CALL FOR PAPERS

CERTIFICATE

IMPACT FACTOR 2019

Subject Area

  • Life Sciences / Biology
  • Architecture / Building Management
  • Asian Studies
  • Business & Management
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Economics & Finance
  • Engineering / Acoustics
  • Environmental Science
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • General Sciences
  • Materials Science
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine
  • Nanotechnology & Nanoscience
  • Nonlinear Science
  • Chaos & Dynamical Systems
  • Physics
  • Social Sciences & Humanities

Why Us? >>

  • Open Access
  • Peer Reviewed
  • Rapid Publication
  • Life time hosting
  • Free promotion service
  • Free indexing service
  • More citations
  • Search engine friendly

Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

 

 

 

 

Bonwill’s triangle - the uncharted anatomic geometry

Author: 
Dr. Athul Antony Simon, Dr. M. Shashirekha, Dr. Varsha Mokhasi and Dr. Aga Ammar Murthuza
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: Mandibular fractures include a significant bulk of cases encountered in craniofacial trauma. When the fracture occurs, it affects the patient's occlusion significantly, causing infection and leads to considerable amount of pain. Interventions to prevent these sequelae require either closed or open forms of reduction and fixation. The proper alignment of the fractured fragment is essential to maintain the normal anatomy, function and aesthetics.(1) Through this study I wish to shed light on a long-forgotten theory that could simplify the reconstruction of mandibular defects. Dr. William Gibson Arlington Bonwill believed that there was a geometrical basis for occlusion and a 4-inch equilateral triangle exists between the two condyles and anterior teeth of the mandible.(2) He played a pivotal role in developing the first anatomical articulator utilized in construction of complete dentures in dentistry.(3) Objective: • To determine the existence of the equilateral triangle subtended between the mandibular condyles and the incisal point. • To reappraise the Bonwill’s triangle that has been ignored from Medical Anatomy literature. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted at Department of Anatomy, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Whitefield, Bangalore, utilizing 100 adult human mandibles irrespective of age and gender. Digital Vernier Caliper with a resolute accuracy of 0.01mm +/- 0.02mm (<100mm), was utilized to measure the parameters. Three parameters measured were - Right Condyle center to the point between medial mandibular Incisors (X), Left Condyle center to the point between medial mandibular Incisors (Y), and between the centers of both Condyles (Z). A paired student t test was employed to determine whether any significant relation existed between the variables X, Y and Z. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS Version 16 and validation of Bonwill’s historical geometric theory was deemed possible only if p value exceeded 0.05. Result: All mandibles studied fulfill Bonwill's geometric theory, thereby establishing the existence of the equilateral triangle between the bony landmarks. Conclusion: Patients who succumb to mandibular injuries can be benefited through modest surgical interventions, utilizing the geometric theory of Dr Bonwill, with the aid of head and neck radiology.(4) Apart from its clinical relevance, shedding light on its existence will add value to the current literature pertaining to mandibular anatomy.

PDF file: 

IJMCE RECOMMENDATION

ONLINE PAYPAL PAYMENT

CURRENT ISSUE

NEWS

CHIEF EDITOR
Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil
ASSOCIATE CHIEF EDITOR

   

Jean-Marc SABATIER
Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group
France

Advantages of IJCR

  • Rapid Publishing
  • Professional publishing practices
  • Indexing in leading database
  • High level of citation
  • High Qualitiy reader base
  • High level author suport

EDITORIAL BOARD

Luai Farhan Zghair
Iraq
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Jordanian
Fredrick OJIJA
Tanzanian
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Uzbekistan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Philippines
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Sudan
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
India
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Pakistan
Dr. SHAHERA S.PATEL
India
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
India
Dr. Recep TAS
Turkey
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Egypt
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
India
DR. PATRICK D. CERNA
Philippines
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Mexico
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Libiya
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
DR. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL MOHMAND
United State
DR. MAHESH SHIVAJI CHAVAN
India
DR. M. ARUNA
India
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Malaysia
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
India
DR. IRAM BOKHARI
Pakistan
Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
Pakistan
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
India
Dr. ASHWANI KUMAR DUBEY
India
Dr. Ali Seidi
Iran
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Indonesia
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
India
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
France
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Pakistan
Dr. Imran Azad
Oman
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
India
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Iraq
Anam Bhatti
Malaysia
Md. Amir Hossain
Bangladesh
Ahmet İPEKÇİ
Turkey
Mirzadi Gohari
Iran