003 and 2008. Secondary data from the 2003 and 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Surveys were used for the study. Bivariate analysis and binary logistic regression were used to examine the relationship between socio-demographic, household/environmental, and biomedical characteristics of mothers and childhood mortality for both survey years.

Background: Congenital muscular torticollis is a postural deformity resulting from unilateral shortening and fibrosis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle .Early diagnosis helps in achieving good results with conservative treatment. Delayed treatment of this condition results in suboptimal correction of torticollis & persistence of associated secondary deformities. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of surgery in patients presenting late for the treatment. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted from august 2011 to July 2013.

Halitosis or bad breath is an oral health condition characterized by unpleasant odors emanating consistently from the oral cavity. For the majority of patients with halitosis, it causes embarrassment and affects their social communication and life. Moreover, halitosis can be indicative of underlying diseases. In general, intraoral conditions, like poor dental hygiene, periodontitis or tongue coating are considered to be the most important cause (85%) for halitosis.

Hundred axillary dissections were conducted by the first author over four years. A muscular slip was observed during such a routine axillary dissection in a cadaver extending from the lower border of Latissimus dorsi muscle to the trilaminar tendinous insertion of pectoralis major muscle. The arch was identified as the “Axillary arch of Langer”. This attribute’s its incidence to 1% in south Indian population. The paramount importance of the arch to the surgeons operating in the axilla has been discussed.

Working capital management plays a significant role in better performance of manufacturing firms. Decisions relating to working capital involve managing relationship between a firm’s short-term assets and liabilities to ensure a firm is able to continue its operations, and have sufficient cash flows to satisfy both maturing short-term debts and upcoming operational expenses at minimal costs, increasing corporate profitability. This study investigates the effects of Accounts Receivable on Return on Assets of selected Nigerian firms for the period 2000-2009.

The study of tourist’s perception on service quality is a critical strategy for success and survival in today’s competitive environment (Fynes and Voss, 2001). This study assesses the recreational experiences of tourists and aims to discuss the sustainable tourist development of cold desert of Ladakh region. The region as a whole is a climatic desert, which has imposed severe check on the proper growth of economic activity, even agriculture has not flourished fully.

The Spanish airport management model has undergone profound changes in recent years as a result of the deregulation process that took place at the end of the last century. One of the major impacts resulting from air transport liberalization has been the emergence and consolidation of Low Cost Airlines (LCA) which are able to provide better rates at very affordable prices thanks to its business model.

The measurement of cost and efficiency in physical distribution has been a subject of serious debate in marketing literature, particularly the concern for high costs and the need for improvements on the methods and processes of operations. What to be measured and how these are measured remain difficult in physical distribution tasks or functions. A survey design was used, and the population of study was some selected manufacturing firms in south east Nigeria, that are directly involved with finished goods distribution. Data collection was by questionnaire and interview.

Globally, literatures abound on the impact of microfinance interventions on beneficiaries. This study sought to assess the impact of microfinance interventions on market women in the Sekondi-Tarkoradi Metropolis in the Western Region of Ghana. Using a descriptive survey design, purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to select 317 respondents for the study. Data were collected using questionnaire. The Statistical Product for Service Solutions (SPSS version 17) was used to process the data into frequencies and tables for discussion.

Organizational effectiveness means how effectively an organization is achieving the goals, it intends to achieve. It is ordinarily used to refer goal attainment. In any organization, people and resources contribute significantly towards its effectiveness. In fact, they make their impact in attaining organizational goals. Keeping in view the role of organizational effectiveness in the determining goal achievement, the present study has been undertaken.

An assessment of effects of gender on affective organizational commitment of teachers in Zimbabwe. In Zimbabwe there has been an outcry on poor performance of students at all levels. It has been noted that yearly students’ O level percentage pass rate has declined up to 19.5 % in 2011 to 18.4% in 2012. This has raised concern amongst the stakeholders. Previously low performance has been attributed to inadequacy of resources and poor remuneration.

