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April 2016

Studies on “Effect of organic and inorganic inputs on flowering and yield characters of bitter gourd (momordica charantia l.) ecotype ‘mithipagal’ in the rice fallow of cauvery delta region” was undertaken with the organic and inorganic nutrients along with biofertilizers and panchakavya foliar spray.

Orofacial clefting is a significant birth defect involving improper fusion of palatal shelves and/or the nasal process. Clefting is complex and known to have multifactorial risk factors. Aim of the study is to find out the association of age and socioeconomic status of the parents. Highest frequency of clefts were found in subjects with mother’s age between 25-29 years, which was significant (p=0.002). Highest frequency of orofacial were found to be more in subjects with father’s age between 30-34years which was significant (p= 0.046).

Aims and objectives: (1) To assess awareness. (2) To assess utilization. (3) To identify gap between awareness and utilization. Materials and method: The present cross sectional study was carried out in rural area of central India from April 2015 to august 2015. 2000 antenatal women and those who had delivered within past one year of attending the OPD of dept of obgy, acharya vinobha behave rural hospital were included. Inclusion criteria 1) Antenatal women in 3 rd trimester. 2) Patient who have delivered within one year in our hospital as a booked, registered, unbooked cases.

Introduction: Vernonia amygdalina belongs to the family Asterecae. Vernonia amygdalinacontains active components or phytochemicals that can lead to liver regenerations in hepatotoxicity in hepatoxicity. Aim: The aim of this study isto assess the chemotherapeutic and hepatoprotective effect of leaf extract of Vernonia amygdalinain rats. Method: A total number of 15 albino rats were fed on standard diet and divided into three groups. Rats of the firstgroup were injected intraperitioneally with paraffin oil and tap water (control).

Anemia is the common nutritional problem worldwide, recent studies showed that young adults specially females are at increased risk of anemia. The BMI has been used by the WHO as the standard for recording obesity statistics since the early 1980s. We studied 376 students, males were 178 students (47.3%) and females were 198 (52.7%). Students with normal Hb were 353 students (93.9%) and low Hb in 23 students (6.1%). Students with normal weight were 255 students (67.8%), underweight in 74 students (19.7%), over weight in 44 students(11.7%) and obesity in 3 students (0.8%).

Introduction: Neonatal septicemia is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity in India.The bacteriological profile of neonatal septicemia has changed from time to time and from place to place over the years Objective: Isolation and identification of pathogens responsible for neonatal septicemia from the blood with their antibiotic susceptibility pattern.

Tuberculous radiculomyelitis (TBRM) is a complication of tuberculous meningitis (TBM), which has been reported rarely in the modern medical literature. We describe a case of TBRM that developed in an human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–infected patient, despite prompt antituberculous treatment. The most common symptoms are subacute paraparesis, radicular pain, bladder disturbance, and subsequent paralysis. CSF evaluation usually shows an active inflammatory response with a very high protein level.

In the present study had as an objective to study the effects of the consumption of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee on human health. Forty-eight healthy adult individuals were selected, who were appraised at the begining and the the end of the research through clinical exams (glucose, lipidic profile, uric acid levels, complete blood count, thyroid hormones and routine urine) and its characteristics as a functional food.

The prevalence of hypertension amongst adults in Umunneochi Local Government Area (LGA) of Abia State, Nigeria, predisposing factors and its relationship with age and gender was studied. The research design adopted was a cross-sectional descriptive study, in which one thousand and three (1003) adults comprising of 286 males and 717 females, aged 30 years and above, who presented themselves for a free medical outreach, were screened for the prevalence of hypertension. The study period was between January and December, 2013. Data collected were ages in years, sex and blood pressure values.

Introduction: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) has well recognised adverse health implications for the mother and her newborn that are both short and long term. Obesity is a significant risk factor for developing GDM and the prevalence of obesity is increasing globally. Aim: to evaluate the effectiveness of applying instructional scheme for pregnant women on their knowledge, attitude and clinical implications. Subject and Methods: quasi-expermintal research design with convenience random sampling was used which calculated 60 pregnant women in the first trimester using three tools.

Background: The pH of our blood is tightly regulated by a complex system of buffers which remains at work consistently to maintain the pH range from 7.35 to 7.45 that is slightly more alkaline than pure water. Blood needs to maintain a pH of 7.35 to 7.45 for cells to function properly and all of the proteins that work in our body has to maintain a specific geometric shape to function. The three-dimensional shapes of the proteins in our body are affected by the tiniest changes in the pH of body fluids.

Aims & objectives: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence of styloid process and its correlation with serum calcium levels. The objectives are to evaluate the prevalence of clinical symptoms of elongated styloid process; prevalence of history of trauma to head and neck region and tonsillectomy of elongated styloid process; prevalence of elongated styloid process in age group, male and female and right and left; prevalence of pattern of calcification of stylohyoid complex; evaluate the relationship between body weight, height and elongated styloid process.

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess mucosal microflora of the stomach of patients with RA according to the degree of disease activity. Materials and Methods: We analyzed 159 people aged 19 to 83 years. Among the patients, mostly women were 128 and men were 31. The ratio of women to men - 4.13:1. The mean of age is 55+0.86 years of all patients. RA was diagnosed in all cases by using the criteria of the American College of Rheumatology.

Taxonomic Guerra R.R., Luna A.S.L., Siqueira R.A., Firmino M.O., Cleub C., Guerra M.V.S.F. and Cavalcanti T.A. 2016. [Body condition evaluation, external biometrics measurements and morphology of digestive tube of red-cowled cardinals (Paroaria dominicana Linnaeus, 1758) of wild life apprehended in Paraíba, Brazil: releasing projects subsidies.] Paroaria dominicana is a bird belonging to the Passeriforme order. Because of its song and color qualities is one of the main targets of wild animal trafficking in Brazil.

Mental health problems impose sizeable public health burden across the world and contribute to the huge economic burden at the Individual, community and national level. Serious mental illnesses like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are disabling conditions, which have their onset in early adulthood leads to sub-optimal productivity. Also unlike other medical illnesses, severe and protracted mental illnesses pose more indirect burden that is way beyond the scope of existing government provided free health services.

Gaining insights into the possible functional aspects of relatively unknown genes to tumor genesis may help uncover new cancer biomarkers. Jakmip1, connected to autism spectrum disorders, is relatively new protein that we first demonstrated its ability to activate Wnt/beta catenin pathway and induce increased cervical carcinoma cell proliferation. In this report, we examined the impact of exogenous supplementation of Jakmip1 expression in lung adenocarcinoma.

Background: Obesity is a multi-factorial disease that develops from the interaction between genotype and the environment. It is a major public health problem resulting in serious social, physical and psychological damage. The prevalence of obesity and overweight among children is rising to alarming levels in developed and developing countries including Gandhinagar city. Objectives: 1) To assess obesity among primary school male children aged 10- 12 years in Gujarat, gandhinagar city. 2) To recognize different sociodemographic data in obese and non obese children.

The presence of ectopic thyroid tissue is a rare entity. The non-gland migration occurs in the early stages of embryogenesis to your normal cervical location. Thus, the ectopic tissue lodges in general in the path of the thyroglossal duct, in the middle line of the neck. The most common location is in the lingual zone, being called a lingual thyroid. This, in most cases will be asymptomatic. However, it is able to manifest itself with symptoms of dysphagia, dysphonia, obstruction of upper airways or hemorrhage at any moment between childhood and adulthood.

Because of the undeniable advances in genetic and nutrition, dairy industry can produce great amount of milk per cow per year more efficiently nowadays. However, these improvements may be overshadowed by the emergence of problems regarding low reproductive performance of animals. Both in its clinical and subclinical forms, mastitis is linked to stressin dairy cattle, and such association undermines their reproductive performance.

Hospital acquired infections, nosocomial pneumonia(NP) being the second most common, is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in children undergoing cardiovascular surgeries. In this retrospective study, the data of 875 children, 1/12 to 16 years of age, who underwent cardiovascular surgery between January,2014-February,2016 in Kartal Koşuyolu Research and Training Hospital were detected. 281(168 males, 113 females) of them, mechanically ventilated longer than 3 days postoperatively, were included in the study.

Introduction Functional dyspepsia is a common public health problem. Pathophysiology of non ulcer dyspepsia includes several possible mechanisms. Aims and objective to know the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in non ulcer dyspepsia/ Functional dyspepsia patients through histopathological examination and rapid urease test of biopsy. Material and methods Patients with symptoms suggestive of dyspepsia and normal ultrasound findings were subjected to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.

Background: Tubercular Meningitis is an important life threatening manifestation of extra pulmonary tuberculosis. It is quite common in the developing countries and can influence the socio economic status as most of the cases occur in the working age group. Aims and Objectives: To study: 1. The clinico-pathological profile of patients with tubercular meningitis. 2. To assess the role of hyponatremia in relation to its incidence, impact and prognosis in tubercular meningitis.

Introduction: simulation can mimic real clinical situation and physiologic response of a patient. So it helps students to practice in a controlled environment and improved learning experience. The purpose of this study was to examine extent of using simulation in nursing education and its effect on students’ knowledge, skills, confidence, anxiety and critical thinking. Methodology: A post-test control group, quazi-experimental design was used to study 58 second-year students selected conveniently from nursing faculty.

Frozen Addicts are one of the leading causes of death. The World Health Organization (WHO) lists 126 central nervous system disorders. Although the cause of frozen addict are unknown, each year approximately 1,90,000 people in the United States and 10,000 people in Canada will be diagnosed with a primary symptoms. Frozen addicts are the number two cause of disability in men age 40 and older. Only 31 percent of males and 30 percent of females survive/recover five to fifteen years following the diagnosis of primary symptoms.

Background: The management of long gap esophageal atresia/tracheo-esophageal fistula (EA/TEF) continue to challenge pediatric surgeons and although there were several advances in its management, none of the available options is ideal. Patient and Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of 42 patients with long gap esophageal atresia treated over a 20 years period. The review included age at diagnosis, sex, type of esophageal atresia, associated anomalies and most importantly the methods of repair and their outcomes.

