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Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 2011

Albania as a developing country, which is involved in integration processes, needs to improve immediately the productivity of civil servants and to intensify the reforms in public management. Reforms in public management can be seen and analyzed in many dimensions. Firstly, we can say that reform in public management is constituted by changes in organization’s structures and processes to improve them. Secondly, reform in management involves continuously changes in systems which are used to hire, train and assess civil servants. Our researches are focused in public administration training.

Carbon Monoxide is one of the prominent pollutant species mainly produced out of fossil fuel burning, motor vehicles and other industrial activities. Being a toxic trace gas, its impact to human health is a serious concern all over the globe. The rapid increase in Carbon Monoxide enhances the production of surface ozone which adds a pace to the global warming. This work is an attempt to retrieve the seasonal variation of the vertical profile of Carbon Monoxide column at the prominent hotspots along the coastal belt of the Arabian Sea using MOPITT version 3 of level 2 data.

A field experiment conducted in North Kordofan state of Sudan for two successive rainy seasons (2007/08- 2008/09) to investigate the effect of tillage and farm yard manure on vegetative growth indices of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Monech) in gardoud soil (Red and black). The treatments consisted of three tillage depth (0, 15 and 25 cm) and five concentrations of manure (0,6,12,18 and 24 t/ha). Split plot design with four replications was used. Character studied were plant height, stem diameter, number of nodes per plant, plant density.

The paper aims at providing a solution for secure storage of the records in a database. The solution should be prone to less security attacks and should take the optimal time for storage. The algorithm used is AES of stream cipher category. The input and the key can be of variable length. Regarding the key for the algorithm, it is the hashed value of the original key along with the Salt value. Since stream cipher, we will encrypt byte by byte using the key.

Nodal explants were inoculated with basal cut surface down on medium MSB with BAP. The different concentrations BAP ranging from 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2 mg/lit, were used for obtaining multiple shoots. After 45 days maximum number of multiple shoots were obtained on medium containing 2.0mg/ lit of BAP which was approximately 88 / culture. In the present study 2.0mg/ lit of BAP concentration was found to be the ideal concentration for high frequency of multiple shoots induction. This is the first report of such high frequency of multiple shoot induction.

The dielectric relaxation of substituted benzyl alcohol (benzyl alcohol, o-aminobenzyl alcohol, o-methylbenzyl alcohol, o-fluorobenzyl alcohol, o-chlorobenzyl alcohol, o-bromobenzyl alcohol, o-iodobenzyl alcohol and o-nitrobenzyl alcohol) with Ethyl methacrylate in dilute solution of carbon tetrachloride is measured at 9.37 GHz using Frequency Domain (X-band) technique. Different dielectric parameters like dielectric constant ('), dielectric loss ("), dielectric constant at static frequency (o), dielectric constant at optical frequency () are determined.

A number of studies on the bioremediation techniques on the degradation of benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX) contaminants by microorganisms were reported in the 1980s and 1990s. Petroleum exploration, exploitation and production in Niger Delta Area of Nigeria has resulted to high environmental degradation. However, challenges have existed for the implementation of degradable environment due to BTX contaminants as well as instability of soil characteristics due to high production effect.

Tea growers in Kenya are faced with a number of challenges; the major one being mite attack. It is therefore necessary to continuously breed and screen tea varieties that are not only high yielding but tolerant to mite attack. A five year study was conducted at two ecological sites namely: Kipkebe Tea Estate farm at Sotik, West of Rift Valley and Tea Research Foundation of Kenya (TRFK), Kangaita Sub-station, near Mount Kenya.

In a knowledge based economy the role of small and medium enterprises is very critical for the economic development. The main thrust of this study was on the competiveness of the SMEs in a knowledge-based economy. In addition, this study also explores the challenges which are facing the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Malaysia. The significance of the study will add the knowledge about the current issues relating with SMEs in Malaysia in intellectual capital perspective.

This paper discusses the theoretical approaches used to explain issues relating to remittances among house-helps in Kenya. Two theoretical approaches are discussed, namely The Todaro Migration Model and The Rural Livelihood Diversification Approach. In this paper, the theoretical underpinnings are explained against available literature on past studies on remittances. Remittances, as used in this paper, refer to the money and/or the value of goods that migrants send to their family in the rural areas. Remittances are significant sources of income to households across the world.

