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Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

November 2013

In the present investigation antimicrobial activity of leaf extracts and various column eluted fractions of the medicinal plants Andrographis paniculata and Melia azadirach L. were evaluated against the clinical bacterial strains viz. Pseudomonas fluorescence, Vibrio cholerae, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella typhi, Staphylococcus aureus and the fungal strains viz., Trichophyton rubrum, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus fumigatus and candida albicans. The antimicrobial activity was carried out by agar disc diffusion and well cut methods.

The study examines the relationship between the Adjustment and Personality of higher secondary students in Cuddalore district. Normative survey method was employed. A random sample of 1000 higher secondary students was selected. The Adjustment and the Personality test were used to collect the required information. The results of the study reveal that, both the level of Adjustment and Personality of the students are high. Further there is a statically significant relationship between the Adjustment and Personality of the higher secondary students.

Early childhood is the most crucial period in the development of an individual so it is important that a child gets a conducive and a stimulating environment in the crucial periods of his/her life, which would enable him/her to thrive. Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) is assuming importance for the holistic development of very young child. Case study approach was formulated for this study. Five ECE Teacher training programs were randomly selected and analyzed on pedagogical aspects. The results show that there marked variation in duration of training.

The effect of student factors such as their intellectual capability, their attitude to learning, and their general study habit in academic performance are areas not fully investigated by myriad of efforts directed at unraveling causes of abysmal performance by Nigerian students in public examination in recent times. It is as a result that this study was undertaken to assess the study habits of secondary school science students in North West Nigeria, a zone that is considered educationally less advantaged.

In this paper, we derive intrinsic equations for r-normal elastic on non-null surface in Minkowski 3-space.

Vickers and Knoop micro hardness tests were carried out on the pressed pellet form of Prosopis juliflora and Casuarina equisetifolia biomaterials subjected to a load range of 25–100g. Vickers (Hv) micro hardness for the above loads was found to be in the range of 29–57 kg/mm2 and 107-136 kg/mm2, for P.juliflora and C.equisetifolia respectively. Knoop (Hk) micro hardness number was found to be in the range 22–51 kg/mm2 and 82-127kg/mm2, for P.juliflora and C.equisetifolia respectively.

The pollution of Ogbese River in Ovia North-East L.G.A. of Edo State, Nigeria was studied. Parameters like pH, temperature, electrical conductivity, colour, odour, chlorides, nitrates, phosphates and heavy metal ions such as lead, chromium, zinc etc, were analyzed. Also various techniques such as titrimetric methods, atomic absorption spectrophotometry were employed in the determination of these ions.

Various species of mosquitoes transmit different types of disease like malaria, yellow fever, dengue fever, chikungunya, filariasis and encephalitis to more than 700 million people annually with millions of resultant deaths. The aim of the work is to evaluate larvicidal activity of Cu(II) complex against mosquito. These reduced Schiff base pyridine/ triphenyl phosphine Cu(II) complex were found to have effective against anopheles and Culex mosquito.

Three simple and sensitive extractive spectrophotometric methods have been described for the assay of pantoprazole either in pure form or in pharmaceutical formulations. The developed methods involve formation of coloured chloroform extractable ion-pair complexes of the drug with Bromo Thymol Blue (BTB), Bromo Phenol Blue (BPB) and Bromo Cresol Green (BCG) in acidic medium. The extracted complexes showed absorbance maxima at 412 nm for all three methods. Beer’s law is obeyed in the concentration ranges 2.0-25, 2.0-20 and 2.5-25 μg/mL with BTB, BPB and BCG, respectively.

The effects of Polyvinlypyrrolidone (PVP) on ZnO thin films prepared by sol-gel dip-coating method were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR) studies. The optical absorption and transmittance spectra of ZnO thin films have been recorded using UV Spectrophotometer. In addition, the Photoluminescence (PL) has also been obtained to investigate the optical properties of ZnO and PVP/ZnO thin films.

The innovative technique of realising floating inductor using OTA’s as an active element and grounded capacitor for the realisation of the floating inductor was comparitively studied in developing four stage LC ladder low pass filters. A comparitive study of 3 OTA’s and grounded capacitor of different configarations, as modified technique of floating inductor in ladder filter applications was studied in comparision with gyrator concept.

