Subject Area

  • Life Sciences / Biology
  • Architecture / Building Management
  • Asian Studies
  • Business & Management
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Economics & Finance
  • Engineering / Acoustics
  • Environmental Science
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • General Sciences
  • Materials Science
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine
  • Nanotechnology & Nanoscience
  • Nonlinear Science
  • Chaos & Dynamical Systems
  • Physics
  • Social Sciences & Humanities

Why Us? >>

  • Open Access
  • Peer Reviewed
  • Rapid Publication
  • Life time hosting
  • Free promotion service
  • Free indexing service
  • More citations
  • Search engine friendly

Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.













October 2015

Discovery of a dengue outbreak early is the major step towards implementing effective dengue interventions resulting in reduced mortality and morbidity. A dengue mathematical model is useful tool for prediction of an outbreak and evaluation of control measures. However, such a model must be carefully parameterized and validated with epidemiological data. Data obtained from the ministry of health and social welfare in Tanzania are used to analyse various parameters of dengue transmission and outbreak model.

Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus have a high risk of atherothrombotic events. Many studies have shown a variety of diabetes mellitus related abnormalities in hemostasis and thrombosis. The diabetic condition contributes for initiation and progression of microvascular and macrovascular complication. Materials and Methods: This is a cross sectional study that had been conducted at Alrakah Hospital during May 2012 to June 2012. The study included samples from type 2 diabetic patients diagnosed clinically at Alrakah Hospital, during the above mentioned period.

Background: Embolism is a dreaded complication of Infective Endocarditis (IE). Embolism may cause an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). (Cecchi et al., 2004; Deprele et al., 2004) Neurological complications develop in 20-40% of cases, most of which are stroke or transient ischemic attacks. Central nervous system (CNS) involvement is most common; stroke comprises up to 65% of embolic events and may be the presenting sign of I.E.

This systematic review aims to identify scientific publications addressing the use screening scales Postpartum Depression (PPD) applied until sixth month after postpartum in mothers over 15 years. A systematic review was conducted using PubMed, LILASC, MEDLINE and the PRISMA guidelines (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses), using the following keywords: Postpartum Depression, Brief psychiatric rating scale, Maternal Depression. The search resulted in 55 articles that were screened by title and abstract, these 09 articles were analyzed.

The aim of present study is: i) to determine trace metals content in blood serum of pregnant and non-pregnant female, ii) to find a possible correlation between the metals under investigation, iii) to show the effectiveness of therapy with substitute of some elements during pregnancy. 77 blood samples were collected from February to March 2013 using the procedure described in World Health Organization (WHO) protocol.

Aims: 1- To evaluate the incidence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterial pathogen in burn patients. 2- To determine the Biofilm producing P. aeruginosa Methods: Total of 62 samples have been collected from patients who attended to the center of Burn in Al-Faihaa General Hospital in Basra City from the period 01/03/2015 to 1/6/2015. Including 36 (58%) females and 26 (42%) males, aged between 6 months – 78 years.

Background of the study: Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that can occur in genetically predisposed people where the ingestion of gluten leads to damage in the small intestine. It has emerged as an increasingly recognized public health problem and is one of the main cause of morbidity and mortality. Objectives: To assess the knowledge and level of perceived difficulties regarding gluten free diet among celiac disease patients. Methodology: A non-experimental descriptive research design was used and 100 celiac disease patients were selected by using convenience sampling technique.

This study was carried out to assess the nutritional status of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) between 4 -12 years, based on their height, weight and to analyze their eating practices. The study also examined the impact of nutrition intervention on awareness and food choices of mothers having children with ADHD. This is a specific population study, conducted in a special school of Chennai city. The sample recruited for the given study consisted of 60 mothers having children with ADHD.

This study aims to determine the effect of breakfast counseling on the coal miners activities and health. This study is an experiment Quasi Experimental with design The Non Equivalent Control Group. This design uses two groups, the first group and the second group are given a pretest and post test, but only one group is given the treatment (counseling). Research instrument was a questionnaire safety and health knowledge with the number of items by 10 item valid and reliable questions, with 10 score for the correct answer and 0 for a wrong answer.

A study in the purpose of pain assessment in neonates and relief of pain cycles; not only for ethical view but also because repeated painful exposures can cause deleterious consequences. Gathered information from various medical references and previous studies discussing pain physiology, modulation and pain calibration instruments all are provided for this purpose. In Egypt, pain in neonates is underestimated and it's prevalent among the public that circumcision is preferably carried out in the first week.

Aim: To investigate the coronary heart disease aggravated by climate variations in Borborema region*. Method: It was used a quantitative non-experimental method in a cross-sectional and exploratory field research, conducted through medical records from João XXIII Hospital and the use of questionnaires to cardiac patients, from February 2010 to February 2012. The survey sample used consisted of 712 respondents, which was the total data collected. For data analysis, it was used the Pearson’s correlation coefficient.

Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology is considered as a reliable and cost effective method for the initial evaluation of thyroid nodules. But it poses a diagnostic challenge in differentiating benign follicular adenoma from follicular carcinoma and follicular variant of papillary carcinoma as they have similar cytological appearance. Present study focused on the identification of an immuno marker for the differential diagnosis of thyroid malignancy and to compare the expression of Galectins and Bcl-2 to explain its role in apoptosis.

Obesity has been linked as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease including hypertension. Varying patterns of this relationship exists across race, ethnic group and geographical location. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist hip ratio (WHR) are simple methods of assessing obesity. This study aimed to assess obesity using BMI, WC and WHR, and to examine the respective relationships with hypertension. In a hospital-based cross-sectional descriptive study, 556 adult out-patients were recruited and relevant data was collected from them.

This study was launched to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound irradiation technique versus boiling water bath method for preparation of 99mTc-UBI 29-41 samples and assess the bio distribution of radiotracer samples in the infected rats induced by Staphylococcus aureus. The 740MBq (20 mCi) 99mTc-UBI 29-41 samples were reconstituted by boiling water bath or ultrasound irradiation technique. The 99mTc-UBI 29-41 samples were administrated intravenously to the infected rats. Then qualitative and quantitative studies have been performed.

A hepatitis B virus (HBV) is endemic in India and has an etiological role in hepatitis, 50-60% of which end up with chronic liver disease. A total of 100 patients diagnosed as alcoholic liver cirrhosis were screened for HBV. 100 healthy subjects without any evidence of chronic liver disease were taken as controls. 18% of the samples were positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Serum bilirubins, enzymes (AST, ALT, ALP, and GGT) were significantly increased. In conclusion, heavy alcohol consumption significantly increases liver disease with HBV positive patients.

Anaerobic infection is usually polymicrobial in nature and has a significant role in mortality and morbidity of CNS infection. The bacteriology of Brain abscess is complex and consist of polymicrobialanerobic infections. We aimed to study the rate of isolation, poly microbial nature, association of predisposing factors and sensitivity pattern of obligate and facultative anaerobes in Brain abscess cases.

Complexity of health care requires a more efficient use of resources. Due to the continuous improvements in information technologies, nurse call systems support patient-employee communication. The aim of the study is identify benefits of nurse call system used in Acibadem Healthcare Group (ASG) and ensure the dissemination of usage of this system in Turkish hospitals.

An unusual case of simultaneous presence of supernumerary teeth in primary and permanent dentition is presented and discussed. Presence of supernumerary tooth in the primary dentition itself is a rare phenomenon. Early diagnosis is essential to avoid complications.

In today’s era, the business success is based on the employee abilities and capabilities. Work- family conflicts is becoming more common now a day due to work pressure and family responsibilities. This research focuses on the comparison of work-family conflict and job satisfaction among different groups. The Sample size selected for this research is 120 participants , 30 each from the 4 groups i.e nurses, doctors, clerks, teachers.

Complete denture with an acrylic denture base is a successful treatment modality for many edentulous cases, but there are repeated episodes of fracture due to reasons of occlusal disharmony, flexure and fatigue as a result of alveolar resorption and impact as a result of dropping the denture. Denture reinforcements in form of metal mesh though a suitable alternative for alleviating fracture episodes; it exposes the metallic component in certain areas and hence affects the overall patient compliance.

Background and objectives: Leukemias represent one of the most important problems in the field of haematology. Early diagnosis of various subtypes of leukemia and intervention has improved the prognosis and disease free survival. This is a clinicopathological study of leukemia undertaken at KIMS, Hubli, with the following objectives, • To study the pattern of leukemias in this part of North Karnataka. • To study clinical and haematological presentations of acute leukemias. • To ascertain the utility of cytochemistry in the diagnosis of acute leukemias.

In the present work, novel derivatives of veratric acid (V1- V34) were synthesized and tested in vitro for their antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Gram negative bacteria Escherichia coli as well as antifungal activity against fungal strains Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger by standard serial dilution method using ciprofloxacin and fluconazole as reference compounds in case of antibacterial and antifungal activity respectively.

Objective: To explore appropriate second line therapies for management of severe postpartum hemorrhage at caesarean and vaginal delivery. Methods : A prospective study was done of 100 women at Lalla Ded Hospital of GMC, Srinagar, of primary postpartum hemorrhage unresponsive to standard medical therapy. In all of these PPH cases, women were treated with appropriate oxytocic agents and prostaglandin analogues. Intravenous infusions of oxytocin, intravenous methergine and / or intramuscular carboprost tromethamine were all used in accordance with our hospital protocol.

Spontaneous renal pelvis rupture (SRPR) is extremely uncommon and thought as a nontraumatic leakage of the urine from the renal pelvis. It is usually secondary to calculus causing obstruction. A clear differentiation between the forniceal rupture and upper ureter/ renal pelvis becomes very important as both course and treatment are different. Around seventy percent of ureteric stones are present in the distal ureter. Effective treatment of distal ureteric stone is by keeping the patient under observation and medication.

Background: Although there has been significant improvement in both understanding and treating type 2 diabetes, there is no indication of a decrease in its prevalence. This trend has led to an hypothesis that are still risk factors that have not been fully understood and dealt with and patient need effective treatment programs to help them deal with such. For along time, medical experts have emphasized the need for diabetic patients to exercise lifestyle changes such as dieting and engaging in physical exercise in order to maintain their conditions.