Backgrounds: Children continue to swallow foreign bodies (FBs), some of which are bizarre but coins continue to be the most common. This review presents our experience with 62 swallowed FBs outlining aspects of diagnosis and management. Patients and Methods: The medical records of all children with the diagnosis of swallowed FB were retrospectively reviewed for age, type of the swallowed FB, diagnosis and management. Results: During a 7-year period, from June 2008 to July 2015, a total of 62 children with swallowed FBs were treated.

This is a descriptive study to determine the factors associated with teenage pregnancy in Ogbeukwu Community in Ndoni Town of Rivers State. A sample of 300 students drawn from the target population of over 1197 female students attending the community secondary school, using sampling technique. Data was collected with a self structured questionnaire. Validity and reliability of the instrument were ensured. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Introduction: MTA has been recommended primarily as a root end filling material, but it has also been used in pulp capping, pulpotomy, apical barrier formation in teeth with open apexes, repair of root perforations, and root canal filling. Objectives: This study is designed to evaluate the biocompatibility and bone healing of MM-MTA in comparison to MTA. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 30 rats by making osteotomies on both sides of the mandibles of the rats.

The study focused on clinical and therapeutic aspects of Peste – des – Petitis Ruminants (PPR) in sheep. The sheep were presented with the clinical history of dullness, depression, severe oculo-nasal discharge and diarrhoea. Oral cavity revealed erosive and necrotic lesions on gum and tongue along with bran like fibrin deposits. Clinically affected sheep were treated with broad spectrum antibiotics like Inj. Enrofloxacin @ 3.5 mg/kg b. wt along with Inj. Meloxicam @ 0.5 mg/kg b. wt and other oral supportive therapy for three days.

The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of austere winter on psychomotor performance of expedition members who stayed for prolonged duration in Antarctica. Twenty-four volunteers (scientific and technical support personnel) from winter-over team of Indian Antarctic Expedition served as participants. The performance on psychomotor tasks namely hand steadiness, two-hand coordination, and finger dexterity were evaluated at pre and post winter session in Antarctica.

Aims: This parallel-group, multi-centre, double-blind, randomized-controlled clinical trial was undertaken to compare the clinical outcomes of coronally advanced flap (CAF) alone or in combination with a connective tissue graft (CAF+CTG) in single Miller Class I and II gingival recessions. Material and Methods: 80 patients were enrolled with one recession each. Coronally advanced flap (CAF) alone surgery was performed in 30 patients; 30 sites randomly received a graft under the CAF. Measurements were taken by blind and calibrated examiners.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare the lower extremity static & dynamic balance and core stability performance in three different types of strength athletes. Material and Method: For the purpose of the present study, sixty (N=60) strength athletes, comprising of Wrestlers (n1 =20); Weightlifters (n2=20); Bodybuilders (n3=20)] subjects between the age group of 18-25 years (Mean ± SD: Age 20.53 ± 1.57 years, height 165.98 ± 3.52 cm, body mass 57.60 ± 3.77 kg, leg length 87.51±2.03) were selected.

Stroke occurrence, mortality, and prevalence fluctuate generally among distinctive districts in China, and the quantity of patients who died from stroke is three times more than those who died from coronary heart disease. This study was carried out retrospectively with patients’ data, collected from the hospital database for a period of one year and structured questionnaire, using purposive sampling. Of all the risk factors associated with stroke, hypertension was the most prevalent accounting for 66.14%, of which 54.8% were male and 45.3% female.

The development of soft tissue air emphysema after dental treatment is an infrequently reported sequel. It may be caused due to inadvertent introduction of air into soft tissues during procedures using high speed, air driven hand-pieces or air–water syringes. However with scattered case reports and reviews in dental, surgical, anaesthetic and dermatologic literature, it appears to be under reported and rare. Orbital emphysema due to dental treatment is even a rarer entity with very few documented cases in literature.

Purpose of study: Pulmonary rehabilitation often incorporates self-management strategies to promote treatment adherence and this approach has been advocated for bronchiectasis. There is limited evidence for the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation in silicosis so there is the need for physiotherapist to know the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation in silicosis. There are many option for clinical therapist to treat silicosis, as this condition associated with many impairments. Wide varieties of approach are available to treat such a condition.

It is undeniable that violence has a huge impact on the mental and behavioral aspect of the general growth and development of a child into adulthood. Considering the high level of violence in Newark, New Jersey in 2012, we decided to understand the level of childhood exposure to violence and its role to present day violence. Using a sample of youths who has had exposure to some form of violent acts, we conducted a study to depict if there was any form of violence exposure during their childhood formative years.

Cookies have become one of the most desirable snacks for both youth and elderly people. Maida is rich in carbohydrate and poor in protein and fiber. It is essential to have healthy alternative to maida and coconut flour being rich in fiber and protein is ideal to replace maida in cookies. The present study was framed in that direction to formulate a value added cookie using coconut flour (CF), coconut sugar (CS) and virgin coconut oil (VCO).

Nasolabial cyst is an uncommon, soft tissue cyst of non-odontogenic origin found in the maxillofacial region. It presents as a slowly enlarging, asymptomatic swelling in the nasolabial region. Being a soft tissue cyst, it cannot be appreciated radiographically. We present a case of nasolabial cyst in a 60 year old female patient who reported to us with a swelling in the left nasolabial region. Iodine contrast agent was injected into the cyst followed by a series of images to evaluate the entire extent of the lesion.

Background: The disease burden from measles, a vaccine preventable disease remains high despite decades of interventions by World Health Organization, Nigeria and other agencies. Objective: To assess the prevalence and pattern of childhood measles among children presenting at Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu, Imo State. Design: Retrospective descriptive. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study of children who had measles infection in Imo state university teaching hospital within the given time frame (June 2009 - June 2014).

Purpose: 1) To analyze the clinical pattern - type of trauma, risk factors, circumstances, time gap between injury and presentation. 2) To assess the final visual outcomes Methods: A total 250 patients of all age group with ocular trauma were included in the study. All patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria underwent ocular examination after taking informed consent. In all cases a detailed demographic history was taken including address their literacy status, occupation and financial status, cause of injury, and nature of circumstance.

Background: In sub-Saharan Africa, serodiscordance is a growing source of HIV-transmissions. A Serodiscordant relationship, also known as magnetic or mixed-status, is one in which one partner is infected by HIV and the other is not. This contrasts with seroconcordant relationships, in which both partners are of the same HIV status. Research involving serodiscordant couples would offer insights into how the virus is passed and how individuals who are HIV positive may be able to reduce the risk of passing the virus to their partner.

The Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression is controlled by a polymorphic CA simple sequence repeat 1 [CA-SSR1] in intron one, and two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter region (-216 G/T,-191C/A). We investigated the EGFR cell surface expression level and analyzed these genomic markers in six types of adenocarcinoma in Arabian patients. The highest expression of EGFR was observed in lung (93%) and bladder (95%) cancers.

Fusion of the two Mullerian ducts and establishment of vaginal canal are completed between 10th and 17th week of intra-uterine development. There is presence of double uterine bodies with two separate cervices and often a double or septate vagina. Women with congenital malformations of uterus usually have higher incidence of complications during pregnancy and delivery. Pregnancy in such a uterus causes various complications like spontaneous abortions, preterm labour, abnormal presentation and increased incidence of caesarean delivery.

Background: The Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is one of the most complex joints in the human body and is the area in which the mandible articulate with the cranium. Conventionally, the most commonly used radiographic methods for the evaluation of osseous changes of the TMJ include transcranial projection, transpharyngealprojection, tomography and panoramic radiography. With the introduction of Computed Tomography (CT), the osseous components of the TMJ can be viewed three dimensionally. Unfortunately, most CT units are large and expensive, and are not readily available to dentists.

Background: Uvulo-glosso-pharyngeal dimensions and size and position of associated structures are integral part of Orthodontic treatment planning. Since decades various authors have assessed airway dimensions by different methods and implied the results in diagnosis and treatment planning. Aims & objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the uvulo-pharyngeal dimensions and position of hyoid bone in subjects with different anteroposterior jaw relationships.

Chemical synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) and evaluation of their antimicrobial potential against some fungal and bacterial causes of diseases in buffaloes were investigated. A total of 75 animal cases of dairy buffaloes were selected from a private farm at Giza governorates in which animals suffered from diarrhea, mastitis and respiratory symptoms. Seventy five samples (25from each of nasal swabs, pharyngeal swabs from dairy buffaloes with respiratory disorders, fecal swabs of diarrheic animals and milk samples of mastitis animals).

The present retrospective study was performed over a period of seven years from July 2008 to June 2015. Total number of 357 complete autopsies were included. The study group comprised the cases from all ages and both sexes among which 183 (51.26%) were males and 174 (48.74%) were females. Nutmeg appearance (34 cases, 9.52%) was the most common gross finding. Circulatory disorders (CVC/ acute sinusoidal congestion) in 44 cases (26.33%), steatosis in 51 cases (14.29%) and hepatitis in 41 (11.49%) cases were found.

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder of impaired carbohydrates, fat and protein metabolism. It is characterized by hyperglycemia expressed as abnormal glucose value, which is due to insulin deficiency and/or insulin resistance which results in decrease utilization of carbohydrate and excessive glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis from amino acid by fatty acids. A single dose of Alloxan monohydrate (120 mg/kg, i.p.) was used to induce diabetes mellitus. Diabetes was confirmed by the elevated blood glucose levels determined at 72 hrs.

A basic view of medicine holds that if discrepant symptoms can be explained by one disease instead of two or more, it is likely there is only one disease. The scientific justification for bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SZ) as distinctive disorders has been questioned. The diagnosis of schizophrenia rests upon the presupposition that the diagnostic symptoms are disease specific. They are not, since patients with severe mood disorders can demonstrate any or all of the schizophrenic symptoms.

Introduction: Contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) is one of the major complications of coronary intervention and has been correlated with mortality. CIN is responsible for approximately 11% of all iatrogenic renal insufficiency and is the third most common cause of hospital-acquired renal failure after decreased renal perfusion and nephrotoxic drugs. CIN is traditionally defined as an increase in serum creatinine of either 0.5 mg/dl or 25% from baseline within 72 h of exposure.

