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Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

April 2019

In Kharif groundnut, in Tirupati region, 100 per cent of groundnut leaf miner population was found mycosed during II FN October and I FN November 2018. The blotches of leaf miner were looked milky white with cadavers protruding from the blotch. Such leaves were carried to the laboratory and fungus from blotchs and cadavers was inoculated onto SDAY. The plates were incubated at 230C. Whitish colonies with green centre sporulation was observed after 5 days. The culture was reinoculated onto plates and slants.

Background: Parents are frequently concerned about their children's behavior patterns especially if they are repetitive or stereotyped.The term thumb sucking refers to placing thumb into the mouth many times every day and night, exerting definite sucking pressure. Prevalence of malocclusion is higher in children with sucking habits than in those without the habit at 3-12 years of age. However, when children stop finger sucking before the age of 6 years, they do not have a higher percentage of malocclusion than children with no history of sucking habit.

Uterine prolapse is the leading cause of ill health that exists throughout the entire nation especially in rural regions. While studying the situation globally, World Health Organization estimates that the reproductive ill health accounts for 33% of the total disease burden in women globally. The main aim of the present study was to assess the Effectiveness of Structured teaching programme on Prevention of Uterine prolapse among Multiparous women residing in selected villages at Kirumambakkam Primary Health Centre, Puducherry.

Background: Even with using of electric devises to remove ear wax, the syringing still used by large number of seniors, so Irrigation is used frequently in both primary care and specialty settings. And we should use the materials in syringing that with less chance of causing ear infection. Objectives: To find out the difference of effects on getting ear infection between distilled water and white vinegar and diluted povidone iodine in ear syringing.

The main objective of this work was to study experimentally the isotopic fractionation of mercury Hg, in derivatization processes i.e. Ethylation and Propylation. The multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICPMS) technique makes it possible to measure isotopic signatures of mercury stable elements efficiently in extremely compact i.e. 1ppb and 10ppb concentration systems. This device made it possible to study the evolution of mass independent fractionation (MIF) and mass dependent fractionation (MDF) under different conditions.

This paper describes three broad types of political implications of emergency management since historically emergency management was considered only a function of law enforcement and fire departments, with the support in the event of a major catastrophe from public health and civil defense organizations. The issue is not whether governments will be required to respond to emergencies, but the concern is when and how frequently response will occur. The time to think about emergencies is before they occur.

In an effort to safeguard the Lebanese genetic resources of olives (Olea Europea L.), this study was intended to set up an in vitro culture from axillary buds of Bshaaleh millennium trees. A series of treatments preceded the multiplication phase to limit infections in the introduced explants. Best survival rate (56.7%) was recorded when the treatment was based on a mix of fungicides (fosethyl-aluminium (6g/l) and carbendazim (2g/l)), chloroxylenol (2.5%) and NaOCl (15%) as detergents, and oxytetracycline (1mg/l) as antibiotic.

Background: Flexible gastrointestinal endoscopes (gastroscopes) have been associated with patient infections and outbreaks, especially because of the high contamination they suffer during procedures. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the presence of diverse bacteria, including pathogens on the surface of endoscopes before their use on patients having an Esophagogastroduodenos copy (EGD).

In this survey, we proposed computer aided with open source platform detection system for the leaf spot detection on cotton crop. This system plays very important role to improve outcomes in farming because it is important sector in India. Lot of peoples are depends on the cotton crop. There are many diseases on cotton crop. Due to this disease there is chance of the decrease productivity of the crop. Soour aim is to develop leaf spot detection system by using artificial neural network. Early detection of this disease can helpful for the farmer to take preventive action.

Cow is worshiped as God in India and its products are having nutritional, medical and other important uses. The microbial consortium of Cow dung is used in bioremediation of metals, pesticides, pharmaceutical products, petrochemicals and biomedical waste. Cow dung is used in composting and used as fertilizer performs activities such as Sulphur oxidation and phosphate solubilisation. The metagenomics of cow dung is studied up to some extent.

Alcoholism is a chronic illness with an insidious onset which may occur at any age and adolescent’s drinking behaviour has been the vital social issues in several countries. A pre experimental one group pre-test post-test design was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of planned teaching program on knowledge regarding alcohol use and refusal skills among adolescents. Total 98 adolescents from selected schools of Delhi were enrolled. Planned teaching program (PTP) on knowledge regarding alcohol use and refusal skills was developed by focused group discussion.

Aims: To assess awareness and practices regarding use of various contraceptive methods. Materials and methods: 100 women between the age of 18-45 living with their husbands and coming from rural area were interviewed. Their awareness about various contraceptive methods and practices were evaluated. Results: Out of the 100 women, Majority were between 21 to 25 years (45%), followed by 26 to 30 years (34%). Majority of women were illiterate 58% and literate were 42%.

Falls during hospitalization are a major health care concern (Higaonna, 2014; Shmueli et al., 2014) even more so for inpatient psychiatry (Blair and Waszynski, 2013; Irvin, 1999; Vaughn et al., 1993). The purpose of this quality improvement project was to decrease falls and falls with injury on an adult inpatient psychiatric unit.

“In the infinite dualism of death and life there is a harmony. We know that the life of a soul which is finite in its expression and infinite in its principle, must go through the portals of death in its journey to realise the infinite.”- Rabindranath Tagore The entire fabric of Tagore’s poetry is woven with the threads of Baul tradition and Vaishnava philosophy. Bauls and Vaishnavas share some common beliefs because the most significant influence on the Bauls has been that of Vaishnavism. In these two sects the dominant note is love.

The paper propose a survey conducted on the various methodologies and electronic system used to guide the blind people. Addressing the issues of People with Visual, Hearing and Vocal Impairment through a single aiding system is a tough job. Many modern day researches focus on addressing the issues of one of the above challenges but not all.

Introduction: Stroke is the third highest disease in the United Kingdom to cause death; despite the severity of this healthcare issue, the public are not aware of the main characteristics, treatment and prevention factors involved. Aim: This study was conducted at the University of Wolverhampton in November 2018, with the aim to investigate the level of stroke awareness within the local university population. Method: This research project included 50 participants which after providing informed consent, carried out the questionnaire to test their general knowledge regarding stroke.

It is crucial to handle missing or incomplete information obtained from various low level image processing tasks. Completion of such information requires foundation of typical mathematical, geometrical and linear algebra concepts. In this paper, emphasize is on completion of missing information in terms of detected pixels for expression recognition. Amongst seven standard expressions we chose to work with only Happy, Sad and Normal in this paper.

Purpose:-This study focused on the Effects of techno stress on LIS professionals in terms of Physical, Psychological, Emotional and Behavioral aspect, how these librarians cope with their stress and recommend the ways to manage with techno stress. Design/Methodology: The survey method was used. . The entire population (N=70) was selected as respondents. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Cronbach Alpha used to check the reliability of the questionnaire. All four-hypothesis tested by linear regression analysis.

Introduction: Community pharmacies are generally a first point of contact with 1.6 million people visiting a pharmacy in England each day. Pharmacists are defined as experts in medicines. The role of a pharmacist has advanced from ‘product-focused’ through medicine to a ‘caregiver’ where they provide person-centred care to ensure suitable prescribing.

The vitality of the periodontal tissues in health and disease depends strongly upon an adequate source of essential nutrients being available to the host. The epithelium of the dentogingival junction, the underlying connective tissues and periodontium, as a whole, are amongst the most dynamic tissues in the body. The maintenance of these tissues is dependent upon an adequate supply of nutrients that are considered to be either major or minor.

Background: Nutritional and epidemiological transition over the past three decades has resulted in weight changes. The dramatic rise in childhood obesity is one of its adverse outcomes. Objectives: To assess the relationship of socio-demographic variables with overweight and obesity among children. Methods: This cross-sectional community-based study was conducted in school going children of both sex aged 6-14 years in rural and urban areas of Jammu region.

