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July 2015

Primary hyrperparathyroidism is an uncommon condition with an incidence of 25 per 100,000 in general population. We report a case of 67 year old male with giant parathyroid adenoma, and presented with proximal myopathy. The adenoma was weighing about 40 gms. The histopathology report was atypical adenoma of parathyroid gland. The proximal muscle weakness subsided gradually and the power regained after one year.

This study investigated the relationships between Meyer-Briggs type indicators and career anchors with career adaptability among personnel of Masjid Suleiman hospitals. We surveyed 260 employees who were selected through Stratified proportional sampling method using career adaptability, Meyers-Briggs personality and career anchor questionnaires. The data was analyzed by statistical methods including Pearson correlation, and multiple regression. The results showed that technical/functional competence and service/dedication have a positive and meaningful relation with career adaptability.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common chronic diseases globally. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is the troublesome complication. But exact pathogenesis is not yet known. Studies showing association between duration of DM with severity of neuropathy are less in number. Hence, present study was aimed to compare conduction velocities and amplitudes of sensory-motor nerves of upper limbs in healthy controls and patients with type 2 DM of varying duration and to correlate these parameters with duration of disease.

The study investigated knowledge and attitude associated with teaching sex education amongst secondary school teachers in Mangu LGA. Survey research design was employed for the study. The population for the study consisted all the secondary school teachers that teach subjects related to sex education. A total of 367 male and female secondary school teachers constituted the sample of the study. Simple random sampling technique wit replacement was employed to compose the sample of the study. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire.

Background: Although the etiologies of periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis are different, the similar underlying pathological processes are sufficient to permit consideration of hypothesis that individuals at risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis can also be at risk of developing periodontitis and vice versa. TNF-a and RA factor are amongst the important biomarkers that could be measured to launch a link between periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Background: Fibrous Dysplasia (FD) & Ossifying Fibroma (OF) of the jaw are maxillofacial fibro-osseous lesions sharing an overlapping clinicopathological characteristics. This can be diagnostically challenging for pathologists. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 retrospective formalin- fixed, paraffine - embedded tissue blocks were included in this study, 15 were diagnosed as FD and the other 15 were OF of the jaw bones. An IHC staining was performed using OC, TGF-β1 and BMP-7 monoclonal antibodies was performed.

Excessive generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and impairment of endogenous antioxidant defense mechanism begins immediately after traumatic brain injury (TBI), resulting in secondary events leading to neuronal dysfunction and death. This study reports the role of some low molecular mass antioxidantsin the management of TBI. Winstar rats subjected to closed head injury using an accelerated impact device were administered 22.5mg/kg and 45mg/kg body weight of some of the low molecular mass antioxidants (LMMA) for two weeks.

Introduction: Spontaneous subcapital femoral neck fracture is one of the rare complications arising after metallic fixation of peritrochanteric fractures. Its association with osteoporosis, old age, female sex and alcohol induced osteoporosis has been described in literature but to the best of our knowledge its association with diabetes has not been described. Case Presentation: A 60 year old male, Diabetic, Asian Indian in origin presented to us as trauma right hip with intertrochanteric fracture.

A study was conducted to assess the knowledge of primi mothers on child birth process. Fifty primigravida mothers who attended antenatal OPD during III trimester for checkup in Salem Polyclinic, Salem, were selected by purposive sampling technique. Data were collected from 16.08.14 to 18.08.14 by using structured interview schedule for knowledge on childbirth process after the establishment of reliability (r=0.9). Highest percentage of the mothers were in the age group o0f 21-25 years (50%), housewives (60%), belonged to nuclear family (54%) and income group of Rs 2999 (66%).

Communication is the key to understanding the dynamics in family relations. Positive statements elicit positive responses and negative statements elicit negative responses. Out of this framework evolved the notion of training people to learn constructive relationship skills. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of Relationship Enhancement Training on Communication Pattern of families with adolescents in Ibadan.

The efficacy of Omega-3 PUFA in cardiology is so high that Omega-3 PUFA drugs are added to treatment protocols for patients with cardiovascular diseases in many countries. This group of drugs slows down the processes of oxidative stress and chronic inflammation, thereby making a sizable contribution to the complex treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In addition, Omega-3 PUFA slow down the process of aging and prevent the development of age-related diseases, affecting the rate of telomere shortening.

Primary hydatid disease of spleen is rare. We report here is a case of 40 year old male presenting with pain in the left hypochondrium at JARASH Hospital on 4/9/2014. The patient gave history of long standing splenic cyst. Then CT Scan was done & revealed cystic swelling within the spleen suggestive of hydatid Cyst. So splenectomy was done and spleen was sent for histopathological examination which confirmed the diagnosis.

Introduction: Menstruation is the first step of a girl to start her reproductive life. Menstruation is a unique phenomenon to the female. The onset of menstruation is one of the important changes occurring among the girls during the adolescent years. Objectives: Assess the knowledge of adolescent girls regarding menstruation.

Background: In recent years obesity has become very common health concern worldwide. Much debate has been generated regarding the increasing incidence of obesity among children and adolescents with respect to their long term health benefits. The life of professional students is stressful throughout the whole course of training. Types of food intake, lack of exercise, psychological depression due to study burden, pressure of examination, discrepancies between expectation and reality all can be anticipated in bring psychological stress.

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clonal plasma cell malignancy, characterized by the proliferation of neoplastic plasma cells. Delineation of the mechanisms mediating plasma cell proliferation, survival and migration in the bone marrow microenvironment may enhance the understanding of pathogenesis, and a better understanding of the molecular pathogenesis is fundamental to developing more effective prognostic, therapeutic and preventive approaches.

Introduction: The treatment of children fractures of the forearm two bones aims to restore pronation-suppination. It is orthopedic in most cases but surgery has some indications. The aim of the study was to describe the surgical treatment modalities and to evaluate their effectiveness. Methods: A retrospective longitudinal study was carried out between January 1995 and July 2011 on 78 hospitalized patients in the Pediatric Orthopedic surgery department of Ibn Rochd university hospital. Results: The average age of patients was 9.2 years (SD = 3.1) with a male predominance.

Background: Learning style preference explains how learners most efficiently and most effectively perceive process, store, and recall what they are attempting to learn. Understanding learning style preference encourages both students and teachers to continuously update themselves, resulting in greater educational satisfaction. Objective- The aim of the present study is to find out the frequency of different learning style in students of Bachelor of Physiotherapy in Punjabi university, Patiala.

Background: The percentage of HIV cases due to blood transfusion has decreased significantly in the last 2 decade. The newer 4th generation enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) has been shown to have increased detection rate compared to 3rd generation ELISA. Objectives: To estimate the seroprevalence of HIV among blood donors using 4th generation ELISA assay and to compare it with the 3rd generation ELISA. Materials and Methods: This retrospective and prospective study involved 32,360 blood donors- 25,420 were voluntary donors and 6,940 were replacement donors.

Eighty eight Maize grains samples were collected between November 2013 and May 2014 from local markets and silo of Baghdad city. The aim of study was to identification of Fusarium species which associated with maize kernels and their ability to produce FB1 by using traditional and molecular methods. The results revealed that eight fungal genera found in maize samples as follow: Aspergillus (58.6 %) was predominant fungus followed by Fusarium (17.5%) and then Rhizopus (6.8 %), Alternaria (6.1 %), Mucor and Penicillium (3.9 %), Bipolaris (1.9 %), and Trichothecium (1.2%).

Background: Cardiovascular diseases are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels. A Cardio vascular disease is second largest group after mental illnesses. Cardiovascular diseases are leading cause of death in developing countries, having contributed 63% to the global mortality. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of different risk factors of cardio vascular disease among bank workers of Belagavi city. Materials and Methods: This is a Cross sectional study among the bank employees of selected nationalized banks of Belagavi city.

HIV infection is a global disease that disproportionately burdens populations with nutritional vulnerabilities. Selenium plays a key role in the maintenance of normal health in human population. It has been demonstrated that when taken as supplement selenium modulates the cellular response to oxidative stress, inducing a faster restoration of the endogenous anti oxidative defense system against the production of reactive oxygen species. Selenium that the body needs in order to maintain a responsive immune system, while selenium may also play a part in presenting HIV replication.

Context (Background): Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common healthcare-associated infections. The high rate of SSIs is associated with higher morbidity and mortality among the patients undergoing surgery. SSIs are a major cause of concern among health care practitioners, as advances in infection control practices have not completely eradicated the problem of SSI due to development of drug resistance. An infected wound complicates the postoperative course, results in prolonged stay in the hospital, causes delayed recovery and adds to burden on financial resources.

A detection technique was developed for the analysis of p-coumaric acid which is found to be in ester-linked form in Mimosa pudica (MP). Aqueous extract of MP was prepared by using Soxhlet apparatus and thereafter quantification was performed by HPLC with a UV-VIS detector. A reversed-phase C18 column was used as stationary phase and the optimal condition was established with (Water (50µl of formic acid pH adjusted to 3): acetonitrile (90:10)).

Saliva is the first line of defence against caries. Hence it is very important to understand the physiochemical nature of saliva so as to use its beneficial effect to combat dental caries. The saliva contains a lot of organic and inorganic substances, but in addition to this there are trace elements. The present study is concentrated on the trace elements zinc and copper present in saliva and the correlation of these elements with dental caries activity.

Periodontal dressings were first introduced by Dr. A.W Ward in 1923, who suggested the use of periodontal dressing following periodontal surgery. Periodontal dressings are now widely used for various purposes by periodontists, although some controversy exists regarding the necessity of their application following periodontal surgery. They can broadly be categorized as eugenol-based dressings and noneugenol dressings. Over the years, many modifications have been made to the composition of such dressings to improve their physical and therapeutic properties.

Background: Folic acid deficiency has been implicated in a wide variety of fetal congenital anomalies. The study aimed: To investigate the effect of nursing intervention on knowledge about folic acid intake among women at reproductive age through designing, implementing and evaluating educational program about folic acid. Subjects and methods: A quasi-experimental design was used. The study was conducted at 8MCHcenters at Menoufia governorate- Egypt. Multi stage random sample of 400 women was included. A Structured interview questionnaire was used to collect data.

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in pregnancy (Whittemore et al., 1982 and Shime et al., 1987). Congenital heart disease in pregnancy is associated with reduced cardiac reserve. A 24 year pregnant female 21 weeks of gestation not diagnosed to have heart disease in the past came with chief complaints of class 3 dyspnoea on exertion.

Background: Acne vulgaris (AV) is a skin disorder that is most common, with a multifactorial pathogenesis, but some studies have shown that dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is an androgen that is most instrumental in ductal hyperproliferation pilosebaseus and hypersecretion of the sebaceous glands. Soy milk are phytoestrogens which proved an antiandrogen and anti-inflammatory. The purpose of this study demonstrate the effect of soy milk on AV lesions in female patients.