The purpose of study was to investigate students’ perception on head teacher’s role in implementation of girls’ re-admission policy. The study was to help highlight the plight of girls who drop out of school as a result of pregnancy with a view of giving them a chance to continue with education through re-admission. To achieve this objective the study examined students’ perception on head teachers’ administrative, counseling and support roles.

Human faecal samples were used as a source for Bifidobacterium, Gram positive bacteria found in normal microbiota of human beings. There are thirty faecal samples were collected from the new born infants (2- 4 months). Bifidobacterium strains were isolated (MRSc medium), Out of sixty three isolates twenty six showed positivity for bifidus shunt and its species identified based on the biochemical profile.

This study examines the impact of stock market development on capital formation and growth in Nigeria. The main objective is to determine the relationship between gross fixed capital formations and other independent variables like market capitalization, new issues of instruments, gross domestic product and industrial production index that determine capital formation. Time series data obtained from Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and Nigerian Stock exchange (NSE) for the period 1981 to 2009 were analyzed using Ordinary Least Square (OLS) analysis.

Semecarpus anacardium L. (Family: Anacardiaceae) is a deciduous tree. It is well known for its medicinal properties and used as highly potent Ayurvedic medicine. The fruit is reported to be astringent, antirheumatic, carminative and vesicant. The oil obtained from the nut is used in rheumatic pain. The plant is having high ash content and low moisture content. Phytochemical composition of various extracts of plant parts and minerals were investigated.

Objectives: To assess the nutritional status of school going children on the basis of anthropometric, biochemical and dietary variables, To estimate the incidence of overweight and obesity, To study the metabolic risk factors in the subjects by weight status. Methods: Sixty three nine to twelve year old children were purposively selected from two urban schools in Ernakulam district, Kerala and based on BMI percentiles the subjects were broadly classified into non overweight and overweight respectively.

Outlier detection has been a very important concept in the realm of data analysis and the complex relationships that appear with regard to patient symptoms, diagnoses and behavior are the most promising areas of outlier mining. This paper elaborates how the outliers can be detected by using statistical methods. The importance of outlier detection is due to the fact that outliers in data predict significant (and often critical) information in a wide variety of application domains.

This study evaluates the therapeutic effect of acidophilus soy milk against intestinal infection causing pathogens. Lactobacillus acidophilus strains were isolated from curd and identified based on the colony morphology and biochemical profile. Using Lactobacillus acidophilus fermented soy milk was prepared. Its antimicrobial efficiency was identified against five pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Shigella dysentriae, Vibrio cholera and Staphylococcus aureus. Among these five pathogens Vibrio cholerae was effectively inhibited by acidophilus soy milk.

Afield experiment conducted in North Kordofan state of Sudan for two successive rainy seasons (2007/08- 2008/09) to investigate the effect of tillage and farm yard manure on yield components growth and yield of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.monech) in gardoud soil (Red and black). The treatments consisted of three tillage depth (0, 15 and 25 cm) and five concentrations of manure (0,6,12,18 and 24 t/ha). Split plot design with four replications was used. Character studied were number of panicles/m2 , number of grains per panicle, 100-seed weight and final grain yield (t/ha).

This paper analyses indices of the various drought scenarios developed and tested with data available from meteorological stations around Lake Victoria in a study to determine the spatial variability of droughts in the Lake Victoria basin. Palmer’s method was appropriate for describing the drought severity at the shores of the lake. The normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and palmer’s indices were also used to compare the drought severity in the catchment.

In the present investigation Plant Oil Formulation (POF) with different concentrations were tested for its ovicidal activity against the eggs of Anopheles stephensi (Liston), Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) and Aedes aegypti (L.). Results clearly indicated that among the five concentrations tested (15.62, 31.25, 62.5, 125 and 250 ppm) maximum cumulative mortality of eggs were obtained at 250 ppm concentration of POF against the eggs of the selected species.

JMJD1B is a promising molecule involved in tumor suppressor, whose gene loss or inactivation may lead to MDS and AML. The present study aimed to determine the effects of certain herbs and spices on JMJD1B expression. RT-PCR was used to quantify the expression level of the gene. Protein samples were then analyzed by Western blotting. Both RT-PCR and Western blotting revealed the up-regulation of JMJD1B expression in Daudi cells treated with ethanol extracts of Peppermint or Lemongrass. In conclusion, component(s) of certain herbs and spices may induce the up-regulation of JMJD1B.