The present study was conducted to study the effect of graded doses of Sodium fluoride on the microanatomy of Pancreas in Albino Rats over different periods of time. Sixty male adult albino rats taken from the animal house of Govt. medical College Srinagar were divided randomly into four groups of 15 animals each. Animals of the first three groups were given fluorinated water in various concentrations to drink and fourth group served as the control group getting plain tap water to drink.

Back Ground and Objectives: The most recent genetic research have identified key genes that may be promoting the formation of tumors of the oral cavity and larynx, regardless of external factors such as smoking and HPV. The aim of this paper is to verify whether the importance of the genetic factor is very dependent on the parameters affecting the oral defenses drop, mostly on mucins.

Background- As an anesthetic adjuvant, nalbuphine and dexmedetomidine have been shown to provide good perioperative hemodynamic stability with decrease in the intraoperative inhalational agents requirement and also provides adequate postoperative analgesia. Methods- 60 adult patients of ASA grade I and II were randomly divided into 2 groups of 30 each. Group A received Inj. Nalbuphine 0.3mg/kg i.v.and Group B received Inj. Dexmedetomidine 1 mcg/kg i.v. over 10 minutes, given prior to induction. All patients were observed for baseline pulse rate, SBP and DBP.

Introduction: The purpose of the study was to evaluate and compare the fracture resistance of everX posterior (Fibre Reinforced Composite, GC), SDR(Bulk Fill Flowable composite, DENTSPLY), Tetric® N-Ceram Bulk Fill (Ivoclar Vivadent) and Filtek™ Z350 XT (3M ESPE) on maxillary first premolars with class II Mesio- Occluso-Distal(MOD)cavities using an instron machine and to evaluate the mode of failure /fracture using stereomicroscope at 10x after staining.

Introduction: Lipomas are the most common benign soft tissue tumors and appear in any part of the body. They typically consist of mature adipose tissue. Osteolipoma is an extremely rare histologic variant of lipoma that contains mature lamellar bone within the tumor and osteolipoma independent of bone tissue are very rare. We report a case of histologically confirmed osteolipoma independent of bone located in the leg. Case presentation: A 30-year-old female presented with a progressively enlarging, painless mass which approximately 5 cm × 8 cm over the posteromedial aspect of her left leg.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of study is to determine the frequency and prescribing pattern of antihypertensive drugs in Out Patient Department of a tertiary care hospital and to identify whether the pattern of prescribing is appropriate in accordance with national and international guidelines for pharmacotherapy of hypertension. Methods: This is a prescription-based survey; the prescriptions were collected randomly from OPDs of SGM Hospital in form of Xerox copy after taking the consent, the total 3587 prescriptions were analyzed.

Sickle Cell Anaemia is a genetic blood disorder caused by abnormal hemoglobin that damages and deforms red blood cells. The abnormal red cells break down, causing anemia, and obstruct blood vessels, leading to recurrent episodes of sever pain and multiorgan ischemic damage. The Indian System of Medicine Ayurveda has valuable information about herbs and mineral for human uses. T-AYU-HM™ is an extract of eight Indian origin herbal plants and three purified minerals.

Free floating thrombus in the right heart is a medical emergency and is referred to as ‘Thrombus in transit’. The condition is underdiagnosed and transthoracic echocardiography is a good diagnostic tool to detect it. In our patient who had free floating thrombus in right heart with pulmonary embolism was treated with thrombolysis and made a good recovery.

Ageing is associated with an increasing prevalence of hypertension, atherosclerotic vascular diseases, reduced insulin sensitivity and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). It has been suggested that hyperinsulinaemia/insulin resistance and/or hyperglycaemia could play a role in determining and/or exacerbating the hypertension and vascular disease associated with diabetes mellitus and ageing. The effect of aging on blood glucose showed that high significant increase on blood glucose with increasing aging.

The present work was conducted at the diabetic and hypertention patients that have thyroid disorder. Fifty- diabetic and hypertention patients that have thyroid disorder from three hospitals in Hail, KSA were consecutively selected. Diabetic patients have a higher prevalence of thyroid disorders than the general population, this may influence diabetic management. In this study, we investigated thyroid hormone levels in diabetic and hypertention patients. The subjects in all groups were above 60 years of age.

The intake of dates being the most important source in hail populations. These dates have been studied their effects on human health in this area. The dates have been used by humans for thousands of years. Although several adverse health effects of dates have been known for a long time. A strong relationship between intake of dates and its effect on blood elements, glucose and lipid in population of hail, kSA has been identified in this study. The effect of dates on blood glucose showed that no significant increase on blood glucose.

We compared a minimally invasive surgical technique to the conventional (open approach) surgical technique used in fixation of hip fractures with the dynamic hip screw (dhs) device. We tested following outcome measures: duration of surgery, mean difference of pre- and postoperative haemoglobin levels, post operative vas score and bony union . The minimally invasive dhs technique had significantly shorter duration of surgery and length of hospital stay. There was also less blood loss in the minimally invasive dhs technique.

Background: Acute glycometabolic derangement in non-diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been reported with discrepant prognostic results. The aim of the present study was to assess the prognostic impact of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, reflecting long-term glycometabolic disturbance, in a population of patients without known diabetes mellitus. Methods: We examined 300 consecutive prospective patients diagnosed with AMI and unknown diabetes mellitus.

Introduction: Anchorage has been the most important factor of consideration which determines the treatment success and result of orthodontic treatment. Preserving anchorage during retraction has been a challenge for orthodontist with conventional mechanics. Objective: The study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of orthodontic mini-implants in providing anchorage for the closure of premolar extraction. To evaluate the success rate, positional stability, clinical effectiveness of mini-implants and patient experiences with the implants with the help of a questionnaire.

Background and Aims: A high number of patients with periodontitis may have undiagnosed diabetes. It is possible that gingival crevicular blood from routine periodontal probing may be a source of blood for glucose measurements. The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether the blood oozing from the gingival crevice during routine examination could be used for determining glucose levels. Materials and Methods: 100 patients with periodontitis and positive bleeding on probing were chosen. Blood samples of two sites were analyzed using a glucose self-monitoring device.

Common bile duct injury is rare and chalanging in blunt trauma. It occurs only in 0.5% cases under going laparotomy for acute trauma. We present a case of blunt abdominal trauma of common biliary duct injury with portal vain avulsion. We discuss its review, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of this case. Now in the age of advancement in radiology as well as other diagnostic tool it will be managed.

The practices of breastfeeding and weaning prevailing in the community plays an important role in determining the health of a child. The present study was conducted to assess the knowledge on weaning practices amongst the women in reproductive age working in Assam down town University, Assam, India, irrespective of their qualifications, income levels and the marital status. The total 75 respondents comprised of teachers (39), support staff (14) and cleaners (22). They were randomly selected and interviewed using pre-structured questionnaire.

This research aimed to investigate the measurement of the Inventory of Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood (IDEA). The IDEA consisted of 28 items that were used to assess five experiences of emerging adulthood (Identity Exploration, Negativity/Instability, Feeling “In-Between”, Experimentation/Possibilities, Self-Focus). Statistical technique using Exploratory Factor Analyses (EFA) was conducted by using the IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 21.0, followed by Confirmatory Factor Analyses (CFA) via Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) to confirm the measurement model.

Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is a ubiquitous Gram-positive, rod-shaped and sporulating bacterium that has been isolated worldwide from a great diversity of ecosystems including soil, water, dead insects, dust from silos. It makes proteins that are toxic to immature insects (larvae). In current study Bt was isolated from different agricultural and non-agricultural soils for different locations in Gaza strip. The effect of different parameters on biomass yield production such as pH, temperature and incubation time discuss.

Background: ‘Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder,’ a type of anxiety disorder is a potentially disabling condition that can persist through out a person’s life and causes variable degree of distress to patients. Objective: To assess gender difference in symptomatology of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Setting and Design: Cross-sectional at department of psychiatry in tertiary heath care center.

There is an increasing fixed prosthetic and esthetic demand for full arch oral rehabilitation and it requires precise treatment planning. Replacement of teeth should overcome the patient’s functions like mastication, phonetics and esthetics. Earlier conventional dentures were considered better option to replace multiple missing teeth in an arch till full arch implant supported fixed rehabilitation became popular in dentistry for better patient acceptance and esthetics.

Objective: To assess the uterine size in relation to the parity and caesarean section delivery as revealed by transabdominal ultrasound. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study in which 50 women with vaginal delivery and caesarean section deliveries were examined by transabdominal sonography. The uterus was assessed by measuring the length, anteroposterior and transverse diameter of the uterus. Morphologic findings were recorded. The effect of the parity, number of caesarean sections on the uterine size were evaluated. The gynaecological symptoms were also recorded.

Case report: We report a rare case of dilated cardiomyopathy in an 18-year-old girl who was later diagnosed to have Takayasu arteritis using doppler and computed tomography and subsequently treated by immunosuppressant therapy with prednisolone and methotrexate. Discussion: Takayasu arteritis is a large vessel vasculitis in which the inflammatory process involves aorta and major branches. The cause is largely unknown. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is, however, reported to be seen in only 5-6% of cases of Takayasu arteritis (Jameson et al., 2012).

Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder and is one of the most leading cause for maternal and fetal mortality in developing countries. Objective: To evaluate the levels of free fatty acid and lipid-peroxidation levels in pre-eclampsia. Methods: This study was carried out in 100 patients with pre-eclampsia and 100 healthy pregnant women (control group) during the third trimester of pregnancy. The serum free fatty acid was determined by Estimation of serum free fatty acids by NEFA C diagnostic kit (wako pure chemicals. Richmond VA). Lipid-peroxidation was determined by utley’s method.

A total of 384 swab samples were taken from beef, knives, wooden boards, weighing scales, shop floor as well as workers hands to assess the microbial quality of raw beef and its environmental equipment as well as the concentration of heavy metals in cattle hides available at retail outlets in the Tarkwa Municipality. Averagely 2.55±0.27 (log10 cfu/cm²), 2.06±0.22 (log10 cfu/cm²), and 1.57±0.17 (log10 cfu/cm²) of total viable count (TVC), total coliform count (TCC) and total Staphylococcal Counts (TSC) were recorded respectively samples from the retail outlets.

