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Depression and anxiety among patient with alcohol use disorder and their companion

Author: 
Dr. Rohit Balas, Dr. Tajgna Kadia and Dr. Kamlesh Patel
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: According to the WHO-2020, a quarter of the world’s population will suffer from a mental disorder due to substance abuse are projected to account for 15 % of the global disease burden. AUDs can be categorized as harmful use, hazardous use or dependence. Depressive and anxiety disorders as well as alcohol use disorders are among the most common psychiatric disorders in the general population that alarming as these disorders have a serious impact on a person’s physical, social and occupational functioning and constitute a large economic burden to society. Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted at tertiary care hospital in Department of Psychiatry. 90 Patients diagnosed with AUD andtheir 90companion who fulfilled inclusion criteria were included in study. Participants were subjected to social-demographic details, alcohol consumption details, AUDIT, HAM-D and HAM-A. Results: Of 90 AUD patients, 5(5.6%)-low, 14(15.6%)-medium, 42(46.7%)-high and 29(32.2%)-veryhigh AUDIT score. In AUD patients 27(30%) were depressed and 27(30%) were anxious & suggests that possible association with demographic variables(age, occupation and age of onset) and depression & with demographic variables(age, SEC and age of onset) and anxiety.In Companion, 21(23.3%) were depressed and 8(8.89%) were anxious & suggests that possible association with demographic variables(education, occupation,social economical status and duration of living with AUD patient) and depression with demographic variables(education, occupation, SEC and duration of living) and anxiety. Conclusion: This study indicated that AUD patients showed severe levels of depression and moderate levels of anxiety & companion had severe levels of depression and moderate levels of anxiety.

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