CALL FOR PAPERS

CERTIFICATE

IMPACT FACTOR 2019

Subject Area

  • Life Sciences / Biology
  • Architecture / Building Management
  • Asian Studies
  • Business & Management
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Economics & Finance
  • Engineering / Acoustics
  • Environmental Science
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • General Sciences
  • Materials Science
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine
  • Nanotechnology & Nanoscience
  • Nonlinear Science
  • Chaos & Dynamical Systems
  • Physics
  • Social Sciences & Humanities

Why Us? >>

  • Open Access
  • Peer Reviewed
  • Rapid Publication
  • Life time hosting
  • Free promotion service
  • Free indexing service
  • More citations
  • Search engine friendly

Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

August 2015

Hyper immunoglobulin (Ig) E syndrome is a rare complex immunoregulatory disorder characterized by hyperglobulinemia, recurrent bacterial infections and chronic eczematous dermatitis. The onset of this syndrome may occur at any time from early childhood onwards, and may include eosinophilia and osteoarticular and dental abnormalities. The mortality in untreated patients three years after diagnosis can be high as 75%. Cardiac involvement is the most common cause of increased morbidity and mortality.

Leishmaniases are one of the neglected tropical diseases in several countries. In India, recently, cutaneous leishmaniasis cases were recorded from the tribal settlements of Western Ghats, Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala. To provide a rational framework for selecting an appropriate insecticide for implementing intervention measure, susceptibility of sand flies of this region to DDT and Deltamenthrin was assessed. A total of 720 sandflies, comprising Phlebotomus argentipes (70.6%), Sergentomyia bagdhadis (14.4%), Se. zeylonica (8.2%), P. sintoni (3.6%) and Se.

The study was conducted using descriptive survey design. The research variable was knowledge regarding prevention of motor vehicle accidents among male students of selected degree college, while the demographic variables were Age, Education status of the student, Sources of information, Years of experience in riding motorized two-wheeler, Education status of the Father, Education status of the Mother and Family income. The study was conducted on 100 male degree students of Krapanidi Degree College, Chikkabellandur, Bangalore; using Purposive Sampling Technique.

Nutrition is the fundamental pillar of human life span. Proper nutritional care during adolescence helps to promote and maintain their overall development. In India, Iron deficiency anaemia is a significant health problem. Traditional cereals like wheat, ragi, and bajra are contain good sources of energy, protein, fibre, B-complex vitamins, calcium, iron and appreciable amount of tryptophan and lysine. Cauliflower leaves are very rich source of iron and significant source of calcium, vitamin C.

Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of Self instructional Module on selected aspects of Universal precautions among registered nurses in selected hospital, Trichy. Methods and Materials: A preexperimental with one group pretest post test design was used for this study. The study was conducted in Dr. G.Viswanathan hospital, Trichy. Samples of 60 registered nurses were selected on the basis of inclusion criteria by using convenience sampling technique. Selected registered nurses knowledge level was assessed by structured questionnaire and practice was assessed by observational check list.

Currently, the routine clinical practice does not include the measurement of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in patients with the absence of risk factors for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). However, recent studies have shown that in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) it is necessary to estimate GFR, even in the absence of classic risk factors for CKD. Early detection of kidney damage in patients with CHF and NAFLD will help to titrate the correct dose of drugs, avoiding chemical overdose. Materials and Methods: The study included 77 patients with CHF.

Nursing is an art and science that develop competency for practicing the profession, Attitude is hypothetical construct that represent the degree of like and dislike for an individual. Attitude plays a principal role in guiding human behavior toward achieving goals, awareness of its consequences and effective processing of complex information about living environment. This study aimed to assess the attitude of nursing students towards patient care.

Diabetic Foot Ulcers (DFU) are therapeutic challenge to the surgeon. While many dressing options and materials are in vogue, Collagen sponge dressins standout as a reasonably good choice in accelerating the healing of DFU. In this study collagen sponge dressings were tried in 25 patients against control with conventional dressings in equal number of patients. Average age is 58 years with majority falling between 39 to 78 years. Males were three times more. Mean ulcer size is14.1 and 15.6 cms2 in test and control groups respectively; duration being 60.5 days.