Cheiloscopy is the forensic investigation technique that deals with identification of humans based on lip traces. Lip prints are the normal lines and furrows in the form of wrinkles and grooves present in the zone of transition of the human lip between the inner labial mucosa and outer skin, the study of which is known as Cheiloscopy. In the forensic investigation mouth has immense potential for the evidences. Lip prints and palatal rugae are unique to an individual.

Rheum spiciforme (polygonaceae) is one of most known medicinal plant and is found on high altitudes of Gurez valley (3000m to 5000m). It is of high demand due to its medicinal value and has become endangered due over exploitation. Rheum spiciforme being a medicinal plant of immense importance with large pharmacological applications and it has been used as an ingredient of many herbal formulations, which are used for the cure of various ailments, in particular the regulation of blood pressure, fatty liver, hepatitis, fever and cancer.

Ecological bioindicators are a species or group of species whose ecological attributes (e.g. presence/absence, abundance, etc) readily reflect the abiotic or biotic state of an ecosystem. Although the interest in using of bioindicators as a simple and cost-effective tool in ecological monitoring has been increasing worldwide, their inappropriate selection and application have put under question their utility as a conservation tool.

Cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) is continuously being exposed to frequent fluctuations in weather conditions during its crop cycle. Plants in general, adapt to these varying weather conditions by adopting different methods with morpho- physiological traits and with secondary metabolites. Biochemical constituents of cocoa leaves of different genotypes were studied in relation to two watering regimes represented by normal irrigation (100% of field capacity) and hydric deficit stress (20% of field capacity) conditions.

The fish acid silage is an age old organic matter preservation technique, elaborated starting from whole fish or their parts, to which acids are added. The objective of this research was to produce and characterize acid silage from tilapia filleting residues elaborated with organic acids during 28 days of storage. For such, three acid silage types were elaborated from residues of tilapia filleting using 5% v/p of formic, acetic and propionic organic acids. The moisture and ethereal extract variables increased in relation to the initial ensilage time.

An experiment was conducted during 2014-15 at Hiriyur, Chitradurga district to study the response of various plant growth regulators at different concentrations namely, NAA (40, 50, 60 ppm) and GA3 (40, 50, 60 ppm) on fruit set and yield of pomegranate cv. Bhagwa. The results indicated that NAA 40 ppm was found effective in increasing number of fruits per tree (62.44), fruit length (8.66 cm), fruit diameter (8.71 cm), fruit weight (262.23 g), fruit volume (255.44 ml), TSS (16.76˚B), total sugars (15.58 %), reducing sugars (13.83 %), non-reducing sugars(1.75 %) against control.

Soil carbon sequestration is the process of storing carbon underground to curb the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Although the earth naturally stores carbon in forest, oceans, and soil, these carbon sinks are unable to excessive and increasing amount of carbon dioxide humans continue to emit. As a result, researchers have begun to explore ways of enhancing the absorption of natural carbon sinks, as well as ways to artificially store carbon dioxide underground.

The hyalohyphomycosis are a group of diseases caused by filamentous fungi that are present in tissues as hyaline septate hyphae. Paecilomyces species cause various infections which are refered to as paecilomycosis. Here we report 2 cases of systemic mycosis in which Paecilomyces variotii was isolated from peripheral blood sample of 38 year old male and 42 year old female. Patient was diagnosed as infected hepatitis and post operative case of arm amputation and diabetic. The direct microscopic observation of the blood sample revealed many thin septate, branched mycelium.

Unscientific use of chemicals in agriculture leads to several health hazards and environmental problems. To protect our crops and the environment we have to follow sustainable and eco-friendly agriculture, which minimizes the use of harmful and energy intensive inputs and adopts use of organic manures and bio fertilizers. Among the several methods of eco friendly agriculture, liquid nutrition occupies an important position.

India has witnessed an unprecedented growth of wireless technology. This has lead to people living in close proximity to mobile phone base stations in densely populated metros. The aim of the study was to resort to a questionnaire-based survey of people (n=200) living around base stations in an urban and a rural locality in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.

Banana is one of the widely used fruit though out the world and it is grown almost in all seasons and places, so in the present study fungal species were isolated from banana fields and banana plantation dumping yards for cellulase which can be used for the bioconversion of banana plantation waste generated after the recovery of fruits.

The current investigation was carried out to study the preliminary phytochemical screening, GC-MS and In vitro cytotoxicity assay of leaf extract of Averrhoa carambola. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of active plant metabolites like alkaloids, glycosides, phenol, tannins, flavonoids, protein and diterpenes. It was further continued to identify 10 different compounds of medicinal use in the Averrhoa carambola by GC-MS analysis. The study also investigated about the Invitro cytotoxic nature of Averrhoa carambola leaves in breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) using MTT assay.

Studies were conducted to determine the occurrence and abundance of Blue-Greens in relation to physico-chemical characteristics of Konandur pond in Thirthahalli taluk, Karnataka. A total of 14 species of Blue-Greens belonging to 10 genera were recorded of which Gleocapsa consists of 3 species followed by Nostoc and Oscillatoria with 2 species. The physico-chemical parameters were analyzed as per standard methods. The study revealed that, pond water was not much polluted.

The present study was concerned with haematological estimation of infected goat with ticks were done in Mhow region (M.P.). Haematological values were altered in infected goats as compare to control goats. The present study was conducted in three seasons rainy summer and winter. Total 30 goats were included for present study. In all three season RBC, Hb, Neutrophiles, basophiles, Lymphocytes, Platelets, PCV, MCV and MCH value was decreased as compared to control value at 0, 7 and 21 days.

A study on indoor and outdoor air microbiological contamination in various rooms of public places such as RTC Complex, Government School and College building (Government degree college for women) in Visakhapatnam city, India. Investigations were conducted in the period 2014-2015. Air samples were taken twice a day, in the morning and in the afternoon. In all of the tested places a multiple growth of bacteria and significant increase of mould spores were observed in afternoons.

Cultivation of spring grain crops in the Non-Chernozem Area of the Russian Federation is based on flat plowing. Moreover, flat plowing on sod-podzol drainage soils is done to the whole topsoil depth. However, ridged plowing (in the system of autumn plowing) provides a shorter time and higher quality of fieldwork, faster and more even spring soil drying up to its tilth, creates favorable conditions for biological events therein.

An experiment was conducted at the farm of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207 during the Aman season from July to December, 2013 to find out the influence of foliar application of urea along with magic growth spray on the growth parameters of Aman rice. The one factorial experiment was laid out in a RCBD design with three replications.

Post Methanated Distillery effluent (PMDE) contains all nutrients and organic matter and used in agriculture as a source of plant nutrients and irrigation water. The effect of different levels of PMDE application on carbon and nitrogen dynamics was examined through a laboratory incubation experiment. Application of different levels of PMDE had significant influence on soil organic carbon and nitrogen in soil. Both the NH4-N and NO3-N fractions markedly increased with increase in the levels of PMDE up to 40m3/ha.

The study examined the choice of students and teachers in regard to the use of teaching styles for effective teaching environmental health courses. This study investigated the relationship between the independent variables of students’ and teachers’ perceptions and the choice requirements necessary for the validation and development of dependent variables of the teaching method of environmental health. The descriptive survey design was adopted for the study.

Food security is a major global concern. It has insidious effects on the health and development of young children and consequently, adults. The paper assesses the food security status and its key determinants for the rural households of the high rainfall zone (HRZ) of Murang’a, semi–arid lands (SALs) of Kitui and arid lands (ALs) of Isiolo in Kenya. A three stage sampling technique was used for respondents (384) selection. Data collected were: demographics, livelihood strategies, food security and livelihood assets.

The present study has been carried out to assess the attitudinal response of the residents of Jammu city towards Traffic noise. The study area was divided into three sites: Site I (Crossings on the main highway), Site II (Crossings on the main roads connecting the highway) and Site III (Crossings with light vehicular traffic). A total of 300 respondents (150 males and 150 females) at each site were interviewed using questionnaire. The compilation of survey data of 900 respondents of study area revealed that all the respondents ranked Traffic noise as major source of noise in Jammu city.

Bilateral Pulmonary agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly of lungs with a definite embryological basis and diverse Clinical presentations ranging from asymptomatic cases to very severe disease incompatible with extra uterine life. Depending upon the developmental stage of lungs at which the insult occurs, the pulmonary agenesis is classified as bilateral complete, unilateral and lobar agenesis. Diagnosis of this anomaly is possible during early intrauterine life but it may remain silent to be detected at Autopsy.

A naturally occurring hemagglutinin molecule detected in the hemolymph of black clam Villoritta cyprinoides was able to agglutinated various mammalian erythrocytes. Reduction of activity was obtained when the animals were treated with Cd and Pb. As the hemocyte play a vital role in the innate immunity, this findings strongly confirmed that the heavy metals such as Cd and Pb affects the immune function of V. cyprinoides.

Strawberry plants of Venicia variety severely affected by collapse which has leads to their total drying were brought by a farmer in the laboratory in spring 2011 from Dlalha village (Gharb-Loukkos, Northwestern Morocco). The ignorance of the causes of this decline required a mycological laboratory analysis based on the identification of fungi colonizing samples and calculating the infection percentages for different vegetative organs.

The effect of foliar fertilizing on the yield and the chemical composition of kernels from texas almond cultivar in Valandovo region in the period from 2012 to 2013 was determined. The experiment was set in four variants and three repetitions. The variants were: Control (untreated); NPK+Ever green со Me (55% organic matter, 2% w/w Mg, 2% w/w Fe, 2% w/w Zn, 2% w/w Mn, 0.5 % w/w Cu, 0.5% w/w B); NPK+Biolinfa (34% organic matter 3% N, 5.80% K2O) and NPK+Oligomix (1.20% B, 0.10% Cu, 4% Fe, 1.50% Mn, 0.10% Mo, 2% Zn). The distance of fruit planting was 4.5 m row by row and 3.5 m in the rows.