Background & Objectives: Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) harbors virulence properties which are usually absent in non-pathogenic E. coli. The study was undertaken to characterize the properties like hemolysin production, serotypes and multi drug resistance (MDR) in routinely administered antimicrobial drugs in the UPEC isolates. Design & Methods: Laboratory confirmed 105UPEC isolates, obtained by semi quantitative culture method from clinically symptomatic cases of urinary tract infections (UTIs) along with fecal isolates of E.

We report an eight year-old Saudi girl who was diagnosed to have chronic-mucocutaneous-candidiasis (CMC), and hypoparathyroidism (HP) i.e. autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS-1). She was shortly manifested symptoms and signs of autoimmune adrenal insufficiency (AAD). During the course of follow-up, and within a short period of time she developed hypothyroidism with positive anti-thyroid antibodies, type 1 diabetes mellitus with elevated glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD 65), celiac disease, small bowel biopsy proved, pernicious anemia, kerato-conjunctivitis.

Gridhrasi is one of the Vatavyadhi caused by aggravated Vatadosha. It is characterized by radiating pain, tingling sensation & numbness at posterior aspect of leg, which makes the patient difficult to walk. There is no specific curative remedy in modern medical science except pain killers. Acharya Charaka and Sushruta mentioned Siravedha in management of Gridhrasi and Acharya Sushruta has mentioned Siravedha as superior therapeutic procedure among others as it gives instant relief.

Gastric diverticula are rare in routine clinical practice. Diverticula are out-pouching from tubular structures. True diverticula involve all layers of the intestinal wall, whereas false diverticula are caused by herniation of mucosa and submucosa through the muscular wall. Gastric diverticula are mostly asymptomatic. Most commonly the symptoms are upper abdominal pain, nausea and emesis, while dyspepsia and vomiting are less common. Ulceration with hemorrhage or perforation has been reported. Gastric diverticula are usually 1 to 3 cm in diameter.

Objective: Review omega 3 and omega 6 in childhood diet. Data Sources: From previous Literatures, reviews and studies as well as medical websites (PubMed, MD consult, Medscape) and Scientific Journals data- bases were searched from the start date of each data- base. Study Selection: Selection was done by supervisors for studying new advancement in omega 3 and omega 6 in childhood dietinpediatric and studies that addressed the important of omega 3 and omega 6 in childhood diet. Data Extraction: Data from published studies were manually extracted and summarized.

In India, Chronic Respiratory diseases like chronic obstructive disease, Bronchial Asthma and pulmonary tuberculosis continue to be one of the common disease groups which are the cause of significant morbidity and mortality. These diseases cause significant physical incapacitation and they also cause psychogenic manifestations which may also affect the primary pulmonary disease and in many cases this may cause dangerous vicious cycle. Requirement of persistent and prolonged treatment and often frequent hospitalization are contributory factors for these psychogenic effects.

Objective: To determine the level of Human rights violation among the Mentally Ill Patients. Subjects and Methods: A descriptive and Exploratory Quantitative study was conducted in a Mental Health Institute. Purposive sampling was adopted to select the respondents. The data was collected through participant observation and In-depth Interviews. Further field notes were used for data analysis. The method of presenting the data was case study and observations.

Background: Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy being promoted as a Day care surgery now a day, therefore, adequate pain relief in post operative period is a must for patient’s compliance. Incorporation of intraperitoneal installation of Bupivacaine as a part of multimodal analgesic regime provides significant post operative analgesia. This study evaluates the role of intraperitoneal spraying of bupivacine in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for adequate post operative analgesia.

Twenty seven endometritic cows were divided into three groups to evaluate the comparative efficacy of intra-uterine Lenovo-AP and systemic antibiotic INTACEF Tazo 3375mg in endometritis of crossbred cows. Significant differences observed between the pre- and post-treatments mean values of TLC, Lymphocyte, Neutrophil, TEC and Hb in the cows of treatment groups. Milk yield was increased significantly in both the treated groups after completion of treatment. The conception rate was 88.90%, 66.70% and 11.10% in Lenovo-AP, INTACEF Tazo treated and control group, respectively.

Many studies havedescribed the prevalent use of over-the-counter (OTC) medications, including herbals and vitamins, in pregnancy. The main objective of this study was to assess OTC medication use, perceived safety and decision-making behaviour in pregnant women in Jos, Nigeria. The subjects included 150 pregnant women 18 years and older. Subjects were solicited using a stratified random sample in two tertiary hospitals that provide antenatal care in Jos.

Mass drug administration (MDA) with annual single dose of diethylcarbamazine (DEC) in combination with albendazole (ALB) for more than 5 years is the principal tool of lymphatic filariasis (LF) elimination strategy. This study examined the potential of seven rounds of MDA of which initial four rounds with DEC alone and concluding three rounds with DEC plus Albendazole to eliminate Lymphatic filariasis transmitted by Wuchereria bancrofti infection in humans in geographically isolated and non contiguous districts in the Union Territory of Puducherry, South India.

Background: There were significantly high food taboos and its misconception all over the world irrespective religion, culture and country. Aims: To evaluate the existing knowledge and attitude of pregnant women regarding food taboos and its misconception during pregnancy and to find effectiveness of planned teaching program in enhancing knowledge and attitude of pregnant mothers regarding food taboos and its misconception. Materials and methods: A pre-experimental study design was used to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of pregnant mothers.

Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) are emerging as a predominant cause of neonatal septicemia in health care facilities. Blood stream infection due to CoNS are often overlooked as central line colonization or contamination. An attempt was made to find out the prevalence of CoNS bacteremia with their antibiogram in neonatal blood culture samples from NICU of a tertiary care hospital. The study includes 1490 blood culture samples taken from sick neonates over a period of 21 months. Automated culture was done using BACT /ALERT and VITEK -2 machines.

Kefir contains lactic acid bacteria and yeasts. These microorganisms are confined in kefiran, a branched glucogalactan with antimicrobial, anti-tumor and anti-fungal properties .The purpose of this study was to analyze the structure of the polysaccharide in raw kefiran. Kefiran was produced from raw milk with. 5.0% fat and 10 grams of kefir grain. The polysaccharides were extracted by ethanol and then protein was separated by ammonium sulfate. Four different bands in the purified protein were revealed by gel electrophoresis.

The research is aimed at isolating, characterizing, and identifying lactic acid bacteria which have the potential as probiotic agent obtainedfrom the chyme of 34 days-old strain patriot broiler chicken intestine. In order to reach the goal, pour plate and streak plate method on MRS (de Mann Rogosa Sharpe) are used to isolate the bacteria. It is done by adding CaCO3 0.5% as the indicator of the formation of clean zone around the colony. The incubation is conducted at 37ºC for 48 hours.

A cross sectional study to identify Salmonella and Vibrio species in water and fish in Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria was conducted during April to May 2012. A total of 30 water and 82 fish samples were collected and analyzed for Salmonella, Vibrio cholera and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. In water, the overall prevalence of Salmonella spp, Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio parahaemolyticus was 13.3%, 20% and 23.3%, respectively. Out of 15 water samples collected in beaches, contamination by Salmonella spp, V. cholerae and V. paraheamolyticius was 6.7%, 20% and 20%, respectively. In ponds, only V.

The experiment was conducted to assess the performance of honeybee (Apis mellifera bandasii) queens reared through different queen rearing techniques at Holeta Bee Research Center. A total of 20 local honeybee colonies with first super and uniform strength were selected and assigned randomly to splitting, Miller, overcrowding, grafting, and natural cell cup of queen rearing techniques. The success rate of the tested queen rearing techniques showed remarkable variations. But, those colonies assigned to overcrowding method did not totally respond.

This study investigates the chemical composition, in vitro antioxidant activity and antibacterial activity of essential oil of Curcuma amada Roxb. The GC- MS analysis of the oil has shown a profile of 17 compounds. β-Myrcene (69.60%) and β-Pinene (15.15%) are the two major components. The antioxidant activity was done by using 2, 2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, total antioxidant assay, Ferric reducing antioxidant power and nitric oxide scavenging assay.

During the past decade the knowledge of dietary influence on health and wellbeing has been increased and often related to some food components. To ameliorate specific nutritional disorders, designer foods have been ad vented way back in 1980.Designer foods are the processed or fortified foods with potential health promoting food ingredients, which are normal foods consumed daily. The designer food approach is one of the best and low-cost strategies to reduce micronutrient deficiencies among people, because it can deliver recommended allowances of nutrients regularly.

To minimize and control hazards, a number of standards setting targets or methods to follow or even both, have emerged. Audit is among one of the most widely used tools to ensure compliance or not of a company with standards requirements. In this study, we analyzed findings from 35 second part audits carried out in 32 companies of Moroccan food industry. The total duration is 49.5 days. These companies are spread over 9 of food chain categories and 8 different cities (59% of them are located in Casablanca city) with a coaching rate is of 9% in average.

Introduction: Respiratory infections in critically ill patients are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Patients who are mechanically ventilated are at high risk of acquiring respiratory infections due to complex interplay between the endotracheal tube, host immunity and virulence of invading bacteria. To initiate empiric antimicrobial therapy knowledge of local antimicrobial resistance patterns are essential. Materials and Methods: This study was based on 245 patients of ICU of M.D.M. hospital, Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.

Efforts have been made to analyse the efficacy of decontamination by phytoremediation technology using fish bioassay method. For this purpose Fish (L. rohita) were exposed to raw effluent, Lemna minor phytoremediated & Azolla pinnata phytoremediated effluent separately for a period of 20 days. Heavy metal analysis, different haematological and biochemical parametres were studied in the blood of raw effluent exposed and phytoremediated effluent exposed fish.

Background: A fungus isolated from soil displayed considerable antibacterial activity. The fungus was identified as Stemphylium radicinum (Meier, Drechsler and Eddy, 1922) based on morphological characterization. Methods: Fungal extraction was carried out by ethyl acetate solvent. The metabolite showed Bioactivity against five bacterial strains. Esherichia coli from urine, Staphylococcus aureus from otitis media, Streptococcus pyogenes from Throat, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae from burns by using a disc diffusion technique was examined.

Mosquitoes are vectors of many human diseases and cause environmental nuisances. Due to their large geographical distribution and abundance, Anopheles stephensi represent the most important mosquito species in India. The management of these disease vectors using conventional pesticides has failed because of the high reproductive ability, development of insecticide resistance of mosquito species and environmental pollution. These reasons are leading to a search for novel molecules. As so the Bacillus thuringiensis var.

The present study is the application of Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) and Sequencing Batch Biofilm Reactor (SBBR) for treating the domestic wastewater. The SBBR used in this study contained biomass immobilized in inert support material (polyurethane foam cubes) as well as suspended biomass while in SBR only suspended biomass was used. The SBR was operated for long duration and from day 125 onwards the effluent phosphorus concentration reduced to less than 4 mg/l (80% P uptake).