A minimally invasive procedure has many advantages for the patients, health care system and society. Over the past 50 years, many techniques, technologies and guidelines have been introduced to eliminate the risks associated with laparoscopic entry. The laparoscopic entry techniques and technologies reviewed include the classic pneumoperitoneum (Veress/trocar), the open technique (Hasson), the direct trocar insertion, the use of disposable shielded trocars, radially expanding trocars and visual entry systems.

Hypertension is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Which can lead to renal, cardiac and vascular disease, stroke and death. The study was to correlate the effect of walking and relaxation exercise on controlling hypertension. 60 hypertensive patients both males and females aged 30-65years participated in the study and secondary hypertension was excluded. Anti-hypertensive medication history, height, weight, BMI, systolic blood pressure & diastolic blood pressure examinations were taken. Subjects were divided into two groups, control and study group.

Aim: To compare the efficacy of Sharkara Yukt Narikel Jala Nasya and Goghrit Nasya in Ardhavbhedak Objective: 1. To study the efficacy of Sharkara Yukt Narikel Jala Nasya in Ardhavbhedak. 2. To study the efficacy of Goghrit Nasya in Ardhavbhedak. 3. To compare the efficacy of Sharkara Yukt Narikel Jala Nasya and Goghrit Nasya in Ardhavbhedak. 4. To assess the disease according to etiological factors as per Ayurveda and modern text. 5.

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus comprises a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of hyperglycemia. The metabolic dysregulation associated with DM causes secondary pathophysiologic changes in multiple organ systems that impose a tremendous burden on the individual. Amongst the electrolytes, magnesium merits special attention. Micronutrients have been investigated as potential, preventive and therapeutic agents for type 2 diabetes mellitus and their complications. The aim of the study is to evaluate serum magnesium and HbA1c levels in type-2 diabetes.

Objective: Hypertension is a disease which has a lot of complication as end organ damage, left ventricular hypertrophy and retinal damage so it is very important to diagnose it early and treat it to minimize its complication. Data Summary: Data Sources: medical text books, medical journals, medical websites which have updated research Study selection: Systematic reviews that addressed Hypertension & studies that addressed impact of it on different organs and role of physician in prevention and management.

A rare occurrence, isolated tubercular epididymo-orchitis poses a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. A 45-year old male presented with a right scrotal swelling since 5 months which, based on physical examination and ultrasonographic findings, was suggestive of a right hydrocele. Operative findings during the transvaginal hydrocele repair revealed dense adhesions with granulomatous necrosis and therefore, prompted us to perform a right-sided orchidectomy. Histopathological study thereafter revealed features of tuberculous epididymo-orchitis.

Diarrhoea is a major public health problem in the developing countries of Latin America, Africa, Asia, and parts of the Middle East, included Thailand. Prevention and control are need required. Therefore, this cross-sectional study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding diarrhoeal disease among rural villagers in Nonghuawaen village, Kham Thale So district, Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Thailand. The 113 samples were purposive selected included head or represent of household, during January and April 2015.

Cysticercosis is an infection caused by larval form of pork tapeworm Taenia solium. Cysticercosis affects variety of tissues-rare being isolated intramuscular involvement. Involvement of the biceps brachii muscle is rarer with only three such cases reported. We present a case of isolated cysticercosis of biceps brachii in a 30 year old female who presented with swelling over the left arm lateral aspect above the elbow.

Introduction: Ocular dominance may be especially important in sports which require aim, such as archery, darts or shooting and it is an important consideration in predicting patient satisfaction with monovision correction in cataract surgery, refractive surgery and contact lens wear. The present study was therefore conducted to determine the ocular dominance. Materials and Methods: 41 normal healthy subjects, 17 male and 24 female were participated in this study.

The Prune Belly Syndrome (PBS) is characterized by the triad of deficient abdominal wall musculature, undescended testes and urinary tract anomalies. PBS may be also associated with other urological and non urological condition. The exact etiology is not known and neither the best treatment. Many infants are still born or die within first few weeks of life from severe kidney or lung problems, or due to combined congenital anomalies. The present case is a dead male fetus of 31 weeks pregnancy delivered to Anatomy department due to presence of gross congenital anomalies.

