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June 2014

There is a lot of investment in research to help ascertain how creativity plays in enhancing business development. Personal-driven factors, as well as contextual factors, affect creativity which happens in organizational contexts. The theories of creativity identified as relevant for our article are: entrepreneurial creativity, systems model theory of creativity and humanistic theory of creativity.

This paper proposes simple hardware architecture for realizing a Radial basis function (RBF) network for transformer impulse fault classification. Fault conditions are applied on the lumped parameter model derived for the DUT and the model is simulated using PSPICE orcad software. The winding currents thus computed are analyzed using db5 wavelet and the statistical features namely mean and Variance are extracted from the third level approximation. The RBF network has a number of advantages compared with other type of ANN including simpler network structure and faster learning speed.

A lariat ether derivative N,N-bis[(1-benzothiophen-4-yl)methyl]-4,13-diaza-18-crown-6 has been synthesized and used as neutral carrier for the selective determination of strontium. The electrode works in a linear concentration range of 1.8 x 10-7 M – 1.0 x 10-1 M of Sr(II) ion with a slope of 30.57 mV/decay of activity. The electrode works successfully in a pH range of 3.0 – 10 and has fast response time (8s). The electrode was also used as an indicator electrode in potentiometric titration of Sr(II) with EDTA solution.

The worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX) is one of the newest technologies developed for broadband wireless network which offers high data rates, long coverage area and several types of quality of services to the users. In this paper, a basic simulation and performance analysis of WiMAX network in three different scenarios, using different quality of services like BLER, throughput and load, is carried out using OPNET modeler (version 14.5) which is a powerful tool used for simulation of wireless networks.

Type-2 fuzzy sets are fuzzy sets whose membership values are fuzzy sets on the interval (0, 1). This concept was proposed by Zadeh, as an extension of fuzzy sets. Type-2 fuzzy sets possess a great expressive power and are conceptually quite appealing. Also fuzzy matrices play an important role in scientific developments. In this paper, adjoint of type-2 triangular fuzzy matrices (T2TFM) is proposed. Some more special properties of adjoint of T2TFM which are useful for finding inverse of T2TFM are presented. Numerical example is also included.

The interaction of hydrophobic vitamins (vitamin E and vitamin D) with human serum albumin(HSA) at physiological (pH 6.9- 7.4) has been studied using UV-VIS spectrometer, and an FT-IR spectroscopy. The interaction of hydrophobic vitamins (vitamin E and vitamin D) with HSA has been investigated by using UV-absorption, and Fourier transforms infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The binding constants of vitamin E and vitamin D have been determined by UV-absorption.

The world’s thirst for water is likely to become one of the most pressing issues of the 21st century. Rapid pace of industrialization, concurrent growth of urbanization, need and change of life style of ever expanding population have the potential to damage the environment and degrade the available surface and ground water sources.

Single crystals of alkali, alkaline earth and transition metal sulphates doped alanine nonlinear optical materials have been grown from solution by slow evaporation method. The isoelectric point of the alanine is 6. So, the growth of crystals has been carried out at pH 6. The various functional groups present in the pure and doped crystals are elucidated from Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy study. UV–Visible transmittance is recorded to study the optical transmittance range for the grown crystals.

In this paper ‘A new method is proposed for finding a fuzzy optimal solution of fuzzy transportation problem. In this work intuitionistic trapezoidal fuzzy numbers (ITFN’s) are employed to represent the transportation cost. Numerical examples are also provided to illustrate the proposed algorithm. It can be seen that the proposed algorithm gives a better fuzzy optimal solution to the given transportation Problem.

Crack propagation study is a viable and futuristic criterion to design better and more adaptive engineering structures; hence it becomes imperative to indulge in a concrete study of crack propagation. In this paper, CATIA V5 software is used as a tool for modeling and stress analysis, in order to estimate Critical crack length and the critical load.