Wetland drainage and conversion is the major threat for Asian waterbirds, including the infilling of wetlands, principally for agriculture and aquaculture. Conservation action for wetland diversity and wetland habitats has been investigated and promoted at global level through Ramsar Convention on wetlands; Convention on Wetlands, Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Aquatic ecosystems have significant impact on migratory bird species.

This study was aimed to compare two sperm preparation techniques zeta potential vs. HA based PICSI in terms of motility, morphology and DNA fragmentation. Study was performed in 42 semen samples from men with suspected infertility. Both techniques were used in each sample and evaluated % of motility, % of morphology and % of DNA fragmentation. Mean % of motility, morphology and DNA fragmentation were 73.31, 78.44, and 75.91 with standard deviation of 6.35, 7.31, and 9.21 respectively with Zeta potential.

H. pylori is a microaerophilic bacterium that causes chronic gastritis in half the world's population. H. pylori is the etiological agent of 95% of duodenal ulcers and 70-80% of gastric ulcers and 60-70% of cases of gastric cancer. Routes have been proposed for the transmission of H. pylori infection are: fecal-oral, oral-oral, gastro-oral routes. Also it has been proposed water as a means for the transmission of H. pylori. There are few reports about whether H. pylori can be transmitted from animal reservoirs. Present study aimed to seek evidence the occurrence of H.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major public health problem, with an estimated global prevalence of 3% occurring in about 170 million infected persons worldwide. An estimated prevalence of 5-20% of HCV infected patients have or will develop cirrhosis, 1-4% of whom will annually develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In Sudan, the incidence for HCC is high and increasing. In one study conducting among 150 HCC patients indicating that both Hepatitis B and C viruses were important risk factors of HCC in Sudan.

The present study is aimed to analyze the antibacterial activity and phytochemical profile of methanol, chloroform, ethanol and aqueous leaves extracts of lantana aculeata L. through FT-IR spectroscopy method. The antibacterial activity was evaluated according to the well diffusion method by using bacterial pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus saprophiticus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa). This study shows that methanolic leaf extract of lantana aculeata L.

Unani system of medicine is one of the ancient systems of medicine which is providing wellness to the mankind. The concepts of this system are very rational and logical. The concept of Tabiyat which is related to the body is providing the legend knowledge as pioneer to understand the human physiology. Tabiyat (nature) of the body is known as supreme planner which takes part in every physiological function. Its importance in the human has been corroborated by Unani philosophers in very explanatory and comprehensive way.

Objective: This study was designed to compare between POCT glucometer and Laboratory reference method for glucose measurement in neonates especially in hypoglycemic conditions. It also evaluated the acceptability of POCT glucometer to measure blood glucose concentration in neonatal hypoglycemia. Material and Methods: 163 samples were collected, only 70 samples were included in this study.

Though Casuarina equisetifolia is amenable for vegetative propagation, large scale operational clonal forestry programmes of this species are in its early stages of development in India. Since C. equisetifolia is a poor coppicer, getting juvenile materials for vegetative propagation or maintenance of juvenility is a serious problem. Development of a suitable cloning technique and induction of juvenility in this species will go a long way in establishing large scale plantations of end use specific clonal materials.

Thysanolaena maxima is a wild grass cultivated by the farmers of Meghalaya. When the demand for broom increased, many erstwhile shifting cultivators got motivated to take up cultivation of this plant. In this paper, we report the findings of field experiments conducted to investigate the effect of plant density on growth and yield of T. maxima. The experiments were laid in Mynska village of Meghalaya and the study was conducted between July 2012 and February 2014 using Randomized Complete Block Design with four replicates and five spacing treatments.

The Noble prize awarded PCR, an indispensable technique used in biological research for DNA sequencing, DNA-based phylogeny, and functional analysis of genes coupled with ribosomal deoxyribonucleic acid sequencing, polymerase chain reaction and deoxyribonucleic acid sequencing has played a pivotal role in the accurate identification of bacterial/fungal isolates and the discovery of novel bacteria with their 16S rDNA and fungi with their 18S rDNA sequencing in explosive laden soil.

In the present study an attempt has been made on physico - chemical characteristics of Kurichi pond, located in Coimbatore of Tamilnadu. The study was carried out for a period of 10 months (Jun 2014-Mar 2015). Monthly details have been collected and were represented. Different parameters were taken in the study were Physical parameters - Temperature, suspended solids, dissolved solids, total solids, electrical conductivity, light penetration and colour.

A survey was conducted to collect information regarding medicinal and traditional uses of the plant resources from the study areas Upper Guernsey and Lower Guernsey Regions in Coonoor, Nilgiri District, and Tamil Nadu. 154 plant species belonging to 118 genera and 63 families. Among them 134 Dicotyledons (87%) and 20 Monocotyledons (13%) comprising 63 families. In dicotyledons Polypetalae, Gamopetalae and Monochlamydeae are represented by (59, 46&29) species. A fairly good number of 98 species about 64 % in this floristic list are recognized as ethno-medicinally valued.

Spiders are obligate carnivores and hold the unique position of being the only large class of arthropods which are entirely predatory in nature. To form a basis for research into the role of spiders to determine the economic importance of them in the rice agro ecosystem of Kuttanad region of Kerala, a toxicity study of 3 commonly used insecticides on dominant spiders were conducted in the laboratory. Topical application (spraying) and dipping method were used for study.

Background: Preeclampsia is one of the common complications in pregnancy and contributes significantly to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. It is a multisystem disorder with renal failure as one of its major complication. Assessment of renal function is important in the evaluation of these patients. Cystatin C, a chain of 120 amino acids is a new marker of renal function.

Background: Psoriasis is a common, chronic, relapsing/remitting, immune-mediated skin disease characterized by red, scaly patches, papules and plaques which usually itch. Malassezia furfur is a fungus, specifically yeast that is approximately 1.5-4.5 μm wide and 2-6 μm long. Malassezia fufur is a coccal and their cells contain a plasma membrane, a thick and multilaminar cell wall composed of chitin with an invagination characteristic of Malassezia, mitochondria, a nucleus, and all of the other vital organelles.

Impact of pesticides is common pollutants of freshwater ecosystems where they induce adverse effects on the aquatic biota. Freshwater carp fish, Labeo rohita is an important carp species in Tamil Nadu region having good nutritional values. Fishes living in close association with may accumulate pesticides. In the present study, the toxic effects of the dimethoate LC50 1.5 mg/L on some biochemical characteristics (total protein in gill, kidney, liver and muscle) of the freshwater carp fish, Labeo rohita were estimated. There is decreased in all tissues on comparison with control.

Angiogenesis plays an important role in tumor formation and proliferation. The development of anti-angiogenic agents to block new blood vessel growth will inhibit metastasis and induce apoptosis of the cancer cells. Many natural health products that inhibit angiogenesis also manifest other anticancer activities. The present article focuses on phyto constituents bark extract of H. intergefolia have a high degree of anti-angiogenic activity. The aqueous leaf extract inhibits the Ehrlich ascites tumor cell proliferation by in-vivo. The antiangionenic activity of H.

Background: The role of Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHomocysteine) as a risk factor for atherosclerosis in Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has gained much interest worldwide. The primary objective of the study was to ascertain the association between serum homocysteine levels and GFR. Method: This case control study was done in stage 3,4 and 5 of CKD (cases= 63, controls =21) to assess the association between Serum homocysteine (S.Homocysteine), Serum creatinine (S.Cr), Glomerular Filtration Rate(GFR) and Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT).

Agriculture in India presents the world’s largest private sector investments for 125 million farm families, and most of which are being organized in a natural set of with both bliss and risk offered by climate, market and technology itself. The agriculture of west Bengal is enormously dominated by small, marginal and fragmented holding as well. To generate marketable surplus especially from small and fragmented holding is really a difficult proposition.

Women’s typical role within a livestock production system is different from region to region, and the distribution of ownership of livestock between men and women is strongly related to social, cultural and economic factors. Generally, it depends on the type of animals they raise. Based on the study it was seen that Farmwomen’s participation was seen highest in sowing, weeding and nipping/ picking and threshing. Farmwomen took a self-decision for decoration of house and selection and preparation of food in case of home management.

Euphorbia golondrina L.C. Wheeler (Euphorbiaceae) is an important plant used in traditional medicine in Cameroon. There exists a dearth of scientific literature on the anatomical and morphological attributes of this plant. Hence, the ultrastructure and crystal deposits of Euphorbia golondrina L.C.

Adenosine Deaminase (ADA) is an enzyme which is mainly involved in purine metabolism and is very much needed to breakdown Adenosine from food and maintain turnover of nucleic acid in tissues. Studies carried out in the past on the clinical usefulness of ADA has predicted its application in the diagnosis of variety of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, typhoid, Infectious mononucleosis and certain malignancies especially those of haematopoietic origin.

The genus Miyadiella was described by Kubo (1949) represents two species namely Miyadiella podophthalmus (Stimpson, 1860) and Miyadiella ornate Holthuis, 1955b. The validity of the genus was questioned by Starobogatov (1972), Holthuis (1980) and Burkenroad (1983). Type species of the genus Miyadiella pedunculata Kubo, 1949 was synonymiesed under Penaeus podopthalmus Stimpson, 1860 by Starobogatov (1972) and the genus was synonymised under Atypopenaeus created by Alcock,1905. But Hayashi (1992) strongly stated that long eyestalk is the typical character for the genus Miyadiella.

Cyathea nilgirensis Holttum, a rare, southern Indian endemic tree fern is found in Kathalekan forest of Central Western Ghats. The preliminary phytochemical studies revealed the presence of carbohydrates, alkaloids, flavonoids. Secondary metabolites identified in the plant material have been reported to have an inhibitory action against pathogenic microorganisms. An experiment was conducted to determine the antibacterial and antifungal activities of Cyathea nilgirensis.

Sepsis is a major problem in neonates. Clinical criteria alone could not establish the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. C-reactive protein, an acute phase protein increases in inflammatory disorder and tissue injury. The present study was conducted to evaluate C- reactive protein (CRP) as a screening tool for neonatal sepsis. A prospective study included newborn infants, aged <90 days and diagnosed with sepsis, who were admitted in neonatal intensive care unit at GCS Medical College Hospital and Research Center, Ahmedabad from 1stJanuary 2015 to 15th April 2015.

The present study was designed to examine the protective effect of Centella asiatica ethanolic leaves extract on the haematological, hepatic and nephritic function marker changes induced in the blood of cadmium chloride treated albino rats. Administration of cadmium chloride (5 mg/kg body weight) caused a considerable increase in the count of WBC, AST, ALT, ALP, LDH, total bilirubin, urea, creatinine, globulin and decrease in the levels of total haemoglobin, RBC, hematocrit, mean cell haemoglobin, mean cell haemoglobin concentrations, total serum protein and albumin.

Baccaurea ramiflora Lour. syn. Baccaurea sapida (Roxb.) Muell. Arg locally known as Latkan or Anshfol is a versatile though underexploited plant with number of health benefits. In West Bengal the fruit plant is grown mainly in homestead condition. It is a mild acidic fruit and mainly consumed fresh.