Research has now established that a thorough understanding of the implant related complications is essential if implant retained restorations are to be employed predictably. Biological complications in implant dentistry are referred to as peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis. Peri-implantitis, if not successfully treated, may lead to complete disintegration and implant loss. Bacteria, mainly Gram-negative anaerobes are an essential factor for the onset and progression of peri-implantitis.

A 'high risk pregnancy' sounds daunting, but like every other issue, knowledge is the key for coping with and treating the pregnancy with complications. Hence, a descriptive study was carried out to assess the awareness regarding high risk factors of pregnancy among 150 pregnant women selected by convenience sampling technique, visiting antenatal OPD of a selected hospital of Ludhiana, Punjab. A structured questionnaire was used to assess the socio-demographic variables along with the level of awareness.

India today is a booming economy and the third fastest growing in the world. At one level, India hopes to become a major force at the global stage, yet, over one third of income is spent towards food and related consumption and hence, social security support for health, education, housing etc. becomes critical. However, since independence, little has changed in context to changing the social security situation in the country.

In India spread of dengue fever and dengue haemorrhagic fever is increasing, neurological manifestations are also increasing, although they may be under reported because of lack of awareness. There are some atypical manifestations of dengue, such as dengue encephalitis, dengue rhabdomyolysis, dengue myocarditis, dengue hepatitis and dengue cholecystitis which are mostly go unnoticed. We report here a case of 20 year Fever, Headache and difficulty to movie the lower limbs female presented with of dengue fever with myocarditis and rhabdomyolysis.

The purpose of this review of literature was to examine studies on “Gender and Indian Hospital Industry.” Five main themes were developed during the process of this review, namely, Gender and leadership, Factors resulting in gender bias, Future female leadership, Solutions adopted to resolve gender bias, and last theme was Gender and hospital Industry. Result shows lack of Indian literature on gender and leadership from the hospital industry. Thus, this review recommends researchers to conduct studies on gender and leadership in relation to ‘Indian hospital industry’.

In India, farmers concentrate mainly on crop production which is invariably subjected to a high degree of uncertainty in income and employment. To sustain the income and productivity, the farmers has to integrate ancillary propositions with crop production. There are other parameters also which effect the crop production and Annual income of farmers. The objective of the study is to estimate the Annual income of Tribal farmers of Tripura, to estimate the interaction between them and to imply micro level policies.

In the present study the methanolic extract of Artocarpus hirsutus Lam., Cinnamomum wightii Meisner, Diopyros paniculata Dalz., Garcinia gummi-gutta (L.) Robs. Garcinia indica Choiss, Michelia nilagrica Zenk. Rhododendron arboreum (Zenk.) Tagg.) leaves were evaluated against Culex quinquefasciatus.

The purpose of this study was to document Melanau knowledge of medicinal plants in Balingian, Mukah, Sarawak. Information was obtained from semi-structured interviews, personal conversations with practitioners and direct observations. Our data covered 43 species of medicinal plants belonging to 28 families. We found that most species are for post-natal (10 species) and hypertension (7 species), disorders which are prevalently and primarily treated with medicinal plants.

Human pathogenic bacteria have employed high levels of multidrug resistance (MDR) with enhanced morbidity and mortality. MDR develop hindrance in disease control by intensifying the possibility of spreading of resistant pathogens, thus, declining efficacy of treatment. MDR in bacterial infections has impaired the current antimicrobial therapy and demanding the search for other alternatives. Search for natural product extracting from high valued medicinal plants are the alternative source for discovery of new drugs useful against MDR bacteria.

Qua Iboe River estuary is one of the three estuaries in Niger Delta region, Nigeria. Huge petroleum exploration and production activities go on, placing the country as the 8th largest oil producer in the world. The residents are poor, show symptoms of PEM, thus depending on sea foods as their major source of protein. Cymbium glans, a marine snail is commonly consumed in the area. Microbiological, nutritional and trace elements of C. glans from QIR estuary were investigated.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of medical disorders in 60-90 year old elderly from Mumbai city, India Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted in 99 (males 48) elderly with the mean age of 71.2±7.2 years. A pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect information regarding prevalence of medical disorders in elderly. Analyses were performed using SPSS software and P-value < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.

The ancient use of Trichosanthes dioica leaves as a valuable remedy in traditional medicine guided the authors to search out for its inherent chemical characteristics responsible for such activity. The present study encompasses a complete analysis of the leaf portion W.R.T. protein, carbohydrate, moisture, vitamin C, minerals, phytochemicals and in-vitro antioxidant activity in term of DPPH and ABTS+ free radical scavenging assay. Experimental data of the leaves were expressed on the basis of a comparative analysis w.r.t.

Preliminary screening was carried out on Baphia nitida to establish the presence of certain bioactive compounds. Alcohol extract of fresh leaves of B. nitida was obtained and several identification tests, each specific for detecting the presence of a particular chemical compound were carried out, using standard techniques, on the alcohol extract. The chemical compounds tested for include alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, saponnins, flavonoids, reducing compounds, polyphenols, phlobatinnins and anthraquinones.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV), the agent responsible for most cases of blood born hepatitis is a major cause of cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and HCV related endstage liver disease. Large amount of scar tissue in the liver is a result of chronic inflammation and injury leading to cirrhosis. Significant amounts of consumption of alcohol are the most important factor in accelerating progression to cirrhosis. Quasi - species nature of HCV allows the virus to cause chronic infection. HCV is not directly cytopathic and liver lesions are mainly related to immune mediated mechanisms.

During post green revolution, indiscriminate use of chemicals in agriculture and their adverse effect on soil health and environment has created an alarming situation. A situation has resulted which urgently demands an environmentally safe, sustainable and simultaneously, economically viable production system. This indeed is essential for optimizing production and the same time to minimize threat to environment. Considering the importance of the study, the objective, to portray the agro-chemicals use pattern of tomato growers in controlling insect-pests and diseases was undertaken.

Silver nanoparticles synthesis is a vastly growing area of research adding day by day new applications in various fields. There are a number of physical and chemical methods which are energy and capital intensive and employ toxic chemicals. Thus more and more researchers are involved in green synthesis of nanoparticles from plants, fungi and bacteria. Use of silver nanoparticles in the field of biomedical nanotechnology and nanomedicine is rapidly increasing because of their antimicrobial, anticancer, antioxidant property and less toxicity.

Fifteen F2’s along with 8 parents were used to estimate genetic variability and heritability among 11 developmental, growth, yield and yield related attributes in brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) during rabi 2012-13. The magnitude of genotypic variance as well as genotypic coefficient of variation were low as compared to both of phenotypic variance as well as phenotypic coefficient of variation indicating thereby, the influence of environment in the expression of these traits.

Recently, the biosynthesis of nanoparticles has been considered as a new approach of research. In the current investigation, the green chemistry of silver nanoparticles synthesis from aqueous solution of silver nitrate as a rapid eco-friendly technique was described. Extracellular biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was carried out using plant extracts of Salvia officinalis L. The AgNPsformation was detected by the colour change of plant extracts and confirmed with the help of UV-Vis spectroscopy where the peak values were in the range of 425– 445 nm.

The maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais is largely widespread maize pest across the world. It causes important losses of stored maize grain since infestation starts in field and continues in storage. Therefore, an environmentally safe and economically feasible pest control practice needs to be available. The effect of Acacia polyacantha and Hymenocardia acida wood ashes, Plectranthus glandulosus leaf powder and diatomaceous earth (Fossil Shield) was assessed on the development of the immature stages (egg, larva and pupa) and the fecundity of S. zeamais.

The present study was carried out to evaluate the growth of snow trout with periphyton based diet in captive condition in three raceways of running water system with a view to find out the suitable artificial substrate for periphyton based culture of Schizothorax richardsonii (Gray). Different artificial substrates; Tree branches, Sugarcane bagasse, Paddy straw, Bamboo poles (Dead organic materials) Plastic sheet, Plastic pipes (non bio degradable) and other material like stones and pebbles were used for the production of periphyton community.

Water is the most precious natural source on our planet, solid waste disposal will increase the contamination in drinking water sources. Hyderabad, the second largest city of Sindh province is situated on the left bank of Indus River. It was observed that the large volume of refuse is left and burned in the premises of the main drinking water sources of Hyderabad and this raw water is supplied to consumers, causing water borne disease outbreaks. Water samples were collected from inlet and out let filter plants of study area, at locations Hyderabad.

Artemisia annua L., a medicinal herb, produces secondary metabolites with antimicrobial properties. The purpose of this study is to determine the antimicrobial activity of ethanol, methanol and hexane extracts of Artemisia annua during different flowering stages against bacterial species (Klebsiella pneumoniae, Shigella dysenteriae and Staphylococcus areus) and fungal species (Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus). The zone of inhibition was calculated.

The aim of this research work was to assess the aflatoxin contamination of wheat during the storage time therefore wheat samples were collected with different time intervals i-e May, July and October 2014 from upper, central and bottom sack of the same selected stack from 11 public godowns of Hyderabad Division, for Mycological study of aflatoxin in stored wheat stock samples.

The impact of climate change on annual air temperature and precipitation has received a great deal of attention by scholars worldwide. Many studies have been conducted to illustrate that changes in annual temperature and precipitation are becoming evident on a global scale. This study focuses on detecting trends in annual temperature and precipitation and Aerosols (PM10)for Chennai city For this study, the widely used modified Mann-Kendall test was run at 5% significance level on time series data for the yearr2014.

A signifying step towards the identification of morbidity at community level need an interview-based diagnosis, several frame works, standardized scale and instrument focus on reproductive health. More recently, both biological and socio-economic landmarks bracketing the morbidity status of adulthood have moved in opposite directions. Objective: 1. To assesses the underweight and obesity of the subjects on the basis of their anthropometric measurements. 2. To elicit anemia by using biochemical parameters. 3. To find out the level of self-esteem, anxiety and depression among women.

