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December 2011

The development of many alternative building materials as possible will be of immense benefit to minimize the impact on the environment. Earth can be used for construction of walls in many ways. However, there are few undesirable properties such as loss of strength when saturated with water, erosion due to wind or driving rain and poor dimensional stability. Hence a study was conducted to determine the characteristics of stabilized compressed earth blocks (CEB).

Kaempferia galanga or also known as cekur is a valuable traditional herb for folk medication. The secondary metabolites of this plant have various pharmaceutical properties such as vasorelaxant and antinociceptive effect. The conventional planting method of this plant is insufficient to fulfill the increasing demand of this plant for the production of secondary metabolites thus in vitro culture technique was used. This project focused on selection of elite cell lines of K.

The present paper describes in vivo and in silico studies on hepatoprotective potency of aqueous and ethanol fruit pulp extracts of Aegle mermelos (Rutaceae). in vivo study was done using CCl4 induced hepatic damage model. Various biochemical parameters like serum total bilirubin, total protein, alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase activities were studied. Results indicated significant decrease in the levels of serum markers and increase in total protein indicating the recovery of hepatic cells in the animal group treated with test drug.

Early adolescence is a period that is characterized by heightened self consciousness and increased social comparison that compels early adolescents to evaluate their self-identity. Often adolescents set for themselves unattainable goals and this could transform this period into a roller coaster experience. Help from significant others in their lives could assist adolescents to distinguish between their ideal and their real selves.

Electrophoretic SDS-PAGE and RAPD analysis were performed to established genetic diversity for five accessions (IPL-406, IPL-81,DPL-62, DPL-15, & Sehore-74-3) and to elucidate their genetic relationships. The resulted protein banding pattern showed high level of polymorphism( i.e., 95.6% and could be used to discriminate completely among the five accessions under study. However, the protein profile could be considered as general biochemical finger print of the lentil.During present study the polymorphism was high at protein level.

Cyanobacteria are prokaryotic, inexpensive to maintain with high growth rates and produce various biologically active substances like proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates, amino acids, polysaccharides and plant growth regulators. Thus they have the unique potential to contribute to productivity in a variety of agricultural and ecological situations. Indole acetic acid (IAA) is a natural auxin which is also synthesized in many species of non seeded plants, many bacteria, fungi and algae. The amino acid tryptophan is commonly regarded as the precursor for the biosynthesis of auxin in plants.

An ethnobotanical uses of plants were examined at two hilly area of sylhet in Bangladesh. The study identified 26 species belonging 18 families that are being used in traditional health care. The research reveals that the use of these plants was confined mostly less educated and poor people of tea state and they depend on the treatment of native healers. This result also demonstrated that the plants are uses either whole parts or different parts like leaves, stem, bark, root, flower, seed, etc.

The problems associated with the indiscriminate disposal of plastic products derived from fossil sources and the need to highlight production of alternatives using plants as factories formed the basis of the current research, which is aimed at evaluating the effect of chemical treatment as a pointer to the need for in planta acetylation of starch that would be useful in the production of biodegradable plastics. Native starches from cassava, sweet potato and maize were acetylated using acetic anhydride at 68 and 89% (w/v), respectively.

In the whole of Africa and Nigeria in particular, a larger proportion of the forest and plant genetic resources are being depleted at a grossly uncomfortable rate, a consequence of increasing population pressure, agricultural land degradation, urbanization and neglect. It is no gainsaying therefore that in this present dispensation, conservation and sustainable utilization and also proper management of germplasm are pressing priorities the world over.

The Kesses-Cheptiret road was upgraded mainly to link Moi University and the surrounding rich agricultural region to the outside world. The road is 13 km long and can be divided into two sections. Section one is class D road which links Kesses to Cheptiret and section B is the access road from Moi University to Kesses market. The latter section is generally in a good condition, but the former has 56 % and 44 % respectively; of it classified as poor and completely failed respectively.

The importance of teaching problem solving to students has been widely recognized by teachers, administrators, and other educational stakeholders. The advent of computer technology, particularly multimedia learning, has changed the landscape of problem-solving instruction. Computer-based problem simulations, for example, begin to replace the traditional paper and pencil approach with more vivid, interactive approach that provides both auditory and visual information to problem solving.