India is the world's second largest producer of ethanol next to China and has the potential of being the biggest, backed by its beverage and agricultural sector. Batch fermentation of cereals waste using yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae converts carbohydrates into carbon dioxide and alcohols. The enzymes of the malts break down starch in to sugar, which is ultimately converted into alcohol by yeast, the hybrid yeast improved ethanol tolerance, its glucose fermentation rate and yield more ethanol than those of its parent strain.

Totally six strains of Agrobacterium species was isolated from the soil samples of six different leguminous crop areas namely Kudikkadu, Thandangorai, Nadium, Athirampattinum, Buthalur, and Kattuthottam in Thanjavur Dist by using yeast extract mannitol agar (YEMA) medium. The isolated bacteria were characterized and identified as Agrobacterium rhizogenes based on the morphological, biochemical, cultural and pathogenicity tests.

Sorghum bicolor (L. Moench.) is considered as one of the crop species highly recalcitrant to tissue culture and genetic manipulation studies. During the last two decades several studies were done on sorghum somatic embryogenesis (SE) and plant regeneration, but the rate of plant regeneration was not sufficiently high and practical difficulties still exist in establishing and regenerating plants in a relatively shorter time period. The approach to regenerate the plantlets from somatic cells via intervening callus phase is time consuming and laborious which takes about 15-20 weeks.

The laccase producing novel fungi, Marasmius sp. BBKAV79 (Gen Bank accession number KP455496, KP455497) was isolated and subjected to production and optimization of laccase by Submerged Fermentation (SmF). Submerged fermentation involves the nurturing of microorganisms in high oxygen concentrated liquid nutrient medium. The physical parameters namely pH, temperature, inoculum size, incubation time and the nutritional parameters like suitable carbon, nitrogen sources and solvents were studied for the higher laccase production.

In this paper, we depict a framework that comprises a set of attributes agents to control and monitor a building infrastructure for its energy utilization. It utilizes the energy power lines for communication between the agents and the electrical devices of the building infrastructure, i.e., ventilation, sensors and actuators for lights, heating etc. The paper proposed a multi-agents methodology that is embedded through the development and usage of the product.

Experimental resultson preparation of nanoparticles on the basis of GaSe crystals, analysis of structure and investigation of their electric, optical and photoluminescent characteristics are presented. Nanoparticles and thin GaSeand InSe films on a glass substrate were grown by hydro-chemical sedimentation method from a solution, containing sodium selenosulphide, gallium chloride and indium chloride. As substrates we choose a glass and GaSe crystals grown by a Bridgman method.

This study investigates the effect of electromagnetic field and radiation absorption on natural convection in a horizontal shallow porous cavity filled with an electrically conducting binary fluid. The vertical and horizontal walls of the cavity are subjected to cross fluxes of heat and mass. The Darcy model, Rosseland approximation for the radiative flux and the Boussinesq approximation for density variations are used in the formulation of the problem.

2-(2-(1H-1, 2, 4-triazol-3-yl) diazenyl)-4-(4, 5-dihydrooxazol-2-yl) phenol (L) is a ligand synthesized by the azo coupling reaction of 1, 2, 4-triazole-3-diazonium chloride with 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-oxazoline. The synthesis and characterization of di-nuclear Cu(II) complex derived from ‘L’ has been described. The complex was prepared in good yield by the reactions of ‘L’ with hydrated copper (II) chloride.

Energy consumption in buildings represents 40% of the European Union’s whole energy consumption. In the US, 30% of all energy consumed by commercial buildings is related to inefficient operation of building equipment. Horizon 2020 Program encourages the design and construction of buildings that do not consume energy. US Department of Energy has been developing for many years the Energy Plus: a simulation code that allows energy consumption simulations of very complex climate control systems. However, this program does not address elements such as water-flow windows.

The paper proposes a new method for solving integral-differential equation of forced oscillations of linear viscoelastic shells built on the basis of the operational calculus for arbitrary hereditary functions at a low viscosity. The solution is built as a series, the first member of which is the solution of this problem, obtained by averaging method and it is shown that at low impacts of amplitude true fluctuations remain finite. Fundamental results that at low frequencies the effect of subsequent terms slightly and they increase with increasing frequency.

Data mining is emerging research field in agricultural data analysis. There are various data mining techniques such as classification, clustering, prediction, and outlier analysis can be used for the purpose. Clustering is a data mining technique used for discovering groups and identifying interesting distribution in the underlying data. Clustering algorithm used in data mining such as k-means algorithm, density based, k-medoids, hierarchical based and model based latent class analysis.

Stress accumulation during the aseismic period in a seismically active regions becomes a subject of research during the last few decades. Mathematical modelling has been formulated to study the nature of stress accumulation during this quasi static aseismic period. In the present case a rectangular strike slip fault of finite length has been taken to be situated in a linearly viscoelastic half space representing the Lithosphere-Asthenosphere system. The model consist of the properties of both the Maxwell and the Kelvin (Voigt) type material.

Radiation dose reduction and improved image quality in nuclear medicine scan is most important factor in nuclear medicine imaging. In this paper, we simulated kidney scintigraphy to examine the effect of the amount of the injected radiopharmaceutical, energy window, and type of collimator on the image quality of renal SPECT. We used SIMIND software to simulate SPECT system equipped with LEHR and LEGP collimators. The images of kidneys were obtained by use of the NCAT phantom with activities of 2mCi(75 MBq), 5mCi (185MBq) and 10mCi (370MBq) by use of the energy windows of 10 and 20%.

Vegetable and fruit wastes are generated in large quantities at central vegetable market. Redirection of this waste from landfills to biological treatment can reduce environmental issues. Cooked oil from restaurants discharged to common sewer interferes with common effluent treatment plants that treat municipal wastewater. The current study focused on co-digestion of vegetable and fruit waste along with oil residue.

The complete vibration analysis of the fundamental modes of N-((3-Bromo-1-(phenylsulfonyl) -1H-indol-2-yl) methyl) acetamide (N3BP2MA) was carried out using the experimental FTIR and FT-Raman data and quantum chemical studies. The observed vibrational data were compared with the wavenumbers derived theoretically from the optimized geometry of the compound from the DFT–B3LYP gradient calculations employing 6-31G (2d, 3p) and 6-311++G (2d, 3p) basis sets.

Salts of magnesium chloride and rhodamine-B doped L-histidine acetate (LHA) were synthesized and single bulk crystals were grown at room temperature (30 °C) by solution method. The grown crystals are observed to be stable, non-hygroscopic, transparent and all the crystals are colourless except rhodamine-B doped L-histidine acetate. Rhodamine-B doped LHA crystals are slightly pink in colour and it reveal the incorporation of Rhodamine-B into the host LHA crystal. By XRD method, it is found that the crystal structure of the doped LHA crystals has not been altered.

Synthetic insecticides used to control mosquito vectors have led to the development of mosquito resistance, environmental pollution and undesirable adverse effects on non-target organisms. Thus use of herbal insecticides as a means of vector control is getting wide acceptance. The present study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of leaf extracts of Glyricidia maculate, Manihot esculanta and Glycosmis pentaphylla against dengue and chikunguniya vector Aedes aegypti.

The corrosion inhibition properties of Tris-dimethyl-amino-seleno-phosphoramide (SeAP) for copper corrosion in NaCl solution were analyzed by electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM) and potentiodynamic polarization. The morphological changes of copper were followed before and after adding SeAP, at different concentrations., by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy (GDOES).

Progressive collapse in a structure occurs when structure demise the load carrying capacity to resist the specific demand of earthquake and major structural load carrying members get failed due to sudden change in configuration of structure. Progressive collapse can be triggered by manmade, natural, intentional, or unintentional causes. Fires, explosions, earthquakes, or anything else causing large amounts of stresses and the failure of a structure’s support elements can lead to a progressive collapse failure.

Performance of a Journal bearing depends on two aspects. First one is the improvement of inherent properties of lubricant by rigorous research. Second one is the improvement of bearing performance by doing some research on the design aspects of bearing surface. Improvement of bearing performance does mean that its load carrying capacity will be increased and at the same time the frictional loss due to the shearing phenomenon between bearing surface and the lubricant layer should be decreased.

The bi-quadratic equation with 5 unknowns given by is analysed for its patterns of non-zero distinct integral solutions. Four different patterens of integer solutions to the above bi-quadratic equation are presented. A few interesting relations between the solutions and special numbers, namely, polygonal number and pyramidal number are exhibited.

In the present work, our investigation is to study the optical, electrical and dielectric properties of the binary mixture of cholesteryl nonanoate (CN), butoxy-benzylidene-p-n-anilino-acetophenone (BBAA), which exhibits very interesting liquid crystalline cholesteric, TGB SmA, SmC, SmB and ReSmA phases sequentially when the specimen is cooled from isotropic phase. These phases have been characterized by using microscopic and optical anisotropic techniques. The temperature variations of dielectrics and electro-optical effects have also been discussed.

Wireless sensing networks (WSN) are the effective means of process monitoring for many environmental phenomena such as pollution monitoring, traffic control, water irrigation, etc. A typical WSN system designed and developed can be made to function effectively to detect and monitor the gas leakages in the industrial sectors. Through this short communication, we report our laboratory efforts taken to design, fabricate, and develop a WSN system that describes the deployment of sensor nodes and successively calibration of the sensor output as a function of the system input (supply voltage).

In this paper, we propose a new method for solving a Fuzzy Linear Fractional Programming Problem (FLFPP) when some of its constraints are fuzzy homogeneous in trapezoidal fuzzy numbers. Using these fuzzy homogeneous constraints a fuzzy transformation matrix T ̃ is constructed. This T ̃ transforms the given problem in to another FLFPP with fewer fuzzy constraints. A relationship between these two problems, which ensure that the solution of the original problem can be recovered from the solution of the transformed problem.

This article presents a systematic investigation of various integral and computational representations for family of General Hurwitz – Lerch Zeta function . In this paper new results for Generalized Hurwitz – Lerch Zeta function are established.Certain known integral representation for generalized Riemann Zeta function is obtained as special cases of main results. In this paper we established five results, these results presents the different forms of integral representations of generalized Hurwitz-Lerch Zeta function.

The main thrust of the study was to scrutinize impact of social media on brand positioning in the Zimbabwean beverage sector. Other subsequent objectives were to explore how social media influence managerial decision making especially on promotion, to establish the impact of social media on information sharing by consumers, to determine the challenges of social media use by consumers, to explore the factors that promote social media usage as well as to suggest strategic recommendations regarding social media use in order to enhance brand positioning.

Purpose: Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) play vital role in developing countries. This study is dedicated to inspect the productivity change in microfinance Institutions (MFIs) in the SAARC region. Design/methodology/Approach: A panel of 85 MFIs with five diamond information status from 2003 to 2011 with annual frequency is investigated in the analysis. The methodology which we adopt is Malmquist index through DEA software. Findings: On average a positive TFP growth of MFIs in the SAARC region is documented except from 2005 to 2006 and 2007 to 2009.