The present study is the report on the growth performance of L. vannamei in the bore well and brackish water fed ponds. Crab fencing and antibird netting were done before pumping water to prevent the carries of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). The water quality parameters such as temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen and alkalinity were measured during the entire culture period. The daily growth rate (DGR) was ranged between 0.05 and 0.38 g in the bore will fed pond and in the brackish water fed pond the DGR varied between 0.11 and 0.33 g.

The breeding sites of Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) was investigated with seasonal prevalence during 2012-2013 in south west region of Puducherry. The study revealed the density of vector immature of L3 stage was dominant during pre monsoon and post monsoon seasons (420 and 390 individuals). The significant high numbers was due to the onset of monsoon rains available in the gutters, tree holes followed by earthen pots. Few numbers were identified in plastic bottles, coconut shells and tyres.

In Africa, education policies normally never go beyond the formulation phase because there appear a ‘disconnect’ between policy formulation and implementation. The thesis of this paper is that stakeholder involvement in education policy development is key to the success of policy implementation. Hence, we contend that there is a positive relationship between stakeholder involvement in the policy development and its implementation

Infants learn new words by listening to the speeches they hear from parents and other adults. Even though not much is known about the degree to which these words are meaningful for young infants, the words still play a role in early language development. Words guide the infants to their first synaptic intuitions and in the development of the lexicon and it may help infants learn phonetic categories. The focus here is to glorify the intervention between cognition and language development through play during the first two years of the child’s existence.

Tobacco in any form has an injurious impact on health. This paper reviews the existing literature relevant to the specific context of Tobacco Advertizing, Promotion and Sponsorship (TAPS), relation between TAPS and tobacco consumption behavior of youth in India and the gaps in the existing tobacco legislation in India, using online databases and exploring grey literature. Since direct advertisement and promotion of tobacco in any form is legally banned in India since 2004, tobacco industries have adopted unique strategies for TAPS to attract youth, especially.

The study was realized with the aim of showing the variation of the freshwater lens morphology in a unconfined coastal aquifer on a site of 360.000m2 between the Atlantic Ocean and the coastal lagoon. For this study 115Time Domain Electro Magnetism (TDEM) soundings were realized in rainy season and in dry season. For two various seasons, the static levels and the electric conductivities of waters in 17 wells were measured. A porosity of 34 % of the aquifer was determined using Archie’s law. That has allowed determining the limit of resistivity value of ground containing freshwater lens.

Marine fisheries in India is accorded priority in the planned development process due to its significant contribution to the economy for generating income in the most backward regions and creating employment to the people who are in the lowest rungs of the social ladder besides providing foreign exchange earnings and ensuring food and nutritional security. Tamil Nadu is one of the important coastal states in the east coast which has the highest fishing population in India.

Integrated Marketing Communications is the conglomeration of the various promotional tools put into a central message presentation to a target market population, with the objective of achieving consistent and reliable effects on consumers’ choice of products. The programmes of IMC is a marketing communications plan that incorporates advertising, personal selling, sales promotions, public relations, publicity, direct marketing and word of mouth under an agency that is responsible for coordinating promotional activities, including the internet facilities.

A study was done to assess food safety and hygiene practices amongst street food vendors in Delhi, India. Practices and hygiene status of 200 street food vendors was studied by a questionnaire based findings and observations at the vending site. Data was entered and analyzed with the help of MS- excel. Result: It was found that majority of the respondents (33 %) were in the age group of 25 to 34 years of age and 24% were illiterate. Around 36% of the vendors were permanent residents of Delhi and from rest of the respondents, 55% were from Uttar Pradesh only.

It is often termed that the present day society as an ‘information society’, where information is being generated every now and then. This new addition of information is ultimately leads to the modification of the existing knowledge or the creation of new knowledge which definitely has to pass on to the needy. The ‘knowledge boom’ or the’ information explosion’ has paused a situation, where a genuine information seeker feels some sort of “poverty” in the midst of plenty, where the information is abundant, and how it could be make best use of it?

Wastewater may even contain bacteria and other organisms which, when eaten by animals, may in turn infect the people who eat the contaminated meat. The health risks in relation to the level of contamination and the re-used wastewater control measures. The Sanitary workers will be allotted some specified area and after sweeping they would collect the waste in the form of heaps on the street side. In the Bilaspur city, office complexes etc. sweeping should be carried out by the sanitary workers daily.