The overall objective of this paper is to determine the role played by forestry in alleviating poverty in Kenya. It also seeks to examine and analyse the extent of poverty among people living in Cherangani Hills, West Pokot; assess the benefits of forestry to rural communities; investigate the relationship between forest dependence and poverty and to make policy recommendations on ways of enhancing the contribution of forests in alleviating poverty. Two methods were used to derive data for the study.

Aim of the study: Mucuna pruriens is often used in Unani medicine as an aphrodisiac and to improve male reproductive functions. Since systematic study on these aspects are few and far in between, we studied its androgenic effect on an established obese mutant rat model at our centre, which is obese and infertile. Materials and Methods: 18 obese male rats with their corresponding 18 lean littermates were taken and divided in to three groups and were fed with the herbal seed extract at two different dose levels.

Studies was conducted to find out the effect of various concentrations of IBA, NAA (i.e. 5000, 10000, and 15000 ppm) and Keradix at four times of air-layering operations (i.e. 2-3 July, 25-26 July, 17-18 August, 9-10 September) on the rootability in jackfruit through air-layering.

The kinetics of oxidation of diphenyl sulphoxide (DPSO) by bispyridinesilver (I) dichromate (BPSDC) has been studied in 50% (v/v) aqueous acetic acid medium at 308K. The reaction is first order with respect to [oxidant] and fractional order dependence with respect to [DPSO]. This reaction is catalysed by [H+] and oxalic acid. Decrease the dielectric constant of the medium increases the rate. The reaction has been conducted at four different temperature and the activation parameters were calculated.

Almost every student sincerely believes that he or she listens effectively. Consequently, very few students think they need to develop their listening skills. But, in fact, listening effectively is something that very few of us can do. It's not because listening effectively is so difficult. I have observed most of the student has just never developed the habits that would make the student effective listeners.

tumultuous business environment. In order for firms to evaluate alternatives and make informed choices they must have reliable and timely data upon which to make their decisions. Consequently, the development of effective information management techniques is critical. In this research a web-based information management system is developed for better decision-making. Two agents are integrated in the system, namely; mapping agent and extraction agent. The mapping agent reduces the workload for users charged with the responsibility of data entry.

Marketing goes beyond developing a good product, pricing it attractively and making it accessible to target consumers. The effectiveness of advertising as a marketing tool depends on good planning and control of advertising media. The effectiveness of advertising leads to an increase in the sales of the products advertised based on the awareness and the promotion of the products to target consumers. Insurance as a service product has its characteristics which makes it consumable. A random sampling technique was adopted in administering one hundred questionnaires to insurance consumers.

The study focuses on developing a ready use product with the advantage of the probiotics supported with the prebiotics. The approach taken was that of the ones used in the flavour industry that is the encapsulation technique. The spray drying was adopted for encapsulation. The technique is found to be encouraging and needs further standardization as a successful product for the market

Business Ethics is a relatively new concept in which the theory of the Categorical Imperative, as postulated by Kant, who said that “to a bloodless category, a categorical imperative of a purely formal kind of universal application but without material content” plays a critical role.

Practice has shown that the Internet and other information and communication technologies (ICTs) offer astonishing opportunities for innovation in customer relations management by offering businesses the potential to extend their markets beyond their nations, regions, continents and enable them reach and serve any customer in the global market place, and thus increase their revenue base. Consequently the application of e-business methods in Electronic Customer Relations Management (e-CRM) provides such an opportunity for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs).

This study investigated the participation of secondary school administrators in school safety and implementation of safety policies with regard to physical infrastructure and waste disposal in some selected public schools in Kenya. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design; purposive sampling was used to select the respondents comprising of school administrators i.e. 35 Head Teachers (HT), 28 Deputy Head Teachers (DHT) and 12 Head of Departments (HOD) drawn from 75 public secondary schools and 3 Quality Assurance and Standards officers (QASO) as key informants.