Deep Hole Drilling involves drilling a hole through the thickness of the component, measuring the diameter of the hole, trepanning (cutting a circular slot around the hole) a core of material from around the hole. During drilling operation, friction between work piece-cutting tool and cutting tool-chip interfaces result high temperature on cutting tool. The effect of this generated heat affects shorter tool life, higher surface roughness and lowers the dimensional sensitiveness of work material.

Homework is regarded as school work which is assigned by teachers to complete outside the school time to help them develop confidence and motivate them to study more. It encompasses a number of activities like a period of reading to be performed, writing to be completed, problems to be solved, a project to be prepared or other skills to be practiced. It increases the level of knowledge and improves the abilities and skills of the students.

The coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading case of premature death and disability in developed countries. It has been projected to become a leading cause of death among developing nations by 2020. Most important modifiable risk factors of CHD are high cholesterol level, high blood pressure and cigarette smoking. Occurrence of high cholesterol and high blood pressure in a population is determined by diet, physical activity, body weight and their interplay.

Ibrahimpatnam Lake, which is Fresh water Lake, was taken up for ecological investigation, over a span of one year. According to Bruvold and Panborn 1966 the waters of Ibrahimpatnam Lake at 1 and site2, are unacceptable for drinking purpose. According to BIS 1983 and WHO 1984 the water quality is beyond the permissible limit and cannot be used for driking purpose.

Emotional intelligence is the ability to recognize one’s own and other people’s emotions to discriminate between different feelings and label them appropriately and to use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior. Emotional intelligence plays a significant role in personal life as well as professional success. The present study was undertaken to find out the level of emotional intelligence of young working adults. A total sample of 200 working adults were selected from Jorhat town.

It is essential for consumers to know about the nutrition information because it can help them to choose healthier food and to avoid contents or ingredients that they are allergic to. It is important that consumers have basic nutrition knowledge first, before appreciating nutrition labelling. The utilisation of food labels and nutrition information on food packages by consumers has been the focus of a number of recent studies. Scientific reports link trans-fats with raising blood LDL (“bad”) cholesterol levels, which increase the risk of coronary heart disease.

Investigation was carried out to study the effect of nutrients and growth regulators on the production of Anthurium (Anthurium andreanum) cv. Tropical. The experiment was conducted in Factorial completely randomized block design with four levels of foliar nutrients viz. Sea weed extract, panchakavya, humic acid and control and four levels of growth regulators viz. gibberillic acid, Triiodobenzoic Acid, Benzyladenine and control. The treatments were replicated thrice. The plants were maintained under 75 per cent shade net and with a growing medium mixture of coir pith + coconut husk.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy has quickly expanded in ubiquity in the course of the most recent forty years. It appreciates solid observational backing, and the assemblage of examination into its adequacy is growing with every passing year. Cognitive behavioral treatment holds an exceptional status in the field of emotional wellness treatment that addresses the relationship between how we think, feel and go ahead.

Kinetic regularities of vapor ammoxidation of xylene on the V-Sb-Bi-Cr / γ-Al2O3-oxide catalyst in the temperature range 648-708K are studied. It is shown that the formation of the phthalimide occurs both directly from o-xylene and in parallel through tolunitrile phthalonitrile. It is determined that the carbon dioxide formed by oxidation of o-xylene and decarboxylation of phthalimide, and benzonitrile from o-tolunitrile, and phthalimide.

This paper proposes to construct a wind turbine that has a very low cut in speeds and aims to optimize the earlier model of Vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT). A wind turbine is a device which is generally used to convert wind energy into mechanical energy, which is in turn converted into electrical energy. Wind turbines are broadly classified into two types: Horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) and Vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT).

To study percentage of increase in some basic consumer goods from year 2009 to 2015 comparing to 10% increase of salary for lectureres and researchers, increase in purchasing price to their 10% increase in yearly salary is compared, and with the data used it has been shown that their purchasing power has increase and matches to 10% increase in two recent years 2014 and 2015.

Chemical kinetic modelling is a concept for modelling chemical reactions by studying the reaction mechanism. The hydrogenation reaction of phenol was carried out using titnia supported ruthenium catalyst at 323 K and 2.07 Mpa hydrogen pressure. A Langmuir– data and a fundamental modeling approach that will enhance understanding of the reaction rate equations. Hinshelwood–Hougen–Watson (LHHW) model was proposed. The study provides both extensive and data and a fundamental modeling approach that will enhance understanding of the reaction rate equations.

Around the world 80% of the power is developed with the use of fossil fuels. So the present need is to develop such a device which stores the energy present in the air and store it in the form of electrical field in capacitors. The main aim of this research paper is develop a circuit on the basis of the theories put forwarded by NIKOLAA TESLA about free energy. In this circuit we have used an antenna which is used to capture the charges present in the air and a ground link to capture opposite charges from ground and store them in capacitors.

A pot culture study was conducted during 2014(Oct) to2015(Jan) in Theri soil. Theri lands are located along the coastal areas of Tuticorin district of Tamilnadu, South India. Proper management of the land is difficult because of its poor quality structure, low nutrition, meagre moisture holding capacity, low value of organic content, and high value of hydraulic conductivity. The permeability of water in theri soil is high and is not suitable for agriculture which is presently considered as a wasteland.

In this work, a rainfall map of the area under study was prepared and from the map thus prepared, irrigation requirements of a particular crop was analysed. Average rainfall intensity over the last 5 years was collected and linked with GIS to obtain the required map. As GIS can easily handle, store, analyze, manipulate and retrieve spatial data, map preparation can be easily implemented using GIS environment. The work was executed using ArcGIS 10.2

This study examined the performance of the adsorbents created from the pie of Crambe abyssinica Hochst and its adsorption capacity for removal of metal ions Cd(II), Pb(II) and Cr(III) from contaminated water. Firstly, crambe pie was obtained, dried, milled and sifted for standardization of its particle size. The crambe biomass was chemically modified with H2O2, H2SO4 and NaOH by solutions of 0.1 mol L-1.

Recognition of person by means of their biometric characteristics is very popular among the society. Among this, for personal identification fingerprint recognition is an important technology due to its unique structure. Human fingerprints are rich in details called minutiae. This can be used for identification marks for fingerprint verification. Large volume of fingerprint images are collected and stored day by day from a wider range of applications. Compression of data is commanding of under certain circumstances due to large amount of data transmission and efficient memory utilization.

The prices of conventional fuel used for domestic purpose is rising day by day at a fast rate. Biomass is an alternative source of energy which is renewable in nature. Biomass is used for cooking purpose from several centuries. In India, simple rice husk stoves are in use from a long time which is cheap but it emits tiny, rich in silica ash particles in the flue gas. It causes health problems to the user. In this project, an attempt has made to design and fabricate a user-friendly, eco-friendly and economical rice husk gasifier stove.

Nanofluid is colloidal suspension of nanosized solid particles in a liquid. Generally nanoparticles are made of metals, oxides, carbides, while base liquids may be water, ethylene glycol or oil. Having suspended tiny particles in the base liquid improves the thermal conductivity and thus the increase in heat transfer performance is expected. A test study has been completed to examine the0heat0transfer0performance of water and CuO nanoparticles. This current experiment demonstrates the increases in convective heat transfer in nanofluid.

Physics is not only collection of the facts and principals but it describes how the physics universe behaves. The various principles of physics are now have also been found to be very useful to tackle the problems in non physical sciences. This paper is recollecting the ideas of Physics to find a growing applicability in almost all walks of life and finding remedies in all the problems / threats faced by the society all over the globe.

The carbohydrate polymer dextran, majorly formed by Leuconostoc mesenteroides (gm + ve Lactic acid bacterium) is widely recognized as causing agent of large sucrose losses in sugar industry during different stages of processing. Recently the pathogenic potential of L mesenteroides has been established. Antibacterial activities of Ruta graveolens and Plumbago zeylanica extracts against several bacterial strains have been reported.

With the availability of easy and inexpensive methods to create and store images in digital formats, the visual information preserved and shared electronically has grown dramatically. Since the non-textual information like images, audio and video preserved in digital format are increasing day by day, effective applications to manage and retrieve these content are essential, which are commonly known as content based image retrieval (CBIR). Firstly, keyword annotation is labor intensive, and it is not even possible when large sets of images are to be indexed.

Long-term behavior of atmosphere in terms of temperature, pressure, humidity, cloud cover, precipitation etc defines climate of a specific area. Urban areas are characterized by high density of human created structures viz., high buildings, roads etc and high concentration of population. Urban climate is greatly influenced by human activity. Due to human activity, the temperature of any urban area in general is higher than the surroundings and hence they behave as heat islands.

A three-dimensional study of steady laminar natural convection in partially top vented enclosure is investigated numerically. A discrete heat source mounted on the substrate at the bottom wall is used to simulate an electronic component. Three types of heat source are used with vent aspect ratio ranging from 0.0 to 0.1. The problem is described by continuity, momentum and energy partial differential equations, which are expressed in Cartesian coordinates system.

The study deals with assessment of financial performance analysis in Ethiopian commercial banking sector for a period of five years (2007-2011). It was found that state owned bank, Commercial Bank of Ethiopia stands first in assets management where as Awash International Bank took the first rank in terms of profitability performance. The third finding explains that Construction and Business Bank pertains to stand last in terms of liquidity management.

The performance of banking activity through internet has become a necessity since internet become popular among all age group. According to Internet and Mobile Association of India, 30% of respondents have a relationship with one bank, 60% with 2-3 banks, 8% with 4-5 banks and 2% with more than six banks. The survey conducted by them also pointed out that nearly 29% of respondents do not use online banking as they have concerns about the privacy of information. People are increasingly using net banking for a wide variety of purposes, as it is very convenient.

The trials of well- known figures in society always attract media publicity; the trials of O. J Simpson in the United States and recently that of Oscar Pistorius in South Africa can be cited as examples. Even more interesting are the trials of well known ‘men of God’ be it pastors, evangelists, bishop or whichever title is used. In Zimbabwe well-known church leader, Pastor Robert Martin Gumbura was convicted of rape and sentenced to forty years in jail in February 2014.