Maturation describes impulses to growth which supplemented by Education usually and other environmental factors. Environment is a source of Education. Emotional maturity is a process in which the personality is continuously striving for greater sense of emotional health, both intra-psychically and intra-personally. In this study researcher studied emotional maturity of literate and illiterate women with relation to categories of emotional maturity. The emotional maturity scale developed by Dr. Yashvir Singh and Dr. Mahesh Bhargava was used.

At the point, which it becomes more expensive to extend the service life of vehicle than owning and operating a new one, it becomes economic to replace it by a new one, present less operating costs, less out of working periods and more income. However the procedure of replacement vehicles, after determining the optimal economic lifetime, are very useful, where decision makers are facing with complex tradeoffs involving economic, environmental, or policy impacts of fleet management decisions or regulations. This paper reports a scientific concept, for replacing or choosing vehicles.

In this paper first, types of astronomical radio radiations are defined exactly after, trend of producing them and artificial radiations application will be expressed. Then we measure value of receiving flux of radio radiation in sky of Khuzestan state using a telescope at Shahid Chamran university .this measurement has caused to recognize strong radio resources like Cygnusex obtained data have been compared with existence maps such as radio Jadrel bank. The main purpose of this research is recognizing and considering radio radiations resources in sky of Ahwaz in Khuzestan state.

The effects of water and temperature on the polymorphic transition of crystalline mannitol were investigated. Mannitol has different polymorphic forms, and was classified as alpha, beta, and delta form, respectively, by Walter-Le´vy (C.R. Acad. Sc. Paris Ser. C (1968) 267, 1779). The behavior of representative crystalline form was studied using water granulation and temperature induced mechanism. The different powder X-ray diffraction patterns obtained before and after water granulation confirmed that water induced polymorphic transition had occurred.

The study was intended to find out the Environmental Knowledge of B.Ed. Trainees in Tamil Nadu, India. Environmental Knowledge questionnaire was constructed and validated by the investigator, have been administered to a random sample of 1200 trainees studying in B.Ed. College. The result revealed that Government and Aided B.Ed. College Trainees, Aided and Private B.Ed. College Trainees caused significant difference and Government and Private B.Ed. College Trainees caused no significant difference in respect of their Environmental knowledge.

The medical diagnosis process can be interpreted as a decision making process, during which the physician includes the diagnosis of a new and unknown case from an available set of clinical data and from clinical experience which can be computerized. A method that enhances the performance of a model that is based on Rough set theory for feature selection and classification is proposed. For this purpose, the PIMA dataset is used.

The purpose of this investigation was to analyse the sports schools and normal schools students on physical fitness and mental health status at secondary level. Fifty boys and fifty girls students from sports schools (N=100) and fifty boys and fifty girls students from normal schools (N=100) were selected as subjects and their aged ranged from 13 to 15 years. Physical fitness and mental health status were selected as dependant variables in this study.

In longitudinal studies, the Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) and Maximum Likelihood (ML) methods are commonly used to estimate the parameters of Generalized Linear Mixed Models (GLMM). Power and sample size estimation constitutes an important component for longitudinal study design and planning of modern clinical trials. In this paper, the power of the Wald Test for two different estimation methods of parameters in GLMM was compared. The data employed in this study were diabetes mellitus data with three consecutive follow ups.

Management prioritizes organizational and employee development efforts tied to both the strategic and business planning processes. Although such factors have been effected, there are other factors which need to be put into consideration since most organizations tend to allocate less money to their training merely because they don’t know the criteria to use. This provoked the researchers to conduct a research on the factors determining training budget allocation in commercial banks.

Chromium is present in trace in all organic matter and seems to be an essential mineral. Chromium plays an important role in the metabolism of carbohydrate and fats. It works with insulin in the metabolism of sugar. It seems to increase the effectiveness of insulin, thereby facilitating the transport of glucose in to the cells and not allowing the blood glucose levels to rise. It helps to take protein where it is needed and also an aid in growth.