The paper is set to establish the role of African religion in environmental conservation. Specifically, it intends to determine the role of Isukha religious beliefs and practices in the conservation of vegetation in Kakamega forest. The paper also sets out to recommend ways of disseminating African indigenous knowledge on flora. The research revealed that African religion has employed various techniques to conserve natural vegetation in the said forest. Such methods include taboos, rituals and their knowledge of sacred and profane.

This study is based on the risk taking behaviour of secondary school students in Pondicherry region. The main objective of this study is to find out the secondary school students who are taking high risk to future or general activities. Pondicherry is having different types of community so who are taking risk to live in this society. The sample for the present study comprised of 1026 students from secondary schools at Pondicherry region. Purposive sampling method was used to draw the sample.

The purpose of the present paper is to re-examine a number of major theoretical and empirical contributions in the field of intellectual capital with an attempt to identify the major components of intellectual capital. Today the concept of intellectual capital is increasingly recognized as one of the most important strategic assets of organizations in knowledge-based economy.

Two field experiments were conducted at a farm in South Ghor area, Jordan, during the two consecutive summer seasons of 2008 and 2009 to study the effect of nitrogen fertilizer levels, i.e., 0,100 and 200 kg/ha and biofertilizer nitrogen at the rate of 0 and 5.0 kg/ha on growth, productivity and quality of melon (Cucumis melo L) cv. Galia especially cultivated under sandy soil conditions and using drip irrigation system in south Ghor area.

The present study aims to find out the land use/ land cover of Pudukkottai District. The total area of the District is 4,663 sq.km. Pudukkottai District is situated in the centre of Tamil Nadu State. The study has made use of satellite imagery for identifying the land use/ land cover of the study area. Arc-GIS software was used to demarcate the land used/land covered divisions of Pudukkottai District. The District has been classified into five classes in Level I and 11 sub classes of level II. The major land use is under agriculture 1,691sq.km.

The study was carried out to assess the coverage & quality of maternal health care in an urban setting. All delivered females who were registered (116) at centre were interviewed. The results indicate that about one fifth of the total pregnant females were below 20 years & only 25 per cent were registered in first trimester. 60 per cent were received three or more ante natal visits. Majority (about 66 per cent) was having Hb concentration in the range of 9-11gm% despite that 74 per cent reported to receive more than 90 IFA tablets.

Immunological and inflammatory reactions play a pivotal role in the initiation and perpetuation of Diabetic Neuropathy (DN). The present study is an attempt to estimate the levels of adenosine deaminase (ADA) and C-reactive protein (CRP) activity and for genotyping TNF alpha (-308) polymorphism in patients with Diabetic neuropathy. Methods: 50 cases presenting Diabetic neuropathy and 50 cases of age and sex matched healthy controls were included in the study.

Species of the freshwater prawn genus Macrobrachium are distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical zones of the world. Many species are of regional or local fishey important however only half a dozen species of genus Macrobrachium are of major economic value in India. A detailed analysis on the availability of information pertaining to the knowledge on freshwater prawns (Macrobrachium spp.) of Tamil Nadu are found in most inland freshwater areas such as lakes, rivers, swamps, irrigation channels, canals, ponds as well as estuarine areas.

In recent years it has been acknowledged that to significantly improve biological system performance and productivity, control, including optimal control, should be implemented online. The dynamics of biological processes are highly non-linear and key variables are difficult to measure. As an aid to contributing solutions to the twin difficulties of complex dynamics and measurement difficulty a relatively simple mathematical model has been developed for the purpose of evaluating optimal controllers.

India has a varietal emporium of medicinal plants and is one of the richest countries in the world with regard to the genetic resources of medicinal plants. Santalum album is an economically important tree harvested for heartwood and heartwood oil. Heartwood oil is useful in medicines of many diseases. A reproducible system for somatic embryogenesis and plantlet formation of sandalwood has been developed. High number of direct somatic embryo proliferation from leaf explants was observed in MS medium containing 2,4-D 13.50 µM showed 60.0 ±5.0 percentage of response.

A preliminary study on the isolation and characterization of proteases from the crude extract of visceral organs of Labeo rohita were carried out. In order to estimate the number of proteases and their mass, the crude protease extract were separated by SDS-PAGE and then the activity was revealed by Zymogram. The crude enzyme extract showed two clear bands on casein and gelatin Zymogram, which indicated the presence of two major proteases. The optimal pH and temperature of the proteases obtained in crude extract were 8.0 and 400 C respectively, using casein as a substrate.

