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June 2013

The present study designed to investigate the anti-genotoxic and detoxifying effects of [6]-paradol on 7, 12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) induced genotoxicity in male golden Syrian hamsters. DMBA, a well known site specific carcinogen was given by intra peritoneal (i.p.) injection at the dose of 30 mg/kg b.wt. to induce acute toxicity in hamsters. A significant induction of chromosomal aberration, high frequency of micronucleus and altered levels of detoxifying agents status were recorded in DMBA treated hamsters.

The present investigation was carried out with the objective to find out the extent of gene frequency Diversity differences among 18 Indian genotypes for all the 13 characters studied during kharif 2008 and rabi 2009. It showed substantial variability in the material studied during both the seasons. High PCV coupled with high GCV was observed for grain yield per plant, ear weight, straw weight, number of productive tillers per plant, carotene and calcium content during both seasons whereas for 1000 grain weight during kharif only.

A new actinomycete sp. designated as AH 47 was isolated from the soil sample, collected from different geographical area in the Sudan and selected for its antimicrobial activities against bacteria and fungi. These isolate was taxonomically characterized on the basis of morphological, physiological and cultural characteristic studies and strongly suggested that this strain is a member of the genus Streptomyces. Nucleotide sequence of the 16S rRNA gene (1277 pb) of the AH 47 strain exhibited high similarity to the Streptomyces 16S rRNA genes.

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act enshrines the legal right of one hundred days of paid employment to any household, on demand. Though its scope is national, there have been wide interstate as well as inter district variation in the achievement of the objectives of the act. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) enacted by legislation on August 25, 2005 and it was renamed as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) on 2nd October 2009.

Background: Tuberculosis prevalence and mortality rates are increasing specially for the CNS infection which is life threatening and when it involves the spine it has the potential to cause serious morbidity, including permanent neurologic deficits and severe deformities and brain tuberculoma usually lead to death. Extra-pulmonary TB accounts for approximately 10% of tuberculous infections Methods: This quantitative descriptive case study hospital based conducted at Elshaab Teaching Hospital National Center for Neurological sciences (NCNS) between August 2009 and November 2010.

Femmefolk play a consequential role in Agriculture, which has been universally admitted since time immemorial. In India, 60 per cent femmes are engaged in rusticarum pursuits in rusticus circumferences and they are performing domestic chores as well as farming pursuits with hommes as equal partners. The study was sketched to distinguish rusticus femmes’ hurdles in decision composing regarding rusticarum pursuits and mainly how the rusticus femmes can be fortified for sustainable rusticarum progressionem in the district headquarter Rudrapur.

Every minute, five people under 25 are infected with HIV. One in three persons living with HIV/AIDS is age 15-24 and most of them are unaware that they carry the virus. Millions more have little or no knowledge of the disease and do not know how to protect themselves or take measures to prevent the spread of the disease. The aim of this paper was to assess the comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS among young married Scheduled Castes women in Thiruvarur district, Tamil Nadu.

The study of Nest site selection and breeding parameters of Black - Crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax was carried out during breeding season of 2012 in Hokersar wetland, North- Kashmir. Nest site characteristics and breeding parameters namely egg laying date, clutch and brood size, egg biometry and breeding success were examined. Breeding was initiated with selection of nesting sites. Nests were bowl shaped of dried willow twigs. Mean egg dimensions were 55.01 ± 0.77 mm × 35.41 ± 0.97 mm. Mean egg weight was 4.45 ± 0.83 g and average clutch size 4.00 ± 0.57.

Biofuel is a renewable and environmentally friendly alternative fuel that can be used in diesel engines with little or no modification. Low cost feed stocks such as waste oils, used cooking oils and animal fats are important sources of biofuel production. Use of waste cooking oil as a biofuel offers the possibility of transforming a pollutant waste into a sustainable and renewable energy source. During production, transportation and usage, biofuels come in contact with materials at various stages. Therefore it is important to understand the influence of biofuels on materials.

Various samples of groundwater were collected from different areas in and around Kolleru Lake and analyzed for their physicochemical characteristics. The results of this analysis were compared with the water quality standards of WHO and CPHEEO. In this analysis the various physicochemical parameters such as PH, total dissolved solids, Ca, Mg, Na, No3, K, Cl, So4 and HCo3 etc., determined using standard procedures.