Present study deals with native phytotherapy among rural population in Marathwada. Marathwada region comprising seven districts. Aurangabad, Beed, Jalna, Latur, Nanded, Osmanabad and Parbhani forms the part of Vast Deccan plateau of India located 7005-7805 E longitude and 1705’ – 2005’ N longitude. The paper deals with hittherto unknown or less known medicinal uses of species recorded from rural communities of Marathwada. This forms the first ethnobotanical report from the Marathwada.

The current study is skillful to detect of the mutations of the H-RAS oncogene in patient of uterine cancer. Thirty specimens of blood and tissue were collected for DNA extraction, H-RAS oncogene amplification and histopathology examination. The results revealed to the present of mutations in H-RAS oncogene represented by homozygous wild type Leu / Leu was 20%, mutant translocation genotype Val / Val was 48%, mutant deletion genotype Val / Leu was 22% and heterozygous genotype Leu / Val was 10%. The histopathological results of this study reveal to many types of uterine cancer.

The aim of the study was to vasectomize three male wild boars by laparoscopic technique. The animals were anaesthesized with xylazine (2 mg/kg) and ketamine (15mg/kg) intramuscularly. The vas deferens was clearly seen close to the urinary bladder and occlusion of the vas deferens was done by electrocauterization using electrocautery forcep connected to an electrocautery unit. The procedure was completed in 10 to 12 minutes. There were no complications and recovery of the animals were uneventful.

Social uprising may be defined as violent action against an established government or ruler or to refuse to acknowledge someone or something as having authority. It may also be difined as an attempt to end the authority of a person or body by rebelling or a refusal to continue to obey or conform the authority. Social uprising may be of different types eg. in National, Regional Local. Local uprising is generally a community oriented one. The uprising may be against social-economic exploitation and oppression*.

Swami Vivekananda, the spiritual leader of modern India and rejuvenator of Hinduism has tremendous achievements to his credit during his short span of life of 39 years. Though a monk and a spiritual personality, he was not a reclause but enlivened India’s religion and its national confidence which was at its lowest level after over a hundred years of colonial rule.

Twenty-first century technology has changed the way tools are used to support and enhance learning and instruction. Teaching in today’s classroom is technology driven. To be a successful learner, students need to develop skills in self-directed learning. To transform the students from being passive receivers to active investigators of knowledge, multiple web tools such as wikis, podcast, virtual world tools etc are presented to learners for interaction and exchanging ideas. The educational affordances of blogs offer opportunities for students to become self-directed learners.

Planktonic algae were collected from eight different temple tanks of Kancheepuram district and studied thoroughly. Taxa belonging to Cyanophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Cryptophyceae, Euglenophyceae and Dinophyceae were examined. A total number of 78 taxa were identified and their descriptions are given, of these 10 belong to the class Cyanophyceae, 42 to Chlorophyceae, one each to Chrysophyceae and Cryptophyceae, 22 to Euglenophyceae and 2 to the Dinophyceae. Of the 78 taxa investigated, a total number of 39 taxa are found to be new reports to Tamil Nadu.

Murraya koenigii is a ancient Indian medicinal plant. This native is Indo-China but grown mostly in the tropics for the medicinal and flavourant properties of the leaves. Wound-healing activity of ethanolic extract of M. koenigii was studied by excision and incision wound models in male Albino rats (in vivo). In excision model, compared to the control group, percent concentration of wound was significantly higher in M. koenigii (5% w/w ointment)-treated group. In incision model, tensile strength of the healing tissue after treatment with M.

Cyanobacterial diversity occurring in some local rice fields of Cuddalore District of Tamilnadu, India has been studied. 25 taxa belonging to 10 genera were obtained and characterized are non-heterocystous, unicellular, colonial and filamentous forms. This study is aimed to describe the abundance of cyanobacteria in various rice fields of Vallampadugai and Keerapalayam areas. This paper documented total of 25 species representing 10 genera of 2 families and 2 orders. Highest abundance of cyanobacteria was found in order Nostocales which was represented by 17 species.

Thalassemia major (TM( patients present with severe hemolytic anemia and multiple organs impairment. TM have an increased risk for serious infections, due to that a basic defect in the host defense and this may be related to the iron overload, chronic immune-stimulation by repeated blood transfusions, splenectomy and immune deficiency.

Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) continue to be one of the leading causes of deaths despite recent advancements in the medical therapies. This study assessed the effect of crude aqueous extract of Ocimum gratissimum commonly used for the treatment of diarrhoea, urinary infections, fever and dysentery on heart morphology. Twenty-four Wistar rats of both sexes with average weight of 175g were used. The rats were randomized into four groups each containing 6 rats.

The evaluation of powder extract of Salacia oblanga for hypolipidemic activity, biochemical changes in normal and Aluminium toxicity induced White Albino Wistar Female Rats. In conclusion, exposure to Aluminium has resulted in a decrease in erythrocyte, peripheral erythrocyte count and blood hemoglobin during short term exposure for 7 days. But this seems to be back to normal serum when exposure was continued for a further period of 7 days. The initial effect of decrease in red blood cells count and hemoglobin was found to be counteracted by co – administration of S.oblonga.

The antioxidant and hepatoprotective effect of Andrographis paniculata on Acetaminophen (Paracetamol) induced hepatotoxicity inalbino rats was investigated. Oral administration Acetaminophen (Paracetamol)of (250mg/kg body wt.) for 8 days resulted in a significant elevation of SGOT, SGPT,ALP and bilirubin and the levels of lipid peroxidation in liver. Acetaminophen (Paracetamol) also caused a significant reduction in the activities of Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT) and reduced the Glutathione level in liver. Administration of A.

A three months experimental trial was conducted with variable percentage levels of protein (25, 30, 35, 40, 45 & 50) diet fed to the common Indian catfish, Clarias batrachus to study the satiation time, maximum feed intake in different hours of the day, protein/dietary energy requirement for optimum growth in different size groups, amino acid absorption and quantitative requirement, in vivo protein biosynthesis etc. and finally to calculate the requirement of digestible energy for the production of one gram fish to thousand gram in weight.

The present study the perception of parents and Grandparents about schooling of young children in the following areas: Physical infrastructure, Administrative set up, Teaching material, and teaching method were assessed. Analysis of the perception will indicate the generation gap if any between. The study was conducted in leh block with a sample size consisting of 100 parents and 100 grandparents. Random sample technique was used to select the sample. Interview schedule was used to elicit information from the respondents.

To investigate the antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening ethanol, methanol, ethyl acetate, acetone, chloroform, petroleum ether, hexane, hot water, and extracts of Corchorus aestuans (Family: Tiliaceae). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the qualitative analysis of phytochemicals and antimicrobial activity of various solvent extracts of Corchorus aestuans against the clinical isolates of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains and fungus by observing the zone of inhibition.

Five selected herbs, betel vine (Piper betle), betel leaves (Piper sarmentosum roxb), turmeric (Curcuma longa), Indian pennywort (Centella asiatica) and kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix) were examined for their antibacterial properties against Gram positive bacteria namely, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae and Streptococcus aginosus and Gram negative bacteria namely, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus, Citrobacter freundii, Escherichia coli, Edwardsiella tarda and Aeromonas hydrophila.

Azima tetracantha Lam., (Salvadoraceae), is widely used in folklore herbal medicine practices in the villages of southern Kerala. The plant is claimed to have anti-inflammatory, antiperiodic, analgesic and wound healing properties. The present study evaluated the antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of A. tetracantha leaves. Methanolic extract showed greater antimicrobial activity than the chloroform extract. The extracts showed both the radical scavenging activity and reducing capability to fight against free radicals.

The study has been designed for the evaluation of powder extract of Salacia Oblanga for hypolipidemic activity, biochemical changes in normal and Aluminium toxicity induced White Albino Wistar Female Rats. Oral administration of Salacia extract and Aluminium chloride for two weeks significantly lowered the serum alkaline Phosphatase, Serum Aspartate aminotransferase, urea, bilirubin and cratinine at 14th day.

Murraya koenigii is a spicy ancient Indian medicinal plant native to Indo-China but grown mostly in the tropics for the medicinal and flavourant properties of the leaves. Wound-healing activity of ethanolic extract of M. koenigii was studied by excision and incision wound models in male Albino rats (in vivo). In excision model, compared to the control group, percent concentration of wound was significantly higher in M. koenigii (5% w/w ointment)-treated group. In incision model, tensile strength of the healing tissue after treatment with M.