This paper explain the level E.coli transport influenced by porosity, where by a mathematical model where developed including experimental analysis to generate a better solution to the rapid migration of microbes E.

Objective: In India Pre eclampsia contributes to 15.2% maternal mortality. The present study was undertaken to compare the changes in lipid profile and oxidative stress marker (MDA) in normal pregnancy and in preeclampsia. Methods: A case control study was done on 26 PIH patients and 24 healthy controls. Serum Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides, HDLc, LDLc, VLDLc, Urinary proteins and Malondialdehyde (MDA) were estimated. Maternal Blood pressures were recorded. Results: Serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDLc, VLDLc were elevated. HDLc was decreased.MDA was thrice that of the controls.

Diacure a polyherbal formulation of eleven medicinal plants against some Microorganisms was investigated for this purpose methanol extract of diacure samples were in vitro with Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus faecalis, Micrococcus luteus, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans as test strains. The disc diffusion method was applied in the trial was found to be the most effective against all the test strains except M. luteus.

Ghee has quite a long history, as it has been used in Indian cooking for thousands of years and also in religious ceremonies and various healing arts in Indian culture. Additionally, Ghee's nutritional and health benefits are touted as ideal for anyone from athletes to simple dieters. It is necessary for the Indian families to keep the procured ghee for a longer period due to its fluctuation in the price and the availability in the market. It has motivated us to study the behaviour and to improve the keeping quality of ghee characteristics.

The present investigation was carried out during rabi 2004-05 at the experimental area of Division of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology -Jammu.

This study was conducted out in the stabilization ponds of Birjand city for two seasons; autumn, 2007 and winter, 2008. For this reason, quality parameters, such as pH, TSS, BOD5, COD, total chloroform and pathogen egg in the influent and effluent of wastewater stabilization ponds, and heavy metals such as As, Hg, Pb, Cd, Zn and Cr in the effluent of wastewater were determined. The mean levels of these parameters were measured: 8.0 for pH, 76.2 mg/L for TSS, 68.67 mg/L for BOD5, 163.0 mg/L for COD, 1600 < MPN/100ml, while no mean level was found for pathogen egg.

A severe outbreak of leaf blight was observed in money plant (Scindapsus aureus) for the first time in Andhra Pradesh state of India during 2009-2010. Based on pathogenicity, morphology and rDNA spacer sequences, the pathogen was identified as Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissler. This report is the first of Alternaria leaf blight of money plant.

This may be the first report were two plants screened for its potential antimicrobial activity in poultry industry. In this experiment, evaluating antimicrobial activity, there are four solvents were used such as petroleum ether, benzene, methanol and water. The plants screened were Selaginella involvens and Selaginella inaequalifolia. Antimicrobial activity was tested against five bacterial strains; Klebsiella, Salmonella, Staphylococcus, Proteus and Bacillus isolated from poultry farms by agar diffusion method or well diffusion method were used.

Pollen germination and Pollen viability plays a vital role in flowering plants. Fertilization and seed set, is the principle outcome of pollen germination and pollen tube growth. These two aspects were worked out in a monocot plant, Asparagus L. family Liliaceae. Two species Asparagus racemosus Willd. (2n=20) and Asparagus densiflorus cv. Meyeri. (2n=40) were undertaken for comparative study. Pollen viability was evaluated in Acetocarmine Jelly and TTC, whereas in-vitro germination was tested in different basic medias of various concentration.

Gene construct for resistance against tomato leaf curl virus (ToLCV) using replicase (rep) gene sequences of Tomato leaf curl virus from natural host plant was developed. A binary vector carrying the antisense rep gene along with the npt II gene was used for development of truncated rep gene construct.

A bacterial strain that produces glucose isomerase was isolated from garden soil and identified as Enterobacter agglomerans. Enzyme activity was screened by the formation of cherry red colour and the chemical assay was determined by glucose oxidase enzyme using fructose as substrate followed by the measurement of the amount of glucose. The highest level of extracellular glucose isomerase obtain (41U/ml), temperature around 37°C, pH.6, xylose as a carbon source, peptone as a nitrogen source and incubation time for 36 hours for its higher enzyme productivity.