A comparative interventional study was conducted over a four month period in 2 urban and 2 rural secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. Multistage sampling method was used to select 600 girls. Data was analyzed using the SPSS version 20.0. Chi – Square test and Multiple Logistic regression were used to analyze the data and level of significance was set at p<0.05. Results revealed that the mean age for attainment of menarche among urban respondents was 12.7 ± 1.15 years, with the mean age for attainment of menarche being 13 ± 1.24 years among the rural adolescents [t = 2.9; p= 0.002].

Hypothyroidism is a syndrome characterized by the clinical and biochemical manifestation of thyroid hormone deficiency. The present study was undertaken to examine the functional integrity of visual pathway. Visual evoked potential is a non invasive tool to assess the integrity of visual pathway. Forty patients (17- 64yearsold, mean 37.7) with biochemical evidence of hypothyroidism, with thyroxine less than 4µg/dl and thyrotropin above 4.5 m IU/L including both gender were taken as a study group and compared with control group who were normal subjects and age and sex matched.

Cognitive assessment is a formal assessment of a child’s abilities in a range of areas, such as verbal and non-verbal skills, memory and speed of processing. A Child may be assessed for concerns about their school performance or for any specific disorders. Birth weight is associated with cognition and educational attainment across the full birth weight range in the normal population.

In this investigation the percentage of root colonization and spore density of Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizae in dominant vegetation of eighteen salt marsh plants and physic-chemical parameters of rhizophere soil were studied at South East Coast of Tamilnadu, India. Among the eighteen plants, three salt marsh plants namely, Agiceras nicutaum L., Salicornia virginica L and Salicornia brachiata L showed AM fungi root colonization and spore density richness.

Background: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children are a major public health concern internationally. Recognition of overweight and obesity status is an important step to prevent unhealthy weight. This study was designed to assess the prevalence and to explore the perceptions of children and their parents towards overweight and obesity in children. Methods: A cross-sectional study approach was utilized surveying 635 children aged 11 to 14 years (males and females) in 12 randomly selected public schools in Kuwait.

Immediate implants are good choice of treatment in order to prevent unfavourable residual alveolar bone changes after extraction in areas where bone quality is favourable for immediate implant placement. Mandibular anterior region predominantly presents with D1 type dense bone but also has greater risk of bony deformation due to various factors like periodontal diseases, aberrant frenal attachments and malocclusion. In most of the cases the labial cortical plate of the mandibular anterior region is either very thin or even lost completely leading to phenomenon called bony dehiscence.

Internal hernia may be either congenital or acquired. Its incidence has been reported to be 1-2%. Herniation may be persistent or intermittent. Internal hernia is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction with a reported incidence of 0.2-0.9%. The most common type is paraduodenal. Less common types include mesocolic hernia, which occurs following abdominal surgery. We report a case of mesocolic hernia in a young patient, which presented as intestinal obstruction leading to perforation without any prior abdominal surgeries.

Angle’s Class III malocclusion is a dental discrepancy in a sagittal view that may appear or not with an important skeletal discrepancy. Facial esthetics may be affected by this skeletal discrepancy and it is one of the most common complaints of patients who seek orthodontic treatment. Class III treatment, in adults, may be done by compensatory tooth movement, in simple cases, or through an association between orthodontics and orthognathic surgery, in more severe cases. This article describes an adult male patient with skeletal and dental Class III malocclusion.

Background: Vulvovaginal Candidiasis (VVC) is an extremely common infection in women of all strata of society. In order to colonize, infect and evade host defense mechanisms, Candida possesses a repertoir of virulence attributes which includes adhesion factors, phenotypic switching and extra cellular lipolytic and proteolytic activity. VVC can be caused by both Candidia albicans and nonalbicans Candida (NAC). However identification is laborious and intricate by traditional methods in rural laboratories.