Bone marrow is involved in large number of diseases which primarily are not diseases of the hemopoietic system. The bone marrow biopsy is an important investigation in the work up of patients with malignancies that have a propensity to involve bone marrow. The aim of the study was to observe the clinical presentation and hematological profile of patients with metastatic bone marrow tumors. This highlights the importance of performing bilateral bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy in such patients and significance of correlation of the aspirate and biopsy findings.

Glass ionomers were introduced to the profession 25 years ago and have been shown to be a very useful adjunct to restorative dentistry. Glass ionomer cement composed of a calcium – alumino – silicate glass powder and an aqueous solution of an acrylic acid homo – or copolymer. These cements possess certain unique properties that make them useful as restorative and adhesive materials, including adhesion to tooth structure and base metals, anticariogenic properties due to release of fluoride, thermal compatibility with tooth enamel, and biocompatibility.

The purpose of this review is to evaluate the previous studies that describe the effects of functional appliances and their efficiency in treating class II malocclusion. This review is limited to two appliances: activator and twin‑block appliances.

Background: Thalassemia is a herieditary anemia resulting from defects in hemoglobin production. -Thalassemia which is caused by a decreas in the production of B-globin chains, affects multiple organs and is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality Aim: 1.To study the radiographic skeletal changes in transfusion dependent thalassemia patients attending thalassemic center in Ibn_Alather Children Teaching hospital in Mosul and to correlate these changes with age.

Treatment of class II malocclusions poses a major challenge for orthodontist. Class II malocclusion due to mandibular retrognathism during active growth can be treated using removable myofunctional appliances. Fixed functional appliance are given in non compliant patient. The present case report shows efficiency of Powerscope in correcting mandibular retrognathism in a patient aged 14-year-old male patient with a chief complaint of irregularly placed upper front teeth.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference of outcome of non-surgical root surface debridement done along with adjective use of systemic antibiotics i.e. Azithromycin 500mg once a day for three days. Material and Methods: A retrospective cohort study of adult patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis. Twenty- nine patients were selected based on inclusion/ exclusion criteria, who were treated at the hospital and medicated with azithromycin from January 2014 to May 2015.

The study investigates the prospects of India entering the global renewable energy market with the distributed energy generated by Indian household prosumers and commercial energy producers. The systematic review relied on a predefined search strategy, which allowed to select fifteen peer-reviewed articles in the English language for critical analysis. The study identified the following themes associated with the feasibility of the project: grid parity, economic barriers, policy targets, government support, solar and wind power development, and renewable energy certificates.

The main target of this ethnographic study was to explore jaarsummaa conflict resolution mechanism in Ilu and Bunno Oromos. In the study, interview and focus group discussion were used for data collection in the informants’ natural setting. The collected data were analyzed from the folklore bearers and from observers’ perspectives. The finding revealed the following. First of all, the informants asserted that jaarsummaa conflict resolution practice is a component of Oromo Gada system.

The flattening of the world, thanks to the cluster of profound socio-economic and politico-cultural changes, has created unprecedented challenges for organizational leadership and management. The fast-evolving global world of ours where challenges have to be continually met requires timely decision taken by the CEOs’ (Chief Executive Officers) who shape and give direction to world politics and economic order.

This study made use of the descriptive type of research to ascertain the effect of integrated students’ clubbing towards school performance and membership in Greek clubs among the Junior and Senior students. The researchers employed the short survey that requested specific information from the participants. The survey questionnaire supplied a list of the acceptable clubs for the participants to mark.

Jarada is an ancient zamindari estate of Ganjam district of Odisha. It was situated in 190 05’ Latt. and 840 33’ Long. It is about 16 miles from Ichhapur in a south westerly direction and 32 miles from Berhampur. It is bounded by the zamindari estate of Surangi, Chikiti, Badakhemundi and Jalanthara (now in Andhra Pradesh). Jarada is the Headquarter of this estate. It is a small village under Chikiti MLA Constituency of Patrapur C.D.Block.

Background: Old age is increasing; more population in future would be in old age. India being the one having more young population may in future have more old population. With aging, there occurs deterioration of physical health, cerebral pathology, changes in cardiopulmonary and autonomous nervous system. It also affects the cognitive ability of an individual, which causes changes to occur all over the body.

Ludwig’s angina is an aggressive cellulitis affecting the submandibular and sublingual spaces bilaterally. Formerly, doomed to be fatal, the disease at present can be effectively managed by prompt airway secure, adequate antimicrobial coverage and surgical drainage. We report a case of Ludwig’s Angina, with a non odontogenic source, extending to the neck with elevation of the floor of the mouth resulting in dysphagia and restricted mouth opening. Regression of the disease was obtained by appropriate use of parenteral antibiotics and surgical drainage

The complications of chronic diabetes affect many systems including the nervous system wherein the peripheral neuropathy is the most common presenting feature and which if not controlled may necessitate limb amputation. Since the exact mechanism of hyperglycemia-induced peripheral neuropathy and its treatment are not completely known, the present study was aimed at an effort to further the information in this regard. After ethical clearance, 36 animals were divided into six groups having six rats each.

Introduction: Infertility affects 10-15 % of couple in reproduction age group (novak, 13th edition, 2002). Ovulation dysfunction is a common cause of infertility. Approximately, 40% of female infertility is due to anovulation (Speroff et al., 1999). However, with the advent of USG, a simple and non invasive, more accurate method to study ovulation has been established. AIMS and objective: 1. To study the follicular dynamics after spontaneous and induced ovulation by non invasive method in infertile women. 2. To study the effect of various ovulation inducing agent on pregnancy rate.

Background: In revolution of functional endoscopic sinus surgery we need to found out new approaches to reduce recurrence after operation, and middle turbinate medialization is important step in this purpose. So we focus on some types of medialization like nothing or conchopexy and bolgraization. Objectives: To find out the effects of different types of middle turbinate medicalization in fess.

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate the immediate effect of Kinesiotaping on Agility of Football Players with Grade 1 Hamstring Strain. [Subjects and Method] Sixty professional football players with grade 1 hamstring strain were selected. The subjects were randomly allotted into experimental and control group (n=30 each). The experimental group received facilitation type of Y Taping to Hamstring muscle in stretched position while the Control group received sham taping to hamstring muscle. Agility was assessed pre and post taping for both groups using Agility T-Test.

Restoration of missing anterior teeth has wide range of treatment options. Fixed economic esthetic restorations are challenging. With the advancements in the dental material science and major improvements in adhesive dentistry, gave clinicians with an option of fiber reinforced composite-fixed partial dentures. They are economical, esthetically pleasing and metal free restorations. This study was carried out to evaluate the clinical performance of anterior fiber reinforced composite-fixed partial dentures using USPHS criteria.

Restoration of missing anterior teeth has wide range of treatment options. Fixed economic esthetic restorations are challenging. With the advancements in the dental material science and major improvements in adhesive dentistry, gave clinicians with an option of fiber reinforced composite-fixed partial dentures. They are economical, esthetically pleasing and metal free restorations. This study was carried out to evaluate the clinical performance of anterior fiber reinforced composite-fixed partial dentures using USPHS criteria.

Background: Flexible gastrointestinal Parotid fistulae is although infrequent, rare, uncommon post operative complication of surgical intervention in the temporomandibular or parotid region. Any injury to the gland results in development of fistula or sialocele management of which becomes challenging owing to difficulties with healing, tissue injuries, swelling and distress to patient. We present a case of post operative parotid fistula complication following surgical intervention treatment of subcondylar fracture.

Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) has existed for millennia and remains a major global health problem. Among extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, lymph node tuberculosis is the most common type constitutes about 35%cases followed by pleural effusion (20%), bone and joint (10%), genitourinary TB (9%), TBM (5%), other (13%). Cartridge based nucleic acid amplification test (CBNAAT), specific for Mycobacterium tuberculosis has been recently introduced for detection of tubercular pleural effusion. It has an added advantage of detecting rifampicin resistance.

Pathology is a branch of medical science that help in diagnosing the disease by microscopic examination and revealing the information to render correct diagnosis and help in proper treatment planning. Recent advances in technology has put a significant impact in the diagnostic field of pathology. Introduction of slide less pathology also known as Virtual Microscopy or Whole slide imaging (WSI) is not mere an imagination but an upcoming and promising invention. It is highly demanded in everyday pathology as well as in educational, research purpose and bioindustry.

A compromised immune status can allow the growth of opportunistic pathogens to invade the body. Phycomycosis is an invasive fungal disease affecting the structures of the skin, air sinuses, orbit, and the brain. The leading predisposing factors include uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, lymphoma, leukemia, renal failure, organ transplant, long-term intake of corticosteroids, immunosuppressive therapy and AIDS. The signs and symptoms of intraoral phycomycosis are uncertain.

Background: Body mass index (BMI) is a convenient and simple way of assessing obesity as obesity has a very negative impact on human health in the form of physical and mental health issues and mortality risk. Studying obesity among university students is really important as they are newly exposed to open society after passing school and have multiple dietary options. Their dietary habits can be controlled at early stage and thus multiple diseases’ risk can be prevented.

Background: Body mass index (BMI) is a convenient and simple way of assessing obesity as obesity has a very negative impact on human health in the form of physical and mental health issues and mortality risk. Studying obesity among university students is really important as they are newly exposed to open society after passing school and have multiple dietary options. Their dietary habits can be controlled at early stage and thus multiple diseases’ risk can be prevented.

Background: Chrons is a relapsing remitting disease that affects children and demands a reliable diagnostic tool to detect active episode with minimum hazards. Objectives: i- to assess the reliability of MR enterography, quantitative and qualitative DWI measurements done by radiologists of different experiences in assessment of disease activity in children, ii to explore if diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) can substitute contrast enhanced images.

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that occurs when a person's breathing is interrupted during sleep. There are basically two types of Sleep apnea (central sleep apnea and obstructive sleep apnea) where obstructive sleep apnea is the more common one. OSA is associated with interrupted breathing during sleep due to any obstruction due to repeated collapse of airway. This disorder can be life threatening as the oxygen supply to various parts of the body is substantially reduced.

Background of the study: The admission of an infant to the paediatric unit inevitably causes emotional stress for the parents and hence complicates parenting. Parents are partly influenced by hospitalization experience and by their own personal characteristics, past experiences and their relationship to the child. Parents relate their fears and anxieties to their children verbally or nonverbally. They need assurance that their child is receiving adequate medical treatment. They need information, to allow them to understand the child's medical status and treatment the child receives.

Porcelain laminate veneers are most conservative and esthetic treatment option for enhancing anterior esthetics. The success of veneers is mainly based on careful and controlled tooth reduction within the biological and mechanical principles of natural dentition. Laminate is viable conservative technique when compared with full crowns. Tooth colored thin layer material is placed on the prepared surface of the tooth for esthetically restoring small or large defects or intrinsic discoloration. Laminates are indicated in cases of fracture, discoloration, spacing, chipped enamel surfaces, etc.

Anger need not be a negative expression. Anger is a normal human emotion that, when handled appropriately and expressed assertively can provide an individual with a positive force to solve problems and make decisions concerning life situations. Anger becomes a problem when it is not expressed and when it is expressed aggressively. The aim of the study is to learn to control anger by recognizing what triggers their anger, how behaviour contributes to a volatile situation.

Purpose: The purpose of this in-vitro study was to evaluate the effect of Hydrofluoric acid treatment on shear bond strength and surface characteristics of Titanium alloys. Methods: 3 dental luting agents representative of different compositional classes (Polycarboxylate, Glass ionomer, and Zinc oxide based cements) were used to evaluate their effect on Titanium-6Aluminum-4 Vanadium (Ti-6Al-4V) alloy surfaces. Samples were divided according to their surface etching with 9.6% Hydrofluoric acid (n=15 for each group). Group (1) Titanium alloy cylinders with acid etching.

Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the gold standard treatment for Cholelithiasis and is the most commonly performed operation of the digestive tract. Methods: Data of 860 patients who underwent LC at SMVD Superspeciality Hospital Katra from 1st May 2016 to 30th April 2018wasanalyzedretrospectively for comorbidities, Calots anatomy, conversion to open cholecystectomy, operative time, intra operative and postoperative complications and hospital stay. Results: Out of 860 patients, 697 (81.04%) were females and 163 (18.96%) males. The mean age of the patients was 49.5 years.

A socio-economic survey of farmers in five agrarian communities in Anambra State, Nigeria was conducted in 2017 to elicit the characteristics of the farmers in order to proffer solutions that can improve their productivity. Designed structured questionnaires containing over 100 questions were administered to a group of farmers in each location and individual household heads randomly selected the groups. Data were analyzed using simple statistics.

Formulations must be manufactured to the highest quality levels. In the pharmaceutical industry, process validation performs this task, ensuring that the process does what it purports to do. It is an essential regulatory requirement.

An unfortunate consequence of industrialization and urbanization is the generation and release of toxic waste products in every resource. However, contamination of water with heavy metals poses a potential health hazard. Biosorption is a promising method for removing metal contaminants from waters in a low cost and environment friendly manner.

Evaluating the conformational changes of a modified viral protein could be the first step in generating a successful stable recombinant virus. This study demonstrates the effect of a small epitope addition into the haemagglutinin (HA) protein of theH1N1 influenza virus, which was compared with the wild-type protein. A hexahistindine (His6) tag was inserted intoa selected antigenic domain within thehaemagglutininHA1 subunit of the A/Puerto Rico/8/34 influenza virus.

Modeling and simulation are important tools often used for investigating the system's behavior in the industry and also in other fields of living. In this work, the steady state heights of the liquid in the storage tank was determined through plotting the heights of liquid as a function of time and the governing equations of flow of liquid in the tank was derived. The analytic solution and numerical solution obtained from the governing equations of liquid were compared.

Environmental and climate conditions are two very important factors that affect flexible asphalt pavements in roads. Asphalt Pavements (AP) are usually under continuous expansion and contraction effects from the nonstop increases and decreases of temperatures. As a result, AP structures are subjected to critical stresses and strains leading to cracks and defects. The physical and mechanical properties of hot mix asphalt (HMA) must be improved to resist the thermal cracking defects that generally occur in a pavement’s asphalt.

‘Use and Throw’ policy adoption by users and manufacturers, lack of awareness and poor intermingled management practices, innovations and industrialisation has led to generation of E- waste which in coming years will be a considerable component Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). One of the major contributors of E- waste is engineering institutes due to mandatory provision of different facilities according to norms after IT and electronics sector. Engineering Institutes are being funded for development under different schemes for which the major purchase is of electronic gadgets.

The article is devoted to the problem of formation of geographical and cartographic traditions of Central Asia in Russia, especially in the XVII – XVIII centuries. This period was one of the fundamental researching of the Central Asian territories by Russian specialists. Given detail information about the cartographic and geographic sources, its contents and influence for the future researching of the region.

Livelihood of rural population in Ethiopia depends on agriculture. However, due to water shortage and variations in rainfall, there is not enough water for most farmers to produce more than one crop per year and hence there are frequent crop failures due to dry spells and droughts. In order to tackle this problem and to intensify agricultural production, irrigation development has been developed in different parts of the country.

The purpose of this study is to examine socialization via Social Network Site (SNS) use in university undergraduate students as they approach graduation. It provides a description of undergraduate students’ SNS socialization from a mixed-methods approach. The main research questions include: (1) Is there a significant relationship between percent of undergraduate program completed and minutes of SNS use? and (2) What are the differences in the uses and perceptions of SNSs as students approach the end of their undergraduate programs?