A paperless society is a dream come true. Paper – an essential resource but a paradoxical material -is not considered environment friendly and increase in use has contributed to global deforestation, contamination of water, soil and air. All activity economic or human can come to a halt if this resource become absent in the world. World consumption of paper has gone up 400 per cent in the last forty years for which nearly four billion trees or 35 per cent of the total trees cut around the world have been used by paper industries in all the continents.

Street-based enterprises (SBEs) constitute the lowest ebb in the enterprise continuum in Kenya. This study aimed at examining the factors that influence SBE graduation in the enterprise continuum. The objectives of this study were to examine the factors which motivated the street-based enterprises to assess the performance of SBEs, to examine the factors that contributed to the graduation of SBEs into the micro enterprise sector and to assess the level of satisfaction in the graduation status as compared to the previous status. This study was based on a comparative survey research.

In disaster management, the individual and/or the family are a vital unit of observation. Targeting the individual and the family in disaster scenario is seen as an effective way of zeroing in on functional units by which disaster relief and management can be well targeted. The main focus of this is basically in the buildings by which human beings interact. This paper discusses the need for protective actions and subsequent evacuation actions in case of any disaster. In disaster prevention, having and creating an emergency plan is crucial.

This paper compares the types and causes of crime between the four slum areas in the City of Nairobi, and also crime victimization within different demographic characteristics of Nairobi’s slum residents. The study was conducted in four major slum areas in the city of Nairobi, namely Kibera, Mukuru, Mathare and Korogocho. The target population for this study was all adults (those aged 18+) living in the four major slums of the City of Nairobi.

An intensive study has been conducted for last three years since 2009-11, to estimate the Gender in coastal fisheries of West Bengal, India to assess their socio-economic status, literacy, income, health hazards, recreation, sanitation & medical facilities, family size, types of fishermen, child labour, crafts & gears used and total annual landings. Total 0.215 million fishermen of different categories engaged in coastal fisheries of which 51.35% male and 48.65 % are female.

Controlling and managing the quality of products is a primary challenge to managers in all organizations despite their desire to achieve quality and thus why this study seeks to examine the role of employees in implementing Total Quality Management towards improving organization performance. Quality has been the dominant factor in the success of the world markets and that improved quality is a major weapon to restore organizations in the global market place. Relevant literature was reviewed, especially on the different of quality management implementation by employees.

The purpose of the foregoing study was to investigate on issues related to clothing satisfaction of the pre-adolescents and how they influence their perception of self-worth. This paper discusses how the pre-adolescents acquired and factors considered in the selection of their clothing. The study adopted a survey design and was conducted in six primary schools in Kasarani Division Nairobi Province, using an interview schedule and an essay. A sample of 144 pre-adolescents was selected and both qualitative and quantitative data were collected and analyzed.

Self-worth, one of the secondary needs, consists of self-concept and self-esteem. It is during the pre-adolescent period that a child starts defining self, and this determines perception of self-worth. The focus of this paper is on the extent to which the pre-adolescents were satisfied with their clothing and assess their perception of self-worth. The foregoing study was a survey research conducted in six primary schools in Kasarani Division of Nairobi Province, using an interview schedule and essays.

This paper is based on a study to identify the type of media resources used in instruction and to examine the factors influencing the use of media resources in the School of Public Health at Moi University. Survey research design was employed in order to cover the study population of all the lecturers and students. Therefore, 24 lecturers and 213 students were chosen, making a total of 237 respondents. Convenient sampling technique was used to select key informants. Data were collected using questionnaire, interview schedule and observation checklist.

The Nigerian Insurance Industry is struggling with knowledge loss resulting from employee turnover like other public or private sector organizations. Especially when older hands are retired or downsizing of qualified and trained staff during a period of re-engineering of the organization. Costs of recruiting, of lost productivity and training to replace employees can reach huge amount. Capturing knowledge inside an organization seems to be one of the main purposes of studying knowledge management professional.