Introduction: Childhood tuberculosis traditionally had a lower priority than adult tuberculosis (TB) within National Tuberculosis Programmes (NTP's), because it is largely non-infectious; cases have been thought to be few, and assumption that effective control of adult TB could prevent childhood TB. In many countries with high TB incidence, however; childhood TB (i.e. TB among population aged less than 15 years) constitutes a significant proportion (approximately 11-14%) of TB case load and under 5 mortality.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder of the women in reproductive age group. Accumulating evidences from the recent studies indicate that vitamin D receptor (VDR) genetic variants may influence the development of insulin resistance and so related to the pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome. The aim of the present study was to determine the VDR BsmI gene variant in intron 8 (A/G) (rs1544410) in normal controls, obese PCOS women and non obese PCOS women in India. A total of 225 women aged between 19-36 years participated in the study.

A study was carried out at a tertiary care centre to analyze the radiological outcome in young patients who had sustained a transcervical neck femur fracture and were treated with closed reduction and internal fixation. The demographic and radiological data of 40 such patients operated between June 2012 and December 2013 was studied retrospectively. Patients were classified on the basis of Displacement of fracture and Acceptability of Osteosynthesis. The effect of these two determinants on union and final radiological outcome of the patient and various complications were analyzed.

Introduction: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) in modifying patient’s symptom profile and to also confirm that FESS is the modality of treatment in patients with refractory CRS. Design: Prospective study. Methodology: 50 patients with symptoms of CRS were included in the study and subjected to FESS. Patients were assessed for CRS symptoms preoperatively and postoperatively using grading symptoms.

from benign to malignant conditions. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology has emerged as an easy, quick, cost effective, minimally invasive and safe technique, with high sensitivity and specificity, in the evaluation of lymphadenopathy. The present study was done with the aim of studying the pattern of various lymph node diseases present in Head and neck region. It was an observational study conducted in the department of pathology Government Medical College, Srinagar from 1st July 2013 to June 2015.

The study was carried out with the objective to develop an Instant Soup Mix from banana peel and ascertain it’s quality and shelf life. Physical characteristics, Sensory qualities of product, Nutrient profile, Chemical composition and shelf life were investigated. When sensory qualities among different formulations were evaluated S1 got significantly higher values for appearance, colour and taste. It comprised of banana peel flour, corn flour, onion powder, capsicum powder, coriander leaves powder, white pepper powder, ginger powder, garlic powder, citric acid and salt.

The study was carried out with the objective to develop an Instant Soup Mix from banana peel and ascertain it’s quality and shelf life. Physical characteristics, Sensory qualities of product, Nutrient profile, Chemical composition and shelf life were investigated. When sensory qualities among different formulations were evaluated S1 got significantly higher values for appearance, colour and taste. It comprised of banana peel flour, corn flour, onion powder, capsicum powder, coriander leaves powder, white pepper powder, ginger powder, garlic powder, citric acid and salt.

The aroma and taste of Darjeeling tea has its own charm and mesmerizing effect that it is known as the champagne of the east. The uniqueness of the location makes it an ideal destination to enjoy the beauty of nature as well as process of tea gardening. Sustainable Rural Tourism will also help in the development of the socio-economic condition of the local community as well as contribute to the cause of sustainability of the unique eco-system. The direct and the indirect benefits of tourism will help in improving the livelihood of the local community.

Background: Recent progress has linked Dermatoglyphics with the Psycho-physiologic aspects of mental dimensions, thus being able to compare intellectual capacities of distinct groups. The current study expounded this linkage between the Dermatoglyphic parameters, handedness, and multiple intelligence scores. Materials & Methods: The study followed a cross-sectional, random, and stratified cluster sampling procedure to select 100 sex matched students from each of the major colleges at the university.

Ecosystem level changes in water quality and biotic communities in aquatic bodies of coastal lagoon have been associated with intensification of anthropogenic pressure. In light of incipient changes in Chilika lake, examination of different dissolved nutrients distribution and phytoplankton biomass was conducted. The effects of water soluble wastes containing NO2-, NO3- , P043-, NH4+ and Na+ on eutrophication behavior of Chilika lake have been investigated by following standard procedures.