The study examined the effect of Gender and Social Economic Performance on Student Mathematics Performance. Data were from the Uganda National Examinations Board (UNEB) from the Primary Leaving Examinations (PLE) in the current academic year (n = 898). A Two-Factor ANCOVA was conducted to assess the effect of Sex (and SES) on student mathematics achievement controlling for mathematics pretest. The results indicate that there are significant differences between boys and girls on mathematics achievement controlling for prior mathematics ability.

Propagation of a plant in efficient way is the prime act of any farming and plays vital role in its existence, survival and continuity in future course of action. Mulberry (Morus alba L.) being perennial in nature cultivated as seasonal crop for its foliage to feed silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) is mainly propagated through vegetatively and plays major role on the upliftment and socio economic conditions of the sericulturists. Therefore, proficient method of propagation not only saves farmers economy but also plays pivotal role on the future of sericulture.

Background: Regenerative endodontic procedures are biologically based procedures which deals with the regeneration of pulp like tissue, idealistically the pulp-dentin complex. PRF has very significant slow sustained release of key growth factors like PDGF and TGF for at least 1 week and up to 28 days, which means, PRF could release growth factors with its own biological scaffold for wound healing process. This leads to the unique idea of using PRF as a capping agent for reparative dentin formation or as a biomaterial for apexogenesis.

The research handles the training of workers and its types. Training is one of the most important strategic functions of human resource management, as it is one of the important reasons for the sustainability and success of organizations in the modern era, as well as its relation to the human resource, which is the basis of the work of any organization.

Introduction: Fungi causing otomycosis are mostly saprophytic in nature. Pathogenicity of fungi is attributable to presence of various virulence factors like biofilm formation, presence of enzymes like urease, phospholipase, hemolysin and production of mycotoxins like aflatoxin. Aim: To compare the toxigenicity, molecular and conventional methods in diagnosis of otomycosis. Methods: All clinically diagnosed and untreated cases of otomycosis were included in the study. History of otalgia, aural pruritus, ear discharge, diminished hearing, ear block, and tinnitus was elicited.

Background: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is characterized by peripheral insulin resistance and inadequate insulin secretion by pancreatic β-cells. When there is a build-up of glucose in the blood it may lead to acute and serious, long-term complications. Walking has been shown to reduce blood glucose levels and improve the Quality of life in subjects having Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Effects of Zumba have been studied and shown improvement in Quality of life in several neuro-musculoskeletal disorders.

Tipper is a truck application which is mainly used for construction activity, sand and stone carrying purpose across country and they are used for off road applications. In Maharashtra, western part is rich in terms of water availability because of flowing river and sand rich riverbeds, so sand is available. Secondly there are stone ores near Satara, Kolhapur, and Sangli region. Road construction is in full swing so stone crush is required and it is provided with the help of Tipper trucks which have got good gradability.

Many surveys are conducted by many people for Passengers and Drivers. Feedback is available on various web sites. But very less data is available on the most important link in the chain is bus owner who take the decision on bus purchase and invest his hard earned money. Bus owners are primary owners but passengers and drivers are influencers. PCMC is a newly developing smart city, it is also called as Detroit of India or Auto hub of India. Thousands of small scale, medium scale and large scale companies are located here.

This paper examined some of the major science skills and how their acquisition through skill-based approach to teaching and learning will promote empowerment and sustainable development. Nigeria is a member state of the United Nation (UN) and a signatory to many of the United Nation Development Programmmes (UNDP), among which are the Education For All (EFA), Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and of recent, the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). All these programmes are in a way aimed at making the world a better place for the present and future generations through education.

This article is focused on understanding how the potato crop behaves and captures the solar energy to be reflected, through the use of CANON SX260HS camera with sensor that capture the electromagnetic spectrum of the near infrared. This is captured during the phenological process of the potato crop Solanum spp. in its four stages of growth as: Vegetative Growth, Start of tuber production, Growth of Tubers and Maturation or Senescence, with a drip irrigationsystem.

Variety of syndromes shows number of manifestations in oral cavity. Knowledge of these syndromes and their manifestations is important as this will help in diagnosis and management of syndromes as well as dental diseases. In this review article, we are aimed at discussing various syndromes which predominantly shows oral manifestations.

In the present study anchoring of hemin a protoporphyrin IX Fe (III) molecule on the surface of SrTiO3/SnO2 composite (H-(STO / SnO2)) is attempted. STO / SnO2 composite show activity under visible light due to the staggering band edge positions. However the activity under solar light is very poor. When hemin is anchored on the STO/SnO2 composite the activity increases by 22 folds. The activity can be further improved by the addition of H2O2 as an oxidant by 70 folds.

Soil fertility depletion is a major limiting factor affecting crop production in Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs). In lower eastern Kenya, low crop yield has been associated with moisture deficiency and low usage of commercial fertilizers. Amongst unexplored solutions that can mitigate these constraints includes potential role of rhizobia in crop performance under water deficit conditions.

Intravitreal administration of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) has been found to be effective for inducing photoreceptor death and loss of retinal function. Due to lack of studies that investigate the changes consumed the lens during early steps of retinal degeneration, the aim of the present search is to give an approach for lens molecular structure changes in ATP rats model of retinal degeneration by using fourior transformer infrared technique. Fifty healthy albino Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: Group I served as the control group and received intravitrial injection of saline.

L-Asparaginase enzyme that proved clinically as a treatment of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL). This study focused on screening, optimization, and partialypurification of L-asparaginase. Six bacteriial strains isolated from six marine samples, screening was conducted on Glucose Asparagin agar m edium supplemented with L-asparagine and phenol red as an indicator dye pH7. Pink colour around the colony was a sign of L-asparaginaseactivitywas screeened for L-asparaginase production isolates.

The current study included investigated pollen grains morphology (mainlyexine sculpture) of seven species of the A steraceae family from the northern and eastern parts of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. These plant species included Artemisia sieberi L, Achillea fragrantissima (Forssk.) Sch. Bip, Calendula officinalis L., Matricaria aurea Loefl, Picris abyssinca L., Rhanterium epapposum Oliv.and Tanacetum santolinoides D.C. The pollen morphology of seven Asteraceae plant species was investigated with light microscopy. Pollen slides were prepared using Wodehouse technique.

An efficient plant tissue culture methodology plays a significant role in genetic improvement associated with important regulatory genes. The present investigation was undertaken to develop a tissue culture system for cumin variety GC-2. Hypocotyl as an explant was inoculated into media supplemented with various concentrations of plant growth regulators for callus induction, proliferation, shooting and rooting.

Objective: The aim of this study is to measure and compare the compressive strength and micro hardness of Bulk-fill composite-light cure (Ivoclar vivadent)) with Cention-N-dual cure (Ivoclar vivadent) Material and methods: In this in vitro study, two different types of bulk-fill composites are used: Group 1: Bulk-fill composite (Ivoclar vivadent)-light activated (blue phase). Group 2-Cention-N (Ivoclar vivadent)-light activated (blue phase). Group 3-Cention-N (Ivoclar vivadent)-self cured. Ten samples of 4 mm height and 6 mm diameter in each group were made using a mold.

Background: OA is the commonest form of arthritis, affecting around 8.75 million people in the UK and a leading cause of pain and disability worldwide. According to the charity Arthritis Care, approximately 27,000 arthritis sufferers are under 25 years of age and, of these, around 12,000 are children. Pharmacists play a significant role in recognising early signs of OA, as early diagnosis can prevent unnecessary damage and limiting problems in the future and providing advice on medicines and lifestyle measures to ease symptoms.