Action research is a systematic approach to investigation that enables people to find effective solutions to problems they confront in their everyday lives. A significant feature is that action research lays claim to the professional development in education. Action research as any systematic inquiry conducted by teachers, administrators, and counselors with a vested interest in the teaching and learning process, for the purpose of gathering data about how their particular schools operate, how they teach, and how their students learn.

Herbal Gardens are the center of ex-situ conservation of the Medicinal and Aromatic plants from varied sources. The development of Herbal Garden aimed for not only propagation/multiplications of the Medicinal and Aromatic plants but also for their ex-situ conservation to protect and maintain their existence in nature for future generation. Medicinal plants are integral components of the global biodiversity. Medicinal and Aromatic plants participating significant role in traditional health care among the rural peoples.

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) constitute the engine of economic growth in developing countries. They are the source of employment to millions of people, technological innovations and also help in reducing poverty in developing countries. In Kenya, SMEs created 440,400 jobs in the year 2010 and also accounted for 18.4% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2011. The Kenya government has offered great support (both direct and indirect) to SMEs in line with the nation’s goal to become a middle level income economy by the year 2030.

Crop Insurance makes up the loss or damage to growing crops result in from a variety of causes such as hail or droughts, frost, flood and disease. The cultivators pay a premium and Protection is given to them on the same basis as in other insurance. Crop Insurance can play extremely important and supporting role in increasing the flow of institutional credit to the agriculture sector. Agricultural Insurance will largely solve the problem of collateral security requirement by banks while extending the loans.

The present study attempts to focus on: why several informal localized industries are concentrated in specific geographical clusters and why not in others. In this sense, the study objects to detect the factors that determine location of informal industries in specific spaces, influences of these determinants to localized industry formation, and cost-effectiveness of setting up of production in such spatial clusters. To reveal these, the study is confined to two specific sites of West Bengal Gems and Jewellery industry, namely Bowbazar and Sinthi.

The present study aims at investigating the effect of Faradarmani (ultra therapy) on sleep quality in students of Azad University, Islamshahr Branch. In so doing, 30 students voluntarily participated in the study and they were randomly divided into experimental and cintrol groups – 15 people in each group.

In an agro-based country like India, land is by far the most valuable asset. The continuous erosion/degradation of such valuable resource is a major environmental concern. According to a report of the NCEPC, India was losing more than 6,000 million tones of topsoil per year in 1972 in terms of major nutrients-N, P, K, which alone represented an annual loss of Rs. 700 crores. Today the loss is many times more. So, the first and foremost task must be to identify the areas of major concern as well as required measures to check the damages.

The Baidyabati Khal (mentioned as River Kunti in Survey of India topographical sheet no.- 76 B/5) is an important irrigation channel for not only Baidyabati but also for the whole district. It is connected to DVC canals through aquaducts and other canals. This canal, along with Dankuni Drainage Canal creates a unique living space in the northern part of Baidyabati municipality. The Drainage channels, like most of the waterways of deltaic Bengal, is suffering from the problem of heavy siltation and frequent inundation of the surrounding areas. The study area, part of ward no.

The dermatoglyphics is an important tool in the diagnosis of several genetic diseases. The present study is related to establish a correlation between dermatoglyphics and asthma. Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the small airways of the lung. Asthma is a complex and heterogenous disease which involves different genetic and environmental factors. The fingerprints of thirty one asthma patients were compared with thirty one control cases. The prints of both hands were taken by rolling finger method with the application of kajal as it is a high source of carbon.

The purpose of the present paper is to identify the differences of the spoken language and written language and based on these to try to see which of those features are applied to email messages. By means of a detailed analysis of the proper characteristics of spoken language and written language, and also analysis of some emails as samples, it is concluded that the emerging language of emails do resemble more the features of the spoken language than those of written language.

Debates have spanned over whether Zimbabwe faces disinflation or deflation. Amid global concerns on the risk of deflation in the Eurozone, this paper hypothesizes that Zimbabwe faces aggravated risk. This is due to the country’s experiences with deflation for five consecutive months since February 2014 and subsequent contractions in demand for commodities and money supply. This paper’s assertion ceases to be hypothetical in the midst of literature on deflation risk in the experiences of Japan, German, US, Greece, China and Hong Kong.

Learning takes place through the interaction of learner with his environment. Only in a favorable environment, the learner gets maximum concentration in his learning. Learning of a child starts from home itself. Home environment has great impact in the learning process of the child. Only a favorable environment can produce better learning in students. Academic achievement is the end product of all educational endeavors.

Consumer behavior studies that solve consumer problems are sophisticated and complex and require a thorough understanding of the market. In this study, we aim to explore new possibilities in consumer behavior based on the findings of behavioral economics. First, we recruited subjects and used the technique of experimental economics to confirm the consumer surplus mechanism based on the conventional theory of economics. Then, we introduced Thaler’s (1999) concept of mental accounting, to observe changes in consumer behavior and consumer surplus.

Enset is a traditional staple food crop in many parts of the densely populated south and south-western highlands of Ethiopia. Enset has multipurpose uses and nothing will be left from the plant and can be dependable source of income. Market performance can be evaluated by analysing costs and margins of marketing agents in different channels.

This paper examines the honorable status of the elderly in various religions in India. With changes in the traditional practices of supporting the elderly and their rapidly growing numbers, this could become a serious social problem in coming days, particularly so far the families in urban areas. India like many other developing countries in the world is witnessing the rapid aging of its population.

Risks are events, trends and structural factors that threaten food supplies, access or utilization. Risks have effects at different levels from individual to global or regional level. Although risks affect everyone, it is not gender neutral. African smallholders show wide diversity in perception, adaptations and responses to internal and external challenges. A more comprehensive understanding of the rural women perception of risk along with reasons why female-headed households develop and use certain risk management strategies need to be studied.

The river has been polluted by dumping of raw sewage, industrial waste and municipal waste into the river. Besides this, illegal activities like washing vessels, animals and oily drums, discharge of unauthorized hazardous waste are also carried out along the course of this river. Cattle sheds in some areas contribute animal waste. Barrel cleaners, scrap dealers and others dump sludge oil, effluent and garbage in the river. The organic waste, sludge and garbage dumping has reduced the carrying capacity of the river.

Global warming is giving rise to accelerated sea-level rise. Sundarban being a subsiding delta such rate of sea-level rise shows compounded effect which is much more than the eustatic average rate. Sundarban delta is facing gradual inundation of islands on one hand and a gradual increase of surface water salinity on the other. Effect of rising salinity has of late became apparent even at the upstream of river Hoogly within the stretch of Kolkata where during last seven years true mangrove species like Sonneratia caseolaris has started appearing along with other back mangals.

The present study is an effort to make a comparative analysis of the response of the people of Darjeeling and Burdwan in the area of health insurance. As firstly, in both the districts, this study examines the respondents who are aware or not aware about health insurance as well as various sources of awareness; secondly, those who are aware have subscribed for it or not; thirdly, those who have not subscribed what are the reasons behind the same; and lastly are they willing to join and pay for it? If yes then what would be the possible amount?

The study is mainly to understand the gaps and impacts of the skill training in the lives of the rural poor youth provided by the various government Departments. How these skill training helped to get employment and Livelihood activities. A sample study presents live examples in the skill development programmes and the positive and Negative aspects highlighted for revisit the skill development programmes. The study also highlights that the youth before the skill training and after the skill training processes.

Although Ethiopia has the largest livestock population, productivity and production have remained low. The dairy technologies encompass the use of crossbred animals, artificial insemination, improved feed technology and improved management. Regardless of the potential to meet the growing demand for milk, there is an immediate need to adopt and follow better technologies of dairy farming. For that, it needs to know the base-line information of current features of technology adoption by the small households and the related constraints to adopt these technologies.

Flow of internal mobility behavior occurs to different scale, types of stream and also through distance migration in West Bengal. Provincial and flow of intra-inter district and interstate migration and huge influx of migration streaming (rural-rural, rural-urban, urban-rural and urban-urban).

This study aims to determine the level of food security that occurred in the district Curug of Serang City. Food security at the site of the study were divided into three categories, one category is food security, two categoriy is food insecurity and category 3 is food insecurity. This study used survey method. Survey techniques used were interviews and observation. Interviews guided by questionnaires (list of questions) that had been prepared in advance based on Household Survey and Data Basic Household.

Landslide is the nature of a complex process that has been modifying the mountain landscape in the Himalaya. Generally it serves negative effects on local environment. Present study pertains to hazardous zone of the Pinder valley between Narayan Baggad to Tharali in Garhwal Himalaya. The temporal investigation of Bhyari landslide covers the period 1958 to 2014. It is estimated that the Bhyari land slide is accelerating at the rate of 0.25% per year. About 2.03% area of the landslide has increased in between 2012 and 2014.

The present study entails groundwater level variability analysis and its relationship with groundwaterstorage change for the river-deposited plain land in Hooghly district of the Indian state of West Bengal. Various groundwaterbased maps, statistical techniques like standard deviation, groundwater storage change, etc. were adopted to analyse the status of groundwater of the district.

This research was done to investigate why the students of Selcuk University did not join in recreational activities in their leisure time and which factors prevented them from participating in these ones. Totally 448 students including 190 females and 258 males who studied in the academic year 2013-2014, participated in this research.

Oncolytic virotherapy is a new strategy to reduce tumor burden through selective virus replication in rapidly proliferating cells. The nature of viral delivery, infection, and replication makes oncolytic virotherapy valuable for treating cancer patients, especially those with inoperable tumors. Oncolytic virotherapy is an emerging technology that uses engineer edviruses to treat malignancies. Viruses can be designed with biological specificity to infect cancerous cells preferentially, and to replicate in these cells exclusively.

The situation of maternal and child health has been improving in India over time. One of the vital parameters of assessing maternal and child health that have been exhibiting an increasing trend is the institutionalization of child delivery. The overall scenario in carrying out child birth process in healthcare institutions, both public and private, has been improving though inter-state as well as intra-state disparities are conspicuous. This has invariably improved the child survival rate in the country and has effectively reduced the maternal mortality rate as well.

The Land Surface Temperature (LST) is reffered as the radiative skin temperature of ground. It depends on the albedo, soil moisture and vegetation covers. Land Surface Temperature (LST) is one of the key variables in climatological and environmental studies. Many scientists want to measure land's temperature for many important reasons e.g. in places where it is too cold or too hot food crops may die. Temperature also influences weather and climatic characteristics of a region.

Medicated chewing gum has a history for about a century. Now-a-days it is considered to be a potential and conve-nient modified release drug delivery system which can be used in pain relief medication, smoking cessation, travel illness, freshening of breath, prevention of dental caries, alleviation of xerostomia, vitamin or mineral supplementa-tion etc. Medicated chewing gums are prepared by using a water insoluble gum base with water soluble bulk portion. A medicated chewing gum (MCG) is solid, single-dose dosage form.

