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Opioid used disorder among clients admitted in a rehabilitation centre in jos Nigeria: A 5 year retrospective study

Author: 
Dapap D. Datak, Nwoga N. Charles, Audu D.Moses and Goar G. Suwa
Subject Area: 
Physical Sciences and Engineering
Abstract: 

Background: There has been growing concern both locally and internationally about the increasing abuse of opioids. Opioid use disorder (OUD) is an important contributor to the global burden of disease. Aim : To estimate the prevalence and annual prevalence of opioid use disorder from 2018 to 2022, and the pattern of opioid use disorder. Method: A retrospective cross-sectional study carried out on 482 clients admitted between 2018 to 2022 at a drug treatment center in Jos,Nigeria. Data was collected from the patient’s information documented in their case notes. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 22. Result: The prevalence of opioid use disorder among 135 clients was 28%, while the annual prevalence of opioid use disorder from 2018 to 2022 were; 37.3% in 2018 and 35.4% in 2019. Between 2020 and 2021 it decreased further from 22% to 19.3%, but it increased in the year 2022 with 26.5%. OUD was more among young adults while, codein containing syrup was the most abuse opioid with 53 (15.3) clients and most of them were poly drug users 77(57%). Conclusion: In our study, there was an upsurge of prevalence of OUD in the year 2022 (26.5%).The number of individuals with OUD is likely increasing, particularly among young people.

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