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A study of blood pressure and its relation with anthropometric measurements among adolescents in a particular community

Author: 
Miss. Rukmini, S., Kokilamma, B., Dr. Sudha Rani P. and Dr. M. Sreelatha
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Introduction: Majority of non communicable disease related deaths are attributed to four groups of diseases, cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases. Main risk factors for non communicable diseases include dietary habits, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol use. Other risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, high glucose levels and genetic susceptibility (history of premature death or disability due to coronary heart disease or stroke, diabetes and hypertension). Two thirds of premature deaths in adults are associated with childhood conditions and behaviours, and behaviour associated with NCD risk factors is common in young people. Over 150 million young people smoke; 81 percent adolescents don’t get enough physical activity; 11.7 percent of adolescents take heavy episodic drinking and 41 million children under 5 years old are overweight or obese. Hypertension is one of the most common public health problems globally among adults, and recent data suggests that there is an increase in the incidence of childhood hypertension as well. Methodology: Non experimental approach was adopted to achieve the objectives of the study, which is felt to be most appropriate in the field of education for its practicability in real life situation. It was advantages of practicability, feasibility and to a certain extent for generalization. In this study descriptive research design was used. The study was conducted at Annur panchat, Karveti nagaram mandal, Chittoor (DT). The population includes adolescent age group 14-15 years of both male and female students. Sample size consists of 100 adolescents under inclusion criteria. Non probability convenient sampling technique was adopted based on inclusion criteria. Results: Regarding the assessment of Blood Pressure out of 100 adolescents, majority of 78 per cent were normal Blood Pressure, 22 per cent were pre hypertension. The mean and standard deviation scores were 1.22 ± 0.416. Regarding the BMI, Out of 100 adolescents, 82 per cent were normal weight, 10 per cent were under weight, and 8 percent shows over weight. The mean and standard deviation scores of BMI 1.98±0.426Where as W/H ratio 59 per cent have low risk, 16 per cent have moderate risk, and 25 per cent have high risk. The mean and standard deviation scores 1.66 ± 0.855. Statistically significant association of Blood Pressure with anthropometric measurements like height was significant at 0.05 level and other anthropometric measurements like weight, waist circumference, Hip circumference were significant at 0.01 level. BMI and W/H ratio were not showing any significant association. There was association between Blood Pressure with age, gender, education, mother education, mother occupation, income at 0.05 levels. Hence H01was rejected. And some of the variables such as religion, father occupation, and family type are not showing any significant association. Association between BMI related to gender, education, mother education, father occupation, income at 0.05 levels. Hence H02 was rejected. Where as remaining demographic variables (religion) is not showing any significant association Conclusion: The present study revealed that adolescents having pre hypertensive and overweight. There is a significant association between Blood Pressure with anthropometric measurements. Information booklet was given for further reference to enhance their knowledge levels and it may help to prevent the non communicable diseases.

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