The main objective of the present paper is to get a vivid idea about the methods and techniques of the previous work related to ‘Impact of Changes in Landuse on Environment in Southwest Birbhum Distrct, West Bengal’ on international, national and regional level. Finally based on previous literature research gaps have been identified and an attempt has been taken to fill up the voids. The present work has been divided into three parts.

The purpose of this study was to establish the impact of violent conflict on secondary school students’ wastage in Mt Elgon District. It was guided by the production function model. The study adopted ex-post facto research design and its universe included 4873 secondary school students, 206 teachers, 28 B.OG Chairmen, 28 PTA Chairmen and 1 DEO, totaling to 5136 people. Stratified random sampling and purposive sampling techniques were employed to pick a sample of 358 respondents drawn from 15 out of the 28 secondary schools in the district.

Most of the multicultural nations are federal by polity and character though there are cultural linguistic and customatic differences. Generally the mono culture in the people of a particular territory leads to the emergence of federal character. it is not just the diversities which ensures federal character, but in spite of socio cultural differences the groups are whole heartedly unified for a Nobel collective purpose. We find two under-currents namely a force to keep the society united and to keep the society informed about the diversity.

Since the focus in the traditional design calculations for wind turbines apply mainly on the rotor loads and the dynamic behavior of the overall wind turbine, the drive train and in particular gearbox in the wind turbine gives a great concern. However, the aim of the present work is to establish a laboratory apparatus to be used for measuring the wind turbine gearbox dynamic performance using a lab-scaled wind turbine gearbox. The exact details of the drive-train to be tested and analyzed are presented.

Planetary gears are effective power transmission elements in wind turbine where high torque to weight ratios, large speed increase in compact volumes, co-axial shaft arrangements, high reliability and superior efficiency are required. The present work examines the complex dynamic behavior of planetary gearbox gear carrier using finite element models. The finite element model (FEM) is developed from a unique finite element-contact analysis solver specialized for gear dynamics.

The present study was aimed to find out the land use / land cover categories of Karur District. The total area of the District is 2,896 sq.km. The District located in the central part of Tamil Nadu. The study has made use of satellite imagery to identify the land use/land cover status of the study area during 2008. The image has been classified using ERDAS image processing software by employing supervised classification techniques.

The harmonic excitation is taken imperfect, i.e., with a random phase modulation due to Gaussian white noise, accounting for both chaotic and stochastic behavior. Simulated turbulence is represented using the potential theory line vortex approach. Simulations are conducted for long range propagation, 1000km, containing internal wave fields with added deterministic effects and are compared to those fields with non-deterministic properties. These results show that long range acoustic propagation has a very strong dependence on the intensity of deterministic fluctuations.

Agricultural production faces myriad of risks. Nevertheless, two major risks are of concern to the agricultural sector- price risk caused by potential volatility in prices and production risk resulting from uncertainty about the levels of production that primary producers can achieve from their current activities. It is likely that these major risks will increase in the future – price risk due to liberalization of trade and production risk caused by the effect s of climate change. Agricultural risks not only affect farmers, they also affect the whole agribusiness value chain.

The present study aims to find out the land use/land cover features of Tambaram Suburban region of Chennai, Tamil Nadu. The total area of the region is 75.25 sq.km. The study has made use of high resolution IRS LISS IV pan merged satellite imagery for identifying the land use/land cover classes. ERDAS and ArcGIS software were used to demarcate the land use/land cover features of Tambaram Suburban region. Remote sensing and GIS provide consistent and accurate base line information than many of the conventional surveys employed for such a task.

The present study aims to find out the land use/land cover change detection between the year 1998 and 2008 in St. Thomas Mount Block of Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu. The total area of the Block is 243 sq.km. The study has made use of IRS LISS III and high resolution IRS LISS IV pan merged satellite imageries for the year 1998 and 2008 to identify the land use/land cover categories in St. Thomas Mount Block. ERDAS image processing and ArcGIS software were used to demarcate the land use/land cover divisions in St. Thomas Mount Block.

This paper discusses the challenges facing the use of media resources in instruction in the School of Public Health at Moi University. The foregoing study used survey research design to cover the study population of all the lecturers and students. Therefore, 24 lecturers and 213 students were chosen, making a total of 237 respondents. Convenient sampling technique was used to select key informants. Data were collected using questionnaire, interview schedule and observation checklist.