Reproductive health is an integral part of general health and a core feature of human development. It reflects the health of a woman during her childhood, and is crucial during adolescence and adulthood, as the status of her health, nutrition, and access to healthcare determines the newborn’s health. Pregnancy during adolescence is a result of the lack of knowledge, education, experience, income, and power relative to older women, and is considered as child pregnancy.

In recent years, growing knowledge of the critical importance of childhood development for lifelong learning and growth has led to increased calls for professionalism of early childhood educators including higher standards for training and education. As part of this renewed attention to professional development, professionals in the field should develop the national competence framework for early childhood care and education, with the goal of assuring that all educators of young children have the necessary knowledge and skills to meet children’s development needs.

Forensic accounting has come into limelight due to rapid increase in financial frauds and white-collar crimes. The integration of accounting, auditing and investigative skills creates the specialty, known as forensic accounting. In fact, forensic accounting is the ‘specialty’ practice area of accounting that describes engagements, which result from actual or anticipated disputes or litigation. ‘Forensic’ means “suitable for use in a court of law,” and it is to that standard and potential outcome that forensic accountants generally have to work.

The success and effectiveness of distance education systems largely depends on the study materials. Writing for distance education is a more challenging task and quiet different from that face-to-face teaching or writing for a book or a journal. Self-learning materials depend on exploiting the various means and ways of communication to suit it to the needs of learners. SLMs can perform the functions of a live teacher, and thereby how a distance learner may have all the learning experiences which a student may have in a classroom situation.

Global climate change may increase sea level as much as 1m over the next century and in some stretches and also augmented the frequency and severity of storms. Hundreds of thousands of square kilometers of coastal wetlands and other lowlands could be submerged. Beaches could move back as much as a few hundred meters and protective structures may be breached. Flooding would threaten lives, agriculture, livestock, buildings and infrastructures. Saltwater would advance landward into aquifers and up estuaries threatening water supplies, ecosystems and agriculture in some areas.

The study area in and around Pasighat is bounded between two major collision originated orogenies, NE-SW trending Himalayan orogene and NW-SE trending Mishimi Hills. Evidence such as discontinuous mountain front, different levels of terrace in the rivers, presence of number of cross-faults implies that the whole area is in transient state and active tectonics is modifying the geomorphology of the area. In the present study, mapping of the terraces present in the frontal part of the area is carried out and different level of terraces area marked.

The banking industry in India has a huge canvas of history, which covers the traditional banking practices from the time of Britishers to the reforms period. Therefore, banking in India has been through a long journey. Today banking is known as innovative banking. The use of technology has brought a revolution in the working style of the banks. Information Technology has had a positive impact on substitutes for traditional funds movement services. With networking and interconnection new challenges are arising related to security privacy and confidentiality to transactions.

The systems of innovations are sets of agents, politicies, resources and technologies that, articulated, promote one or more innovations, radical or incremental. Besides the individual changes of each agent in the process of innovation, the inter organizational relation creates common management factors between the involved agents. These factors turn out to be an extrinsic result of the relation, guided by the common objective that the parts share. The present article analysis these factors from the theory of the edge of chaos, proposing the application of it to the system of innovation.

The deplorable status of the socially oppressed, culturally neglected and economically exploited Dalits has led them to paucity, subjugation and dehumanisation, culminating them into cultural silence. The plight of a Dalit becomes all the more pathetic when the Dalit is a woman. She has to face not only the caste discrimination, but the gender inequalities and economic disparities too. A Dalit woman is thrice- marginalised – by Caste-Hindus, Caste Hindu women and Dalit men themselves simultaneously.

The Government has the responsibility for giving free and compulsory education to all children. The aim of education is to produce educated people. Education is considered as ‘fundamental right’ across the globe and essential for the exercise of all human rights. In this context, the Government of India has implemented the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 for ensuring education for all. Exploring the literature review, the study is conducted with a view to understand teacher educator’s perception towards the efficacy of RTE Act 2009.

The general objective of the study was to determine how employee’s performance could be enhanced through effective application of Health, Safety and Welfare Facilities at the School of Medical Sciences KNUST, Kumasi. The study used the descriptive survey design. The population for the study were all the staffs in the medical school. The total population amounted to 188. One hundred and thirty (130) staffs out of the total population were sampled for the study. This constituted about 69 per cent of the entire population.

While China is looking up at the Western scientific achievements, seeing in it the way through independence, the European intelligentsia to the pretentious positivist understanding of the world answered declaring the bankrupt of the Western civilization. It is true that the technological progress of the last century surpassed the achievements of three thousand years prior this period, but science brought catastrophes. Cities and souls in ruins are what remain of the scientific revolution.

Families are one of the strongest socializing forces in life. They teach children to control unacceptable behaviour, to delay gratification, and to respect the rights of others. Conversely, families can teach children aggressive, antisocial, and violent behaviour. The study aimed at determining the influence of parenting styles on delinquency among juveniles in rehabilitation centres in Nakuru town, Kenya. The ex post facto research design was applied since the Juveniles have already left their homes. The study was conducted in the Juvenile Institutions in Nakuru town, Kenya.

The main objective of the study was to investigate the factors that affect provision of career guidance services in public secondary schools based on Ginsberg Theory of career development which states that career guidance is developmental but is very significant during adolescence. Based on the study, this paper examines the nature of training given to teacher-counsellors to undertake their guidance and counselling work in secondary schools. The study was conducted using survey research design.

This paper proposes a novel approach to track the solar position and hence, a suitable position for adjusting the orientation of a Photo-voltaic array so as to attain more energy than an array in fixed position. The approach implements Kalman Filter algorithm to track maximum power-point (MPPT), motor position and piston position. The finite state machine includes five states and is Mealy machine. Using the proposed technique, MPPT can be tracked to an efficiency of 97% within a time as low as 4.5ms. The position of PV array is tracked with an error of ±2%.

Researchers analyzed previous and current practices with regard to homelessness, school-aged children, substance abuse, and interventions. The data revealed much of the current practices to be lacking in specific needs of the currently homeless or the individuals in danger of becoming homeless. Researching a cross section of the four categories of homelessness, substance abuse, school-aged children and interventions showed enough data to support the researchers’ hypothesis: social work interventions improve the performance of school-aged children facing homelessness and substance abuse.

Learning disability (LD) is defined as the brain’s inability to receive process, analyze or store information. Dyscalculia is difficulty in learning or comprehending arithmetic such as difficulty in understanding numbers, learning how to manipulate numbers, and learning math’s facts. It is generally seen as a specific developmental disorder like dyslexia. Dyscalculia is a mathematical learning disorder where the mathematical ability is far below expected for a person’s age, intelligence and education.

Etch is a process step for microelectronics industry. Plasma etching form reactive neutral fragments and charged ions and electrons by dissociation and ionization of natural gas. The substrate to be etched is placed is contact with this mixture and etching produce through the synergistic interaction of the substrate and directionally impinging ions. In this paper we discussed Properties, different methods and steps of etching for the semiconductor manufacturing process. In this paper we discussed number of advantages and disadvantages of plasma etching.

This research has to give an answer to the questions that have a causality relation with the better educational achievements of the people from other ethnic groups. I have chiefly considered the parents’ social status which means that I will mostly look into the parents’ level of education, although this status encompasses much more. The basic aim of the research is to examine the differences of students’ educational achievements based on ethnicity in the Primary Schools in Macedonia.

Businesses have performed reproduction by obtaining cheap raw materials thanks to reverse logistics activities. The aim of this study is to identify the problems being faced in reverse logistics process and to provide solutions for these problems. For this purpose, 23 industrial enterprises were examined in the scope of sample. The research is a case study which can be defined as “integrated multi-case design” type. “Maximum diversity sampling” was made to find out different and similar problems in reverse logistics.

Terminalia arjuna Bedd. is a slow growing plant and it takes minimum four/five years after plantation to take up silkworm rearing on these plants. Present study reports for the first time propagation technique of Lagerstroemia speciosa for rearing of tropical tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta D. on the foliage of L. speciosa vis a vis Terminalia arjuna. Rooting percentage did not differ much during various seasons in L. speciosa. Most suitable months for vegetative propagation are from March to September. Days taken for rooting extended significantly during December in both the species.

The term ‘wasteland’ is essentially understood as degraded land which is currently under-utilized and or land which is deteriorating for lack of appropriate water and soil management or on account of natural causes. Wasteland can be the resulted form of inherent or imposed disabilities such as by location, environment, chemical and physical properties of the soil or financial or management constraints (Wastelands Atlas, 2010).

A line x tester analysis involving 112 test-cross hybrids and their parents was conducted in 12 environments for different agronomic traits from 2012 to 2014 in the Bimodal Humid Forest Zone of Cameroon. The hybrids were crosses between twenty-five inbred lines and three open-pollinated varieties with four testers. The objectives of the study were to estimate general and specific combining ability effects of the inbred lines and to identify heterotic groups of maize inbred lines under stress conditions, control and across environments.

Background: Hirsutism is a common disorder in women of reproductive ages, occurs about 5-10%, which could have great impact on women’s quality of life. There are many hirsute women with not any other clinical or laboratory clues of hyper-androgenism, called idiopathic hirsutism, and among them there are many cases of laser-resistance, that necessities further evaluation and combination therapies. Methods and Materials: This case-control study conducted on 130 patients with laser-resistant idiopathic hirsutism.

Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is the most common form of infection by aspergillus species among immune-compromised hosts, involving respiratory tract in 90% of cases. Although this infection frequently involves the lung parenchyma, it is unusual to find it limited to tracheobronchial tree, a condition known as invasive aspergillus tracheobronchitis (IATB). Endobronchial Aspergillosis, a variant of Invasive Aspergillus tracheobronchitis, a rare manifestation, where disease is limited to tracheobronchial tree without invasion of lung parenchyma.

Background: Hepcidin is a 20–, 22–, or 25–aminoacid peptide hormone, produced in the liver and detectable in serum and urine, Hepcidin controls plasma iron concentration and its increases in response to inflammatory stimuli (Weinstein et al., 2002; Nemeth & Ganz 2006). Diabetes mellitus Is a group of related diseases in which the body cannot regulate the amount of glucose in the blood, Diabetes-related chronic hyperglycemia can lead to a hypoxic environment in the renal interstitium, which results in impaired production of erythropoietin (Singh et al., 2009).