The world consumption has expanded at an unprecedented pace over the 20th century. Consumption is viewed by most South Indians as a path to better, freer life; it will bring social status, increased convenience and new forms of mobility and entertainment. Kerala, a state in southern India is known for its consumerism. This article explores the emergence and recent trend in the consumption pattern of Kerala.

Paradigm shift in the Indian financial sector has taken place during the past five decade with transformation from class banking to mass banking (1969), coverage expansion through introduction of RRB and lead bank scheme, financial sector reform (1991) transforming banking structure from traditional brick-and-mortar branches to mechanized banking through technological up-gradation. Despite all such financial sector progress in breadth and length, inability of providing basic banking services to the unprivileged sections has been an unproved assertion of recent years.

The road to electronic banking has not been smooth. Technology has played a pivotal role in all the sectors and banking was no exception to it. There are numerous advantages due to invention of e-banking. These advantages have attracted customers who want easy access to their accounts as well as safety. In India the safety is regulated by the Reserve Bank of India. RBI from time to time has been providing guidelines to all the banks incorporated in India to regulate their business in era of globalization.

Purposes: This paper is based on a Masters’ dissertation submitted to the University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University, Hochiminh city, which provides the overall picture of the use of library services by users at hospital libraries of Hochiminh city, Vietnam. A question are is conducted with the aim of investigating 400 users in four hospital libraries in Hochiminh city in May 2012. Methodology: Question are analysis was used in terms of quantitative approach.

Docking of small molecule compounds into the binding site of a receptor and estimating the binding affinity of the complex is an important part of the structure-based drug design process. For a thorough understanding of the structural principles that determine the strength of a protein/ligand complex, both, an accurate and fast docking protocol and the ability to visualize binding geometries and interactions are mandatory.

Objective: To evaluate the larvicidal, ovicidal and repellent activities of methanol extract of Sargassum ilicifolium (Phaeophyta), Caulerpa sertularoides (Chlorophyta) and Gracilaria verrucosa (Rhodophyta) against Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi and Culex quinquefasciatus. Methods: The selected seaweed extracts were dissolved in DMSO to prepare graded concentrations. Larvicidal efficacy of selected seaweed were tested at various concentrations against the early third instar larvae of Ae.aegypti, An.stephensi and Cx.quinquefasciatus.

2,6-Dichloroisonicotinic acid (INA) seed treatment at different concentrations (0.5, 1, 2.5 and 5 mM) for 3 and 6 h was evaluated during the interaction of pearl millet with Sclerospora graminicola in association with chitinase activity. Susceptible pearl millet seeds treated with INA at 1 mM concentration for 3 h showed significant (P<0.05) downy mildew disease resistance compared to 3 h treatments.

The quantitative study of reproductive cycle of Mystus cavasius has been done in respect of gonadosomatic index and fecundity of fish. The gonadosomatic index of Mystus cavasius from Chambal River was observed from September, 2011 to August 2012 and fecundity was studied from May to August, 2012. The gonadosomatic index increased with the progressively development of gonad of the fish.

The social ecology of tea gardens in north-eastern part of India has been characterized with polymorphic interactions amongst and between three sets of sub- ecological cybernetics viz physical ecology(x), biological ecology (y) and social ecology (z). Each of these sub- ecosystems is being comprised of sets of constituent characters. The present study has envisaged polyhedral interactions amongst and between the constituent characters of these three sub-ecological characters. Accordingly, the above mentioned sub- ecologies (x,y,z) have been conceived to have sub-systems.

Distribution of marine reptiles (Family: Hydrophiidae) has revealed that presence of fourteen species included in five genera, in the Tamil Nadu (Southeast Coast of India) coast during 2011-2012. Sea snake species Hydrophis cyanocinctus and Enhydrina schistosa were frequently recorded and turtles olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea), green turtle (Chelonia mydas) and hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata) occurred during the study period. A great number of reptiles are slowly disappearing mainly due to the human interference with rapid growth of industrializations and land exploitation.

The treatment of the phosphates in Togo constitutes an important source of pollution through the dismissal of the wastes after the treatment. The wastes are rejected in the sea and on soils. It entails the contamination of marine and farm products by cadmium, lead and fluorine contained in the wastes in the surrounding zones. Also, gases and dusts rejected in the atmosphere entail the contamination of water from the wells by these elements.