Hydrocarbons such as diesel fuel, crude oil and petroleum distillates are some of the world’s most widely used primary energy and fuel resources (Watanabe, 2001). Biodegradation of hydrocarbons by natural populations of microorganisms allows for the conversion of hazardous substances into forms that are less or non-toxic and represents one of the primary mechanisms by which petroleum and diesel products are removed from the environment. The present study was designed to identify the diesel degrading microorganism from the diesel polluted soil and study their degradation capacity.

Hydrocarbon pollutants in contaminated soils can potentially be degraded by microbial activity. The potentiality of microbes as agents of degradation of several compounds thus indicates biological treatment as the major promising alternative to attenuate environmental impact caused by pollutants. The present study was designed to identify microorganism present in the agricultural contaminated kerosene and crude oil treated soil sample and study their degradation.

The discharge of industrial effluents having heavy metals throw enormous deleterious impacts on aquatic organisms especially in fish. This potential accumulation of heavy metals in the fish tissues are subsequently transferred to human beings through the food chain. Thus, heavy metal pollution in fish has become an important worldwide concern, not only because of the threat to fish, but also due to the health risks associated with fish consumption.

Biofilm is acollection of microbes with a distinct architecture. Biofilms are generally responsible for clogging and corroding pipes, reservoirs, storage area, etc. The quality of household drinking water is also affected by biofilm formation. Biofilms not only cause industrial disasters but are also responsible for causing medical conditions by growing on the surfaces of catheters, heart valve replacements, contact lenses, pacemakers, artificial joints and other surgical implants. Biofilms affect millions of people in the world each year and as a consequence, many deaths occur.

This study aimed to evaluate the cardioprotective effect of β-sitosterol on lipid peroxides, enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants and histopathological findings in isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats.

Pure TriGlycine Sulphate (TGS) crystals were grown from aqueous solution by slow evaporation technique. The solubility of TGS increases with increasing temperature. The single - crystal XRD data of the grown TGS crystal were obtained using a single crystal X-ray diffract o meter. The presence of various functional groups in the grown crystal is identified from FTIR analysis. The UV- visible spectrum analysis shows a strong absorption is observed at 228nm for all grown crystals. The forbidden energy gap is 5.438 eV.

This work involves the study of semi blunt 9mm bullet when it comes to external ballistics and fluid flow over the bullet by considering speed at different Mach numbers such as subsonic, sonic, supersonic and hypersonic. This work also involves the study of strong shock waves generated on the bullet which results in flow separation and forms the low pressure drag, high temperature, reduction in velocity at the boundaries of the bullet and co-efficient of drag. Bullet surface is created by using CATIA vR20 modeling software.

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between life satisfaction and self-compassion. Participants were 381 (193 female and 188 male) university students, between age range of 17–26, who completed a questionnaire package that includes the Satisfaction with Life Scale and the Self-compassion Scale. The relationships between life satisfaction and self-compassion were examined using correlation analysis and the hypothesis model was tested through structural equation modeling.

As was noted by Lachman (1997), most textbook definitions of learning refer to learning as a change in behaviour that is due to experience. This is essentially a very basic functional definition of learning in that learning is seen as a function that maps experience onto behaviour. In other words, learning is defined as an effect of experience on behaviour .In the present study; the researcher does an in-depth study of a private English medium school in Kolkata, West Bengal. The Elementary section of the school is selected for the study.

Background: The Jawaharlal Nehru National Renewal Mission (JnNURM) scheme launched on 3rd December, 2005 by Government of India. It is the first time in the history with such a huge scale of budget over seven years to cope up the urban infrastructure improvement in 65 cities in India. This scheme has two sub-mission-Urban Infrastructure and Governance (UIG) and Basic services for Urban Poor (BSUP) under Ministry of Urban Development and Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation.

Education develops the individual like a flower which spreads its fragrance all over the environment. It is not the communication and information by the teacher or the acquisition of knowledge by the child. But it is the total development of the personality. Teachers play a vital role in the development of future citizens. Teaching is an interactive process, involving four aspects teacher, student, learning process and learning situation. A competent teacher possesses all the necessary qualities to interact with the school and community.