The earths claimed have been relatively stable for thousand years. We know intuitively that its hot, humid and rainy in the Amazon and that corn grows well in the us Midwest. We know that at a particular altitude we should plant a crop during a certain week of the year because conditions for it are just right then. for most our memory as humans our claimed have closely oscillated around predictable patterns, and this has allowed as to feed ourselves and flours.

Hypospadias is a birth defect of the urethra in the male that involves an abnormally placed urethral meatus .Instead of opening at the tip of the glans penis , a hypospadiac urethra opens anywhere along a line running from the tip along the ventral aspect of the shaft to the junction of the penis and scrotum or perineum. Aphallia is the penile agenesis is a very rare genitourinary anomaly that has profound surgical and psychosocial implications.

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a major factor in increased mortality in infancy and childhood. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of chromosomal abnormalities in Down syndrome (DS) children is important in understanding the etiology of congenital malformations. Down syndrome also called Trisomy 21, is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops, both mentally and physically and also is a major cause of congenital heart disease and the most frequent known cause of atrioventricular septal defects (AVSD).

The antimicrobial properties of ethanol, hot and cold extracts of some mushroom species (Russula vesca, Auricularia auricular, Pleurotus squarrosulus, Volvariaella vulvae) on some Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella typhi), Gram positive bacteria (Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae) and yeast (Candida albicans) were investigated. The Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MIC) was evaluated for each of extracts of the mushrooms.

Five samples each of zobo, yoghurt and kunu were purchased from different hawkers in Umuahia and Okigwe metropolis in the Eastern part of Nigeria. The microbial qualities were determined according to standard methods. The antibiotic sensitive patterns of the bacterial isolates were also determined. Microbial count ranges from 3.5-8.9cfu/ml in zobo, 2.0-8.0 cfu/ml in yoghurt and 1.8-4.2cfu/ml in kunu. Bacteria isolated from the samples included, Pseudomonas species, Streptococcus species, Proteus species, Klebsiella species with high occurrence of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus.

Cold Arid areas are usually confined to high altitudes. Sixteen percent of total land mass is under cold arid zone. Indian cold arid region come under the trans-Himalayan zone. Such regions are confined to Ladakh (J&K), Lahual & Spiti (H.P.) and small pockets in Uttranchal (Niti and Mana Garhwal). Ladakh contitutes 87.4 percent of total cold arid zone of India). It is situated at an elevation of 2550 to 8000m amsl along the valley of river Indus. Intensive sunlight, high evaporation rate, strong winds and fluctuating temperature characterize the general climate.

Heavy metals accumulation in soil has become a worldwide problem, leading to loss of agricultural productivity. Lead and cadmium are the toxic elements of primary importance. A study was conducted to determine the effect of different concentrations of cadmium and lead on seed germination, seedling growth, oxidative stress and antioxidant response of Chick pea (Cicer arietinum L.). Seeds were grown under laboratory conditions at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 mM l-1of metal ions. All of these metals were added as single metal solution, i.e.

Finger millet is the second largest cereal crop grown (after rice) in tribal area of Thane district. Warli, Malharkoli, Thakar and Dorkoli are the major tribes inhabiting the Thane district of Maharashtra. Their traditional methods of agriculture and landraces of different crops they conserved are fast eroding due to the rapid urbanization of the district. .Tribals of Thane district has conserved 11 landraces of finger millet on farm by their traditional agricultural system. These land races are studied for their cultural, Morphogenetic and nutritional aspects.

India has been identified as one among 27 countries which are most vulnerable to the impact of climatic changes and global warming relating to accelerated sea level rise. A mean sea level rise between 15 cm and 38 cm is projected by the mid 21st century along India’s coast. Climate is continuously varying on time scales ranging from seasons to the lifetime of the Earth. In this background there is about 15% projected increase in intensity of tropical cyclones in the coastal regions of India.

Induced mutagenesis used to investigate the different treatments of gamma irradiation viz., 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100kR and Ethyl Methane Sulphonate (EMS) viz., 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25mM on growth and yield parameters of black gram Vigna mungo var. VBN1. Present study revealed that based the physical and chemical mutagenic sensitivity of black gram was compared to control as well as treated plants. In this investigation, all the quantitative characters and yield characters were stimulated from 20 to 60kR and 5 to 15mM of gamma rays and EMS the inhibition occurred more in 60kR and 15mM.