The present study was carried out during two breeding seasons (April to August) of 2010 and 2011 in Kupwara district of Jammu and Kashmir (India). The nests were made in the months April- July with May as the peak nesting month. Most of the nests were made in the bushes but some in low willows, bags and baskets hanging on walls. Both sexes took part in nest making. Nests were cup shaped with mean outer diameter of 15.22±0.82 cm, inner diameter of 7.68±0.82 cm and the depth of nest depression 4.61±0.29 cm. The average clutch size was 3.25±0.43.

Immunization Programmes aim to reduce morbidity and mortality among the children due to vaccine preventable diseases. Vaccination against some of the most fatal diseases is one of the most cost-effective interventions of modern time. Following successful eradication of Smallpox by effective vaccination in 1975, the expanded programme of immunization was launched in India in 1978 to control other vaccine preventable diseases. Initially six diseases were selected for vaccination: Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Poliomyelitis, Typhoid and Childhood Tuberculosis.

This research was designed to study the effect of aqueous extract of Heinsia crinata commonly called “atama” on blood glucose level in non-diabetic rats. The extract and reference drug (glibenclamide) were administered intraperitoneally in dosage of 120,180,240 and 300mg per kilogramme body weight of rats, which were observed for 24hrs. Glucose estimation using the one touch glucometer at an internal of 2 hours into the eight hour and then at the 24 hour was done.

The goal of software Engineering is to produce high quality software. Software reliability is one of the most important factors in software quality evaluation. Now the applications are developed in web oriented environment. Since these applications are developed in different softwares and in different platforms, software reliability measurement plays an important role in software quality measurement. This paper discusses using evidence theory for evaluation of reliability in web oriented software applications.

This study was intended to describe parent-teacher involvement in elementary schools of foreign-born parents from Southeast Asia and China, and its relations to their children’s academic and social development. Participants included 294 children from families with a Southeast Asian or Chinese spouse, their parents, and their homeroom teachers from 15 elementary schools purposefully chosen in central Taiwan.

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of new patent of some commercial feed additives on nutrient digestibility, rumen fermentation parameters and behaviour of male goat. Fifteen healthy uncastrated Baladi bucks were randomly fed one of five experimental ration; control ration without feed additives, and four experimental ration in which basal ration was supplemented with 5g/h/d from prebiotic, probiotic, fordex or their combination for ten weeks. Five digestibility trials were carried out and ruminal samples were taken to measure rumen fermentation parameters.

Different parameters of nesting biology of common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) were studied at hokersar wetland Kashmir, during 2012 breeding season. Breeding was initiated by the pair formation. Nesting sites were chosen in thick emergent vegetation, dominated by Typha and Phragmites.Nest were constructed by both sexes on a average in 6 days(range 4-10) but females played the dominant role and dimensions varied in different vegetation. Clutch size varied from 4-12 eggs and mean egg measurement were 41.10±1.94mmX30.08±2.11mm.

Symbiotic ex-situ germination of terrestrial orchid, Calanthe masuca D.Don Lindl. was investigated using seven isolates recovered from the roots of five terrestrial orchids of Western Ghats, Karnataka, India (C.masuca, Malaxis versicolor, Pecteilis susanne, Satyrium nepalense, Nervilia crociformis). Molecular and phylogenetic analysis of the fungal isolates was done based on the alignment of internal transcribed spacer regions of nuclear ribosomal DNA.

The main objective of the study was to investigate the runoff characteristics of bare micro catchments using the Natural Resources Conservation Service Curve Number (NRCS CN) method. The study was carried out on three rectangular and two triangular bare runoff plots of area 10 m2 constructed on a natural slope of 5% and a typical loamy sand soil. It involved measurement of rainfall and surface run off on storm basis. The curve numbers in the NRCS CN method were first obtained through calibration using observed rainfall and surface runoff data.

The present study was conducted from June 2011 to May 2012 to investigate the status of Eimeriosis in domestic/free range chickens of South Kashmir (India) with respect to age and season and to know the intensity of the infection. Out of total 169 representative samples of domestic/free range chickens, 50.89% were found infected. The infection was observed all around the year but the prevalence was highest during the winter season (70.27%), declined in spring (68.75%) and reached its minimum levels in summer season (29.27%) and started to rise in autumn (34.88%).