Feature Selection (FS) is a strategy that aims at making text document classifiers more efficient and accurate. However, when dealing with a new task, it is still difficult to quickly select a suitable one from various FS methods provided by many previous studies. Feature selection, as a preprocessing step to machine learning, has been very effective in reducing dimensionality, removing irrelevant data, and noise from data to improving result comprehensibility. Researchers have introduced many feature selection algorithms with different selection criteria.

The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of organizational leadership on performance in academics in secondary schools of Baringo Central Sub County of Baringo County, Kenya. The hypotheses were: the effect of leadership styles on performance in secondary schools is statistically significant at least at 5% level; the effect of leadership skills on performance in schools is statistically significant at least at 5% level; the effect of leadership ethics on performance is statistically significant at least at 5% level. The study made use of a survey study research design.

This study examined the superstitious behavior and decision making among individual, dual and team sport groups. To obtain required data, the investigators had selected Ninety (N=90) female intercollege level athletes of 19 to 25 years of age to act as subjects. They were divided into three groups; Thirty (n1=30) Individual Sports, Thirty (n2=30) Dual Sports and Thirty (n3=30) Team Sports athletes of various games and sports. The purposive sampling technique was used to select the subjects.

Construction delays can be defined as the late completion of work compared to the planned schedule or contract schedule. Construction delays can be minimized only when their causes are identified. The objective of this study was to identify the major causes of construction delays, the effects of delays, and methods of minimizing construction delays. This study was carried out based on literature review and a questionnaire survey.

Tourism has been often treated as a macro-level approach in several subject viz., economics, management, sociology and ecology, and it has different characteristics. Under different principle characteristics of tourism, the emphasis in the present study has been placed primarily on the seasonal characteristics of tourism and its impact on Sikkim’s economy. This study is a pioneer attempt to find out the factors responsible for tourism seasonality through micro level observation, logical reasoning, and empirical study and to suggest some effective measures to mitigate the problem.

Purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of secondary school principals in discharging their administrative duties in secondary schools in Masaba Division, Kisii Central District, Kenya. The study focused on the management of curriculum and instruction, human and financial resources and school-community relationships. The study was premised on Max Weber Scientific management theory which refers to red tape rigid application of organizational policies while ignoring the workers needs. A descriptive survry research design was used in Masaba Division in Central Kisii District.

The paper aims at pointing out pattern of crops within the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. Physiographic and varying climatic habitats determine the classification of land use and accordingly cropping pattern can be mapped out. The paper shall be analyzing at length output growth of crops and that way yield per hectare can figure out.

The most important influence on pupils’ learning is the quality of teaching, which is a challenge because most schools have not attained it. The study sought to find out the influence of evaluation techniques used by teachers on pupils’ academic performance in Kenya. The study was conducted in Elgeyo Marakwet County, specifically Chepkorio Division using a descriptive survey research design. The target population comprised primary schools, teachers and head teachers from the area. The study used stratified random sampling and simple random sampling techniques.

In this paper we discuss the essential ethical issues that have often been ignored in social science research involving human participants in Kenya. In most researches conducted in the universities, the ethical committees, if any, normally pay more attention to ethics when handling researches that deal with human medicine, health, biotechnology and related issues. Not much attention is paid to ethical requirements predominantly because of cultural orientations that do not conform with these research requirements.

Groundwater pollution has been reported in many aquifers because of high concentration of nitrate which is the result of excessive use of fertilizers to cropland. Systematic sampling was done, with a view to understand the source of nitrate concentration . 100 sample sites were selected and the samples were taken for a baseline study to understand the geochemistry of the study area and to assess its physicochemical charactertics. The water quality parameters were investigated for pre-monsoon (January 2011) and were compared with the standard values given by ICMR / WHO.

The in vitro studies with Dalbergia sissoo showed that the callus raised from cotyledonary explants had only the potential for shoot regeneration rather than the callus raised from nodal explants in provided medium. Best callus induction was observed on MS supplemented with 4.0 mg/l BAP, 0.1 mg/l NAA and 3% sucrose through nodal explants, but callus induction in cotyledonary explants was showed on 2.0 mg/l 2, 4-D, 2.0 mg/l 2, 4-D and 0.05 mg/l Kn. Callus of both explants were subcultured 3-4 time on 4.0 mg/l BAP and 0.1 NAA for multiplication and to increase the compactness of callus.