The present study was under taken to investigate the antibacterial and antifungal activity of seeds of Jatropha curcas Linn. The powdered seed materials were extracted using chloroform and hexane solvent. The antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, (gram positive bacteria) Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium (gram negative bacteria) and fungi Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, Rhizopus sp., and Mucor sp.

Crossandra infundibuliformis is one of the perennial crop needs more amount of phosphorus for the initial root formation and development unfortunately most of the Indian soil lack phosphorus and there is a need for supplementing the phosphorus nutrition without causing soil pollution. Hence the organisms like AM fungi and phosphobacteria recommended increasing the availability of phosphorus to the plants. The present study of AM fungi and phophobacteria were inoculated along with graded levels of N, P and K fertilizers. The treatments of AM fungi and phophobacteria with 75 percent NPK + G.

The study was based on environmental assessment of petrochemical wastewater parameters discharged to Eleme River. Three methods: physical, chemical and biological were employed for the assessment on the physiochemical parameters. Laboratory tests were done on the sample using FEPA set standard for industrial effluent water test. The data obtained from the laboratory tests, further assessment was performed to examine the impact of these parameters to the receiving water body with respect to FEPA standard for industrial wastewater discharge to the inland water.

South Africa is a country blessed with an abundance of natural resources and yet has wide disparities of wealth with implications for its broader socio-political environment. Small businesses in South Africa absorb over 50% of the people employed in the private sector and these contribute about 42% of the country’s GDP. There are approximately 3 million micro enterprises in the country.

Literature reviewed, generally indicate that there has been and there still is a discrepancy between the actual practice and the expected role of primary school headteachers in education supervision. It is on this premise that the researcher sought to assess the training needs of primary school headteachers in educational supervision and also make recommendations on remedial measures.

Training is the act of increasing the knowledge and skill of an employee for doing particular job .The training is to acquire new skill, technical knowledge, problem- solving, etc. Training improves the performance of employees on present jobs and prepares them for taking up new assignments in the future. Training also helps in the development of the employees. The main objective of the study is to measure the effectiveness of the training in the organization and its impact on employee job performance in the organisation.

Arm action should be efficient as it generates various components of running mechanics. While many authors recommend that the arms should be moved with elbows held at about 90 degrees, some distance running athletes have used different arms movements with varying degree of success and failure during competitions. The study investigated how different arm kinematics affected cardio-respiratory parameters and stride patterns during the steady phase of long distance running.

A spiraling wave of consolidation across the globe has heralded a sea change in the nature of the financial sector. Banking sector in India is not an exception to this phenomenon. By keeping the importance of Mergers and Acquisitions in Indian Banking Sector, the paper intends to study the performance evaluation of the merger Indian Commercial Banks in terms of their growth in Total Assets, Profits, Revenues, Investments and Deposits. In order to accomplish the objectives of the study the Mean, Growth Rate, Standard Deviation and t- test were employed.

Objective: To assess the utilization of antenatal care services among currently married scheduled caste women in India. Methods: The data have been extracted from National Family Health Survey -3 (NFHS-3) conducted during 2005-06, all over India. A total of 6212 currently married scheduled caste women in the age group of 15-49 were taken as the sample for the study. Cross tabulation and binary logistic regression method were applied for determining the influencing factors.

Cloud computing is evolving as a key computing platform for sharing resources that include infrastructures, software, applications and business processes. This new approach to computing allows users to avoid upfront hardware and software investments, gain flexibility, collaborate with others, and take advantage of the sophisticated services that cloud providers offer. Security is a huge concern for cloud users. In this paper, we analyze some security requirements in cloud computing environment.

Retention behaviour of two pairs of 17-halogen-16,17-secoestra-1,3,5(10)-triene derivatives in RPLC was studied. Commercial column 5m- Spherisorb ODS-2, 124 × 4 mm was used. Mobile phase was acetonitrile-water in various proportions. Flow rate of mobile phase and column temperature varied. Correlation among various chromatographically obtained hydrophobicity parameters log kto and log kfro of 17-halogen-16,17-secoestra-1,3,5(10)-triene derivatives with log P, calculated by using commercial program ACD log P software Advanced Chemistry, Toronto, Canada was examined.