An antiregular deformation is considered for an in-equal elastic material consisting of an infinite system of parallel identical circular fiber cylinders covered with a homogeneous cylindrical film uniformly covering the surface of each fiber and a binding medium weakened by a doubly periodic system of rectilinear cracks. The boundaries of the destruction of the composite are determined, which occur by the detachment of the fiber from the matrix, at the fiber-matrix interface.

Phosphogypsum is a waste by-product of the phosphate fertilizer industry. The phosphate industry in Jordan has generated over 60 million tons of this waste material. Production continues at the rate of 3 million tons per year. PG, stockpiled at Eshidiya Mines and Aqaba Fertilizer complex site. The toxic heavy metal and radionuclides naturally present in the by-product phosphogypsum and their effect on the human health and environment has urged safe uses in agriculture, soil amendment, cement industry, and building construction.

The objective of this study is to examine the effects of mobile phone use on the study habits of University of Karachi students. The research was carried out using questionnaires distributed to 1200 students who own mobile phones .The questionnaires collected demographic information about the respondents, mobile phone type preferences, uses of mobile phones during study, predominant usage during study and information about challenges facing students in using mobile phones for study purposes. The results showed significant gender differences in several aspects of mobile phone use.

Introduction: Laghu sutashekhara rasa was prepared as per Rasatantrssara avam Sidha prayoga sangraha and efforts have been made to lay down analytical standards for laghu sutashekhara, which were not found reported till date. The parameter for standardization of laghu sutashekhara rasa are ,pH 7.6 , and disintegration time 22 min and dissolation time is 40 min, whereas hardness was 4 kg. Loss on drying was found to be 9.3% w/w, acid insoluble ash was 62.57 %w/w, water soluble extract was 42.95 % w/w and percentage of solubility is 18.

Cloud computing is a new computing model which enables individuals and organizations to attain access to huge computing resources without capital investment. It does mean that users can utilize computing resources in pay per use fashion. Transmissible cyber threats nowadays have been considered one among the major serious security problems in cyberspace. Several techniques were proposed to model, simulate and identify threats' sources and their propagation in large-scale distributed networks.

Cyber resilience is a rapidly emerging viewpoint that is attaining recognition. Unfavourable Cyber-attacks are those that oppositely influence the availability, integrity or confidentiality of IT network systems and related services and information. Prior research works have carried on data manipulation by an opponent as a concern, but their works failed to generalize the test cases. Many concentrated on devising attack vectors opposite to specific machine learning algorithms and applications, such as the Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier.

Usually, Users are not aware of all the details about the hospitals, doctors, treatment or symptoms regarding the particular disease. For the small problems, users have to go personally to the hospital for a check-up which is time consuming and expensive. Also handling the telephonic calls for the complaints is quite hectic. Such problems can be solved by using medical Chabot which provides proper guidance for healthy living.

To assess the toxic effects of three agrichemicalon earthworm Eisenia fetida to soil supplemented with different concentrations of the examined agrichemicalbased on the recommended agricultural doses. Their commercial formulations are: Glyphosphate [ N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine],Kamdhenu paudh vardhak, Cypermethrin {[Cyano-(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl]3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane-1-carboxylate} The test was conducted in earthan pots . All our findings indicated that E. fetida has a higher rate of growth . The effect of high concentration of pesticides effects growth of E.

Intelligent decision is the key technology of smart systems. Data mining technology has been very important in decision-making activities. A Frequent item set mining (FIM), as an important step of association rule analysis is becoming one of the most important research fields in data mining. Weighted FIM in uncertain databases should take both existential probability and importance of items into account in order to find frequent itemsets of great importance to users. This system is intended to show the things occurred in between the searches happened in the place of client and server.

The paper intends to present a case study report on how the ideas of Education for Sustainable Development were mainstreamed and integrated into national standards and curricula of basic and complete secondary education in Mongolia. First, we tried to give a proper definition of the terms such as ‘Sustainable Development’, ‘Education for Sustainable Development’ from Mongolian nomadic perspectives.

The dynamic and complex affiliation among price of Gold, Oil and inflation has attracted to the market practitioner and policy makers, from the last few decades. In order to gain the profit, investors consider as a secure form of investment against the unforeseen disasters. This study investigates the relationship between prices of gold, oil and inflation. We use secondary data of gold prices, oil prices and inflation covering the period from August, 2004 to January, 2017 of Pakistan.

Aim: The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of whitening toothpaste in reducing extrinsic stain with conventional fluoride paste. Materials and Methods: Total of 33 patients with visible extrinsic dental stains were surveyed. Participants were divided into 3 groups according to different toothpastes used. Lobene Stain Index was measured at baseline, after 2 and 4 weeks. Results: The results at baseline during week 2 showed reduction in stain area in all groups, but the difference was not significant.

The more we are able to peer into the future, the better equipped we will be to prepare ourselves to do well in the environment ahead. It may therefore be interesting to look at trends we can expect in veterinary medicine in the upcoming years. Medical diagnostic technology has made rapid strides after the advent of computer. Many of the advances in human diagnostic medicines are translated into veterinary medicine in the developed countries. In brief, newer branches like Imaging, Radiodiagnosis, Telemedicine, Telesonography and Teleradiology have emerged.

Background: Salivary gland tumors are relatively rare and constitute 3-4% of all head and neck neoplasms1.The majority of all salivary gland tumors are in the parotid gland (70%)2 of these 80% are benign. OBJECTIVES: To study the epidemiology and various clinical presentations of the parotid tumors. Methods: 50 cases admitted to surgical ward of PMCH from sept.2016 to sept.2018 have been studied. In all cases a thorough, clinical history and physical examination were carried out. Basic investigations were done for all patients.

Background and Objective: Surgical care has a role in treating a broad spectrum of diseases in the alleviation of human suffering. Upper abdominal surgery included gastrectomy, pancreatectomy, hepatic resection, cholecystectomy and splenectomy. Maximal inspiratory pressure (Pimax) is an important indicator for assessing the strength of inspiratory muscles. Respiratory muscle training devices enhance respiratory muscle strength, endurance and exercise capacity. Pressure Threshold IMT devices are usually handheld devices with a spring load that is impeded with different intensities.

Toxoplasma gondii is a unique intracellular parasite, which infects a large proportion of the world's population, but clinically uncommonly causes significant disease. The present study was performed to determine the prevalence of toxoplasmosis among retinitis patients in Khartoum state. Venous blood samples were collected from 90 patients whom are clinically diagnosed with retinitis from all ages during the period from October 2015 to January 2016. Enzyme linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) was used to evaluate the presence of anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies.

Background: Healing followed by the surgical removal of third molar is known to cause increased discomfort to the patients. Many theories and ideas have been idealized to reduce this discomfort. Traditionally, systemic antibiotics were used. But due to the phenomena of antibiotic resistance to multiple microorganisms we are constantly on the process of discovering new methods and modifying age-old methods for the better usage of antibiotics in future by either finding a supplement or an alternative. Ozone is one of such old methods which is found to be effective.

Aim: To compare the effectiveness of different file system to determine the apical diameter of canal, before and after coronal flaring in teeth with curved apical roots. Material and methods: 30 extracted premolar teeth with apically curved canals were divided into 2 groups (n=15). In group 1 hand k files were used and in group 2 Ni-Ti hand files were used. After access opening and obtaining patency with no. 6 k file, progressively increasing number of file sizes were introduced in the canal upto the working length passively until binding sensation is felt in the canal with the file.

Low back pain is a common, disabling musculoskeletal disorder in both developing and developed countries. Foot reflexology is referred as “medicine of the soul” as it is able to reach the root of physical or emotional problems. Aim: To assess the effectiveness of foot reflexology technique on reducing lower back pain among adults.