Bronchopulmonary Sequestration is a rare congenital malformation of lower respiratory tract that lacks normal communication with the tracheobronchial tree. In 1977, Huber stated that aberrant arterial supply of sequestered lung could be encountered. The term pulmonary sequestration was first used in 1946 by Pryce. It was also termed as bronchoarterial malinosculation by clements in 1987.

This research was carried out to determine the age at menarche of adolescent girls in Ado Ekitiand also to identify any decline in the average age at menarche over the years and if factors such as nutrition type, academic level and socioeconomic lifestyle of parents affect its’ onset. Three hundred and forty two (342) girls were randomly selected in both public and private Schools in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti state using well structured and closed endedquestionaires.

Elderly population is considered as vulnerable group of population in the world. (World Population Prospects Sep’14 Census). Due to the changing trend towards nuclear families and materialism among the younger generation in modern industrial life led to a force on elderly to stay in old age homes. It has been observed that aged population in India needs recreational activities in the form of therapies especially music therapy which has got an effect on well being status of the elderly.

Objective: To choose the suitable dose of letrozole (LTZ) for ovulation induction in anovulatory patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Design: Prospective randomized study. Setting: OB/GYN department, Benha Teaching Hospital, Benha, Egypt. Patient(s): 120 anovulatory infertile women with PCOSthatwerenot responded to clomiphene citrate(CC) stimulation for one cycle. Intervention(s): The studied patients were randomly divided into 3 groups (A, B, C). LTZ was given in increasing dosage from group "A" to group "C".

Bone marrow examination is the simplest, cheapest and most reliable method to diagnose most of the malignant and non malignant hematological disorders in a short span of time. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pattern of hematological diseases diagnosed by bone marrow examination among patients with suspected hematological disorder .This was a prospective study conducted on bone marrow aspirations and biopsies performed from 1st April 2013 to 30th September 2014. A total of 130 bone marrow aspirations + biopsy were studied during this time period. Age ranged from 15-80 years.

Background: Curcumin is a non-toxic neutracical, which possesses/exhibits an antioxidant activity and inhibits intracellular factors such as Nf-B, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), lipooxygenase (LOX), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). However, it is poorly absorbed and has a limited bioavailability. If curcumin could be delivered directly into the cell, it might be a potential therapeutic agent. Objective: The aim is to prepare a medicament to deliver curcumin directly through the cutaneous membrane and to find out the potentiality as a topical therapeutic.

In recent days the sexual crimes against children are more in numbers irrespective of age and gender. Researchers have proved that the child victims are often unaware of the sexual abuse and they are in a confused state without even knowing what is right or wrong behavior/touch. The crime is increasing more due to the growing number of dual career couples in all classes of people. Hence, they don’t find personal time for their kids to educate or create awareness on personal care, self-protection, and sexual crimes.

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess awareness and attitude towards cervical cancer sign symptoms, risk factors and its prevention among female medical and non-medical students’ in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Subjects and Method: This cross sectional study conducted at King AbdulAziz University (KAU), Jeddah. The SPSS 21 was used to analyze data. Results: Majority of students (87.8%) have heard about cervical cancer and most of the participants knew that it is a preventable disease (70.4%).

Death may be natural (resulting from disease) or unnatural deliberate action of other (homicide), intentionally self inflected (suicide), result of an environmental influence (accident). Female deaths due to unnatural causes, especially in the first few years of their married life, have been observed in Indian society for the last few decades. Present study is carried out at forensic medicine department, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.

A rapid and sensitive HPLC-PDA method was developed for the quantification of diclofenac in human plasma using chlorzoxazone as internal standard. The analyte and internal standard were extracted from the plasma sample using simple protein precipitation method. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a Thermo (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 µm) column with a mobile phase consisting 0.1 % formic acid in TDW and acetonitrile (40: 60, v/v with); at a flow rate of 1.0 ml /min. The assay was validated with a linear range of 1.25 – 40 µg /ml for diclofenac using 200 µL of plasma sample.

Our recently published case reports (Lakatos et al., 2015) – together with other healthy and highly educated patients of the long-term (28-40 years) follow-up – suggest that D-Penicillamine /DPA/-therapy of newborn infants may have significant neuroprotective effects in cases jeopardized by bilirubin-induced neurologic dysfunction (BIND) or retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).The first patient (42 ys)is now a member of a famous operahouse in Germany as an opera singer, the second one (16 ys) is excellent in music and matematics.

Background: Balance is a key component of a complex game like badminton. Core, is an important component of badminton players, which functions to maintain postural alignment and balance. However, it is not clear how it affects dynamic balance in sports persons. The purpose was to study the effects of core strengthening on static and dynamic balance in badminton players using SEBT, Stork test and Tandem Walk test. Methods: It was a pre-test post-test study design, in which 30 healthy young badminton players (Mean age 13.70 ± 1.47 years) from Badminton Academy, Mumbai were selected.

Background: Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 has posed aserious public health challenge world-wide. Genetic re-assortments in the influenza virus cause fast and unpredictable leading to recurrent epidemics of febrile respiratory disease every 1 to 3 years. Aim & Objectives: To study the clinico-epidemiological profile of the swine flu influenza A H1N1. To study the certain epidemiological correlates affecting the outcome of disease. Material & Methods: A descriptive study conducted on suspected swine flu Influenza A H1N1 patients admitted in infectious disease ward (IDW).

Objectives: The present study explores who are those people discontinued from DOTS regime, had irregular compliance and why it happened so. Methods: The study was conducted in 36 DMCs from 12 TUs of three districts in West Bengal, India. Information was collected from two groups – 590 DOTS defaulters from treatment registers and directly from 74 DOTS defaulters. Excluded people are those who were put on DOTS but did not complete full treatment or had anytime become defaulter.

The use of drugs to increase human happiness and to improve the quality of life physically, mentally and socioeconomically is a serious matter of concern. Chronic disabling conditions become common in old age and affect the quality of life. Quality of life (QOL) is an important measure of health care, which measures the gap between expectations and achievements. Effect of Drug use on quality of life in elderly Indian population with hypertension was studied using Mc Master Health Index.

E.C.G is the most widely used test for both the diagnosing and estimating the prognosis of CAD. ST segment and T wave changes are most commonly evaluated parameters of E.C.G. Atorvastatin have found to decrease ischemic events apart from its hypolipidemic effect. The main objective of this open prospective randomized, controlled study was to evaluate the effect of addition of atorvastatin to conventional antianginal treatment on ST segment and T wave changes on E.C.G. The study was conducted for duration of 2 months in 30 patients of CAD (15 in each group).

Background and Objective: The clinical definition states “any amount of bleeding from or into the genital tract following birth of the baby up to the end of the puerperium which adversely affects the general condition”3. Postpartum haemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. In India it accounts for 25-30% of maternal deaths1. Uterine atony accounts for 80% cases of primary PPH. Most uterotonics require parental administration, maintenance of cold chain which is necessary for their potency and which is not always possible in some peripheral centre’s.

Background: There are many adjuvants in the market which have been successfully used in combination with local anesthetics for intraop and postop analgesia.dexmededetomidine is a recent addition to the area of intensive is a highly selective alpha 2 adrenergic agonist which is now gaining popularity as a new neuraxial adjuvant. Materials and Methods: sixty adult patients of ASA grade I-II were randomly divided into two groups of thirty each.

Objective: Chronic hepatitis B is a growing worldwide public health issue. Its prevalence and the mode of transmission of the virus varies greatly between parts of the world. Hepatitis B is a serious infection of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and can lead to premature death from cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver failure, or liver cancer. This study was designed to assess the Chronic HBV Infection. Methods: RT-PCR, HBeAg & Anti-HBe are performed to know the viral load, Infectivity level & effect of Antiviral Treatment from the Hepatitis B positive Patients.

Background: About 120,000 people die on road in India every year. Although India has only 1% of the world’s motor vehicles, but it accounts for 6% of the global road traffic deaths. Research question: What are the different epidemiological determinants related to road traffic accident cases? Objectives: 1.To study the various epidemiological factors related to road traffic accident cases. Study design: Descriptive study. Setting: Study was performed in two tertiary healthcare delivery institutes in Kashmir.

Purpose: To compare the efficacy of different treatment strategies for distal ureteral stones. Material and Methods: A total 161 patients were included in the study. Based on the treatment modality, patients were divided into four groups. Patients in group 1 (n=38) with stone size of ≤ 10 mm2 only received conventional treatment including daily hydration of 2500 mL, ciprofloxacin, diclofenac sodium and a spasmolytic agent; group 2 patients (n=39) with stone size of ≤ 10 mm2 received conventional treatment as in group 1 and tamsulosin 0.4 mg orally daily for 4 weeks; and.

Low back pain is an extremely common health problem throughout the world. It is one of the common causes of activity limitation and work absentism and hence causes great economic burden on our country. Low back ache has multifactorial etiology. Aim of this observatiobal study that was conducted from December 2013 to December 2014, was to know about the clinical trends of low backache in patients and its distribution with respect to age, sex and occupation. Present study was conducted on 1800 patients at post graduate department of orthopaedics G.M.C Jammu on out patient department basis.

Background: To study the role of plasma C - reactive protein in early pregnancy as a predictive tool for preterm delivery. Methods: A total of 125 patients between 12-22 weeks of gestation attending OPD were included in the prospective study and followed up to delivery. Finally 100 patients were available for the final study design. C - reactive protein was measured and maternal and fetal outcome of the deliveries was estimated. Results: Out of 100 women available for the final analysis, 32 (32%) were CRP positive and 68 (68%) were CRP negative.

Complete denture fabrication is a challenge in case of remaining teeth present. Patient satisfaction is the ultimate goal of a dental treatment. To improve the quality of the complete denture prosthesis and comfort to the patient, preservation of the remaining structures is utmost importance. This case report deals with use of remaining natural tooth to aid in retention, stability and support of tooth supported over dentures. The treatment longevity depends on patient’s oral hygiene maintenance and periodic recalls.