Organizational failure can be defined as a failure against some pre-set criteria of performance, or a failure to accomplish an objective that is expected to be achieved, either by a person or the system. For example, a healthcare organization (hospital) can be said as failing if does not meet the criteria of treating a pre-set number of patients in an outpatient department in a day, or an industry if it is not cost-effective. Given the resources available, an organization may be highly proficient in its working but for example, if it is not able to

Research question: what is the magnitude of domestic violence in a rural community in Pondicherry Setting: Community based cross-sectional study done in the field practice area of JIRHC Participants: Currently-married women Methodology: All subjects were asked for history of any physical violence in the past one month. Details about the person(s) responsible, history of similar episodes in the past, reasons for violence and whether the perpetrator was in an inebriated state; were collected. Results: 21.3% reported having faced domestic violence in the past one month.

Keratomycosis is defined as infiltration of the cornea by fungi. Majority of cases are infiltrated by filamentous fungi. Keratomycosis is an ophthalmic emergency as prompt and reliable diagnosis with efficient treatment can prevent vision loss. Improper diagnosis with injudicious use of medical therapy may result in worsening of the condition with poor clinical outcome. Traditional diagnostic methods like staining and culture are highly specific but with low sensitivity.

Background: Surgical asepsis practices should maintained by the surgical team to prevent contamination of the open surgical wound. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the surgical asepsis practices in the operating theatre of King Khalid Hospital, Najran. Methods: The researchers utilized a three data collection forms to collect the needed data about practices of surgical asepsis. Swabs obtained from surgical site and from OR surfaces for bacteriological examination.

There are many causes of hair loss, among others is estrogen deficiency. External estrogen administration could change the hormonal cycle and increased cancer risk. One of the natural alternative estrogen therapy can be found in various plants containing natural product among which are compounds with weak estrogenic activity, termed phytoestrogen. Phytoestrogen compete with estrogen by filling or binding to the estrogen receptor and producing the estrogen effect.

Emerging evidence that the cannabinoid type 1 receptor (CB1) and its endogenous ligands, endocannabinoids, involved in regulation of feeding behavior and body weight. Over-activation of ECS is associated with metabolic diseases as dyslipidemia and insulin resistance involved in CAD and diabetes. The aim was to determine whether G1359A polymorphism of CNR1 associated with CAD with and without T2DM, and with T2DM patients free of CAD and elucidate the association of CNR1 polymorphism with CAD risk factors.

An extracellular chitinase producing bacterium Bacillus subtilis TS22 was isolated from shrimp shell waste. It was identified by as gram positive rod shaped bacteria, Indole, Citrate, Oxidase, Catalase, Nitrate positive and Methyl Red, Vogeus Proskauer negative. The carbohydrate fermentation occurs by producing acid but not gas in Glucose, Maltose and Sucrose.

The second largest producer of cotton in the world after china is India, accounting for about 18% of the world’s cotton production. In the world 12.2 million hectares area is under cotton cultivation. Per hectare yield is low. From 2002-2012 the range of yield of cotton kilogram per hectare was 350-500. The yield of cotton in India is low due to traditional methods used in the cultivation of cotton. Textile sector is the second largest provider of employment after agriculture (Maheshkumar, 2013).

The unique topography of North-East India and watershed pattern is an attractive field for Icthyological studies. This region has already recognized as a global spot of freshwater fish diversity. A great numbers of species have been reported from most of the North-Eastern region states. Subansiri River is the one of the major river of both Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. The present study on Icthyofaunal diversity of Subansiri River in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh was carried out from January 2011 to December 2011. Fishes are very important from the biodiversity point of view.

Mathematical simulation models for transmission and control of lymphatic filariasis are useful tools for studying the prospects of lymphatic filariasis elimination. Two simulation models are currently being used. The first, EPIFIL, is a population-based, deterministic model that simulates average trends in infection intensity over time. The second, LYMFASIM, is an individual-based, stochastic model that simulates acquisition and loss of infection for each individual in the simulated population, taking account of individual characteristics.

Objective: To identify and preliminary screening on the biodiversity of marine seaweeds and sea fans extract against Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi and Culex quinquefasciatus in Puducherry. Methods: Monthly wild seaweeds were collected from coastal region of Puducherry. The identified seaweeds and sea fans were authenticated from the regional centre of CMFRI, Chennai. All the collected samples were washed thrice with tap water and twice with distilled water to remove the adhering salts and other associated animals.