Fracture of anterior teeth is most common dental injury in children and young adult. There are different treatment options to manage the fractured teeth but reattachment is the most conservative and esthetic approach. The restoration of natural teeth color, form and alignment in these patients create a positive social and emotional response in such patients. In this case report a 12 years old female patient with fractured anterior tooth was reported. Reattachment of fracture fragment was done after completing endodontic treatment.

Root canal anatomy is highly complex and unpredictable. An awareness and thorough knowledge of internal and external root canal morphology contribute to the successful root canal treatment. Usually mandibular molars have two roots with three canals (Mesiobucccal, Mesiolingual & Distal). But in few teeth, the number of roots and canals vary. Mandibular molars can have an additional root located lingually (Radix Entomolaris) Or buccally (Radix Paramolaris).

Aim: The aim of this study is to identify the epidemiology of multifocal upper limb fractures and define any commonly occurring patterns. Patients: Patients included were those over the age of 13 years who presented to one orthopaedic trauma unit, in an eight-year period, and who sustained a multifocal upper limb fracture. Results: There were 83 patients with 171 multifocal upper limb fractures. Mean age 60 years; range 13 to 80 years. 78 patients had bifocal fractures and 5 had trifocal. The most common pairing of fourteen different combinations was distal radius and proximal humerus.

The present study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Interventional Module to enhance self-esteem among adolescents in selected Government schools, Puducherry.

Background: Cancer is seen to be the main cause for death in both developed and developing countries. A cancer diagnosis generates a higher sense of distress may lead to anxiety, depression or both. Depression is a common co- morbidity among cancer cases. Therefore, addressing the impact of depression with the help of complementary therapies is needed. In that, Zone Therapy have been doing their own fancy footwork on depression among cancer patients. It is of applying pressure to specific points in the feet, hand and ear. It helps to restore and maintain the bodies natural equilibrium.

Background: Depressive symptoms are common mental disorders around worldwide. The prevalence of depression is much higher irrespective than in general population.Prison is a place where criminal persons are residing for many years which makes them to have severe depression,. Around 49% of women and 23% of male prisoners having Low Self- esteem and depression. Thus selected limbs of Ashtanga Yoga (Asanas and Pranayama) will provide a positive effect on enhancing self esteem and decrease the level of depression among prisoners.

Background: Alcoholism is one of the major public health issues in both developed and developing countries. The harmful use of alcohol cause approximately 3.3 million deaths every year. Alcohol dependence is a chronic disease, in which a person craves for drinks that contain alcohol and is unable to control his drinking habit. Calisthenics exercise has been known to improve mental health while treating problems like Depression, Stress and Anxiety. Aim: To evaluate the Effectiveness of Calisthenics on Psychological parameters among alcohol dependents.

Introduction: Kamala is one of the important common clinical entity in Ayurveda whose description appears to be most comprehensive and incorporates the disorders of hepatobiliary system of modern medicine. In Ayurvedic literature Kamala has been mentioned as a sequel of Pandu roga. It occurs when Pandu rogi takes more Paittikaharavihara1. Jaundice, a yellowish discoloration of tissue resulting from the deposition of bilirubin is the common presentation of patients with liver and biliary diseases.

Aim: To evaluate the adjunctive effect of Triphala gel with scaling and root planing in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. Materials and Methods: Subjects diagnosed with localized or generalized chronic periodontitis with pocket depth ≥4mm were selected for study. Two non-adjacent sites in different quadrants of the mouth were randomly divided into control sites and experimental sites.30 control sites were treated by SRP alone, and 30 experimental sites were treated with SRP followed by placement of 6% Triphala Gel in the periodontal pocket.

Purpose: The palatal rugae are a prominent stable landmark in the maxillary arch and its position lies constant throughout the life. Therefore it can be used as a guideline for the placement of artificial teeth in the maxillary arch. Materials and Methods: 150 subjects were randomly selected, 50 subjects of age group 20-40 years were taken for each arch form i.e. U shaped, V shaped and ovoid arch were selected and impressions were made. Materials used were maxillary dentulous casts, graphite pencil, metal scale, brass wire and divider.

With the advent of improved health services and facility life expectancy of average human has increased significantly. Because of advancing age and erroneous life style the prevalence of degenerative diseases are on a rise. In old age, the Vata Dosha predominate that increases the susceptibility of individuals for various Vata Vyadhi which in turn reflects as pain and stiffness of the joints along with restricted motion to various degrees. Taila is considered as the best Shamana Aushadha for Vaatik Vikaras and it can be used both externally as well as internally.

This study was performed from November 2018 to the end of December 2018 to assess knowledge and awareness among a sample of paramedical staff regarding seasonal influenza vaccine in Mosul health workers .The results of demographic data of the studied sample showed that ( male : female ratio was (1:1.1 ) , more than half of the sample selected were females (52.8%), while males were (47.2%). The age of the studied sample at the time of study was between (20-57) years. The peoples of the sample were working in different health centers.

Supportive periodontal therapy is the means by which proper maintenance and care can be given to the patient. Numerous studies have indicated that periodontal therapy in the absence of a carefully designed maintenance program invariably results in the relapse of the disease condition. Accordingly, periodontal care provided without a maintenance program deal with significant patient management and disease management issues.

Background: Forensic Odontology is a vital component of forensic science and one branch involves the application of dental science to the identification of unknown human remains. The aim of this study was to investigate whether endodontic obturation radiographs have a potential aid for forensic identification. Methods: Thirty periapical radiographs of patients having endodontic treatment of mandibular left first molars with three canals were selected randomly from the data bank of the digital X- ray system. The post-operative radiographs were considered as an ante-mortem data “Set 1”.

Gingival recession is significantly more common among smokers, while cigarette smoking has been shown to negatively influence healing following periodontal therapeutic procedures as compared to non-smokers. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of cigarette smoking on the outcome of coronally positioned flap (CPF) in the treatment of Miller Class I gingival recession defects.

Introduction: The significance of smoking in the hypertensive patient may be unappreciated. The risk of hypertension may be tripled in such patients. Tobacco addiction may also compromise the treatment of hypertensives. The contribution of nicotine to adverse cardiovascular events has been a concern, both among physicians and patients. Nicotine has also been reported to have adverse effects on endothelial function and may impair insulin tolerance, although the biologic relevance of these effects in individuals remains unclear.

Background: Emergency Installation as the main gate for handling emergency cases in hospitals has an important function in efforts to save clients' lives, because in the implementation phase must refer to the basic principles of emergency care namely saving time is life saving with the measure of success of this thing is respond time for 5 minutes. Object: to explore the respond time in emergency installation health service at Haji Hospital Medan. Methods: A qualitative study with analytic description was used. Thirty informants were selected using total sampling in this study.

Background and objective: Diabetes is an increasing epidemic in India, and associated diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is its most common and disabling complication. As DPN has an insidious onset and heterogeneous clinical manifestations it is difficult to detect high-risk patients of DPN. Early diagnosis is recommended and is the key factor for a better prognosis and preventing diabetic foot ulcers, amputation, or disability.

Background: High prevalence of silicosis and associated comorbidities were seen in sandmine workers in kota. Aims: The present study analyse the clinico-radiological profile of respiratory involvement in sandmine workers of Kota with the help of digital chest xray and PFT findings. Study design: This is an open label cross section study conducted in NMCH, Kota among 250 randomly selected sandmine workers in the age group of 20 to 65 years over a period of one year from August 2015 to July 2016.

Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in India, and its contribution to mortality is rising. According to WHO, most cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by addressing behavioral risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet, obesity, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol using population wide strategies and for successful prevention of cardiovascular diseases, knowledge is an important pre requisite.

Background: Buccal fat pad (BFP) is a specialized vascular tissue adequately present in buccal space and is close to the maxillary posterior quadrant. The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate the utility of pedicled BFP (PBFP) in the treatment of Class II and III gingival recession. Materials and Methods: Ten systemically healthy patients with age ranging from 35 to 55 years with Class II and Class III gingival recession in the maxillary molars were selected.