Vegetable compost was prepared using vegetable wastes. Later, the prepared compost was used to grow plants such as tomato, french beans and lady’s finger and the germination and growth studies were carried out. French beans showed a higher germination percentage of 80%. Tomato and lady’s finger showed a germination percentage of 70% and 50% respectively. The growth parameters namely shoot length, root length and leaf diameter was studied after 15 days and 25 days of growth of the plants. The study showed a higher growth rate in vegetable compost treated plants than control plants.

The present work monitors the growth parameter and cocoon production in Bombyx mori fed on V1 mulberry leaves fortified with the putative probiotic bacterial, Lactobacillus casei. The growth of (length and weight) the bacteria supplemented silkworms of the all instars (II-V) increased significantly over the control animals. The maximum body length (55mm) observed was in the probiotic supplemented worms of the IV instar, while the control worms at IV instar could attain only 46mm.

The goal of this article is to show that the attention is not only one question of capacity or aptitude, but that it supposes the development, at the pupil, of active mental strategies. Methodology will use pupils of the different levels (5th, 4th and 3rd). We are given to measure the attention of the pupils to the course at the time of their oral participation, of the investment, the concentration and the cognitive motivation. The results show that the attention would be a competence which is worked, develops and which about is not only given intangible.

The blue-green algal flora of Government Arts College campus was studied. In the study, different blue-green algal forms were observed and they were identified. The present work is just an initiative to identify the different blue-green algal forms present in the ponds. These forms could be further isolated and cultured for use as biofertilizer.

A field experiment was conducted during the rainy (kharif) season of 2012, to study the performance of different paddy varieties in Narainpur area of Chhattisgargh. Six different paddy varieties were evaluated viz., Bamleshwari, M.T.U. 1010, H.M.T., Pusa Basmati, Dubraj and M.T.U. 1001 for growth and yield parameters. All varieties performed good under Narainpur condition. Among different varieties MTU 1010 recorded highest plant height (138.1 cm), no. of tillers per plant (13.8), maximum panicle length (27.3 cm), no.

This work aims at analyzing the knowledge to be taught related to the energy concept in le manual entitled Physique (Collection AREX, Les classiques africains). The didactical and epistemological analyses of the concerned chapters made on the basis of the whole grid of teaching taking into account all the teaching aspects of the concept has proven that the aids used in the manual and taught of the students are not only less significant and less representative but also they might be the sources of learning difficulties.

Indian gooseberry or Aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.) is richest source of Vitmain C in dry land groups of India. These aonla is propagated by seed but because of its hard seed coat and dormancy period it is difficult to germinate all seeds. Hence the research is carried out to standardize proper plant growth regulators for seed treatments to study out plant growth characters like seedling height, diameter of stem, and number of leaves.

The study was conducted to compare the effects of different bag opening methods on the growth, yield, and nutritional composition of oyster mushrooms Pleurotus ostreatus (PO) and Pleurotus cystidiosus (PC). Bag opening methods were used including (1) removing ring and cotton plug, (2) opening at the top and bottom of culture bags, (3) opening some site around culture bags, (4) de-plastic culture bag. The culture bag after taking of cotton plug (no removing ring) was used as control.

Freshwater molluscs have great environmental significance but seem to receive less attention of biologists in the North-eastern region of India. The diversity and distribution pattern of freshwater mollusc population in Maguri ‘beel’ (Assamese: Lake) of upper Brahmaputra basin in Assam, India was assessed for two consecutive years (2014–15). A total of 26 species belonging to nine families were recorded. The families Viviparidae followed by Thiaridae and Unionidae were found to be the dominant families whereas representatives of the families Pleuroceridae and Ampullariidae were rare.

Response surface methodology (RSM) is a powerful and efficient mathematical approach widely applied in the optimization of process parameters. Box-Behnken design was applied to elucidate the process parameters that significantly affect cellulase production. The experiment established the optimum conditions of incubation time (5.5 days), temperature (32.50C), pH (5.5), spore suspension (1.75ml) for solid state fermentation that led to the maximum production of cellulase at a level of 86.34 IU/gds.

The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of physostigmine (a carbamate pesticide) on the electrophoretic patterns of esterase activity in parotoid gland secretion and its extract of common Indian toad Bufo melanostictus (Schneider). The patterns of the esterases were examined on 7.5% of polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) stained with α- napthyl acetate.

The study aims to investigate the removal of heavy metals, such as lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) from contaminated soils using Jatropha curcas and Vetiveria zizanioides plant species. Soil samplings from the 0-20 cm depth were taken from two agricultural plots (Attécoubé and Cocody) in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. The two plants species were planted in pots (25x25cm) containing 10 kg of soils. Samples were removed from pots for analysis, following 3, 6 and 9 months of growth.

Various changes in the Himalayan Forests are appearing in their structure, density, composition and regeneration due to biotic pressure on them namely; uncontrolled lopping and felling of trees for fuel wood, fodder and grazing these biotic pressures play an important role in forest community dynamics and regulate the regeneration ability of a species. The study area is located between 29º22´ and 29º23´ N latitude and 79º 26´ and 79º 28´E longitude between 1800-2300 m elevations in Uttrakhand Himalaya.

Curcuma caesia, a member of Zingiberaceae family, is a unique perennial aromatic plants distributed in South and Southeast Asia. The most important components of turmeric are curcuminoids which chemically related to its principal ingredient of curcumin. The detailed studies using curcumin include antioxidative, anti inflammatory, anti carcinogenic, anti viral and anti infectious activities, wound healing and detoxifying properties. Plant tissue culture is an appropriate tool for conserving the rare and endangered Curcuma spp.

Physiological and biochemical changes occurring in seed during ageing are the significant parameters for reviewing the quality of seed. The rate at which the process of ageing takes place depends on the ability of the seed to resist the deteriorative changes and to act with their protective mechanism. The present study was conducted to judge the efficacy of eco-friendly non-toxic dry dressing and wet treatment on the germinability and membrane integrity of stored freshly harvested field pea (cv. Rachna) seeds.

The baru has a sexual propagation with a low germination index. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate dormancy breaking methods on baru seeds in order to get information to improve the baru seeds germination, even after the pericarp extraction.

Response of quality protein maize hybrid (HQPM-1) to various N and P levels was studied at College Farm, College of Agriculture, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad during kharif 2012. Trail with four nitrogen levels (0, 120, 180 and 240 kg N ha-1), four phosphorus levels (0, 60, 80 and 100 kg P2O5 ha-1) was laid out in randomized block design in three replications with a plot size of 6m × 5m at spacing of 60 × 20 cm. Results showed that each incremental effect of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers significantly increased the yield (grain and stover) of HQPM-1 over control.

Kuvempu University Campus exactly located in the part of buffer zone of Bhadra wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka. Fourty five species of wild grasses belongs to 32 genera and nine tribes were documented in the present study. Tribe Andropogoneae, consisted of 17 species of 11 genera, followed by Paniceae 12 species of 10 genera and seven species of three genera. The genus Eragrostis has highest species (05), followed by Dichanthium and Ischaemum have three species each. Grasses are fast vanishing sensitive plants from their natural habitats.

Plastic is considered an individual gift of modern science and technology to mankind. Nowadays, plastics and synthetic polymers are mainly produced from petro chemical elements, which do not decompose, thus resulting in the environmental pollution. Bacterial plastic is usually defined as an exciting new area of research, where naturally synthesized bacterial polymer, such as the lipid storage material PHB is being used as raw materials for plastic based packaging materials.

Objective: The use of whole body 18F-FDG investigation is now rapidly growing. Unlike in radiology, patients in Nuclear medicine are a source of radiation themselves, since F-18 in 18F-FDG is a Positron emitter. The aim of this study is to measure the amount of radiation dose received by nuclear medicine physicians and staff during injection Methods: As per clinical protocol, the patients are supposed to have minimum period of 4 hours prior to the study. Whole body 18F-FDG PET/CT scans were performed in 35 patients for various indications.

India is to sustain 16 per cent of the world’s population on 2.4 percent of the global land area. It has to feed its burgeoning population using 3 percent and 5 percent of global farm land and water resources. Hence, its dependence on aquatic resources for production of additional food is obvious and shall become more and more obligatory. Fisheries are playing a key role in the changing profile of Indian economic growth. Presently, the fish cultivation is under grasp of many problems.

An investigation was carried out for popularization of organic turmeric cultivation through frontline demonstrations in Koraput district of Odisha in India during 2013-14 under National Horticulture Mission. An average yield of 124.8 q / ha was obtained under organic cultivation of turmeric in contrast to average yield of 142.8 q / ha from inorganic plots (farmers practice) during Kharif’2013. The average cost of production of turmeric per hectare was found to be Rs. 191560 and Rs. 179600 from organic and inorganic field respectively.

Water samples were collected from the six stations of Manakudy estuary. During the present investigation of bacterial species presented in the water samples of estuary were Zobellia russellii, Pseudomonas tolaasii, Staphylococcus sp., Helicobacter sp., Escherichia sp., Paracoccus sp., Proteus sp., Maraxella sp, Halmonas sp., Aquasalimonas sp., Neisseria sp. and Marinobacter sp.

Seasonal variation of nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium of the sediment were studied in six stations. The study was conducted at monthly once during the morning time interval from May 2011 to April 2012. The pH (8.71) of the soil remains alkaline in nature throughout the study period. Nitrogen (82.67mg100g) in station 4, phosphorus 21.08 (mg/100g) in station 6 and potassium in station 4 21.08 (mg/100g). Sediment nutrients brings numerous pollutants and play an important role in the remobilization of contaminations in aquatic system between water and sediments.

In the work are considering promising areas of systems design electronic products. A wide range of different research directions in this area are combined into meaningful channel modeling electronic devices and the monolithic integrated circuits. Integration of mathematical physics, electrodynamics, the theory of electrical circuits, systems engineering, integral equations and matrix theory allowed a systematic way to build physical and mathematical models of high-frequency, including nanotechnology electronics.