In rural areas, women face major challenges which hinder their utilization of and deprives them the enjoyment that comes with Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). This paper explores the factors that determine women’s utilization of the ICTs in Mumias Division. The foregoing study was based on the assumption that ICT utilization by women brings about development. The purpose of the study was to establish the socio-economic factors that determine women’s utilization of ICTs. A survey approach was adopted.

This paper focuses on nutrition knowledge and its impact on consumer behaviour of tertiary students living and studying in Nairobi, Kenya. This survey was carried out in Nairobi, Kenya to find out the impact of nutrition knowledge on the consumption behaviour of tertiary students living and studying there. Consumer behaviour, with regard to nutrition knowledge, has been made a bit easier by people targeting seasonal foods while they are still cheap and easily available. The data collection tool was a self-administered questionnaire. The study involved 395 participants.

Text Mining is an important step of Knowledge Discovery process. It is used to extract hidden information from not-structured or semi-structured data. This aspect is fundamental because most of the Web information is semi-structured due to the nested structure of HTML code, is linked and is redundant. Web Text Mining helps whole knowledge mining process in mining, extraction and integration of useful data, information and knowledge from Web page contents. Web Text Mining process able to discover knowledge in a distributed and heterogeneous multi-organization environment.

Osmotic dehydration is a water removal technique, which is applied to fruits and vegetables, to reduce the content of the moisture, while increasing soluble solid content. The treated product has to be further processed by other drying techniques to obtain a shelf stable product. The osmotic dehydration technique not only enables the storage of the vegetables for a longer period, but also preserves flavor, nutritional characteristics and prevents microbial spoilage.

This paper focuses on the mechanisms using algorithm of Runge-Kutta method in monitoring and predicting the microbial entrained oil recovery (MEOR) in Nigeria Delta Oil wells.

In this article numerical investigation of an interesting heat flow problem is discussed using Rayleigh Ritz, single-term Walsh series (STWS) method and Runge-Kutta (RK) method based on various means. The results (approximate solutions) obtained very accurate using the above said methods are compared with the exact solution of that problem. It is found that the solution obtained using RKCeM (Runge-Kutta Centroidal Mean) is closer to the exact solution of the heat flow problem. The high accuracy and the wide applicability of RKCeM approach will be demonstrated with numerical example.

This study assessed the rate of production of lighter hydrocarbon, pressure build up, isolation and identification of the different species of microorganisms capable of degradating the heavier hydrocarbon in the reservoir. The analysis was performed using a pilot batch reactor set up in the Department of Chemical/Petrochemical Engineering Laboratory, Rivers State University of science and Technology, Port Harcourt.

A baseline study involving analyses of surface and bore well water samples from the vaippar river basin was carried out in order to assess their suitability for drinking domestic and agricultural purposes. The data obtained are used to determine important quality parameters and ratio’s. High TDS found in groundwater of gneissic and granitic aquifers. Based on the salinity and sodium hazard for irrigation quality, C2S1, C3S1, C3S2 and C4S1 are quality classes found not suitable for even salt tolerant crops in the study area.

Hydro geochemical studies are of great importance in hydro geological investigation of ground water. Ground water samples from several wells in parts of Virthnagar District have been collected and chemically analyzed. The suitability of ground water for domestic industrial and irrigation demands have been discussed in this paper in terms of Handa’s classification, chloroalkalinity indices, potential soil salinity, permeability index, sodium adsorption rations, PH, EC, TDS, Major Iron concentration and by the mechanism controlling the ground water chemistry.

South Africa has a high rate of unemployment and Adult illiteracy. There is a trend towards adult education to enable citizens to earn a living and become valuable citizens to the country. There are many Adult Basic Education and Training facilities. The further education training colleges are also set up to improve the vocational skills of these adults who need skills training in order to get work or better employment. The approach in these facilities should be based on the principles of Progressive education.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the teachers’ attitude to implement inclusive education in Kenyan public primary schools with specific reference to Kajiado central district. This study was based on the systems theory. The study adopted ex post facto research design. The study targeted teachers in the 82 public primary schools in Kajiado Central district. Stratified sampling was employed to divide the district into five strata’s according to the number of zones in the district. The strata were: Kajiado, Enkorika, Elang’ata Wuas, Bissel and Namanga zones.