In the present study an attempt has been made to compare the Personality Characteristics of Commerce and Science graduates, pursuing B.Ed course in Directorate of Distance Education, University Of Kashmir. Cattell’s Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire has been chosen as a tool for comparing personality traits of the subjects with respect to their academic background and gender. The hypothesis examined that Female students were not significantly different from Male students and students with commerce background were not much different from students of science background.

Bridelia retusa Spreng belong to family Euphorbiaceae and is being used in the indigenous systems of medicine for the treatment of rheumatism and also used as astringent. The drug part used is the grayish brown roots of this plant. The species is also well known in ayurvedic medicine for kidney stone. The present paper reveals the botanical standardization on the root of B.retusa. The Pharmacognostic studies include macroscopic, microscopic characters, histochemistry and phytochemistry.

Fungal infections are extremely common in the tropical regions. Dermatophytes are one of the commonest causes of skin infections. Although common, the precise size of the problem defies measurement. Aim of this study was to isolate and identify the dermatophytic agents from clinical samples from patients with different clinical types. Clinical samples from 180 patients were subjected to potassium hydroxide (KOH) examination and culture isolation; causative agents were identified macroscopically and microscopically.

Fascioliasis is one of the most prevalent helminth infections of ruminants in different parts of the world. The current study highlights the phenotypic differences of aetiological agents of Fascioliasis in bovines i.e., Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica. The phenotypic parameters taken into consideration were BL, BW, OL, OW and BL/BW ratios. The data was subjected to one way ANOVA followed by Tuky test by using PRIMER version 4. Morphometrical values of Fasciola spp. revealed longer F. gigantica (33.66 4.42) as compared to Fasciola hepatica (25.194.22). Moreover, F.

The microwave-assisted synthesis of thiazolo-pyrazoline derivatives was carried out, using silica gel as solid support i.e. through an eco-friendly technique. Keeping in view of the wider therapeutic applications of these derivatives, they are screened for antibacterial activities against E.coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, S.aureus and B.subtilis strains and for antifungal activities against Aspergillus janus and Pencilliun glabrum strains using amoxicillin and fluconazole as standard drugs respectively.

Stressful stimuli can disrupt the physiological homeostasis. Acute and chronic stressors influence brain function and it is known to be the key factor for the genesis of various psychological disorders. The present study was designed to elucidate the influence of acute and chronic stress on different brain tissues of wistar albino rats. The animals were divided into two major groups as non stressed group (n =10) and stressed group (n =10). The stressed groups were divided into acute (one day) stress groups and chronic (30 days) groups.

In The paper [1] represents the construction of free medial semi group through commutative semi group. In this project the structure of distributive semi group [2], [3], [4] and the commutative semi group are been used for constructing one distributive semi group through commutative semi group. The first part explains the distributive semi groups and commutative semi groups, represents the conditions that the commutative semi group should complete whereof to construct distributive semi group.

Lake Tana is the biggest fresh water body in Ethiopia. Recently the Lake and its catchment water resources have been identified as one of the most important sources for hydropower, irrigation, and fishery development. However, there are huge uncertainties in estimating the water balance terms of both the Lake and its catchment. These will have an effect in developing the resources in a sustainable manner. The purpose of this article is to model and simulate the outflow series from the catchment measured at the Outlet of the Lake.

Car washing generates a lot of wastewater into our environment which flows into our water bodies or drains into soils. Water from these water bodies or drains is mostly used for vegetable crop irrigation purposes in urban areas. The study assessed heavy metal concentration in wastewater from car washing bays in the Tamale Metropolis of Ghana. Wastewater samples from three (3) different washing bays were analyzed for presence and concentration of Zinc (Zn), Copper (Cu), Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Lead (Pb), Iron (Fe) and Manganese (Mn).

Face centered cubic nickel has been synthesized through reduction of nickel chloride by hydrazine at 900C.X-ray powder diffraction showed that as-prepared samples were nickel with FCC structure. Scanning electron microscopy indicated that the particles were spherical and EDAX study confirmed the presence of high purity of nickel. Magnetic measurements showed that samples were ferromagnetic. The value of remanent magnetization and coercivity was enhanced while the value of saturation magnetization was decreased when compared to bulk nickel at room temperature.

Histological and histo chemical analysis of zebrafish ovary with reference to oogonial proliferation, oogenesis, folliculogenesis and vitellogenesis were studied. Ovaries from adult females were processed for paraffin embedding and sections (3µm) thick were cut and stained with hematoxylin-eosin and for histochemical detection of proteins, carbohydrates, mucopolysaccharides, lipids, neutral lipids and acidic lipids. Sections of ovaries exhibited oogonia and oocytes (previtellogenic and vitellogenic).