Introduction: Melaka Manipal Medical College (MMMC) Manipal Campus, offers Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) program in a twinning mode under the auspices of Manipal University, India. In the present study, the authors attempted to determine whether faculty members at MMMC perceive adult learning principles as a pathway for professional development. We were also interested in knowing whether any correlation existed between faculty perceptions of adult learning principles and professional development at three levels; individual, interpersonal and organizational levels.

The importance of comprehensive operation note for continuous care of the patients in post operative period is indispensable for prompt and quality care of the patients. We audit the orthopaedics operation notes in our teaching hospital against a set standard by royal college of surgeons of England for comprehensiveness and legibility. A total of 98 operation notes were retrospectively reviewed. Though some areas enjoyed good compliance with poor compliance in some area. We therefore suggest the use of a detail operative profoma notes containing the expected sections.

Context: Adolescents and young youths are prone to suffer from reproductive and sexual health problems. Reproductive and sexual health needs of adolescents have so far been neglected. Objectives: 1) To investigate reproductive and sexual health behavior of adolescent attending schools. 2) To explore perceived reproductive and sexual health needs of Adolescent students. Methods: Cross-sectional survey among 247 adolescent students of four schools: two in Chandigarh and two in Himachal Pradesh selected by stratified multistage random sampling design.

We are reporting a rare case of eumycetoma of a 17 year- old boy from rural India, who presented with history of swellings and multiple discharging sinuses of Right leg and foot for 6 months. The discharge was whitish in colour and contained soft, lobulated grains of diameter 1mm. Culture on Sabouraud dextrose agar showed growth of Scedosporiumapiospermum (asexual form of Pseudallescheriaboydii). Though eumycetoma is endemic in India, mycetoma caused by seudallescheriaboydii is rarely encountered here, but it is the commonest causein Europe and USA.

Introduction: Poor fertility awareness may be a contributing cause of infertility. The present study was conducted to assess knowledge on conception among husband’s of the women with primary idiopathic infertility. Methodology: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. A questionnaire was designed and through interview the data were collected. Results: Majority (94%) of the participants had inadequate knowledge. Four percent had moderately adequate and 2% had adequate knowledge on conception.

Growing insensitivity to multiple antibiotic groups particularly beta-lactams has been a concern for past decade. The concerns of antibiotic resistance, lack of new antibiotics and limited therapeutic options led us to compare the susceptibility of a new antibiotic adjuvant entity Elores (Ceftriaxone+sulbactam+ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, EDTA) with meropenem among Gram negative organisms isolated from >1100 clinical samples obtained from various hospitals of India during past six months.

Non contrast Computed tomography of brain scanning is the primary line for exigency evaluation of acute stroke due to its common availability, speed, low cost and accuracy in detecting hemorrhage and cerebral infarct. CT has the ability to quantify the beam attenuation, hence the measurements are expressed in Hounsfield units (HU), which indicates the HU values of various stages of infarct pathologies associated with the brain. This study is based on HU in CT Brain images.

Introduction: CSCR is an idiopathic disorder of the outer blood retinal barrier. Investigations include FFA. It is self resolving in majority. Common treatment modalities include Laser photocoagulation and PDT. Present study conducted to compare medical management with laser management in CSCR. Methods: 34 eyes of 34 patients with chronic CSCR included in the study. 12 patients underwent medical management and 22 patients underwent laser management, followed by visual assesment, macular function test, FFA at 1,3 & 6 month following treatment.

Aim: To study the clinico-radio-pathological profile of patients suffering from Bronchogenic Carcinoma Methods: Patients suffering from Bronchogenic Carcinoma, coming to our OPD or referred from other departments, were included in the study. Results: A total of 100 patients of lung cancer presented in the dept. of Respiratory Medicine, Geetanjali Medical College and Hospital were included in the study. Majority of patients were male (86%). History of Smoking and Alcohol was present in 81% and 26% respectively. Majority of patients were between 41-60 yrs age group.

Background Localized aggressive periodontitis (LAP) is a disease of the periodontium that is characterized by rapid loss of bone, absence of gingival inflammation and minimal amount of plaque and calculus. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of surgical and nonsurgical approach along with systemic tetracycline in the management of LAP.

Post operative (PO) ileus is a frustrating problem for patients undergoing laparotomy. Chewing gum was tried in 25 patients undergoing laparotomy for peritonitis due to appendicular perforation/ appendicular abscess. The mean duration from surgery to passing of first flatus and passing of first stools were studied. The chewing gum group showed significant reduction in passing first flatus by 18 hours P<0.002 and 31.12hrs P<0.001 between passing first flatus and stools. Surprisingly duration of surgery showed no effect on duration of PO Ileus. (P<0.051)

The study was aimed to know the pharmacokinetic interactions between moxifloxacin and pyrazinamide and also the pharmokinetic interactions between moxifloxacin and ethambutol and to know about the clinical significance. The study population was 12 healthy male volunteers, the duration of study was 13 days for each healthy volunteer and period of study was one year and it was a randomized open labelled non comparative prospective study.

Ectrodactyly-Ectodermal dysplasia-Clefting (EEC) Syndrome is inherited as autosomal dominant disorder of ectodermal and/or mesodermal interaction with highly variable expression and reduced penetrance. It is characterized by the triad of ectrodactyly of the hands and/or feet, ectodermal dysplasia of the skin, hair, nails and teeth, with or without clefting anomalies affecting the lips and/or palate (Roelfsema et al., 1996).

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of patient factors on the intravenous contrast kinetics. The data was obtained from department of Radio Diagnosis & Imaging, Kasturba Hospital, Manipal from 64slice Philips Brilliance scanner (MDCT) multiple detector computed tomography Brilliance. The social demographic profile of the patient (n = 124) revealed that 52.4% (mean age 52.92±14.50) of the patient are male subject and 47.3 % (mean age 52.23±14.7) of the patient are female subject.

Phytosterols are the phytoconstituents resembling cholesterol in structure with a slight difference in side chain configuration and function. As human body cannot synthesize phytosterols, they can be obtained from the diet. The most common phytosterols include stigmasterol, Campesterol and β-sitosterol. Phytosterols have many health beneficial effects including hypocholesterolemic effect, protection from cardio vascular disorders, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antioxidant activity. The most important and studied effect of phytosterols is its antihyperlipidemic activity.

The core objective of the study was to design and evaluate fast dissolving tablets of Sitagliptin Phosphate Monohydrate. Fast dissolving or disintegrating tablets were prepared by the wet granulation method by using Sodium Starch Glycolate, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Crosscarmellose Sodium as superdisintegrants. The prepared tablets were evaluated for pre-compression and post compression parameters. The in-vitro release studies were carried out by using USP Type-II dissolution apparatus.

Introduction: Aim of this study is to compare the lung function variables, in different trimesters of pregnancy. Materials and Methods: Pregnant women from the antenatal clinic of Government Hospital, Kilpauk Medical College, Chennai -10, were selected for this study. The study group consists of 107 women, of whom 18 women in the first trimester, 20 women in the second trimester, 45 women in the third trimester, and 24 women were in control group. Result: Results showed FVC in all the three trimesters are less in comparison to controls.

Staphylococcus aureus is a common pathogen responsible for community and hospital associated infections. There is increasing evidence that Community acquired methicillin resistant (CA -MRSA) is spreading among healthy individuals especially children. Our present study is done to determine the colonization rates of S.aureus in the nasal cavity of school children. Nasal swab was collected from (n=265) primary school children aged 3- 8 years and transported to the laboratory within 30 minutes. The samples were processed in the microbiology laboratory as per standard protocol.

With increasing number of road traffic accidents involving either blunt or penetrating injury to abdomen, a high degree of suspicion for traumatic diaphragmatic tear should always be kept in mind. Patients with acute tear in diaphragm along with herniation of abdominal contents often present with strangulated bowel and respiratory distress thereby increasing both morbidity and mortality.

Introduction: BAEP latencies and amplitudes tend to vary with many factors like age, gender, corebody temperature,hormones and headsize. controversy exists regarding the effect of head size on BAEP latencies. It was hypothesized that headsize would indirectly reflects brainsize and hence the length of the auditory pathway. Therefore in this study, BAEP latencies were compared with headsize for males and females to analyze the impact of length of the auditory pathway on BAEP latencies. Methods: 36 subjects, 18 males and 18 females of age group between 17-25 were selected.

The shoulder joint or glenohumeral joint is a synovial, multiaxial, spheroidal between the roughly hemispherical head of the humerus and shallow glenoid fossa of the scapula. Synovial membrane lines the fibrous capsule of the joint. This fibrous capsule may become inflamed and later thickened and constricted. This tightening combined with the pain restricts the joint movement. Frozen shoulder is a condition of varying severity characterized by the gradual development of global limitation of active and passive shoulder motion where radiographic findings other than osteopenia are absent.

Proteus species infection is important cause of morbidity and mortality. This study was conducted to find out the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Proteus species isolates at tertiary care university hospital in the central region of Japan from 2008 to 2010. Proteus species was identified by standard laboratory procedure. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by micro dilution assay according to CLSI recommendation. Of one hundred eighty-three Proteus species, one hundred thirty-nine Proteus mirabilis, and twenty-five Proteus vulgalis were isolated.

Pune City is the rapidly expanding city. Buses are one of the modes public transports. Bus drivers and conductors are constantly exposed to air pollution. Its effect on respiratory system can be assessed by Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR). Material and methods: Study group consisted of 30 bus drivers and conductors working for more than 10 years. Control group consisted 30 age and BMI matched subjects. PEFR was measured using mini Wright’s peak flow meter and compared in both the groups. Results: PEFR values of the bus depot workers were significantly low than that control group.

The essential oil of four salvia species was studied by means of GC-MS analysis. Total of 25 compounds were identified: 11 compounds were for S. syriaca with total oil of 90.98%; 7 compounds were for S. aristata with total oil of 98.23%; 11 compounds were for S. atropatana with total oil of 72.04%; 3 compounds were for S. nemorosa with total oil of 88.53%. The invitro antioxidant activities of the essential oil of four salvia species were examined. S. atropatana had the most antioxidant activity (42%). It was followed by S. aristata (31%), S.syriaca (24%) and S. nemorosa (21%).

Background: Among all other cancers, Head and Neck cancer (HNC) are more predominant throughout the world and sixth most common malignancy with highest morbidity and mortality. Recent reports says that 57.5% of global head and neck cancers occur in Asia. In India it accounts for 30% of all cancer incidences. Hence our objective is to determine the etiology of head and neck cancer, incidence and factors which contribute to the occurence and distribution of head and neck cancer in North Coastal Andhra Pradesh.