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by acid fast bacilli Mycobacterium Tuberculosis1. It primarily affects the lungs and causes pulmonary tuberculosis, but can affect any organ of the body and is then called secondary tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is the most widespread and persistent human infection in the world. The infection can involve any organ and mimic other illnesses, hence called ‘the great mimicker’. The incidence of tubercular mastitis although decreasing in the West, could show resurgence with the global pandemic of AIDS.

Solitary gingival enlargements in children are a relatively common finding and are usually the result of a reactive response to local irritation. Giant cell reparative granuloma (GCRG) is not a true neoplasm but rather a reactive process; its origin could be triggered by trauma or inflammation. Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma (PGCG) is least commonly diagnosed among various hyperplastic gingival lesions. It accounts for 7% of all benign tumors of the jaw. It is also known as peripheral giant cell reparative granuloma.

Hypoglossia –Hypomelia is rare congenital anomaly affecting the tongue and limbs. Hall in 1971 classified it under a complex group of disorders called oro Mandibular limb hypogenesis Syndrome. It is an extremely rare condition with around 40 cases reported in world literature. The etiology of the syndrome is unknown. Some type of intrauterine trauma is the most widely accepted etiology. The characteristic features of the syndrome are hypoglossia, limb anomalies of variable degrees and micrognathia of the mandible.

Context: Total obliteration of root canal space and accessory canals is necessary for successful endodontic root canal treatment. On the horizon, GuttaFlow which has some properties like cold yet flowable, expansion instead of shrinkage, greater density of gutta-percha have made this material to be chosen for study. Aims: Aim of study was to evaluate homogeneity and adaptation of GuttaFlow to canal walls and to evaluate apical microleakage of obturated teeth at the interface in comparison to the laterally and vertically condensed G.P.

Obesity is now considered as a serious public health problem and increasing at an alarming rate in developed and developing countries of the world. It is directly linked to lifestyle and diet, and has become a serious health issue for the urban population with the improving standard of living, physical inactivity and modern high calorie diet. Total 135 subjects within the age group 15-65yrs were grouped as i) yoga with diet group ii) only yoga group and iii) control group and advised to follow the yoga training schedule for 6 months.

Background: Regular blood pressure measurement is considered as a window that shows how effective the managment could be .Despite the fact that studies had shown that populations gained a little bit more knowledge in the recent years, how this knowledge is implied still remains a question. Aim: Our aim was to evaluate whether Hypertensive patients regularly measured their blood pressure or not.

Vertigo is defined as the sensation of movement of self or environment, often rotary. Vertigo results from a mismatch of the brain’s three primary information systems: visual, vestibular, and sensory. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most common condition that causes recurrent vertigo, with typical paroxysmal nystagmus. Women are more affected than the men. The key physical test finding is observed on Dix-Hallpike testing. This disorder is common, easily treated; correct diagnosis avoids costly and unnecessary testing.

Lumbar hernia is a rare condition and can occur due to blunt injury following motor cycle accident. The condition can result in chronic pain and small unrecognisable swelling. Delay in diagnosis can occur in such cases and result in poor quality of life for years. We report a case of lumbar hernia which occurred following blunt injury and was not diagnosed until five years after its first presentation. Computerized Tomography (CT) scan along with clinical findings confirmed the diagnosis. Patient underwent successful herniorraphy using a prolene mesh.

Objective: To evaluate the result of operative fixation of distal radius fracture using volar locked compression plate. Introduction: Distal radius fracture are one of the most common and are one of the most disabling fracture when untreated & when mal-united , as wrist joint contributes a large share in the dexterity and optimum upper limb function. While treating these fracture (operatively/ non-operatively) achieving articular congruity, restoration of adequate range of motion & prevention of wrist arthritis is the prime thing.

Background: Pantoea agglomerans is an opportunistic human bacteria characterized by shaped aggregations or symplas-mata, yellow pigment-producing colonies that were 2 mm in size, nonhemolytic, and convex were detected on a blood agar plate. It belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae and is responsible for infection diseases ranging from plant-thorn arthritis, osteoitis, osteomyelitis and traumatic wound infections to septicemia. Bacterial identification systems were performed by using manual and automated methods as phenotypic assays, and PCR method as molecular assay.

Macrobenthic fauna is important in paddy fields (man managed temporary wetlands) due to its significant role in nutrient cycling. Macrobenthos in Maranchery Kole paddy fields, Vembanad Kole wetland, a Ramsar site in Kerala, India was studied during Punja (summer crop season) 2011. Macrbenthos belonged to 3 phyla, 4 classes [Insecta (78%), Oligochaeta (20%), Bivalvia (1%), Crustacean (1%)] and fifteen families. The average benthic abundance was 399±581 ind./m2, showing a decreasing trend from the beginning of the crop season to the end.

This paper set out to examine whether early exposure to research tenets was a predictor of research support in Nigeria and the United States. Data relating exposure to and support for research were collected in the both countries and analysed using the SAS statistical software. The results show no statistically significant relationship between early exposure to research and support for academic research. There is also no significant relationship between someone’s level of education and a willingness to support academic research.

Papaversomniferum (opium poppy) is an herbaceous, annual and diploid plant that is very important because of pharmacological and strategic view in the world. The limitation of this plant farming, hard and law amount extraction of this plant alkaloids cause studying about tissue culture of papaver somniferum L. for getting high level of these components. This plant has a special group of alkaloids named benzylisoquinoline is due to secondary metabolites such as morphine, codeine and papaverineis a great value in pharmacy.

Introduction: The purpose of this study is to assess the Insulin Index of a specially developed Functional Ingredient Mix (FIM) for Type 2 diabetic patients. Certain foods cause an Insulin response despite there being no carbohydrates present, and some foods cause a disproportionate insulin response relative to their carbohydrate load. Hence Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load are not reliable markers. Methods: Five selected healthy individuals were given measured quantity of the Functional Ingredient Mix and their insulin levels were measured for 9 times at 15 minutes intervals for 2 hours.

Background: Patients with Diabetes mellitus (DM) develop low levels of High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) during the initial progression of disease. This study was aimed to analyze the relation of HDL with number of heavy meals per day in off springs of patients with type 2 DM. A large number of pathologies such as type 2 DM, obesity, Insulin resistance and Metabolic syndrome are associated with low and dysfunctional HDL Methods: A total of 120 cases and 120 controls completed the study. Cases and Controls were divided into three groups based upon the intake of number of heavy meals per day.

This is a laboratory trial to further test the efficiency of the production of leaves of Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Tamarindus indica in the control of Callosobruchus maculatus, a storage cowpea insect pest. Two cowpea varieties Dan’ila and 207-15 were introduced into glass container containing the test material. The glass container was replicated thrice and arranged in randomized block design for 41 days at temperature between 240c – 28oc and 41% - 70% humidity.

Integrated watershed management (IWM) is one of the best strategy to halt soil degradation. It mainly comprises protecting and rehabilitating watershed areas aimed to mitigate problems of runoff and floods, rehabilitate degraded lands, enrich ground water, increase production and vegetation cover. A holistic approach has been followed participating all stakeholders and it has operational since 2011 trough mobilizing community, constructing soil and water conservation structures, planting biological stabilizers, enclosing communal land and maintaining the structures.

In this study, Phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) was evaluated as one of the important enzymes in the pathway of phenylpropanoids synthesis in order to understand the structural fold and sequence homology; so that it was extracted from Protein Data Bank (PBD): X-ray crystallographic structures of Rhodosporidiumtoruloides (1T6J) as a genus of fungi category and (1W27) Petroselinumcrispum as a genus of plants category.

In developing countries including Ethiopia, human needs for watershed resources are increasing from time to time. On the other hand the existing watershed resource goes down and unable to meet the demand of the urban as well as the rural communities. Due to this fact, Watershed development has been considered as one of the strategies to create a healthy environment and improve livelihood, and efforts have been made in different parts of the country Ethiopia.

The article deals with the specific diversity of the wild flora ferns in the Ajara floristic region as well as gives the systematic-geographical and ecological-coenotic analysis. In the Ajara floristic region ferns are represented by 51 species of 27 genera and 11 families. According to the number of species the following are the leading families: Dryopteridaceae (21), Aspleniaceae (9), Pteridaceae (7). The leading genera are: Dryopteris (9), Asplenium (7), Polystichum (5).

The objective of this research is to demonstrate the need to use existing biotechnology in the flora of the Dominican Republic. The flora has been labeled by many researchers as one of the most varied in the Antilles. There are 5,000 different species, of which 2,000 are endemic; 2,400 are native to our island and about 600 came to us from other countries and continents. In the central highlands of the Dominican Republic are extensive pine forests. In wetter coastal regions mangrove area lies parallel to the coast. Endemic species constitute 40% of the flora of the island.

In the present study, the modulatory effect of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis flower petals treatment on the levels of plasma glucose, insulin, lipids and glycoproteins in 10% D-glucose feeding for 4 weeks were examined. The H. rosa-sinensis flower petals (1000mg/kg of body weight) was mixed with normal chow diet and administrated for 4 weeks as preventive and curative effects. The levels of plasma glucose, insulin, lipids and glycoproteins were increased significantly, whereas the levels of plasma HDL was decreased in 10% D-glucose fed rats. Administration of H.

This paper deals with the study of physico-Chemical parameters of FaukksSagar Lakewater located in Jeedimetla near Kompally, Hyderabad. Telangana State. Monthly changes in physical and chemical parameters such as Water Temperature, Transparency, Turbidity, Total Dissolved Solids, pH, Free Carbon dioxide, Total Hardness, Chlorides, Alkalinity, Phosphate and nitrates, were analyzed for a period of one yearfrom June 2013 to May 2014.According to APHA Standard methods. The result of this analysis point out the fact that all the parameters are not permissible limits.

The present study was under taken to assess the efficiency and self suitability of the kitchen waste compost as organic manure, through the estimation of its typical physical and chemical characteristics. To assess the physical and chemical parameters, kitchen waste compost was collected from a self designed compost bin.