The phytosociology is one of the important aspect for analyzing the structure and composition of vegetation and its dynamics. In the present study, we analyzed spatial pattern, diversity and phytosociology of woody plants species in Ponda Watershed, Rajouri, Jammu and Kashmir. Quantitative analysis on species distribution and diversity in addition to phytosociological attributes were done in two landuse classes i.e. agricultural and forest area.

Five F2 populations and their selected F3 progenies of chickpea formed by crossing seven parents were studied in consecutive years. Ten F2 plants from each population were selected for high as well as for low expression of pods per plant, seeds per plant, harvest index and seed yield per plant. A total of 226 selected F3 progenies were evaluated in randomized block design with three replications in succeeding year. Selection for high level had maintained their higher expression for pods per plant, seeds per plant and seed yield.

Objective: Clinical studies on dentifrices formulated with different ingredients typically examine the effects of their use on clinical parameters .However the systemic absorption & its implications on health usually go unexplored. Hence this present randomised controlled double blinded cross-over design clinical study compared the changes in sodium and chloride ions & blood pressure brought about by using a dentifrice containing salt in Pre hypertensive patients.

Background: Hand hygiene is the single most important preventive measure for reducing nosocomial infections, however, nurses frequently do not wash their hands in emergency departments. Aim: This study was carried out to assess hand hygiene practice among nurses in the emergency department. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted including a convenience sample of 60 staff nurses in the emergency department at selected hospital in Makkah Al-Mukaramah.

Objectives: To study the variations in adult human sterna. Knowledge of sternal anomalies helps in understanding its importance in cardiac surgery, Radiology, genetics, Acupuncture and Medico legal fields. It helps in understanding and analyzing the level of involvement of enthesial regions in autoimmune or degenerative disorders. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 75 dry sterna, collected from the Medical students, in the departments of anatomy, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru, IMS, MSU, Bengaluru campus, during the last seven years.

Background: The present day nursing students are important members of health care profession. A better understanding of student’s attitude including emotional aspects might be useful to teachers in their efforts to provide support to students in every phase of the education. It is critical for nursing faculty to deal constructively with angry students. Aim: The aim of study is to assess prevalence of aggression and its contributory factors among hostellers and day-scholars.

Background of Study: Adolescence is the most important period in one’s life. It is the period of stress and strain, of day dreams, of intense affection and excitement. Sleep is a primary aspect of adolescent’s development. The way adolescents sleep critically influence their ability to think, behave and feel during day time hours. Objective: To assess the abnormal sleep pattern among adolescents. To assess the effect of abnormal sleep pattern on health of adolescents.

The present study was conducted to isolation of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) producing in gram`s negative bacteria specially in Eschericia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia in different clinical samples received at the department of Laboratory medicine, Alchemist hospital, Gurgaon, india. Aerobic culture was performed in automated analyzer vitek-2 and isolate from blood agar and mackonky agar media.

Background: Dysmenorrhea refers to the symptom of painful menstruation. It can be divided into 2 broad categories: primary (occurring in the absence of pelvic pathology) and secondary (resulting from identifiable organic diseases). About 88% of adolescents with dysmenorrhea experience their first painful menstruation within the first 2 years after menarche. The consequences of untreated primary dysmenorrhea range from school absenteeism to disruption of relationships with family and friends.

Background: Disasters in modern times have transcended borders of nation, class and have devastating impact in terms of human and material losses. Global initiatives for disaster preparedness and reduction should therefore be given highest priority by the international community. Various types of disasters, natural as well as manmade are faced by human beings since beginning of human evolution.

Background and aim of study: Morbidity and mortality in hem dialysis patients are closely related to dialysis adequacy. Recently, ionic dialysance is becoming more popular as a method to assess the delivered Kt/V of dialysis treatment.