Mucunapruriens (MP) has been used in the Indian system of traditional medicine (Ayurveda). MP has been proposed as a cognitive enhancer and nutritional supplement due to the high nutritional value and low cost. The object of this study was to access nutritional supplement (NS) and cognitive enhancement (CE) qualities of MP in a group of school children aged 6-9 years from marginal urban area of the City of Guayaquil, Ecuador. The universe consisted of 51, school children 6-9 years old, out of a total school population of 120 students.

Clonal plantations are gaining more attention in recent years as they are more profitable than seed raised plantations. The main objective of industrial forest management is to get optimum return for a given investment and it can be achieved only with clonal forestry programmes. Eucalyptus tereticornis clones are commercially planted as a source of paper pulp and volume tables are available to understand per year growth of clones. However, most of the volume table shows only over-bark wood volume undermining the actual volume of wood available for pulping.

Organic pepper production seems to be a solution in most urban and peri-urban areas in Nigeria. Production of health transplant is the major operation in pepper production. However, due to farmers’ shallow knowledge of the preparation and/or the use of organic substrates, this activity is still at low patronage.

Phytochemical and Pharmacognostic Investigation on Oldenlandia corymbosa (L.) Lamk. Of Rubiaceae, has been undertaken. The present investigation involves the macroscopy, microscopy, which showed Prismatic crystals in the transverse section of leaf and stem. Both the surfaces of leaf showed the paracytic type of stomata and the number of stomata were more on the lower surface. Preliminary phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of amino acids, gums, steroids, alkaloids, tannins and phenolic compounds.

Experimental studies have been carried out to develop a low cost system of waste water treatment. The system uses, besides a solar water heater, cheap easily available materials like lime sand, gravels, straw and charcoal. It removes solid materials, color and odors-producing materials, and water borne pathogens from waste water and make it suitable in different purposes. Here, we also isolate a Pseudomonas strain from cow dung and it is also used to treat the different impurities of waste water.

Investigations were conducted to study the effect of different chemicals and natural growth substances as a pre harvest foliar spray on Gladiolus cv. American Beauty. The treatments were comprised of plant growth regulators gibberellic acid (GA3, 25 and 50 mg/l) Salicylic acid (SA, 25 and 50 mg/l); and natural growth substances enriched banana pseudostem sap (1 and 2 per cent) and banana pseudostem sap (2 and 4 per cent). All the treatments improved the yield and flowering characters over control.

A field survey was conducted during the period December 2010 to March 2011 to obtain the checklist, density, diversity and richness of birds in six different agricultural habitats viz., Paddy, Cotton, Castor, Red gram, Fruit garden and Open grassland. The study was carried out from December 2010 to March 2011. A total of 104 species of birds belonging to 43 families and 16 orders were recorded in the study area, two bird species are Near Threatened in ‘IUCN’ (2010) category, Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster and White Ibis or Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus.

The variety of Japanese camellia is to perform qualitative and quantitative analyzesof anthocyanins pigments in the flowers of various colors are reviewed. Four variety of Japanese camellias of different colors were taken to analyze from the Batumi Botanic Garden Camellia japonica,, Margaret Walker”; Camellia japonica,, Marchioness of Salisbury”; Camellia japonica,, Anemonaeflora”; and Camellia japonica,, Takayama”. Therefore, based on the research results it could be concluded that anthocyanins composition plays dominant role in flower colorarion of Japanese camellia.

Methionine is essential for various vital functions in body such as: protein synthesis, regulation of cell division, methyl donor, reduces reactive oxygen species etc. it also helps in enhancing overall growth performance, feed efficiency utilization and livability in broilers. Synthetic methionine is metabolized into highly toxic compounds such as methylpropionate, thereby, adversely altering the performance of poultry birds. Synthetic methionine is listed among the prohibited synthetic substances and its usage has been questioned in organic farming practices.

Effects of sub-lethal doses of cypermethrin on biomass, reproduction and alkaline phosphatase activity of the epigeic earthworm, Eisenia fetida were investigated in natural grassland soil (pH-6.72±0.02, organic carbon-1.28±0.37) under laboratory conditions. E. fetida exposed to 0.006 to 0.025 mg/kg soil of cypermethrin, corresponding to 12.5 (T2) to 50 % (T4) of LC50 values of cypermethrin did not exhibit any significant reduction in biomass from control.

This study covered the animal owners communities in Khartoum State, Central Sudan. It was centered in documenting indigenous knowledge about medicinal plants used for treating animal diseases and other health conditions. The present study revealed that 31 plant species belonging to 19 families were recorded as useful in managing various animal disease filaments by the animal owners/ pastoralists in Khartoum State.

Bioinsecticides have several advantages over chemical insecticides in the control of major vector borne diseases. The secondary metabolites from plants are generally used as bioinsecticides. The aim of the present work is to evolve a biological or ecofriendly control over the mosquitoes using flower extracts from Spilanthes calva by evaluating the effect of phytochemicals in the survival of mosquito larvae. Both aqueous and solvent extracts were tested (LC50) against the mosquito larvae.

The present work was aimed in the Semmalai hills of Pudukkottai district to assess the density and diversity of fungal flora. To isolate and identify the fungi from the soil along with some physicochemical parameters like pH, electrical conductivity organic carbon and nitrogen etc., the month of January to December 2012. It has been estimated that 1.5 million fungal species are present in natural ecosystem, but only 5-10% have been described formally. During the study, a diversity of fungal strains were isolated and identified from the soil sample.

Lichens were screened to know their antifungal potentials against phytopathogenic fungi Macrophomina phaseolina. Lichen samples like Heterodermia leucomela, Pseudocyphelaria aurata, Flavoparmelia caperata, Parmotrema tinctorum and Parmotrema austrosinensis were collected from Mysore and Madikeri districts and identified using available standard keys. The extracts of these lichen were obtained with 3 different solvents Methanol, Ethyl acetate and acetone. The antifungal assay was carried out by Agar well diffusion method, Minimum inhibitory concentration and Bioautography technique.

Baluchari Shari is a type of graceful handloom garment that has a long tradition of excellence and unique craftsmanship. The ethnicity, emblematic design and exceptional colour combination depicting mythological folk-tales, rural life styles bear international repute. Though this handloom product is enjoying a ready market both at home and abroad, there are some grey areas demanding immediate attention to sustain and further improve the weaving industry.

The investigation was taken up to study Genetic Distance between two breeds of cattle “Holstein and Jersey crossbred” by using Random amplified polymorphic DNA technique. This technique was carried out with 10 random primers. RAPD-PCR pattern revealed the total polymorphism loci of two breeds (67 loci), the total loci amplified in two breeds (118). The estimate of genetic distance was highest (2.21) with the primer (OP13) and the lowest (0.33) with the primer (OP15). The GD pooled over the primers was (1.40 ± 0.17) between these two breeds.

Environmental risk assessment is an integral component of biosafety evaluation of GM crops. The purpose of such accessment, is to identify and evaluate the possible adverse effects of GM organisms on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. Known risk assessment techniques in different countries and guidelines developed by relevant organizations recognize comparative risk assessment and indicate the risk associated with GMOs or product thereof.

Two- third of the earth’s surface is covered by water especially marine water which provides rich sources of flora and fauna. The marine environment which contains a vast array of organisms with unique biological properties is one of the most underutilized biological resources. There is an ever increasing demand for new lead compounds in the pharmaceutical industry and this has led scientists to search for natural bioactive products. Among various marine species the Sponges (Porifera) are said to possess higher cytotoxic molecules as the secondary metabolites in them.

Medicinal systems in India when traced back to 5000 BC coincide with the emergence of the Indus Valley civilization around 4500 BC, where agriculture was given much importance. As per the ancient traditions, local communities in every ecosystem starting from the Himalayas down to the coastal plains have discovered the medical uses of thousands of plants found locally in their respective ecosystem. India has one of the richest medical plant cultures in the world.

The study is comparitive study of ECG changes with special referance to QTC in smokers and non smokers. The subjects were those who were attending King George Hospital & Andhra Medical college at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Total number of subjects are 193 among which 103 are smokers and 90 are non smokers. Patients who are alchoholics and those with Diabetes, Hyper-tension and Coronary artery disease were excluded. A 12 lead Electrocardiogram was recorded for all the individuals. ECG changes and QTc was compared between smokers and non smokers.

The study was conducted during September to February months in the laboratory to study the external morphological characters for identifying the sex of Anabas testudineus during non-breeding season. Monthly sampling was done from the rearing stock for the study. For the identification of sex two methods were adopted. First one was observation of sex through external morphology and second one was confirmation of gonad through dissection. The seasonal development of the gonads was also studied morphologically.

Antioxidative protection offered by three nutrients viz: α-tocopherol (vitamin E), reduced glutathione (GSH) and selenium (Se) against hexavalent chromium {Cr(VI)} toxicity has been studied in laboratory rats. Chromium like other transition metal ions induced oxidative stress in liver and kidney. However, treatments with antioxidants inhibited lipid peroxidation and activated serum transminases and glutathione -S-transferases activity in both the organs. Selective preferences were shown by these antioxidants for these parameters in each organs.

The present investigation describes the hydrochemistry and microbial analysis of water from 27 villages of Gadhinglaj Tahsil. The work is carried out during the year 2013-2014. The variables analyzed such as pH, EC, Total alkalinity, Total hardness, Ca, Mg and Chloride as per standard methods. The microbial analysis was carried out to check its potability.

In the Present research work we were collected infected samples from the field and directly brought in the laboratory of Botany, Shikshan Maharshi Dnyandeo Mohekar Collage Kalamb dist. Osmanabad. Near about 10 fungal species were collected in kharip, 2014 from the soybean crop from all over the Marathwada region such as Fusarium, Alternaria, Penicillum, Rhizoctonia, Tricoderma, Verticillum, Aspergillus, Helmenthosporium, Collatotricum etc.

The Present paper describes the ways to make intelligent fabrics by making them conducive materials, i.e. breaking away from its traditional use as electrically insulating materials. For this purpose synthetic core /cotton sheath friction spun and disk spun yarns were used and incorporated in the fabric.

Four Egyptian crude oil samples were collected from different oil fields located at Eastern and Western Deserts. Asphaltenes have been extracted and then characterized by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. Different structural parameters were obtained from X-ray diffraction patterns and were compared with the Raman results. The Comparable results of both techniques indicated that asphaltenes which were extracted from El –Wahat crude oil samples (Western Desert) have the largest crystallite size and the smallest strains in directions perpendicular to (002) and (100) planes.

Experimental observations of the change in the polarization charge of pyroelectric crystals of LiNbO3, LiTaO3 and CsNO3, as the temperature of the crystal is changed from about 300K to a lower limit of 4.2K, are described. It was found that the rate of change of the polarization charge slowed down considerably and, perhaps, reached a zero rate of change. The onset of this “saturation” of the polarization charge occurred at low temperatures, above the temperature of liquid helium, which were different for each of the three types of crystal.

Inspired by security issues in electronic healthcare systems which has been a vast success on cloud platforms, we propose to build security in mobile healthcare systems with the help of private cloud. Today, communication and information technology are becoming an integral part in healthcare. The system offers mechanism for privacy-preserving data storage and retrieval. Retrieval is most helpful at the time of emergencies. The system also offers auditability for misusing health data.

