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Urinary incontinence in older adults prevalence of urinary incontinence among elderly patients attending the primary health care centers in makkah al-mukarramah, ksa a cross-sectional study

Author: 
Mahmoud Adil Shakuri and Nour Abdullah AlAiderous
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Urinary incontinence is common in older people, especially women. In Saudi Arabia, urinary incontinence was experienced by more than 30% of adult women, and Stress urinary incontinence alone accounts for up to half of all cases; generally the prevalence of UI considered to be from 20% to 50% with the peak to be in the childbearing age group (up to 40%) and then the prevalence increasing in elderly to reach to 50%. Aim of the Study: To estimate the prevalence of urinary incontinence among elderly patients attending the primary health care centers in Makkah, KSA in 2018. Methodology: It was a cross-sectional study involving 350 randomly selected elderly patients from different primary health care centers within Makkah. The data collection period was 20 days (four weeks minus weekends) in 2018. Validated self-constructed survey form was used to gather information to estimate the prevalence of self-reported UI among elderly patients attending primary health care centers. Results: A total of is 350 elderly patients. Answer ratio was 100%. The age of the respondents ranged from(25-65)years, majority of the respondents were females(57.14%), showed positive correlations between degree of symptoms and signs of diagnosis of incontinence and degree the frequency of symptoms (r = 0.578) and have statistical a significant relation p=0.001. In this study results shown that relation between the degree the Frequency of symptoms and demographic characteristics, showed positive correlations between degree of symptoms and signs of diagnosis of incontinence and degree the frequency of symptoms (r = 0.578) statistically significant p=0.001. Conclusion: The incidence of urinary incontinence is underestimated belittled despite the fact that it is normal. Identification of this issue is fundamental for forestalling complexities and improving the personal satisfaction of the older particularly with intellectual debilitation patients.

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