The kinetics of Ag+ catalysed oxidation of Acetamide by N-bromoparatoluensulphonamide (BAT) as a oxidant is used. In aquous medium the reaction was carried out. Results from the study shows reaction was found to be of first order with respect to BAT and Acetamide. The specific rate of the reaction increases with an increase in BAT concentration as well as amide concentration, The specific rate is not affected by the addition of allyl acetate, Sodium chloride, PTS and by changing pH. The reaction rate remains constant and at the end the rate of reaction found to be first order.

Air pollution is one of the most serious environmental problems in urban areas due to rapid development and starting of new industries. This salient hazard affects the human health and economy of the country. Mathematical models can be considered as one approach to identify the controlling measures of air pollution. These models consist of parameters which fluctuate with respect to external factors such as climate. Hence it is significant to recognize the dynamic behavior of air pollution model with respect to parameters.

Wireless mobile ad-hoc networks are characterized as networks without any physical connections. In these networks there is no fixed topology due to the mobility of nodes, interference, multipath propagation and path loss. Hence a dynamic routing protocol is needed for these networks to function properly. Many Routing protocols have been developed for accomplishing this task. The purpose of this paper is to study, understand, analyze and discuss mobile ad-hoc routing protocol DSR (Bouke, 2011) which is a on demand protocol. Considering the No.

This paper presents experimental and CFD investigations for the performance of a specially designed S-Shaped Helical Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (SHAWT). The study was carried out for single blade (two buckets)& double blades (four buckets) turbines with three different twist angles; namely (90, 120 & 180 degrees). The turbines were fabricated from wood with 0.6m diameter, 0.7mlength and 2cm thickness. Experiments were performed using 0.64m2 wind tunnel cross section area at a constant wind speed of 8.5 m/sec.

This document deals with the concept of a wireless charging and power transmission for the portable devices. The proposed concept is based on the wireless power transmission by means of microwave radiations using the “Rectenna”.

The present study was aimed at investigating the adsorption behaviour of Cd(II) ions onto Fire Clay+TiO2 Nanocomposite (NC) and Fire Clay (FC). The effects of several parameters such as adsorbent dose, contact time, initial concentration, pH & temperature had been studied. The adsorption followed pseudo second order, Elovich and intra particle diffusion models. The adsorption of Cd (II) was found to be maximum in the pH range 6.5-10. The data on the adsorption on both clay and nanocomposite fitted well with Langmuir, Freundlich, D-R isotherms and fairly well with Temkin model.

In this paper we have estimate bounds of the number of level crossings of the random algebraic polynomials where are dependent random variables assuming real values only and following the normal distribution with mean zero and joint density function . There exists an integer n0 and a set E of measure at most such that, for each n>n0 and all not belonging to E, the equations (1.1) satisfying the condition (1.2), have at most roots where α and A are constants.

The asymptotic estimates of the expected number of real zeros of the polynomial where gj(j=1,2,…..n) is a sequence of independent normally distributed random variables is such a number. To achieve the result we first present a general formula for the covariance of the number of real zeros of any normal process, e(t), occurring in any two disjoint intervals. A formula for the variance of the number of real zeros of e(t) follows from this result.

Recent technological advancements have led to a flood of data from various domains over the past few decades. Big Data incorporates large volume of structured, semi-structured, and unstructured data, which is beyond the processing capabilities of traditional databases. In addition to its huge volume, Big Data is commonly unstructured and requires more real-time analysis. On the other hand, the processing and analysis of Big Data plays a central role in decision making, forecasting, business analysis, product development, customer experience, and loyalty.

In the present paper an experimental research was carried out on a laboratory two cylinder, four-stroke, direct injection diesel engine, designed mainly to run on diesel fuel and converted with minor modifications to run on CNG-Diesel dual fuel mode. The aim is to analyze the emission characteristics of pure diesel first and then CNG-Diesel dual fuel mode. The measurements were recorded at CNG substitution rates of 10%, 20% and 30% and varying the load from 1.5 to rated load of 9kW in steps of 1.5.

This paper is concerned with a mathematical solution to the 8 × 8 Lights Out Problem, a modification of an originally 5 × 5 electronic one-person puzzle game played on a rectangular lattice of lamps which can be turned on and off. A move consists of flipping a "switch" inside one of the squares, thereby toggling the on/off state of this and all four vertically and horizontally adjacent squares. Starting from a randomly chosen light pattern, the aim is to turn all the lamps off.

Extruded longitudinal double-skinned aluminium body plates with integrated stiffeners are recently used for manufacturing in automobile industry like front rails and railway carriages. Theses extrusions provide light and heavy rigid structures. However, since it is not feasible to produce large parts by extrusion, these plates need to be connected, mostly by welding techniques. The crashworthiness performance of laser welded columns is evaluated using finite element (FE) analysis.

A series of 6,8-dibromoflavones were synthesized by the Mannich base condensation reaction of arylaldehyde with a new compound 1,3-bis(3,5-dibromo-4-alkoxy-2-hydroxyphenyl)-but-3-en-1-one obtained during the reaction of bromine with 4-alkoxy-5-bromo-2-hydroxyacetophenone. All the synthesized 6,8-dibromoflavones were screened for antioxidant and anticancer activities. Among the eight compounds, 6b possess highest antioxidant activity and compound 6b, 6c, 6d possesses anticancer activity.

The solution of the Boltzmann Transport equation for thermal conductivity is very difficult. In a large number of books the method given is very tedious. So Now , We have calculated a simple solution of the Boltzmann Transport equation for thermal conductivity assuming relaxation time is independent of temperature.

Load balancing is the mechanism of distributing workload among multiple, servers or other large scale infrastructure. This mechanism mainly depends on large scale hardware-based and network-based infrastructure. Load Balancing is a concept differs from classical cloud processing and classical functioning of load balancing which includes implementation of multiple cloud servers to perform this mechanism. This concept can be used for large scale as an economy efficient as unique load balancing technique.

In this paper, we describe a representation for spatial information, called the stochastic map, and associated procedures for building it, reading information from it, and revising it incrementally as new information is obtained. The map contains the estimates of relationships among objects in the map, and their uncertainties, given all the available information. The procedures provide a general solution to the problem of estimating uncertain relative spatial relationships and trajectory description.

Decomposition and Reconstruction Method provide directional information in decomposition levels and contain unique information at different resolution. The idea behind the concept of image fusion is to improve the image content by fusing two images like MRI and CT images to provide useful and precise information for doctor for their clinical treatment in one image. Discrete Ripplet Transform is a higher directionality and localization of the transform such edges. Discrete Wavelet Transform suffer from discontinuity of the image.

In present scenario, due to the anthropogenic activities, environmental degradation increase in an alarming rate. In order to achieve acceptable level of environmental sustainability, the citizens must be empowered with essential knowledge. Educational institutions are the places where contact of the society is more. Therefore it is necessary to study environmental awareness level among the student community. Present study attempts to know the awareness level against environmental pollution among the secondary students. Data were collected using questionnaire randomly from 997 students.

This Car-To-Car Communication is a vital information module for driving comfort and safety. It changes the role of automobiles from mere objects used for transportation to smart vehicles capable to talk to each other through wireless communication. The goal is to develop new functionalities for cars and trucks offering driver information system (DIS). Necessary interaction between the driver and automated systems shall be enabled by advanced sensors, cooperative vehicle technologies and adaptive strategies.

The performance and emission characteristic tests have been carried out on a single cylinder direct injection diesel engine running under constant speed and variable loads. In the first part, the engine tests have been conducted with used cooking oil methyl ester (B100) and their blends with conventional diesel oil in the proportions of 20:80 (B20), 40:60 (B40), 60:40 (B60), and 80:20 (B80).

Cell phones have been widely used since their invention in the early 21st century as they have provided lot of comforts and ease for its users across the globe. However, for the past few years, these tiny devices are used by criminal organizations to carry out certain heinous criminal activities. For this purpose, a new discipline named as Digital Forensics was initiated in various institutes not only in Pakistan but also worldwide.

The kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the largest developing counties at the current time. Currently, a huge public construction work is running in the kingdom. It was observed that many of public construction projects are exposed to extensive delays especially in public universities construction projects.

Zinc oxide and manganese added zinc oxide nanoparticles were synthesized by wet chemical technique. Highly stable pure and 0.5 weight percentage manganese doped Zinc Oxide nanoparticles have been prepared at room temperature. Characterization was carried out by FTIR, XRD, SEM, EDX and UV visible studies. The chemical composition of the products was characterized by FTIR spectroscopy. The detailed structural properties were examined using X-ray diffraction pattern which revealed that the synthesized nanoparticles are well crystalline and possessing wurtzite hexagonal phase.

Radio Resource Management refers to a group of mechanisms that are collectively responsible for efficiently utilizing a Radio Access Technology to provide services with an acceptable level of QoS. RRM mechanisms contains Power Control, Handover Control, Packet Scheduling or Congestion Control, and Admission Control. Radio Resource Management new strategies are implemented independently in each RAT. RRM strategies is suitable for the heterogeneous network, because each RRM strategy only considers that situation of one particular RAT.

This paper proposes a new procedure for designing of Skip-lot Sampling Plan of type SkSP-R with Multiple Deferred Sampling Plan as reference plan indexed through acceptable and limiting quality levels. The proposed plan is economically more advantageous to make decision on the submitted lot and also inspection of product producing in continuous stream towards resampling techniques. The illustrations are provided for various combinations of parameters involved in SkSP-R with MDS (0,2) as reference plan.

In health or hospital facilities is of great concern. The facilities and amenities such as a bed patient infusion device either in the inpatient or outpatient in space. In this study, infusion devices is the focus of this research is the design of Infusion pole. The design of a portable infusion bag must follow the concept of ergonomics design tool. In using such a product, the user will always be looking for a more practical both in use and in storage, because these things will greatly ease the burden on the user to use it.

Cryogenics is defined as the study of the production and behavior of an object at extremely low temperatures below -150°C and -240°F. This paper is about cryonics and it is very important to understand the difference between Cryonics and Cryogenics. So, as mentioned above Cryogenics is related to the study of materials at very low temperatures. But on the other hand cryonics deals with the keeping of a human body at extremely low temperatures. The idea of cryonics was first proposed in 1962.