In this study, inlet and outlet of two effluent water samples were taken from effluent treatment plant in Balammalpuram, Karur, Tamilnadu, India. The water parameters were analysed under standard methods and compared with WHO and BIS standards. The remedial measures were suggested.

Ichthyofaunal diversity of the River Dauk at Uttar Dinajpur District of West Bengal in India was investigated during the year 2009 and 2010. Three different stations of the river namely Bholagachh (Station I, S1), Chopra (Station II, S2) and Dalua (Station III, S3) were selected for sampling of the fishes. Overall eighteen species belonging to three orders and seven families were recorded in the sampling stations of the river. Cyprinidae was the most dominating family (80.10%) with ten species. Cobitidae was the next dominant family having three species (11.33%).

Cash conversion cycle (CCC) has been considered a useful measure of firm’s effective working capital management and especially the cash management. This study was conducted with the aim to look into the association of the cash conversion cycle with the size and profitability of the firm. The present study is concerned about evaluating how cash conversion cycle affects the profitability of cement manufacturing companies in India.

A rectangular buried vertical fault of finite length of strike-slip nature in an elastic layer over a viscoelastic half space representing the lithosphere-asthenosphere system has been considered here. Stresses and strain accumulate in the region due to various tectonic processes, such as mantle convection and plate movements etc, which ultimately leads to movements across the fault.

The study set out to investigate the influence of work in childhood on the self concept, vocational aspiration and choice of children who work and go to school in Abia State. The study adopted a descriptive survey method using questionnaire and structured interview to illicit information from respondents on children who combine child labour and schooling. The sample is made up of 300 children from three Local Government Areas that make up Aba metropolis. Two research questions and three hypotheses were used.

The Indian rivers are proven to be significant sites of cyprinid diversity. Kerala is a state with 44 rivers flowing through the land, forty one west flowing and three east flowing. The streams of Kerala included in the Southern and central division of Western Ghats are considered unique for their exceptional biodiversity with respect to freshwater fishes. Puzhakkal is one of the 41 west flowing rivers of Kerala originating in the Machad hill range and flowing terminally into the Kol fields. It flows along northern part of Thrissur and drains into the Enamakal lake and then to Arabian Sea.

This paper investigates the relationship between corporate governance and three indicators of firm performance: return on assets, market capitalisation and risk management. The investigation was done mainly to discover whether one of the principal objectives of the 2005 bank consolidation in Nigeria (i.e. strengthening corporate governance) has been achieved. The study collects secondary data from the Nigeria Stock Exchange (NSE) factbook and financial reports of the deposit money banks (DMBs). A multiple regression model was employed to test the hypotheses of the study.

Introduction: Significant limitations in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior are been observed in people with Mental retardation, which are expressed in their conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. This disability originates before the age of 18. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of 10-weeks exercise program on Psychomotor ability (reaction ability and speed of movement time) of mentally challenged (MC) children.

This study attempted to monitored the effect of various parameters which effect the bioelectricity generation by the nano-wire forming electrogen Proteus sp. BVB09 isolated from the cow dung in two chambers MFC having cellophane membrane as PEM.

In this study the antimicrobial activity of leaf extracts obtained from genus Sesuvium L. was examined in vitro against eight strains of bacteria and three strains of fungi. Four extracts of S.portulacastrum obtained by extraction in methanol, chloroform, petroleum ether and ethyl acetate solvents respectively, were compared for their antimicrobial and antifungal activity. These activities were assessed by measuring the diameter of inhibition zones, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values.

The purpose of this study was to investigate how teachers influence the implementation of Kiswahili curriculum in Igembe District. The study was guided by two research questions and employed descriptive survey design. The sample population was 24 headteachers and 24 heads of Kiswahili department who are also Kiswahili teachers. The data was collected using questionnaires, document verification guide and interview schedule. Findings have shown that teachers’ characteristics like age and gender do not influence the implementation of Kiswahili curriculum in secondary schools in Kenya.

The main objective of this paper is to provide the analysis of the diesel engine such as performance & characteristic curves, fuel economy, power developed and exhaust emission levels; when the four stroke internal combustion compression ignition diesel engine is fueled with soybean biodiesel (B100 with 5% ethanol) and petroleum diesel.