Guava Psidium guajava Linn. is native of tropical America and introduced in India in early 17th century and at present it has occupied an area of more than 60,000 acres in India. It has great nutritional value as fruits contain a very rich vitamin-C and - A and contain good amount of calcium. However, the crop is attacked by more than 80 species of insects. Therefore, fruit production sale and its proper utilization play an important role for earning good dividend.

The present study aims to evaluate the antioxidant activity of Cakilemaritima, Centaureaglomerata, Juncusbufonius, Lactucaserriola and Reichardiatingitana collected from Egypt, as well as to characterize their allelopathic potential against Bidenspilosa L. Total phenolics, tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids and saponins were determined in the studied plants. The antioxidant activity was measured based on the reduction of DPPH. The allelopathic bioassays of germination and growth were assayed. L. serriola attained the highest values of phenolics, tannins and alkaloids compared. However, C.

Economists of all over the world have been shown a great concern on livelihood security of the rural people living in developing countries. Conceptually ‘livelihood’ denotes the means, activities, entitlements and assets by which people make a living. Assets are defined as natural (land and water), social (community, family and social networks), political (participation and empowerment), human (education, labour, health and nutrition), physical (roads, clinics, markets, schools and bridges) and economic (jobs, saving and credit).

Medicinal plants produce different secondary metabolites which are used as medicines in different parts of the plant such as leaf, root, flower and seed. In recent years, the usage of different medicinal plants for the treatment of different alignments in traditional and modern medicines has been increasing. Generally, in India, it is estimated that over 6000 plants are in use in traditional and herbal medicine. Allophylus serratus and Premna tomentosa are medicinal plants, which have traditional uses against various diseases.

Rituximab is a recombinant therapeutic chimeric mouse/human monoclonal antibody that binds to CD20; a transmembrane phosphorylated protein, located on pre-B and matures B-lymphocytes. It then recruits the body’s natural defences to attack and kill the marked B-cells. It is primarily used to treat patients with relapsed low grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. The blood cancer therapy rituximab was the world's best-selling oncology drug in 2013, with nearly $8 billion in sales, according to industry data.

New usages of old crops hold promise to restore the balance of trade reduce our dependence on imports and to meet the growing needs of industrial products of human population. Fruit plants are playing a vital role in providing nutritional and economical security to the poor mass in rural areas. There are many plants still underexploited and unexplored. Jamun (Syzygium cumini) is an important fruit crop belongs to family Myrtaceae. It is an underutilised indigenous fruit tree of South India.

The present study provides information on antioxidant analysis of different extracts of Strychnos nux-vomica leaf. The various parts of Strychnos nux-vomica are recommended for upset stomach, vomiting, abdominal pain, constipation, intestinal irritation, heartburn, insomnia, certain heart diseases, eye diseases, depression, migraine headaches, nervous disorders, problems related to menopause in women and respiratory diseases in the elderly. Different extracts of Strychnos nux-vomica were prepared based on the polarity in solvents of hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, acetone and methanol.

Despite the significance of woody species in terms of economic and environmental benefits in Ethiopia, there have been either fragmented, or modified or completely destroyed and changed into other land use system as a result of a long history of dense human settlements, and intense farming and grazing. The overall objective of this study is to assess the status of woody species diversity, regeneration and structure and their contribution to the inhabitant in Masha and Andracha district of Sheka zone in Southwestern Ethiopia.

Jute (Corchorus spp.) is the second most important fibre producing plant in India. The study on jute at the molecular level till date is very limited. Simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are useful tools as molecular markers in genetic studies. Recently with rapid advancement of sequencing and documentation in public data base has enabled scientists in hassle free data mining. Development of high throughput method for detection of SSRs has given a new dimension in their use as molecular markers.

Assertiveness reflects people’s expression of their genuine feelings, standing up for their legitimate rights, and refusing unreasonable requests. Assertiveness training helps individuals to cope assertively, be more confident and competent in handling difficult situations. The present study was undertaken with an aim to find out the effectiveness of an assertiveness training program on assertiveness skills and mental, physical and spiritual wellbeing of Muslim adolescent girls.

The paper attempts to study the effect of stress intervention programme on occupational stress among the police personnel in Chennai city. In the present investigation a total sample of 100 police personnel were taken with equal number of them belonging to both the gender. The tools used to assess the occupational stress among the police personnel was Police stress inventory - by Pioneer and Rothman (2006). The data obtained was subjected to statistical interpretation using SPSS (version 17).

In anthropological literature, the early studies, particularly of late nineteenth century anthropologists had recorded women’s participation in all aspects of social, economic, political and religious aspects as they were but not emphasizing or focusing distinctly on women. In the present study the analyzed data are presented under three broad heads, such as 1. Procurement and Transport. 2. Sale of fish (wet) and 3. Dry fish and Sale. Each head is further sub headed according to the information pertaining to type of marketing or vending methods and locations.

Conflicts are common phenomena in many regions of the world especially in areas, which are endowed with scarce natural resources. The demographic consequences of conflict and violence in the developing world are receiving increased attention and so is cattle rustling related conflicts in Kenya. Samburu County specifically Baragoi sub-county has been experiencing series of serious conflicts especially relating to cattle rustling since 1994. The worst incidence was the Baragoi massacre that led to mass death and injury of soldiers in November 2012.

The present study on the growth of plants such as, tomato, french beans and lady’s finger using panchagavya was conducted during January 2015 to March 2015. Panchagavya was prepared and it was initially used to soak the seeds. Later, the germination percentage was observed. The germination percentage was found to be higher in seeds treated with panchagavya solution than the control seeds. The morphological characters such as, number of leaves, shoot length and root length were measured in plants treated with different concentrations of panchagavya solution (5%, 6%, 7% and 8%).

In Indian social research, village is considered as one of the units for understanding networks of socio-cultural and economic organization. Such studies are paramount in conceptualizing the social processes such as sanscritization, dominant caste (Srinivas 1955), caste hierarchies (Dube 1960, Dumont and Pocock 1957), jajmani system (Wiser 1969), etc., in Indian context. The Census of India in its survey operations of 1950-51 periods had produced a few monographs on village ethnographies emphasizing the socio-economic and cultural mosaic.

Chlorophyll mutations are considered as indicators of mutability, in present investigation a wide spectrum of chlorophyll mutations like Xantha, Chlorina, Chloroxantha, Viridis and albino could be recorded in M2 generation, grown from the harvested seeds of M1 in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). The frequency of these mutants revealed an increasing trend with an increasing concentration of all the mutagens in both the cultivars of chickpea.

Transformation of tomato with heterologous genes requires rapid and efficient transformation protocols. Agrobacterium mediated transformation protocol of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. 'Pusa Ruby' using Pg NHX1, AVP1 and co-expression of Pg NHX1+AVP1 gene under 35S promoter and poly A signal of CaMV in pBI121 binary vector was optimized by varying parameters such as type of explant, combination of hormones, concentration of antibiotic, bacterial culture and co-cultivation period.

PGPB (Plant growth promoting bacteria) are the group of bacteria which can able to enhance or influence the growth, development and yield of crop plants. The beneficial effect on the growth of crop plants actually due to ‘N’ fixation, Phosphorus solubilization and growth promoting substances production (IAA, GA3, etc.). PGPB includes the vital ‘N’ fixing diazotrophs namely Azospirillum and a known endophytic diazotroph Gluconacetobacter and also phosphorus solubilizer namely Bacillus and Pseudomonas.

Mucin 1 (MUC1) is polymorphic transmembrane protein containing large extra cellular domain with variable number of highly conserved tandem repeats, aberrantly over expressed in most human carcinomas. Tumor suppressor protein, p53 is highly conserved, expressed in normal tissues and integrity of p53 function is essential for the maintenance of the non-tumorogenic phenotype of cells. Thus, p53 plays a vital role in suppressing the development of cancer. Tumor suppressor activity of p53 is reported by growth arrest of cells, DNA repair, senescence, differentiation or by apoptosis.

Indian mega city, Delhi has witnessed a rapid growth in population and urbanization during last few decades. The quality of air has affected due to rapid urbanization. As a step in this direction, efforts have been initiated to develop emission inventories of direct and embodied emission of pollutants from different sectors in Delhi. This paper presents the emission estimates of direct and embodied emission of pollutants like CO2, CO, CH4, HC and NOx for Delhi. Sector wise emission inventory of pollutant due to the consumption of energy products (viz.

The multi-level inverters are used in high power and medium voltage applications, since 1975 and are gaining much attention due to numerous advantages like common mode voltage, operation at both fundamental and high switching frequency, drawing input current with low distortion, reduced harmonic distortions. This paper proposes a single-phase eleven level transformerless grid-connected photovoltaic converter. The common-mode leakage current is minimised using a transient circuit and efficiency is improved by regulating flying capacitor voltage with suitable switching strategy.

In general, encountered type of query is to find the k nearest neighbor objects to a given query point. In many applications interested only in the objects that are directly visible to query points. In this paper, we formulate invisible objects which are not directly visible to query points. We can retrieve the invisible objects with the help of visible objects which are nearer to the query point. We also propose an algorithm efficiently to process the Aggregate visible k nearest neighbor query to maintain the query updation.

Shear lag effect on the buckling behaviour of laminated composite box beams is investigated. The investigation involved modelling the box beams for buckling load factor and a method for analyzing the shear lag effects on symmetrically laminated thin walled composite box beams. Studies were done on various parameters affecting both shear lag and buckling as the strength is affected by these conditions. The orthotropic nature of laminated composite box beams has to be taken into consideration in all these analyses. The modelling has been analyzed by ANSYS15.

The most common method of preserving of raw hides/skins is curing with sodium chloride. Soaking is the first physiochemical operation in tannery, where huge amount of curing salt is released to environment and increased salinity of the wastewater in the form of total dissolved solids (TDS). Chloride is highly soluble and stable that is not affected by the effluent treatment plant. In this study, goat skin was preserved using indigenous Azadirachta Indica (neem) leaf paste with potassium chloride (KCl) to reduce the pollution load in the wastewater.