Although Commercial Forestry Policy and supportive laws exist for the development of commercial forestry, which together with other socio-economic activities like agriculture contribute to the quality of socio-economic welfare, the population in Northern Uganda has remained largely poor. This study aimed at examining the factors that affect implementation of the current Commercial Forestry Policy in Northern Uganda. A Cross-sectional survey design, with a target population of 127 participants was used in this study.

Modernity and its consequences are the factors that have caused in contemporary period, the designing principle compatible with climate like many of traditional architectural principle are trampled. Proper design of buildings and urban structure based on its surrounding climate is a contemporary topic. And this principle, that is, consistent with the climate was established as the basis for the formation of local architecture in many parts of the world.

The mosaic of demographic surface experiences a continuous change over time, if the area is frequented by constant influx of population from outside. The Sundarbans of India is such a region, wherein influx population in different periods settled down, especially in the 20th century. After the independence of India, drastically reduced rate of mortality and slightly reduced birth rate have instigated booming of population of the region. The influx population from the west and East Pakistan added an extra momentum to the population growth due to partition of India in 1947.

This prospective study has been undertaken to determine the extent of the hydro-electrolytic changes during the Benin University Games (BUG) among student basketball players of the National Institute of Youth, Physical Education and Sport. Body weight, the Urine Specific Gravity (USG), drunk water, the electrolytes (Na+, K+, Na/K ratio) of 10 student players (26.5 ± 5.8 years; 181.4 ± 8.3 cm; 75.0 ± 11.3 kg) have been measured before and at the end of the first, second, and fourth matches played for five days before 10: 00 a.m.

The use of training sessions which combine with strength exercises and sprints (CO training sessions) to improve the Repeated Sprint Ability (RSA) requires that athletes manage well recovery times. This study aimed therefore at measuring the decrease in performance at jump tests, induced by a CO training session and estimating the level of restoration reached after 48 hour-recovery period.

Financial inclusion or inclusive financing is the delivery of financial services at affordable costs to sections of disadvantaged and low-income segments of society, in contrast to financial exclusion where those services are not available or affordable. An estimated 2.5 billion working-age adults globally have no access to the types of formal financial services delivered by regulated financial institutions. The study aims to find out about the penetration of banking services in Ariyankuppam, Kalapet, and Veerampatnam village in Pondicherry region.

In this study, an attempt has been made to study the relationship between different dimensions of pro-social behaviour and stress perception of higher secondary students. The pro-social and antisocial behaviour scale was constructed and validated by the investigator has been used for this study to measure the pro-social behaviour of higher secondary students. Stress perception scale was constructed and validated by Lydia Eric. The pro-social and antisocial behaviour scale includes four dimensions of pro-social behaviour namely, donating, helping, sharing and comfort behaviour.

Quality assurance is nowadays becoming a central theme in higher education. Like in other developing countries, in Indonesia quality assurance in higher education is one of the main concerns of the government.

This paper deals with the deep historical reason for the Israel and Palestinian conflict. In this backyard numerous wars have been fought in this region between the Arabs and Israeli forces and is still continuing with varying intensity and severity to each other. Today in the era of cyber and digital warfare sympathizers of both the groups are threat to global security through terrorist activities. The Israeli and Arabs have their logical argument to support their fight against each other. Important secret treaty and declarations has further enflamed this conflict.

This paper entitled with GIS based decision support system and data base for contribution towards sustainability of future earth related to Geopolitics of oil in the world. With the help of GIS we are analysis or mapping the over exploited area of oil resources, oil sites of the world, oil pollution, oil spill and marine environment, geopolitics over oil resources, political instability etc. These types of maps will help to us for the planning or the sustainable use of these resources and we predict a better future for the earth.

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Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
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Aseel Hadi Hamzah
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Anam Bhatti
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Md. Amir Hossain
Bangladesh
Ahmet İPEKÇİ
Turkey
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