Background: This study was carried out to detect human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in renal transplant patients in Khartoum state, Sudan, to show if urine gives a reliable result in HCMV PCR detection as plasma samples. Randomly, a total of 50 plasma and urine samples were collected from renal transplant patients at hospital of Sudanese renal transplant society during April to May 2012 Results: Urine and plasma together gave positive CMV result in 4 patients, while 2 patients were detected by plasma only, and one patient was detected by urine sample only.

Solanum xanthocarpum, a medicinal herb is of great economic importance due to its immense therapeutic and pesticidal properties. The present study was carried out to develop guidelines for in vitro multiplication of Solanum xanthocarpum. Explants like stem nodes, leaves and axillary buds were cultured on MS media supplemented with phytoharmones viz. BAP, 2,4 D, Kinetin, NAA, in various combinations and their response towards callus induction and shoot formation was observed.

This study carried out an assessment of the role of NIMASA in the development of Nigerian Maritime industry and the impact of shipping on the Nigerian economy on the other hand. Major emphasis was laid on the relationship between the number of vessels registered by NIMASA per period and the corresponding revenue generated.

This study was aimed to estimate currentstatus of physico-chemical characteristics of Dal Lake at Srinagar District, Kashmir. Monthly changes in physico-chemical parameters such as water temperature, transparency, pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen, Free Co2, Alkalinity, chlorides, Ammonical nitrogen, Nitrate nitrogen and Total phosphorus were analyzed for a period of one year from January to December 2011.

The Fulbari by-pass road is a service road running parallel with Tista-Mahananda canal of West Bengal, India. The road has been damaged repeatedly for the last few years. There are huge depressions on the road surface and it now look like a sine curve. Field investigation, field tests indicate huge seepage is flowing under the road throughout the year, ultimately leading to piping and consequent soil loss. The adjoining canal lining is severely damaged leading to huge seepage.

Fluorescence resonance energy transfer between CdSe (480 nm) quantum dots (donor) and fluorescein 27 (acceptor) is studied using steady state and time-resolved fluorescence measurements at room temperature in toluene based solutions. Decrease in the fluorescence intensity of QD donor and increase in the dye emission intensity with increasing concentration of acceptor dye and a significant reduction of the fluorescence lifetime of the QDs in the presence of acceptor are noted.

A new battle is being fought in the war for talent, with analysts, human resources (HR) professionals and executives around the world the main combatants. Likewise, we cannot ignore the other ongoing war for talent that informs organizations talent strategies. Although there is not necessarily a shortage of good people globally, organizations often report that local talent is hard to find and they compete fiercely to fill skilled and professional roles.

The steady flow of through a catheterized tapered artery with a stenosis is analyzed, assuming the blood as a non-Newtonian Herschel-Bulkley fluid. A system of non linear partial differential equations for blood flow of the artery was obtained. The governing equations are solved using calculus method. The width of the plug flow region increases with the increase of the yield stress, and the reverse behavior is noticed when the steady state pressure gradient increases when all the other parameters are kept fixed.

In solar air heater, flat plat collectors are the best heat transfering devices. An experiment was performed with the flat plate solar air collector of area 1.87m2 to describe its transient behavior. The experiment was carried out for different range of inlet temperatures (40 oC, 50 oC, 60 oC, 70 oC, 80 oC and 90 oC) for a period of three months (April, May and June). The efficiency found for different range of input temperatures varies from 20 – 37 %.Efficiency and output temperature values are calculated theoretically and are in close agreement with experimental values.

The present study tries to examine the influence of natural and oxidative stress [hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) treatment]-induced senescence on peroxidase (POD) activity in neem (Azadirachta indica A. juss) leaves. Data indicated that incubation of detached leaves in presence of H2O2 has induced POD(s), that enzyme activity is also enhanced in natural senescing leaves. Changes in POD activity and protein loss during H2O2-promoted senescence has shown similarity with natural senescence suggests that the underlying regulatory mechanisms might be the same in both stresses, at least in neem.

Hand gesture recognition system can be used for providing the interface between computer and human using hand gestures. The main objective of the present work is to develop algorithms for the recognition of twenty three samyuktha mudras of the bharatanatyam. By employing a pattern recognition technique in which the orientation histogram and silhouette of the different gestures is used as a feature vector for mudra classification and interpolation accurate results are obtained.