Lead titano-zirconate (PZTx), with different concentrations in Zr (x ranging from 26 to 78), was synthesized by the conventional solid state reaction route. Pellets annealed at 900°C during 4 hours have been characterized by X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). Determination of the constituents at the surface of the samples from XPS analysis has given good agreement with nominal compositions.

Network security measures are needed to protect data or information during the transmission. Security is an important factor in the network transmission. Secure transmission of multimedia object means the secure transmission of text, image, audio and video. Cryptographic techniques provide the security during transmission of multimedia objects. Cryptography means converting data from readable form to unreadable form. Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm provides greater security for data. Here, AES algorithm with 128 bit key is used for encryption and decryption process.

In this paper I a study is carried out on tracking modes I and II for compound parabolic concentrator and cylindrical parabolic concentrator type across the different latitudes of India for different times of day. Since the solar irradiation level is different for different latitudes and the total amount of energy received at ground level from the sun at the zenith depends on the distance to the sun and thus on the time of year.

Methods such as chlorophyll fluorescence, the amount of O2 emitted or the amount of CO2 assimilated are commonly used to estimate the photosynthetic activity of plants, but none of these methods shows us directly the electrical activity that occurs during photosynthesis. The purpose of this study is to show that the photosynthetic activity can be obtained from the behavior of the electrical resistance of extra chlorophyll space. The model used in this study is that of Cole.

In this research work the proton-ligand dissociation constant of [2-oxo-2H-chromene-3-carbo hydrazide] and metal-ligand stability constants of its complexes with metal ions (Ni+2 and Cu+2) have been determined potentiometrically at 298, 308 and 318 K. The stability constants of the formed complexes increased in the order: Ni+2 > Cu+2. The effect of temperature was studied and the thermodynamic parameters (ΔH, ΔS and ΔG) were derived and discussed. The dissociation process was endothermic and spontaneous.

The Removal of undesirable organic or dyestuff impurities from water through electrochemical processes is based on the selecting the suitable electrodes and potential/current conditions required for the degradation of these impurities. In this investigation the rhodium/rhodium oxide/titanium thermally activated modified electrode was used for the electrochemical degradation blue 113 azo dye in its aqueous solutions.

The first aim of this study is to introduce the probability models in modelling the traffic crash data and present comprehensive interpretations of the statistical findings. The second aim is to reveal the risk factors that have important effects on the driver injury severity in bus accidents in Turkey. Data collected by The Department of Traffic Training and Research of General Directorate of Public Security and General Command of Gendarmerie were used. By reference to the ordinal nature of the dependent variable, Ordered Probit Model (OPM) and Ordered Logit Model (OLM) were constructed.

Human hair is considered as a waste material in most parts of the world and is a common constituent found in municipal waste streams which cause enormous environmental problems. This is an attempt to find the possibilities of using hair as fibre reinforcement in concrete, thereby forming an alternative way for the safe management of hair waste. Human hair is strong in tension; hence it can be used as a fibre reinforcement material. Hair Fibre, an alternate non-degradable matter, is available in abundance and at a very cheap cost.

In today’s world of digital communication, processing of frames of video requires efficient and effective algorithm which requires least processing time and provides suitable selection of scenes like dance, fight, and flash from HD video. This paper deals with processing of HD video frames to determine fade effect where actually darker scenes are located. DCT of 16 level and block based algorithm is employed to reduce frame processing time. Transition from darker to brighter scene and vice a versa is detected using mean of successive frame.

Automation of power system fault identification using information conveyed by the wavelet analysis of power system transients is proposed. Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN) for detecting the type of fault is used. The work presented in this paper is focused on identification of simple power system faults. Wavelet Transform (WT) of the transient disturbance caused as a result of occurrence of fault is performed. The detail coefficient for each type of simple fault is characteristic in nature. PNN is used for distinguishing the detail coefficients and hence the faults.

Although seismic waves have been studied for many years, their soliton nature has only recently come to wide notice. Deformation solitons propagate along earthquake faults and induce earthquakes. Rotation solitons are generated in earthquake sources and propagate throughout the Earth. The conclusion to be reached from our example is that the research on seismic solitons is essential for investigating the propagation of seismic waves and helps understand mechanisms triggering earthquakes.

A new approach is proposed for finding an optimal solution for fuzzy transportation problem involving fuzzy trapezoidal numbers. This method is demonstrated with a numerical example.

Assessment standardizing is a long fed issue to tackle the examiners fairness. It reduces variation among the student’s evaluation and testing procedure that could adversely affect others. However, individual marking with a proper guidelines will make the assessment somewhat fair than the group marking or conference marking. Equivalent grid want make the evaluation equal. Although testing accommodations are by now standard practice in most large-scale testing programmes, for the most part these practices lie outside formal educational measurement theory.

The Abbasid regime of 508 years deserves significant portion in the Arab history and Islamic history. Abbasid rulers set up lots of historic instances in the case of governance, education, socio-economic structure, infrastructural development and so on through their pompous and versatile lifestyle and culture.This article strives to pinpoint the major traits of Abbasid rulers by assessing the noticeable trends of their lifestyle in the light of historical facts.

This paper establishes the effects of poaching and its impacts to community members’ around national parks in Arusha region. The study used a cross-sectional design due to limited research resources particularly time and funds in order to empirically investigate the effects of poaching and impacts to community development of members around Tarangire, Arusha and Ngorongoro national parks.

The conservation of biodiversity, habitat and ecosystems is inevitable approach of Protected Areas globally because they are highly threatened by environmental challenges. Pakistan is a part of this global struggle for achieving the target of 17% of world to be declared protected areas till 2020. The prime objective of this paper is to analyze the awareness level, their management and legislation of the protected areas in Baluchistan. For the purpose a Key Informant survey was conducted through cheek list using purposive sampling techniques.

Urban growth in India has been very significant during the past decades. The urban population had doubled from 1901 to 1947 and it increased again six fold from independence to 2001. One of the most talked about aspects of this growth is the emergence of three agglomeration that have exceeded 14 millon inhabitants in 2007, thus belonging to the "mega cities" of the world, as defined by the united nations. The present paper studies the status of the population growth in Namkkal Town of Namkkal District, using Geographical information system.

The study was pursued to comeup with inventory metacognitive strategies of the First Year College of Education students at Eastern Samar State University Salcedo Campus. The study was conducted during the second semester school year 2013-2014 to 147 students. The descriptive-correlation survey method was utilized in the study using questionnaires to determine the student based profiles and the metacognitive strategies of the first year teacher education student of Eastern Samar State University Salcedo Campus school year 2013-2014.

People differ in their abilities, willingness, interests, choices, styles, methods, practices, and habits of reading. They help in mastering the content of learning. Hence, efforts should be made to develop reading habits since childhood with due planning. Books are the treasured wealth of wisdom in the world and the inheritance of generations and nations. Happy is the person who acquires the habit of reading since childhood. Poor indeed is the person who does not read, and empty is his life. Reading has different forms, e.g., classic reading and online reading.

This research paper aims to explain the findings of the goodness-of-fit of the factors influencing attitude of undergraduate students towards differently-abled individuals. A comprehensive attitude tool was developed with various factors influencing attitude such as inclusion, employment, relationships and marriage, society, positive bias, negative bias and behaviour/ conduct. The 4 points Likert scale questionnaire was distributed to 1000 undergraduate students in Chennai ensuring adequate representation across social science/ arts, science and engineering disciplines.

India is the second largest country of the world after and it has got roughly constitute 25 per cent of its total population scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. The Constitution of India provides for a number of safeguards for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes which are of its unique features. The main objective of these safeguards was to level up, socially and economically backward classes, particularly the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in as short time as possible.

Landuse and Landcover changes for the years 1990, 2000 and 2010 have been analysed. Each of the landuse and landcover types exhibit positive and negative changes in all decades that have been considered. Agricultural land, Natural vegetation and water bodies show a decrease in area whereas fallow land, built-up land, scrub without scrub lands and sandy areas go on increasing.

The purpose of the study was to investigate the attitude of physical education professional students towards intramural. For the purpose of the study 30 physical education professional students were collected randomly from Baliapal Physical Education College, Orissa, India. Attitude Inventory Questionnaire was used for getting attitude towards Intramural Competition and the responses to the 25 statements given by the student were evaluated in the manner described by “Liker 2”. In this scaling technique each statement was assigned to a value on a five point scale.

In this paper an attempt has been made to understand the groundwater suitability for irrigated agriculture in Marudaiyar sub-basin. The chemical aspects of groundwater in the study area, 32 control wells considered which are almost equally distributed throughout the study area. Geo-chemical data were analysed to understand the pH, Electrical Conductivity, Total Hardness, TDS and SAR in the study area.

The avifaunal diversity of Bhattiyat valley in district Chamba of Himachal Pradesh was studied during 2008-2010 (opportunistic) and July 2011- June 2012 (monthly basis). In total, 135 species of birds belonging to 12 orders and 35 families were recorded. The highest number of species were found in order Passeriformes (80) 59.2 % followed by Ciconiiformes (17) 12.5 % and least number (1) in other 3 orders. The highest number of species were found in family Muscicapidae (24) 17.7 % followed by Passeridae (13) 9.6 % and least number (1) in other 11 families.

Transition metal oxides (Vanadium Pentoxide and Niobium Pentoxide) Catalyzed nitration of 2-and 4-benzyl pyridine’s was studied under conventional condition. Niobium Pentoxide serves as the best catalyst in regioselectivity of nitro group at para position.

This paper collates and evaluates different studies that have been done in examining impact of microfinance on women empowerment. A huge amount of literature is available on the positive impact of Microfinance on women. This paper captures studies conducted in different countries to assess the impact. While most of the studies have shown a positive correlation between participation of women in micro finance and degree of empowerment few studies also have shown “no impact” on decision making power, health nutrition status of women who participate in microfinance programme.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

Advantages of IJCR

  • Rapid Publishing
  • Professional publishing practices
  • Indexing in leading database
  • High level of citation
  • High Qualitiy reader base
  • High level author suport













Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
Dr. Recep TAS
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
United State
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
Dr. Ali Seidi
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Dr. Imran Azad
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Anam Bhatti
Md. Amir Hossain
Mirzadi Gohari