Double-perovskite materials of composition Sr2Mg1−xCoxCrO6−δ (SMCCO, x = 0 to 0.7) were evaluated as potential SOFC anode materials. Their lattice structures, electrical and ionic conductivity, and electrochemical performance were investigated to study the effect of Co content. SMCCO also showed good chemical compatibility at temperatures below 1000 °C. Both the electronic and ionic conductivity increased with increasing Co doping. To investigate the effect of Co doping on the conduction properties of SMCCO, we performed first-principle calculations.

The inhibition efficiency of Schiff base namely 2-[(2-Hydroxyphenyl)methylene] hydrazine carbothioamide, (ShB), on corrosion behavior of 304 stainless steel induced by sulfate reducing bacteria (SBR) in formation water was studied using weight loss measurements. The temperature effect on the corrosion behavior was studied at 30, 45, 65 ºC. Adsorption of ShB onto stainless steel surface was found to obey Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Schiff base- nano nickel nanocomposites were prepared with different weight ratio and used for coating the stainless steel surface.

This study aimed thermal evaluation (TG/DTG and DSC), mineral elements quantification by atomic absorption and caffeine content of native progenies of grass mate (Ilex paraguariensis St.), in order to complement the genetic evaluation of these progenies at field to allow the selection of more productive ones for sustainable exploitation of natural resources by the indigenous community. The thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DTG) corresponds to the mass thermal decomposition process, which began at 150°C and had a sharp peak in exothermic reaction of 450°C at the end of the process.

The research paper presented here is based on automatic fan speed controller that automatically adjusts the fan's speed according to ambient temperature of the surroundings. The temperature flow controlled fan is an automated fan, controlled by a temperature sensor, using fully hardware design. The heart of this project consists of the temperature sensor circuit which senses the change in the ambient temperature of the surroundings. As the signal sensed by the temperature sensor is very weak in amplitude and strength.

The present paper deals with the study of vacuum solution of Bianchi-type-I model in the metric version of theory of gravity. Using the special form of deceleration parameter, we find the solution of Einstein’s field equation. The function is also evaluated for the model and the physical properties of this model have been discussed.

For any (p ,q) graph G, the vertices and blocks of a graph are called its members. The line block graph Lb(G) of a graph G as the graph whose set of vertices is the union of the set of edges and blocks of G and in which two vertices are adjacent if and only if the corresponding edges of G are adjacent or the corresponding members are incident. The regular number of Lb(G) is the minimum number of subsets into which the edge set of Lb(G) should be partitioned so that the subgraph induced by each subset is regular and is denoted by r_Lb(G).

Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is an important atmospheric compound because of its link to ozone destruction in the stratosphere and its role as an ozone precursor in the troposphere. Availability of NO2 data over a period of one year (October 2013 – September 2014) has been utilized to assess the NO2 concentration levels over Karaikal, a rural coastal region along the south eastern coast of India. The diurnal and seasonal pattern of NO2 values over the study period has also been analyzed. The daytime and nighttime NO2 concentration pattern is found to follow the global pattern.

The methods of integral transforms are very efficient to solve and research differential and integral equations of mathematical physics. These methods consist in the integration of an equation with some weight function of two arguments that often results in the simplification of a given initial problem. The main condition for the application of an integral transform is the validity of the inversion theorem which allows one to find an unknown function knowing its image.

Removal of acetic acid from wastewater has been investigated using adsorbents based on Jordanian natural zeolite (JNZ-1, JNZ -2, JNZ -3 JNZ-4) or (JNZ1-4) .The effects of acetic acid concentration, adsorbents dosage, contact time, temperature, were studied in batch experiment. The removal is most effective with activated (Jordanian natural zeolite). A maximum removal of around 41.82 was achieved under the conditions of the experiments.

The analysis of growth is usually used in economic studies to find out the trend of a particular variable over a period of time and used for making policy decisions. The growth in the area, production and productivity of sorghum and bajra crops in middle Gujarat zone was estimated using different linear, nonlinear and time series (ARIMA) models. The compound growth rates, instability indices and shift in area during last five, five year plan periods also worked out in the study.

In this work the potential of zeolites for lead ions adsorption from industrial aqueous solutions was studied. This was done by using batch sorption experiments, where zeolites made in direct contact with the contaminant under study until equilibrium is attained. Effects of different parameters on the sorption process were examined, such as sorbent concentration, contact time and PH. Lead ions uptake increases with increasing the initial concentration of the zeolites. The equilibrium data were well represented by Freundlich isotherm model.

In today’s business organizations the running logs of a business process has information about its executed and generated activity in the information system. In many situations a workflow model of business processes is developed, and it becomes vital to know if such a model is actually being followed by analyzing the existing activity logs. The event logs keep record of information like who does what and when. The workflow mining is used for knowledge management and decision-making support.

Cloud Computing is a service that allows users to store data on offsite storage system managed by third-party and is accessible by a web service API. Data access control is an effective way to ensure the data security in the cloud. The Protection of data integrity and privacy has become one of the issue in cloud computing. The Private auditing technique is achieved by the emergence of the Regenerating code. Regenerating code provide lower bandwidth and fault tolerance. This method requires data owners to stay online and handle auditing.

Since the evolution of life women has been placed on extreme worship place due to her ability of ”Janani”. Thats why Acharya Manu has quoted that for the happiness of human society, proper care and respect is given to the women. The preparation of motherhood starts with puberty and ends with menopause. Raktapradar indicates the excessive and irregular P V bleeding during menses and intermenstrual period. Female reproductive system has a great importance and any diseases related to this system will seriously affect woman’s health & happiness and also proves to be of great discomfort.

Oral cancer is the sixth most common cancer globally and most reported cancer in India with fourteen deaths in an hour on a yearly basis. Oral cancers can be cured with early detection but the biggest hindrances are lack of awareness, cost of tests and the immense workload of the cyto-pathologist leading to delay and errors in the detection process. An effective, semi-automated system described in this paper has made an attempt towards mitigating the above mentioned issues by combining techniques like Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, image processing and neural networks.

This study investigated the practice of teaching vocabulary through communicative approach among Grade 9 English language teachers of nine secondary schools in Jimma Town and its surroundings. It also aimed at investigating teachers’ perception of CLT principles, instructional techniques and classroom activities. The major obstacles that affected the implementation of CLT during vocabulary instruction were also studied. To this effect, 617(10%) sample students and 51 English language teachers were chosen to fill out questionnaire.

In the competing interests of unwed mothers, putative father and the child regarding guardianship, the interests of the child is conclusive and gets primacy over the interests, since the parent's interest relates only to the legal obligation towards the child. The law as contained in Sec 7 of the Guardians and Wards Act to declare mother as the sole guardian of her child, subject to notice being given to putative father and mother's refusal to name the father resulted in the rejection of claim to guardianship.

Little research has been done to establish the level of success of Coca cola Company in recycling and reusing their glass bottles. This paper attempts to establish retail managers’ perception of the company’s self acclaimed success. Retail managers of supermarkets in the CBD of Nairobi, Kenya were considered for the study. Data was collected through questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive statistics and correlation analysis were used to analyze the data. The study found out the company attained relative success although.

Guided by Joyce Epstein’s model of parental involvement in academics, a case study of Nyangoma School for the hearing impaired in Bondo Sub County Kenya was undertaken to establish how parental participation contributed to improved academic performance of the hearing impaired learners. Informants interviews with 19 participants composed of parents of the hearing impaired were carried out. From the study, it was found that though faced by several challenges, parents of the hearing impaired do participate in their children’s education and this contributes to improved academic performance.

This research aims to study the behavior which reflects the creative leadership of elementary school principals. Comparing and analyzingcreative leadership behavior bygenders, work experiencesand levels of education. The survey methodology was applied. The population sample is primary school principals in KhonKaenPrimary Educational Service Area Office. The results showed that (1) the behavior of elementary school principals inKhonKaen Primary Educational Service Area Office reflects the creative leadership is in a high extent.

This article discuss the use of TRIZ theory and its adaptation to MTRIZ, which focuses on developing critical thinking abilities and problem solving . In addition, this article discuss the motives for designing MTRIZ designing, principles, tools, goals, target group, and the activities, and expected outcomes of MTRIZ.

Businesses are living in a world of stiff competition. To be successful in this competition, considering customer relationship is a requisite, and organizations need to investigate more on the determinants of relationship marketing. The objective of the research is to assess determinants of relationship marketing on overall relationship quality of Ethio telecom. To achieve this objective the researcher employed descriptive statistics. Study population for the study was customers who are living in Bahirdar city and customers who come to Bahirdar during the study period.

Humans coexist with extreme events all the time, only when the intensity of the event becomes greater than a certain level there is a resulting disaster. Small earthquakes occur all of the time with no adverse effects. Only large earthquakes cause disasters. Statistical analysis reveals that larger events occur less frequently than small events. In a year, we would have many values for the events; the annual maximum is the greatest of those values. Within an annual series, only the largest value per year is allowed, even if an additional significant peak occurred.

The research study explored that Rapid pace of growth is unquestionably necessary for substantial poverty reduction, but for this growth to be sustainable in the long run, it should be broad-based across sectors and CSR policy functions as a self-regulatory mechanism whereby a business monitors and ensures its active compliance with the spirit of the law, ethical standards and national or international norms objectives are to analyze the challenges and prospects of Inclusive growth of Indian economy and to Study the Corporate Social Responsibility of Domestic corporation in India.

The Philippines’ Local Government Code of 1991promulgatedtheSpecial Education Fund (SEF) for local government units(e.g. municipalities, cities, and provinces) to help public schools in their areas. This study explored and linked the local support, through SEF, and basic education performance in Lambayong, Sultan Kudarat, for the period, 2009 to 2013. As standard of the Department of Education, performance was measured through the indices of quality, access and efficiency.

Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries worldwide. As a result of the labour intensive nature of this industry, school children also provide essential services in this service industry. The purpose of this study was to get the stakeholders’ views on how tourism affects pupils’ academic performance at Mosi-oa-Tunya High School in Victoria Falls. A sample of thirty-four respondents was purposively selected from Mosi-oa-Tunya High School community.