Background: Early diagnosis is the best way to reduce mortality and to improve the survival of women with breast cancer. In Brazil, there are few studies that provide detailed data on inequalities in the access of mammography. Objective: Investigate the inequalities associated with mammography in Brazil among women between 50 and 69 years of age. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Brazil. The outcome was access to mammography.

Rwanda has recognized customer care at the highest levels and began the first steps on the journey to improving customer care. To achieve this goal Rwanda needs a customer care strategy, a strategy to ensure that the public, private and voluntary (civil society) sectors provide excellent customer service (RGB, 2012). Delivering good services requires applying customer insight and focusing on what is delivered as much as on how the service is delivered.

To know yourself, your strengths, weaknesses, do’s and don’ts is the most challenging task everyone has to face. To accomplish that task several psychometric tests are available but after finding the answer, “who are you?” the next step is finding the compatible career that can only be achieved by career counseling. Career counseling is required in order to build a pathway for students towards a career that not only provides a foundation to a successful profession but also compliment their interest, skills and talents.

Channel Shifting is a natural phenomenon. But in the Bhagirathi Hooghly River System, the construction of the Farakka Barrage has completely disturbed the Dynamic Equilibrium condition of the river. Entry of excess water of the Ganga into the Bhagirathi Hooghly has suddenly rejuvenated the Bhagirathi Hooghly (B-H) and destroyed the stability besides increasing the discharge. As a result, B-H river formed oxbow lake and paleo channel. In this reason sediment logical character is changed in this river.

The main objective of the study was to analyze how print media represented HIV positive persons. To do that, the researcher purposively selected Life 101 comic book which was prepared and distributed to almost all Ethiopian universities to create awareness and to educate universities’ students about HIV/AIDS. All episodes, 31, of the comic book were considered for the analysis. Besides, qualitative content analysis was employed to analyze the data gathered from the comic book.

Rūpa is one of important parts of the ultimate truth from Buddhist perspective. It is closely related to the issue of mind. It can be said that once one understands the inner links between rūpa and mind, he or she can realize the truth which helps himself or herself to be free from suffering. In this paper, I only cover the main idea of the first part, that is, rūpa. It is necessary to have a comprehensive investigation of great matter in Buddhism, especially in Abhidhamma. Through it, one can have a wisdom on this important matter.

Globalization as an ongoing process allows and promotes the development of economy of big countries as well as developing countries that are seeking their place in the global market. Interactive communication has been enabled between people, companies, civil society organizations and other institutions, whose needs can be met over the internet anywhere in the world and at any time. Also, professional and competent human resources are needed and therefore it is necessary to invest in new knowledge, innovation, new technologies and lifelong learning.

Background: Bacterial meningitis continues to be a serious, often disabling infectious disease, during the acute onset of meningitis, acute CNS complications can include seizures, increased intracranial pressure, cranial nerve palsies, stroke,cerebral or cerebellar herniation, and thrombosis of the dural venous sinuses, Long-term sequelae of meningitis result from direct inflammatory destruction of brain cells, vascular injuries, or secondary gliosis.

The present study is explored that invidious discriminations on the ground of the untouchables caste is being considered while handing out tickets. The Dalits in Karnataka comprise 23 per cent of the population. The Lingayats and the Vokkaligas have been dominant in Karnataka since time immemorial and the tussle for power between these two communities is no secret. Objectives are To analyze the symbiotic framework of dalith politics in Karnataka; and To study the Economic Inequalities of Scheduled cast in Kolar means for achieving their rights and privileges.

Gestation length (GL), the period from effective fertilization until calving, is a reproductive trait that significantly affects cattle breeding and production. The cow's age is the key environmental factor influencing gestation length. The objective of this study was to study the factors affecting the Gestation length indangi cattle. Dangi cattle is well known for its hardy nature and its ability to work hard under heavy rainfall conditions. The study was carried out during the period from June 2010 to May 2015 in Nashik and Jalgaon regions of Maharashtra.

Students’ academic performance is measured by use of national examinations and these examinations are recognized as an important backbone of the education system. Examination outcome is used as the major basis for deciding a student’s ability and is used as a means for acquiring employment and academic advancement. The importance of education to both national and individual development is indisputable. Many students do not excel in national examinations in many countries around the world, Kenya included.

Students’ academic performance in examinations is used to gauge the quality of the education system. Examination outcome has been used as the major basis for deciding a student’s ability and used as a means of acquiring employment and advancement in careers. The importance of education to both national and individual development is indisputable. Many students do not excel in national examinations in many countries around the world, Kenya included.

Background: Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ALL) is an aggressive disease, which differs from chronic myeloid leukemia in lymphoid blast crisis at both chromosomal and molecular level. The current study aims to study additional chromosomal abnormalities (ACAs) in Ph+ALL, with review on its prognostic implications. Materials and Methods: This is retrospective single group exploratory study, from 2014 to 2019. Cytogenetic information of 74 cases of Ph+ALL and their clinical information were obtained from the departmental records and case files.

The aim of the study was to prediction of sub-clinical infection as a cause of preterm- prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) and preterm labour. Maternal and cord blood for C-reactive protein (CRP) estimation as screening test and urine, high vaginal swab and placental swabs for culture and sensitivity as a confirmative test for sub-clinical infection. Thirty pregnant of (24-37) weeks gestation with PPROM as study group and 30 pregnant of same gestation age with intact fetal membranes but in labour.

Introduction: Esophageal cancer is a serious malignancy with regards to mortality and prognosis. The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma is increasing in trends. In India, the extremely high incidence rates of esophageal cancer have been reported from the state of Jammu and Kashmir which seems to fall in the Asian esophageal-cancer belt particularly from Kashmir. The unique personal and dietary habits and environmental factors in Kashmir have been related to this high risk.

Turmeric as been long known for its medicines properties and it is the major source for curcumin and it helps in management of various health conditions such as antioxidant, inflammatory, hyperlipidemia, anxiety and metabolic syndrome. Despite these advantages when administered alone curcumin does not attain its full therapeutic effect because of its poor absorption, fast metabolism and rapid elimination. To overcome this barrier for its efficient delivery, curcumin was incorporated into phytosome technology by reacting it with cholesterol.

Background: The gold standard method considered to assess the severity of portal hypertension is the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG). Patients with severe portal hypertension (HVPG ≥ 12 mm Hg) are at risk for variceal bleeding, with mortality rates ranging from 20% to 35%. However, due to its invasiveness, it is gradually getting replaced by Doppler ultrasound where, Damping index (DI) reflects portal pressure and liver dysfunction.

Aim: To compare the amount of apically extruded debris during preparation with NeoNiti (Neolix, France), Hyflex EDM (Coltene) and ProTaper Next (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues Switzerland). Materials and Methods: Thirty single rooted teeth were randomly assigned to three groups. The root canals were prepared according to the manufacturer’s instructions using the NeoNiti (Neolix, France), Hyflex EDM (Coltene) and ProTaper Next (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland). After that the apically extruded debris will be collected in preweighted Eppendorf tubes during instrumentation.

Ameloblastoma is a benign, true neoplasm of odontogenic epithelial origin It is usually asymptomatic and manifest clinically when lesion enlarges in size. It mostly occurs in mandible, maxillary involvement is quite uncommon. We are presenting a case of Cystic Ameloblastoma in a 45 year old female patient.

Background: The contribution of print media in providing information and transfer of knowledge is remarkable with the advantage of making a longer impact on the minds of the reader and also has wide coverage in both urban and rural areas targeting a range of age groups. Objectives: To assess the quantity and quality of oral health related information in 4 leading Kannada daily newspapers in the region of Hubli-Dharwad.