Concerns regarding global climate change have caused the transportation sector to look for alternatives to petroleum as a fuel for vehicles of all types. Bi-fuel vehicles have been recognized as being particularly efficient for urban traffic use. As these vehicles become more popular, there is a need for accurate vehicle performance test methods. Clearly the most accurate vehicle performance measurements would be obtained by using single axis dynamometers. In this paper, a research work was intended to study the performance characteristics of a bi-fuel vehicle, i.e.

Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus, a true fruitful, sugar loving and acid producing endophytic diazotroph involved in N fixation, P solubilization, zinc solubilization and growth promoting substance production. It can also able to control fungal pathogens likes fusarium and Colletotrichum falcatum and helps the sugarcane plants to produce its maximum growth with the reduction of 50 per cent chemical fertilizers. The present field experiment was laid out with the following treatments. T0 -Absolute control, T1 - G. diazotrophicus alone, T2 - 50% NPK alone, T3 - 50% NPK + G.

In the present study an attempt has been made to isolate and characterize the type I collagen from outer skin of Sepia pharaonis. The total protein content and molecular weight of acid soluble collagen (ASC) and pepsin soluble collagen (PSC) were determined. The structure of ASC and PSC from S. pharaonis was persistent by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and UV vis spectrum. The soluble collagen was extracted by treating the skin with 0.5 M CH3COOH and centrifuged (ASC). Then residue was resuspended in 0.5 M CH3COOH and was digested with 10% (w/v) pepsin (PSC).

Within the last two decades, Global Warming and Climate Change has been one of the most important discussed topics in many scientific colloquia and workshops. As the topic connotes it is a world-wide phenomenon in which the Earth’s surface is gradually being heated up due to some natural and man-made actions. The gradual temperature rise that ensued warms up the earth and causes vital climatic variations across the globe. This paper reviews the climatic changes and conditions with their impacts and implications in Nigeria.

This investigation has been undertaken in order to study the Self-Esteem of Higher Secondary Students in Coimbatore District. For this purpose a representative sample of 246 Higher Secondary students have been selected by using the purposive random sampling technique. Normative survey method has been used. This study has been undertaken in order to find out the levels of Self-Esteem of Higher Secondary Students and if there is any significant difference between the selected pairs of sub-samples. Self-Esteem Inventory was used to collect the data.

The estimate of Infant Mortality rate and Child death rate are always required to policy makers of every country’s government for further planning to improve the health status of children and check the validity of present plans. Usually the data for such measures are available from the system of civil registration. However the quality of registered data especially in underdeveloped countries is inadequate both in content and coverage. So we need some indirect techniques to estimate these demographic parameters.

In this work, a Remotely Accessible and Configurable Digital Cathode Ray Oscilloscope experiment system is designed in LabVIEW graphical development platform. The LabVIEW application is used to perform several tasks that include user interface design, publishing and sharing measured data over the web, instrument control and remote access to a system in the campus Physics lab. This paper describes how to control a digital CRO existing in a laboratory via a PC running LabVIEW from National Instruments.

The silica gel waste (SGW), collected from solid waste of a local factory at Kolkata, India was modified with cationic surfactant and was utilized as an adsorbing media for the removal of methyl orange dye from aquatic environment. The characterization of base adsorbent and modified adsorbent was carried out. In batch mode, the kinetic study, isotherm study and effect temperature and shaking speed were carried out. The removal efficiency of surfactant modified silica gel waste (SMSGW) in case synthetically prepared wastewater was also examined.

In order to improve the capacity of the hidden secret data and to provide an imperceptible stego image quality, a new image steganography method based on image contrast is presented. A group of 2×2 blocks of non-overlapping spatially adjacent pixels is selected as the valid block for embedding the secret message. The modulo 4 arithmetic operation is further applied to all the valid blocks to embed a pair of binary bits using the shortest route modification scheme. Each secret message is also encrypted by RSA encryption algorithm to provide the system with more security.

In this article, attempts have been made to show that true democracies constitute one of the major aspirations of the African people. Democracy is growing in Africa and there is ample evidence that some gains have been made in many countries namely: Tanzania, South Africa, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, etc. However, the practice of democratic system of governance has been a difficult exercise sometimes involving bloody conflicts in African nations.

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