The present investigation consist of vertical magnetic investigations in the Osmania University Campus (780 31ʹ 00ʺ E longitude to 780 32ʹ 26ʺ E longitude and 170 23ʹ 45ʺ N latitude to 170 25ʹ 42ʺ N latitude) is situated in an area of approximately 6.58 sq kilometers (1627.32 acres) in a granitic terrain. Taking 20m station interval along the traverses trending Six traverses (FF1, II1, NN1, OO1, QQ1, and RR1) were approximately in E-W direction and remaining three traverses (AA1, BB1, and CC1) were approximately in N-S direction were carried out for structural configuration of the region.

Postural discomfort is common in workers who work in Bank sector. A exploratory research design was used to assess the postural discomfort among bank workers. The aim of the study was to identify risk factors among bank employers causing postural discomfort. The sample size of the study was 120 and sample was collected through random sampling through interview schedule along with standardized scale. It was observed that the risk factors causing postural discomfort reported by government bank respondents was high in comparison to private bank respondents.

The study focuses on understanding generational differences in the workplace in Sudanese private sector. Specifically, the study attempts evaluation of the generational differences in the workforce and how manger can manage these differences. This is in addition to evaluation of the distinct characteristics of the employees from older workforce and digital generation in the private sector in Sudan. The study adopts qualitative approach for the data collection and analysis, primary data was collected by interviews.

The research study aimed at identifying the impact of remedial training on arithmetic ability, and self esteem of academic poor performers. For this purpose 100 high school students were selected from Bangalore district. An objective of this program is to investigate the effect of remedial training programme on academic poor performers so as to recommend possible actions to be carried out for improvement. The relevant information is collected by interviewing students, school teachers, parents, and from the school records.

In a country like India importance of agriculture is not likely to decline due to different aspects of food security and employment to rural poor. Emphasis of different five year plans is on self-sufficiency and self reliance in agricultural production and efforts have also resulted in sustainable increase in production and productivity. Measurement of sustainability has becoming a challenge for the corporations seeking to evaluate their efficiency and effectiveness. Different state corporations play important role in the development of agricultural sector.

The issue of villagization program in pastoral area now has wide currency all over the world and in Ethiopia as well, especially on those attempts to reduce poverty and provide basic social services for pastoralists. This paper tried to explore the challenges and prospects of villagization program in Afar National Regional State. Out of nine woredas, six of them were selected purposely in this study. Purposive sampling was also utilized to select participants.

Educating learners with Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties presents both challenges and prospects. Despite sensitization, training and capacity building to teachers on Special Needs Education in general and on Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, this special group of learners still face educational challenges in inclusive schools due to their deviant behaviours thus jeopardizing their learning. The purpose of his study was to examine the challenges and prospects in educating learners with EBD in inclusive schools, Madiany division, Siaya County Kenya.

During the Late Cretaceous times the Narmada Basin in the Central India and Cauvery Basin in South India received a thick pile of marine sediments as a result of the global Cenomanian marine Transgression. It is believed that Tethyan sea became narrower facilitating the formation of Indian ocean as a result the large part of the Indian Plate especially Kachchh, Narmada and Cauvery basin inundated. The Late Cretaceous sediments of Narmada Basin is popularly known as Bagh Beds which ranges in age from Cenomanian to Coniacian.

This study investigated the types of lexical errors made during Kiswahili news bulletin transmission in Kenya. The sample of the study consisted of 37 news items recorded from the 7 o clock news and transmitted through the studio within a period of one year. The results showed six different categories of errors which included: pluralization of non plural forms, code mixing, tautology, acronyms, confusion of homophones and partial homophones and translation the implication of the study for news broadcasting in Kenya is highlighted and recommendations are suggested.

The present study was conducted to assess the existing knowledge of ASHA workers of NRHM regarding health of women and children along with some socio-personal characteristics. One hundred and fifty-five ASHA workers from three Block Primary Health Centres of Jorhat district, Assam were selected as the respondents for the present study. A structured interview schedule was prepared to study the socio-personal profile of the respondents, and knowledge of the respondents on women and children’s health. Findings revealed that 45.16 per cent respondents belonged to age group of 31-40 years.

Tourist destinations in the Indian Trans-Himalayan region of Ladakh are facing acute solid waste management problem which gets aggravates particularly in peak tourist season in the summer. On account of the mass flow of tourist to the region, an enormous quantity of garbage and other waste material are being produced from the restaurants daily. Kargil town located at the junction where roads from Leh, Srinagar and Zanskar meet. Therefore acts as a halt point and serves food to tourists who visit Ladakh as a result enormous quantity of waste is generated.

The purpose of this study is to develop an instrument for measuring the reading, writing, and counting abilities of elementary school beginner students. Henceforth be used by teachers in measuring reading, writing, and counting. Reading, writing, and counting are the basic ingredients for elementary school students to be mastered to be able to commence the learning process up to a higher grade. In order to increase the interest in reading, writing and counting, it is required to build a standardized instrument to measure the ability to read, write and count.

Due to the unprecedented growth of internet, a booming trend in the marketing arena (Social Media Marketing) has been revisited in this research paper. Social media marketing has attracted the attention of the industry as well as researchers due to its enormous reach and acceptance throughout the length and breadth of globe. The attempt of this research paper shall be to analyze the impact of social media marketing on brand equity.

This empirical study examines the effects of emotional intelligence on transformational leadership and its importance in higher education institutions. Multivariate analysis in partial least square modelling was used to test the hypotheses and examine the relationship between emotional intelligence and transformational leadership in academic leaders. Data was collected from 333 academic leaders from all faculties of 18 public universities in Peninsular Malaysia.

Issues of professional roles have been overlooked in developing countries, including Ethiopia. Due to this fact, the present study was undertaken to investigate the integrative positions and capabilities of parents and professionals in relation to the education policy statements of children with disabilities. The subjects of this study were purposefully selected from eight schools (six high schools & two colleges); experts of zone Education Office and Bureau. The instruments employed to collect data were interview, FGD and observations.

In the present scenario, training is becoming one of the most important human resource & organizational development function for many corporate industries. Many training programs are formulated for 1 day & even goes up to 3-6 days. In the fast corporate world, employees find it difficult to manage to attend the training program. In order to resolve the issue, there are lot of popular online tools available for the professionals who can sit at their place where ever they are & attend the session. This is also called as virtual learning.

Ethiopia that is located in Northeastern part of Africa, has an estimated population of more than 75 million inhabitants, of which a 50% population of approximately below poverty line, Ethiopia had an estimated Gross Domestic Product(GDP) per capita in 2015 of US$ 597 (International Monetary Fund (IMF) - World Economic Outlook April 2014). Over 80% of the Ethiopian population lives in rural areas and 45% of the population lives below the official poverty line.

Pentecostal churches in Zimbabwe are growing at a fast rate and growth strategies are of paramount importance. A number of strategies are employed by individual churches at a different rate. The rate at which a certain strategy is used determines the growth of the church in terms of numerical growth, financial growth and spiritual growth. The main growth strategy that Pentecostal churches in Zimbabwe use is that of evangelism. healing and care ministry are also employed as major growth strategies after evangelism.

Nigeria has experienced a spiraled rise in income, increased inequality and poverty levels in the last couple of years. It was not surprising that Nigeria missed the 2015 Millennium Development Goals (MDG) poverty target by a wide margin. Available statistics from recent surveys by the Nigerian Bureau of Statistics indicates that about 70% of Nigerians live in poverty. This is in spite of the insistence by publicists who keep shouting that the economy is growing. This paper agrees that the economy is growing only that it is doing so in reverse gear.

This survey research intends to describe the relation between educational philosophies and teacher competencies. The sample of the research comprises 489 teacher candidates studying at Necatibey University Faculty of Education and 494 teachers working in Karesi and Altıeylül provinces of Balıkesir during the 2014-2015 academic year. The data was collected through “Preferences for Educational Philosophies Scale” and “Teacher Competence Scale”. Mann Whitney U-Test and Spearman Brown Rank Correlation Test were used in data analysis.

Background and objectives: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a recurrent, chronic, and debilitating mental illness which demands daily management using self-management strategies (SMS). Much of the literature on self-management is derived from research focused on Western culture. Less is known about how people self-manage their MDD in other cultures. Hence, a qualitative study was designed to understand how women in Pakistan self-manage their recurrent MDD.

Language is the fundamental means of instruction and learning. When children start formal schooling, they face new linguistic demands like grammatical metaphor. Grammatical metaphor, in particular nominalization, is a lexico-grammatical process which plays a central part in the construction of knowledge in the 'langauge of schooling' (Schleppgrell, 2004). In order to be successful in school, the student is expected to organize knowledge through grammatical metaphor, a notion frequently dealt within Systemic Functional Linguistics.

Spices in India is popularly known as Masale. The history and culture of Indian spices is probably as old as human civilization itself. The Vedas, the Bible and the Quran are all replete with references - direct or indirect - to Indian spices. The earliest literary record in India on spices is the Rig Veda (around 6000 BC), and the other three Vedas - Yajur, Sama and Atharva. Spices constitute an important group of agricultural commodities, which are virtually indispensable in the culinary art.

This research paper examines the politics of ethnicity and ethnic federalism in the era of globalization. In this globalization era, the quest for identity and states design for adopting the dynamism are the central tasks of states. After the demise of the Derge regime the FDRE government adopted ethnic based federalism as a response to ethnic diversity and former centralized systems of administration. Hence, the federal polity experiment neither it disintegrated the political community and nor it reduces the occurrence of ethnic conflicts in the country.

This article is a result of a research realized at the Diocese of Caxias do Sul to verify the existence of the charismatic leadership in the behavior of the priests that conducts this Diocese. The information was obtained by a semi-structured questionnaire applied with twenty two closed questions and an opened one. There was inclusive an interview with the parish priest of the Diocese, where he explained the manner how the church organizes itself.

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Eapen, Asha Sarah
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DR. IRAM BOKHARI
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Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
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India
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Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
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Dr. Meenakshi Malik
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Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Iraq
Anam Bhatti
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Md. Amir Hossain
Bangladesh
Ahmet İPEKÇİ
Turkey
Mirzadi Gohari
Iran