Background: Immunization is an important part of health promotion and disease prevention strategy for all children and it is essential in the provision of primary care to infants, but pain experienced by infants during immunization makes it a distressing experience for the infant, parents and practitioners. Aim: The aim of study is to assess the effect of distraction techniques (light and sound) on pain during immunization among infants coming for immunization.

Complete feed not only provides the required nutrients in proper proportion at a time, but, it also improves the feeding values. Keeping in view the above, a study was conducted on 18 cross bred heifers; these were distributed to form three treatment groups having six heifers in each.

Inappropriate use of antibiotics is a significant public health problem. Nevertheless, only few studies have been conducted in Egypt in this area. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, believes and practice regarding antibiotic use and misuse among rural mothers in Gharbia governorate. Material and Method: a cross-sectional design was used. The study was conducted at twenty rural health units in Gharbia governorate.

A service firm delivers to customer a service package, which consists of some physical aspects and some intangibles. Technical dimension describes what the customers get and when they get it, while functional quality describes how they get it. It is more difficult for consumers to evaluate the quality of services than the quality of products. This is true because of certain distinctive characteristics of services – they are intangible, they are variable, they are perishable and they are simultaneously produced and consumed.

Safe, effective and ethical medication practice is an important component of client care, an evaluative study was conducted to assess the performance of staff nurses regarding administration of IV medication in Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib (C) Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab. Sixty nurses were observed while administering medications by using a checklist based on Donabedian’s -structure, process, outcome framework. Results showed that overall performances were lower than the expected standard and therefore needed improvement to reach upto expected standards.

Introduction: A train accident is defined as a collision, derailment, or any other event involving the operation of on-track equipments. Railway injuries are mostly accidental. Objective of the Study: Aims to understanding the incidence and impact of railway fatalities in Varanasi, India as well as identifying preventive strategies to reduce their number and impact. Material & method: The present retrospective study has been conducted for the period of 5 consecutive years i.e. 2009 to 2013 based on autopsy record of the unnatural death cases resulting from death on railway track.

Background: Medical students, especially females, face more stress than non-medical students. This could alter their lifestyle and body fat composition. Whether Nepalese female medical students differ significantly from their non-medical counterparts regarding body fat composition is explored. Methods: Body mass index (BMI) of female medical and non-medical students from four private colleges of Nepal were calculated from measured height and weight. Participants were in first, second, and third years of medical, business sciences, and fashion designing courses.

Women in fishing communities play multidimensional roles that include livelihood, household, reproductive and community ones.

Now-a-days colored pigments of plant origin gained ample worldwide importance. These are essential role players in exposing different colors and are formed from different phyto chemicals commonly found in food matrix. Lycopene is a tetra-terpenic C40 carotenoid having protective effects against prostate cancer, skin cancer and other types of cancers, cardiovascular diseases and reduction of oxidative stress. Its bioavailability is majorly focused on tomato products, while other sources include watermelon, guava, pink grapefruit, apricots, persimmons and red-fleshed papaya.

Genetic divergence study on duram wheat Triticum durum L. Desf. consisted 150 genotypes of diverse sources. The experiment was conducted at Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Regional Wheat Research Station, Indore in Rabi 2006-07 in Randomized Complete Block design replicated twice. Standard package and practices was given to raise healthy crop. Results of analysis revealed their association into sixteen clusters. Approximate configurations of the clusters based on the D2 values.

Background: Assessment methods drive students’ learning significantly. Quality of learning depends mainly on the evaluation method. If evaluation method assesses only the surface learning, students tend to concentrate their learning at that level. If examination is focused on higher order thinking skills, it motivates students’ as well as teachers for higher order learning. We aim to assess our evaluation system for the selection of postgraduates to know their influence on our teaching learning process in the field of medicine.

Phytoplankton play an important role as primary producer in aquatic ecosystem and a number of factors have been attributed to influence the density of it. The present study was conducted to assess the relationship between the physico – chemical parameters and phytoplankton density of Kangsabati Reservoir. A monthly sampling was carried out from March, 2010 – February, 2011 at three different stations.