In the African context, marriage is regarded as an important rite of passage which every normal person must perform during his life time to keep the continuity of the kinship in the social structure (Mbiti J, 1973: 210). This means that it holds a very central place in the African life. Marriage concerns the society where its negativity or positivity affects the whole order of law and society; hence it should be kept intact. Despite all these expectations, the tragic fact is that divorce is commonplace in our contemporary MCK church and society.

This paper is based on a study to investigate, compare and contrast the perceptions of the role of the high school principalship as identified by school board presidents, school superintendents and high school principals in two different school settings; traditional and outcome-based environments. The study involved the North Central Member High Schools in Wyoming. Two different sets of instruments were utilized: one reflecting the role of the principalship in the traditional school environment, and the other reflecting the principalship role in the outcome-based school environment.

Attending sustainability in waste management require an option that employs environmental friendliness. The generation of municipal solid waste is increasing year by year and there are many options for handing and disposing of these wastes. Composting is the natural biological process in which degradable part of waste is transformed to a stable material with excellent characteristics for application on soils. Thus it requires a pretreatment such as removal of big fractions and other contaminants that could affect the composting process and final quality of compost.

Content management has been reported to pose challenges to institutions of higher learning due to inadequate infrastructure, poor content organisation and management, lack of preservation plans and poor e-content security. This paper is based on a study that examined the types of content generated at Moi University; the strategies for their management and levels of user satisfaction with the strategies. The paper is informed by the OCLC Collections Grid and the Conway Digital Landscape Model.

The main objective of the present paper is to identify and fill up the voids in terms of concepts and methods of research work on ‘Riverine Morphology and Socio-economic Environment in the southern part of Nadia District in West Bengal, India’. This work will make suggestion relating to the research work to be conducted by research scholars on almost similar type of problems and methods. For achieving the target, the authors have reviewed the previous literature thoroughly. The literature survey has been attempted on almost all the main aspects of the research topic.

This paper discusses the factors that influence the choice of health care provider for malaria illness based on a study of Mwea Irrigation Scheme. The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in four-phases that utilized both qualitative and quantitative techniques for data collection and analysis. Among the individuals utilizing government health facility during the health facility based exit interviews, 39.7% and 45.2% cited the cost of service and perceived quality respectively as the factors considered when choosing the facility.

This paper is based on a study that investigated the use of ICTs by women in public universities in Kenya with a focus on Moi University. It discusses the ICT resources available in Moi University, the level of development and use by the general university population and the extent to which women use them. The study adopted survey design and focused on the staff, both teaching and non-teaching, and students. Out of 2,200 participants, 160 respondents were randomly sampled for the study. Data collection was by face-to-face interviews and questionnaires.

Most organizations today are undergoing some structural, operational, and business strategic changes with the aim of improving their performance. The organization’s competitive strategy may include mergers and acquisitions, downsizing to increase efficiency, internal operations, or the acquisition of automated production technology. These strategic decisions determine the demand for skills and human resource. Incompetent and unbalanced: resourcing, training, development, reward, and appraisal methods have led to poor performance.

The study examines the current research areas in Library and Information Science among Research Scholars who are currently pursuing M.Phil and Ph.D programmes under fulltime and part-time schemes in various Universities/Colleges in Tamil Nadu. A structured questionnaire was designed and distributed among Research Scholars to collect the data for the research. It is found that the majority of respondents are doing research on “Bibliometrics/ Scientometrics/ Webometrics, followed by “Electronic Resources/Digital Libraries” and “User Studies/ Information Literacy”.

Water erosion is a phenomenon causes piers to be destructed. Effect of water erosion on structural stability of piers in Khouzestan Sate, Iran is the main purpose of this research. Happening flood and existence of flood plain in this area causes to study the case study subject. The mathematical methods to study about stability changes rather than water erosion are valuable to be considered by applied and useful result obtained to be applicable to prevent destructing rate critically. The Izard-Bravley and Chitale methods have the least errors rather than reality.

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