Type II diabetes mellitus is considered a major cause of mortality and a large percentage of diabetics live without being diagnosed. (International Diabetes Federation, 2014) Diabetes is known to affect salivary composition and function. (Panchbai et al., 2010) This study was done to examine correlation between salivary and blood glucose in type II diabetics and healthy adults. Salivary and blood glucose levels were estimated and compared in both groups. Eighty adults in age group of 30 - 50 years were included in our study and divided into 2 groups - diabetics and healthy adults.

Training Research study on the suitability of different host foods of sitophilus oryzaerice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae (Linnaeus) on stored sorghum was carried out during the year 2007-08 at the Main Sorghum Research Station, Navsari Agricultural University, Surat, Gujarat state. The results of study revealed that cereals were more suitable host among the different commodities tested. The order of host suitability of different commodities was paddy> sorghum> maize> wheat> coriander> cumin> chilli> fenugreek

From April to December 2014 Four hundred and ninty mid stream urin specimens were collected from patients suffering from urinary tract infections and from urinary catheterized patients in Baquba Teaching Hospital and Al -Betul Hospital, and Baghdad Teaching Hospital. Out of 14 Providencia isolates, 9 isolates were diagnosed as Providencia rettgeri. This identification was confirmed by biochemical tests, Api 20 E system and vitek 2 compact system.

The study was designed to determine serum level of IL-10 in a sample of 44 Iraqi visceral leishmaniasis (VL) patients and 40 control subjects. In addition, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IL10 gene were determined at three positions (IL10-1082, IL10-819 andIL10-592).The results showed a significant increased serum level of IL-10 (40.02 ± 1.26 vs.18.60 ± 1.82pg/ml) in VL patients compared to controls, while analysis of genotypes and alleles of the three SNPs revealed no significant variations between VL patients and controls.

Fish can be of two types according to habitat, i.e. river and sea fish. The content of this study was the comparison of macronutrients between rohu and pomfret. The carbohydrate and protein contents of rohu were higher than pomfret but the fat content was more in pomfret as compared to rohu in the raw condition. These fish were both subjected to conventional cooking methods like open pan dry roasting, boiling, shallow frying and deep frying. The nutrient contents had changed due to the application of cooking methods. Losses of nutrients had taken place in both fish.

Experimental trails were conducted to analyze water stability and palatability of probiotic enriched supplementary feeds. The results show that among the six types of diet feed-A,B,C,D and E exhibited moderate stability after 8 hours of immersion, except yeast included feed (feed-F) The maximum stability (71.66±2.08) was recorded in feed-B and the lowest (59.67±6.66) was noted in feed-F. The physical structure of all feeds was cracked at the end of the experiment.

The research deals with the biological specifics of the development of the male gametophyte in Feijoa sellowiana Berg. 1% agar-agar solution and solutions of sucrose of three different concentrations (20%, 30%, 40%) were used for the investigation. We germinated pollen gains in the Moist Chamber van Tieghem (hanging drop); to paint the pollen grains, the acetocarmine method was applied. Based on the results of the research the low fertility of the Feijoa pollen grains has been defined.

Low head drip system was evaluated for its appropriateness for small fields. Drip irrigation systems were laid out in different areas starting from 12m X 12m to 48m X 48m plots and were operated at low heads (using water storage tanks placed at heights of 1.5m, 3.0m and 4.5m). Water distribution uniformity decreased with increasing area irrigated by drip system operated at any given operating head. Largest areas that could be irrigated with at least 85 % coefficient of uniformity were found to be 12m X 12m, 24m X 24m and 36m X 36m at operating heads of 1.5m, 3.0m and 4.5m, respectively.

During the past decade the knowledge of dietary influence on health and wellbeing has amply been increased and often related to some food components. To ameliorate specific nutritional disorders, designer foods have been ad vented way back in 1980.Designer foods are the processed or fortified foods with potential health promoting food ingredients, which are normal foods consumed daily. The designer food approach is one of the best and low-cost strategies to reduce micronutrient deficiencies among people, because it can deliver recommended allowances of nutrients regularly.