In this paper, we help grade 10th Vietnamese students to construct some new results on triangle. Then we process to assess their mathematics competency.

Mobile phone technology, mobile phones are turning into an inescapable part of human lives. To run enormous applications on mobile phones, users cannot utilize the capability of mobile phones in an effective way since mobile phones are compelled by processing power, memory requirements and battery limit. Running complex software on smart mobile phones could bring about poor performance and reduced battery life due to their limited resources.

This paper is aimed to investigate the change in the properties of the diesel when emulsified with water and become emulsion (emulsion fuel). The properties of 20-80% W/O emulsion fuel samples were determined based on periodic measurement. The experimentally produced emulsion was put into test for duration of one month. The emulsion was assessed by measuring its viscosity, cetane number and water resolution as function of time.

The grafting of methacrylic acid on to granular potato starch in an aqueous medium initiated by ceric ammonium nitrate (CAN) has been studied. The effect of initiator concentration, monomer concentration, polymerization time and temperature, material to liquor ratio and presence of solvent have been studied in terms of percentage grafting (%PG) and grafting efficiency (%GE). The %GE was found to decrease with increase in monomer concentration, but the reverse trend was obtained on increasing the polymerization time, temperature and concentration of initiator.

Biologically active Pyrazoline derivatives were efficiently synthesized in excellent yields and in less reaction time using ethanol via cyclization reaction of chalcones and Substituted hydrazines. These newly synthesized compounds were screened for their antimicrobial potencies which reflects moderate to good activity against different strains of bacteria and fungi employed. All the synthesized compounds were confirmed by IR, 1HNMR and Mass spectral data.

Keyword search pattern to relational data is the most important and highlighted area within search and information retrieval community. For the system evaluations, we can follow many approaches that proposed but there is a lack of standardization. The result of lack of standardization affects performance of the system. The previous system focus is on memory utilization. The number of queries completed successfully in a query workload is performance wise not showing good results for relational keyword search system.

One of the important research area in data mining is high utility pattern mining. Discovering itemsets with high utility like profit from database is known as high utility itemset mining. There are number of existing algorithms have been work on this issue. Some of them incurs problem of generating large number of candidate itemsets. This leads to degrade the performance of mining in case of execution time and space. In this paper we have focus on UP-Growth and UP-Growth+ algorithm which overcomes this limitation.

A catheterization laboratory or Cathlab is an examination room in a hospital that offers a variety of diagnostic and interventional cardiology procedures used in the treatment of coronary artery and peripheral vascular diseases. The diagnostic imaging equipment of the Cathlab is used to visualize the arteries and chambers of the heart and treat any stenosis found. In the Cathlab data is send through optical fiber cable to the acquisition computer. The acquisition computer consists of digital processing board.

The Phenol-Formaldehyde/β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) resin (PFCR) adsorbent with macro cycle network structure showed superior adsorption properties for Hg (II) and Pb (II) ions. FT-IR spectral analysis before and after Hg(II) and Pb(II) adsorption represented that the functional groups responsible for Hg(II) and Pb(II) adsorption. Thermodynamic studies revealed that Hg (II) and Pb (II) adsorption on the PFCR adsorbent is a favorable, spontaneous, and endothermic chemisorption process.

In the Mobile Computing technology, mobile devices like smart phones and tablets were replaces personal computers by combining network connectivity, mobility, and software functionality. In the future, these devices are expected to switch between different network providers using vertical handover mechanisms to maintain network connectivity at all times. This enables mobile devices to access Cloud Services without interruption as users move around.

In the present paper an attempt is made to describing the regional topography and drainage of Barakar River Basin. For the above purpose, a detailed morphometric analysis of the river was carried out. Morphometric analysis was done using SRTM data with the help of ArcGIS-10 software. The area of the basin is 3161.18 km2 with two sub-basins which range in area from 1891.46 km2 to 612.47km2. The drainage pattern of the study area is dendritic to sub dendritic with stream orders ranging from IV to V orders.

Purpose: The basic intention behind this article is to find that how legal bindings and financial sector developments influence the capital structure of micro finance institutions. Design/methodology/approach: Panel data of 87 countries is used in the analysis from 2004 to 2013 with annual frequency. Random effect is used after Hausman specification. Findings: Result shows that good and prudential legal tradition, may pave way for foreign investments by gaining trust and in this way economic development of country move towards progress.

The study attempted to determine the management styles, organizational climate of school administrators and professional services of teacher.

Soil is the loose (unconsolidated) mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth’s crust that is capable of supporting plant growth. Soil is a major component of land system which provides a medium for plant growth. The present study deals with the “preparation of soil map in Kodaikanal Taluk, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu”. The soil characterization was carried out for parameters like pH, electrical conductivity, etc.

The purpose of present study was to translate Mental Health Battery (MHB-Singh & Sengupta); into Urdu and also to adapt the current scale to the contemporary culture. Each item of six tests of the battery were separately written and submitted to 10 experts in the fields to judge the validity of translated version of MHB. Subsequently, the professional language and field experts from Urdu, English, Psychology and Education made necessary corrections and modifications to the adapted version.

Objectives: In this study we examine the rape trends and situation In India and its states during last one decade by age and region.
Methods: Present study used National Crimes Records Bureau (NCRB) India data for the year of 2004-2013. Data on crimes in India are published annually by the NCRB. These are compiled from records of police stations all over the country and refer to reported and registered crimes. The causative factors or reasons of incidents of crimes are not being captured by the Bureau. NCRB, only police recorded crime cases are being captured.

This article surveys ‘Leading from the Emerging Future’ and explores its political and economic analysis to determine as to whether or not the political leaders of Nigeria can learn any lesson from it to enable them break the barriers to the nation’s development agenda. This seminal book focuses on practical approach that empowers political leaders to shift their mental models from ego-system awareness to eco-system reality so as to transform the nation’s extractive political and economic institutions that hinder national development.

Evaluation of the environmental effects of the construction industry reveals that building contributes to the increasing proportion of carbon dioxide in the environment. With this backdrop, a stark redirection in design and construction approaches to mitigate the adverse effects of existing pro-carbon modern practice is urgent and imperative. This research work is aimed at introducing a new style of building design that integrates both vernacular and modern building materials in order to achieve the low carbon benchmark.

In recent years the services sector has experienced an explosive development in all areas, they represented over 50% of the GDP of a country. Researchers studied several branches of services such as tourism, education, culture, online services, sport but some branches of the service have not yet been studied extensively, like the branch of veterinary medical services for pets.

The aim of the present study is to investigate the change in structure of Indian automobile industry in the context of liberalization and globalization, which caused major changes in this industry. Before 1991, the industry was dominated by a few domestic manufacturers and was hardly known for any innovations, but now it is one of the fastest growing manufacturing industry not just in India but globally as well.

Tourism is becoming one of the most profitable industries but despite its importance, it is a vulnerable and defenseless industry prone to disaster (Hall, 2003). The ‘‘intangibility’’ and ‘‘inseparability’’ factors in the tourism industry limit the information availability to consumers (Hsu and Lin 2006), which make it impossible to eliminate the risk (Wong and Ye, 2009) of political instability, terrorism, natural disasters and much more. Image is one of the most significant factors of the prosperity of any destination and a key element when choosing a destination (Gartner, 1993).

Background: Football (Soccer) is a body contact game and head region may be injured due to various causes. There is a dilemma between the researchers whether football impairs brain function or not. Aim: To review literatures related on brain function impairment and football. Method: Researchers searched scientific papers through PubMed/Medline and other data sources, then collected full papers and analyzed all the relevant article according to the nature of this study.

The stucco art in Iran has a long history and from the Elamite era on this art could be seen in many structures. Like many other arts throughout the history, the use of stucco has had a growing trend and besides using it as mortar, it was used for covering and embellishing the structures. Also, during the Qajar era, this art was highly favored and because of the cultural interactions with Western and European countries, Qajar art and architecture adopted many influences and as a result, an Iranian-Western fusion style in the stucco art appeared.

To be a productive people with maximum potentialities it demand the health related physical fitness. The effect of exercise on such health related physical fitness variable has been well established by different scientists in variety of health related field. The present study was intended to find out the effect of regular exercises in the form of low intensity movement oriented programme consisted with general warm up, stretching, long distance run, strength and flexibility exercises on health related physical fitness factors.

The Admiralty Law in India is still governed by the obsolete Admiralty Court Act 1861 applied by (English) Colonial Courts of Admiralty Act 1890 and adopted by Colonial Courts of Admiralty (India) Act 1891. The 1861 Act continued to be in force even after the commencement of the Indian Constitution in 1950 because of Act 372 of the Constitution which provided for continuance of existing laws. The Indian Parliament also failed to enact a domestic law relating to Admiralty law. As per the 1861 Act the High Courts of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras were vested with Admiralty jurisdiction.

There is growing concern regarding the relationship between exposure to media and deviant behaviour. The younger generation is too much passionate in imitating heroes of movies and blindly accepting deviant cultural and social interactions in media. Knowingly or unknowingly today’s adolescents are following it without any concern about our attitude, tradition and social interaction. The present study aims to analyse teachers’ perception on media influence on deviant behaviour of adolescents in Kerala.

The dermatoglyphics is an important tool in the diagnosis of several genetic diseases. The present study is related to establish a correlation between dermatoglyphics and asthma. Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the small airways of the lung. Asthma is a complex and heterogenous disease which involves different genetic and environmental factors. The fingerprints of thirty one asthma patients were compared with thirty one control cases. The prints of both hands were taken by rolling finger method with the application of kajal as it is a high source of carbon.

An entrepreneur is a dynamic agent of change. Women entrepreneurs may be defined as a woman or group of women who initiate, organize and run a business enterprise. Women owned enterprises are steadily growing in Ethiopia, and they are contributing to household incomes and to the growth of national economies. In Ethiopia, support to Micro and Small Enterprises especially women owned enterprises has been considered as a tool to employment creation and foundation to long-term development objectives as well as empowering women.

India is the world’s richest sandalwood resources is from one isolated stretch of forests land in south India that in Karnataka. The origin of sandalwood and its oil in Karnataka, which is used in making of Mysore sandal soap, it is well known as Fragrant Ambassador of India and sandalwood oil is in fact known as “liquid gold”. Karnataka Soaps and Detergents Limited (KS&DL) is the only company is having the license to extract sandal oil in India. This is the only company using pure sandal oil for manufacturing toilet soaps and other products.

The burden of Chronic kidney disease (CKD), in terms of human suffering and economic costs, is unravelling its effect as we move through the early years of the 21st century, making it as a major public health issue. The attention paid globally to CKD is attributable to the following factors: the sudden increase in its prevalence, the enormous cost of treatment, recognition of its major role in increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease, and the discovery of effective measures to prevent its progression.

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