Delonix regia (Boj Ex Hook) is a common tree growing along the roadside as well as farmside. There is frequent shedding of petals during flowering season. So an attempt was made to study the influence of petal leachate of D. regia on seed germination and seedling growth of important leguminous crop Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). In petridish bioassay seed germination and seedling growth with respect to root length, shoot length and fresh weight was inhibited due to petal leachate. In soil bioassay seed germination and seedling growth was inhibited due to petal leachate.

Maximum post harvest loss in onions is attributed to microbial spoilage. So, LAB and antagonistic organisms were screened for their antimicrobial activities against isolated spoilage organisms. Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp., Botrytis sp., Erwinia sp., Bacillus sp., and Staphylococcus sp., were isolated from Bangalore rose and Bellary red onion varieties. The antimicrobial activity of Lactic acid bacteria and antagonistic organisms were tested by agar cup method. Out of six Lactic acid bacterial strains NR-1 was found to be effective.

Seed recalcitrance is a major problem with tropical tree species limiting their natural regeneration and a constraint for their long term storage. The seeds are sensitive to desiccation and lose their viability very quickly. They do not have any molecular mechanism to tolerate dehydration such as metabolic ‘switch off’ and intracellular differentiation as orthodox seeds do (Berjak and Pammenter, 2013). Myristica malabarica is an indigenous arborescent species occurring in Western Ghats and has been red listed by IUCN.

A field experiment was conducted at ASPEE, ARDF, Tansa Farm during rabi season of 2013-14 for evaluating the effect of different levels of vermicompost application on growth and yield of fenugreek cv. Local. Five treatments comprising of various levels of vermicompost viz., T0 -Control (100 % RDF), T1- (T0 + 2 tonnes vermicompost), T2- (T0 + 3 tonnes vermicompost), T3- (T0 + 4 tonnes vermicompost) and T4- (T0 + 5 tonnes vermicompost) were evaluated on fenugreek cv. Local.

Field experiments were conducted at Annamalai University Experimental Farm, Annamalainagar to evaluate the effects of lignite flyash, press mud and farmyard manure in maize based intercropping system during summer and kharif, 2012.

An ethnobotanical survey of five medicinal plants commonly used by the Gwaris of FCT was carried out in October, 2012. The plants include Detarium microcarpum, Prosopis africana, Piliostigma thonnigii, Flueggea virosa and Entada Africana. These plants are used by this group of people to cure different ailments such as malaria fever, jaundice, diarrhea, earache, dysentery, stomach ache etc. Phytochemical test and proximate analysis were carried out on the medicinal plants.

This article deals with the status of wild edible plants and their traditional utilization by Halam tribe of Southern Assam, India inhabitant villages of Halam population. A total of 35 nos. of plant species were recorded. Finally the investigated plant species have been enumerated according to the formulation prescribed by the medicine men, along with botanical names, families, local or tribal names, parts used.

Information about ethnomedicinal uses of Achyranthus aspera L (Amranthaceae) ‘Apamrga’ and Canscora decussata (Gentianaceae) recorded from tribals of maharastra has been dealt with in this communication. It has been observed that the uses recorded for the treatment of fever, skin diseases, diabetes Asthema, Indigestion, Migraine etc. so that this herb used in large scale.

While in developed countries the body donation is an old tradition in medical schools, in Africa it is a real socio-cultural problem. Our work proposes to do the assessment of this practice that remains controversial in sub-Saharan region. Historically, dissection and prosection are preferred for teaching gross anatomy and for research. Although the advent of new technologies has created innovative opportunities to explore the anatomy of the human body, the body donation remains essential in our context.

Proposed causes of male infertility include sperm motility disturbances, Y chromosome microdeletions, chromosomal abnormalities, single gene mutations, and sperm mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) rearrangements. To investigate the etiology of decreased sperm fertility and motility of sperm and to develop an appropriate therapeutic strategy, the molecular basis of these defects must be elucidated. In this study, we aimed to reveal the relationships between the genetic factors including sperm mtDNA mutations as candidate factors for male infertility.

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