The abundance of cyanobacteria in paddy fields and the consequent sustenance of the nitrogen status of rice fields is an important aspect of economic relevance. Aerenchyma is a constitutive feature in rice, and has thus served as one of the two model plants (the other being corn) for studies on the formation of irregular lysigenic aerenchyma among the monocot, formed as a result of the breaking down of cortical cells. An increase in the proportion of aerenchyma is dependent on the rice cultivar, and the developmental stage of the plant.

The aim of the present investigation was to identify promising rice genotypes from the 115 international rice varieties. The experiments were conducted in Rice Research Station, Bankura, West Bengal using an augmented block design. A field experiment was conducted during Kharif of 2006 and 2007 to assess the yield performance of 115 genetically diverse rice genotypes along with 6 international checks and one local check (Provat), in red and lateritic areas of West Bengal, India.

Thirteen (13) different types of helminths were identified for both the wet and dry seasons with the dry season recording eight (8) different helminths and the wet season recording nine (9) different helminths. The typical fertile Ascaris lumbricoides and Strongyloides stercoralis as well as Schistosoma mansoni were observed to be the most predominant types of helminths in both seasons and this may be due to their environmental tolerance and resistance.

In the Northern parts of Ghana, highly turbid rainwater runoff and intermittent streams are collected in earthen dams. These dams serve as main source of drinking and domestic water for many communities despite their physical and microbial contamination. This study was conducted at Builpela in the Tamale Metropolis of Ghana to analyse the levels of chemical properties in the dam water used by the people in the area. Eight water samples were collected in May 2012 for the analysis.

Propolis is a resinous substance collected by bees from plants around the have. It is masticated by the bees, salivary enzymes and beeswax added, then applied to the combs and walls of the hive, thereby insulating and reinforcing the hives Propolis impurities were more, when less propolis was collected by the bees during spring (60.53 and 61.50%) and Summer (41.06 and 42.26%) as compared to those of Autumn season (34.00 and 35.00 %) from respective places Srinagar and Coimbatore.

Macrtotyloma uniflorum (Horse gram) is one of the lesser known beans also called as “Poor man’s pulse”. In this study, the phytochemicals present in the horse gram were analysed with various solvent seed extracts. The solvent ranges from no polarity (hexane) to high polarity (water) were used for extraction. The qualitative and quantitative assessment of phytochemicals of the horsegram plant seed shows the medicinal value of the plant.

Indian Cliff Swallows and Barn Swallows build gourd shaped and bracket shaped mud nests respectively, using mud of proper consistency. The nature of the soil and its plasticity in both these cases are almost similar. The chemical and mineral contents of these two types of nests analyzed show a slight variation. In addition total quantity of carbohydrates and protein contents in both these cases are compared in this study.

Colour is the common notable pollutant in wastewater and is caused by variety of dyes, which are stable and less biodegradable. The elimination of the azo dye, methyl red, from aqueous solution by low cost naturally available adsorbents like neem leaves and papaya seeds were studied in a batch process. The experiments were conducted with both adsorbents to study the effect of different parameters like initial dye concentration, adsorbent dose, time and pH on dye removal efficiencies.

The present investigation involves the study of qualitative, quantitative study of epipelic algae and some environmental parameters of Al-Hilla River for the period from April 2009-March 2010. Six sites have been chosen along the studied river. The study included measuring some physical and chemical properties of water and sediments, and quality and quantity of epipelic algae as well as the measuring of chlorophyll a and phaeophytin pigments monthly. Results shown the following ranges: (7-40.5 ºC), (10-36.5 ºC), (11-35.5 ºC) for air, water and sediment temperature respectively.

This article highlights what makes killing wrong according to Marquis. Killing a human being is morally and legally prohibited, except in a few rare cases under which it is permitted and justified. Marquis claimed that it is unjustifiable to deprive a human being the future experiences he was bound to enjoy. Marquis’ claim that abortion is the same as killing a human being who is already born, and the difference lies only in the premise of the arguments. In conclusion, the arguments that justify or prohibit abortion are mainly based on biological and theological theories.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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Dr. Ruchika Khanna
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Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
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Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
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