The concept of “Financial Inclusion” is inbuilt in the structure of Urban Co-operative Bank. As Urban Co-operative Banks are mostly working in the rural and semi-urban areas .They are the back bone of banking system and contribute for growth of the nation .The researcher aims to analyze the financial performance of Anantapur Urban Cooperative bank. The study used exploratory research design which relies on secondary data. The analyzed data reveals that there was significant growth in the deposits mobilization, loans and advances, working capital, reserves and owned funds.

Trichoderma viridae Pacilomyces liliaceae Verticilium lecani are the three Entamopathogenic fungi which are used to study the molasses as a source of their mass multiplication. Generally there are Fungi to control insects, weeds and to control other fungi. In nature every ecosystem exists in a balance. Growth and multiplication of each organism depends on the food chain, its predators, parasites, etc. In biological control system, these interrelations are exploited.

This study was carried out to evaluate proteins encoded by different fragments of HCV genes for detection hepatitis C infection. Eighty eight Iraqi hepatitis C patients were involved in this study, these patients attended the Gastroenterology Department of Baghdad Teaching Hospital during the period from December 2009 to March 2011. These patients included 58 males and 30 females with ages ranged between (16-64) year.

In this study, the ethanolic extract of Vernonia cinerea plant leaves were investigated for the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects in male Wistar strain albino rats. The extract at a dose of 100mg/Kg body wt was administered orally to the CCl4 treated rats. The effect of extract on the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione S-transferase (GST) and reduced glutathione (GSH) content were estimated in the liver of rats intoxicated with CCl4.

We obtain infinitely many non-zero integer quintuples satisfying the Quintic Equation with five unknowns. .Various interesting properties between the values of , and special polygonal and pyramidal numbers are presented.

The study was intended to find out the higher secondary students’ involvement in environmental movements in Virudhachalam Educational District. Random Sampling Technique was used to compose a sample of 1000 higher secondary students. Mean, Standard Deviation, t- value, F-value, and r- value were calculated for the analysis of data.

The present paper deals with flower morphology, anthesis, pollen production, pollen ovule ratio, foraging behaviour of flower visitors, pollen germination (in vitro and in vivo) and stigma receptivity of Solanum sisymbrifolium Lamk. belonging to the family Solanaceae, which is an important medicinal plant. The flowers open in between 5.00 to 7.00 hrs. As soon as flowers open, different insects like Thrips, Ceratina viridissima, Apis sp., Amegilla sp., Xylocopa sp. and few members of Lepidoptera, Diptera and Coleoptera visit flowers to collect forage materials and help in pollination.

An epidemiological analysis has got a significant role in analyzing the emerging population-based health management frameworks. Thus, it is need of hour to include studies on different hosts including the poultry fowls. The aim behind the review is to encourage more young researchers to initiate work on this critical approach. The present work stresses on integrated approach to the control and diagnose of cestodiosis in domestic fowl. Moreover, the histopathological studies will help in estimating damage done to hosts by parasites.

The main aim of the present study was to validate the nutritive value of economically important fish Schizothorax plagiostomus of Kashmir valley. Schizothorax plagiostomus (Khont) Heckel, 1838, locally available teleost of Kashmir valley were sampled form March 2012 to February 2013 to analyze the seasonal and monthly variation in the total protein content of muscle tissue. Results show that the nutritive value of a species of fish varies throughout the year. Marked fluctuations in protein content of the fish have been analyzed during the study period.

Fish is one of the main food constituents in our diet as it includes essential fatty acids, amino acids and some of the principal vitamins and minerals in sufficient amounts for healthy living (Borgstrom, 1961). The importance of biochemical composition of fish and their significant role in human nutrition is well recognized. The present study involves the estimation of the total carbohydrate content in the muscle tissues of an endemic fish species of Kashmir valley namely Schizothorax curvifrons during the period of January 2012 to December 2012.

Helminths are of great interest to the ecologists because of their ordered life cycle. They are also considered as one of the important sensitive parasites to any changes in the water quality. Helminth parasites of exotic and indigenous fish were examined with the aim to evaluate their possible use as biological tags. This study quantified the seasonal prevalence and intensity of the helminth parasites in Shallabugh Wetland. Fish hosts studied includes two native fish of genus - Schizothorax and two exotic fish of genus - Cyprinus.

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