Background: Dentists, dental materials, and dental laboratories are exposed to different types of pathogenic microorganisms. Impression materials, impression trays, and poured stone cast have been said to be the main source of cross infection between patients and dentists. The aim of the present study consisted in evaluating the effectiveness of water washing and sodium hypochlorite disinfection in reducing the microbial load of alginate after mouth contact. Materials and Methods: In this in vitro experimental study twenty students voluntarily participated.

Background: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are a rare subgroup of NETs with unique tumor biology, natural history, and clinical management. They account for about 1-2% PNETs with incidence 1/100,000. There is an increase by 5 times in the detection rate of NET′s in the last two decades, partly due to improved radiological diagnostic techniques. Histopathology provides an important prognostic information about these tumors Objectives: We present here six cases of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms Results: Of these 5 were non functional and 1 was functional (insulinoma).

Aim: Aim of the study is to evaluate the role of Laparoscopy with hysterosalpingography in evaluation of patients with infertility. Materials and Methods: This prospective clinical study is conducted Maharashtra Institute of Medical Education and Research (MIMER) medical college from Jan 2013 – Dec 2013. Results: Out of 50 cases of primary infertility, 38 (76%) were primary infertility and 12 (24%) were secondary infertility.

Background: Hemorrhoid is a common disease treated by various modalities of treatment and sclerotherapy is one of the hemorrhoidal treatment. Here we are presenting our experience of sclerotherapy in hemorrhoids. Aims: To see the effictiveness of sclerotherapy. Material and methods: This prospective study of 50 cases attending surgery opd in department of surgery at Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mayani, Satara, Maharashtra, India from Jan 13- Sep 2014.

Background: Denture fractures are common, reflecting the fact that both impact strength and flexural strength of the material are barely adequate. Objective: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of aramid and carbon fiber reinforcement in autopolymerizing resin used to repair heat polymerized polymethyl methacrylate at 1mm and 3mm thickness respectively. Materials and methods: A total of 180, resin specimens using conventional heat polymerized PMMA resin and measuring (64mm×10mm×3.3mm) were fabricated in a preformed machined mold.

Success in endodontic therapy depends on chemo mechanical debridement of the root canal system through the use of instruments and effective irrigant solutions which serve variety of purposes including antibacterial action, tissue dissolution, cleaning and chelating. Smear layer prevents the penetration of intracanal medicaments into dentinal tubules and influences the adaptation of filling materials to canal walls. Therefore the present study will evaluate the effect of different chemical and herbal irrigant solutions on the smear layer removal on root canal dentine.

Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung is a rare lesion which manifests as neonatal respiratory distress secondary to progressive expansion of the affected lung. Three distinct types have been described based on the size of the cysts and the microscopic appearance. The treatment of choice is excision of the affected lobe. The prognosis is favourable in the absence of pulmonary hypoplasia, foetal hydrops, or associated congenital anomalies.

Introduction: A lymph node is an oval or kidney-shaped organ of the lymphatic system, present widely throughout the body. Lymph nodes lie along the course of lymphatic vessels. Most lymphadenopathy is due to a benign self-limited disease such as viral infections, and adenopathy is secondary to an increase in normal lymphocytes and macrophages in response to an antigen. Other less common mechanisms responsible for adenopathy include lymphadenitis, neoplasia or storage diseases. Tubercular lymphadenitis is one of the commonest causes in developing countries.

Periodontal regenerative surgery aims at the recovery of lost tissues which further might lead to compromised esthetics, disturbed phonetics, and unpleasant appearance especially where aesthetic zone is the area of interest. Papilla preservation flap (Takei 1985) allows maintenance of intact interdental papilla in contrast to papilla splitting techniques.

Introduction: Impalement injuries are one of the rare presentations in the emergency department and present complex surgical challenges in management. Prompt transfer to tertiary center, pre-operative planning, and multispecialty involvement is crucial in the management of such cases. Case Report: We report a case of 40-year-old male who sustained impalement injury to big toe while digging a well with an iron rod which fell into the well from the ground. After quick assessment of vital parameters and ruling out major organ injury, wound extent was examined.

Surgical site infection is the greatest enemy to success of a surgeon eroding his pride and glory which is a dreaded complication and hence resulting in poor outcomes, increased morbidity, prolonged hospital stay, escalation of hospital expenditure and constrained relationship between the patient and the surgeon, placing an immense economic burden on the patient and the healthcare infrastructure.

According to West, a glide path is defined as a smooth radicular tunnel from the canal orifice of the canal to the physiologic terminus of the root canal. A glide path is achieved when the file forming it can enter from the orifice and follow the smooth canal walls uninterrupted to the terminus.Cleaning and shaping of the root canal is the single most important phase of endodontic therapy. The main goal of root canal instrumentation is to obtain a continuous tapering funnel flowing with the shape of the original canal from the coronal access to the apex and so the Glidepath is the answer.

Rabies is a viral zoonotic disease responsible for an estimated 59,000 human deaths and over 3.7 million disability-adjusted life years lost every year. Our country is endemic for the disease and every animal bite is suspected to be by a potentially rabid animal. The rate of rabies related death rate is 100% in unvaccinated patients and bites by dogs and cats must be considered as a “medical emergency” and the “life-saving” post exposure prophylaxis must be provided immediately.

Background: Community-acquired pneumonia in adults has a morbidity and mortality ranging between 10% and 29%. Increasing age is associated with a higher mortality. The factors influencing the outcome in elderly patients are thought to be different from those in young adults. We, therefore, studied the clinical profile and predictors of outcome in adults with community-acquired pneumonias. Methods: 540 patients with community-acquired pneumonia were included in the study over a period of 12 months. A detailed history was obtained and physical examination done.

Amelogenesis imperfect (AI) is an inheritable disease manifest as enamel defect. It affects both primary and permanent dentition. It seldom affects the dentin and pulp.Amelogenesis imperfecta shows wide range of variation starting from mild discolouration to complete abrasion as soon as the teeth erupt into the oral cavity. Enamel may show quantitative as well as qualitative defect in mineral and protein content.

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a primary cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. It is associated with the development of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Several studies have shown that patients infected with HCV may show variance in their response to different antiviral therapies, which suggests that more information about HCV is very important to physicians to help them to improve their services to patients. The study aimed to survey the prevalence of HCV in western Libya.

Coronary artery Disease is widely prevalent across the globe and high level of Cholesterol is the significant and well established single major risk fac¬tor associated with Coronary Heart Disease. Risk factors for coronary heart disease include health behaviour like physical activity, diet, weight and smoking and health factors like cholesterol, glucose control and blood pressure.

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Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil
ASSOCIATE CHIEF EDITOR

   

Jean-Marc SABATIER
Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group
France

Advantages of IJCR

  • Rapid Publishing
  • Professional publishing practices
  • Indexing in leading database
  • High level of citation
  • High Qualitiy reader base
  • High level author suport

EDITORIAL BOARD

Luai Farhan Zghair
Iraq
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Jordanian
Fredrick OJIJA
Tanzanian
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Uzbekistan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Philippines
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Sudan
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
India
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Pakistan
Dr. SHAHERA S.PATEL
India
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
India
Dr. Recep TAS
Turkey
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Egypt
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
India
DR. PATRICK D. CERNA
Philippines
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Mexico
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Libiya
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
DR. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL MOHMAND
United State
DR. MAHESH SHIVAJI CHAVAN
India
DR. M. ARUNA
India
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Malaysia
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
India
DR. IRAM BOKHARI
Pakistan
Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
Pakistan
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
India
Dr. ASHWANI KUMAR DUBEY
India
Dr. Ali Seidi
Iran
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Indonesia
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
India
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
France
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Pakistan
Dr. Imran Azad
Oman
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
India
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Iraq
Anam Bhatti
Malaysia
Md. Amir Hossain
Bangladesh
Ahmet İPEKÇİ
Turkey
Mirzadi Gohari
Iran