The present experiment was conducted at Field Experimentation Center, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture Technology and Sciences, The experiment was carried out with 18 genotypes procured from Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, U.P, and India and grown in Randomized Block Design (RBD) with three replications. Observations were recorded on five randomly selected plants for all eight traits from each replication except for days to 50 percent flowering and days to maturity, where the observations were on plot basis.

Seafood is an excellence of sea commodities, it content a great compound of protein, minerals and unsaturated fatty acids, that carachterize by the very high biological value so it is good for health. This excellence can be used to diversify the variety of processed products both for food and non-food products such as cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. Optimizing the marine products utilization as a raw material of various healthy products can impact on the increase of income and living standards of the fishermen and communities along the of sore.

Background: Granisetron is a highly selective and potent 5-HT receptor antagonist acting specifically at 5-HTreceptors on the vagal afferent nerves of the gut. Granisetron leads to irreversible block of 5-HT receptors. This may account for the long duration action of this drug. Purpose: The present randomized, double-blind study was designed to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of long acting drug, Granisetron and Dexamethasone for preventing post-operative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing laparoscopic abdominal surgery.

In the present study the bacteria are isolate from soil samples. On screening of the samples for agar-degrading, were found to contain agarolytic bacteria. In each sample, various patterns of agar degradation were seen indicating different bacteria present in the sample. Different isolates were found all are gram negative they were checked for reproducibility of the agarolytic activity by culturing on the capex dox media. They were identified to be rod shaped. The strain was susceptible to penicillin, kanamycin and reactive to cloistin.

Natural disasters are expected to be occurred everywhere throughout the globe such as Land Sliding, Erosion, Drought, Flood and Earthquakes. The CRED data base on disasters indicates that both the frequency and impacts of natural disasters around the globe are on rise. Similarly, earthquake in Ziarat severely affected the rural livelihoods of the local in habitants. Dealing with certain natural disasters accurately and tactfully, is the real challenge for the relevant custodian of the sector concerned.

The seeds of Cucurbita maxima (pumpkin seeds) have been generally considered as agro-wastes and discarded inspite of having its high nutritional value as well as medicinal benefits. Pumpkin seeds contain high amount of protein, fatty acids, considerable amount of micronutrients like P, K, Mg, Mn and Ca. It is a good source of choline, an essential component for brain development. Pumpkin seed extracts and oils have been found useful in the treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), parasite infestation, acrodermatitis enteropathica, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, depression to name a few.

Somatic embryogenesis receptor kinases (SERKs) constitute a small gene family and are functionally conserved in plants with a specific role in embryogenesis and possibly in other developmental processes. The present investigation was aimed at identifying the SERK gene (s) present in sorghum genome through in silico studies. Here we report two SERK genes (SbSERK1, and SbSERK2) from sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.) by the comparative analysis of known SERK cDNA sequences from sorghum and other plants and their chromosomal location on sorghum.

A study was conducted to evaluate the quality of drinking water samples from the four different drinking water sources namely open wells, Bore wells, can water and tap water from 37 wards of Kavali Municipality, SPSR Nellore district, A.P. The microbiological parameters such as total viable count of bacteria, total conidial spores were carried out. The physico chemical parameters are using standard method. It was found that the open well water was contaminated in almost all the wards of the municipality. The microbiological contamination of drinking water is in this order.

Over the coming decades, our cities likely face an array of associated problems, including: rising temperature, water shortages, food scarcity and increased storminess with concomitant flooding, wind damage and coastal erosion. Less favourable aspects include contribution of gardens and gardening to green house gas emission, misuse of fertilizers and pesticides and introduction of alien plant species Effective environmental planning, including urban greening, can assist greatly in improving the quality of the urban environment and the livelihoods of the people who live in urban areas.

Plants play critical role in keeping the atmosphere clean. Plants are used in monitoring programme as indicators of air pollution. The response of plants towards air pollution was assessed by Modified Air Pollution Tolerance Index, as plants are primary receptors. The present study was aimed to calculate Modified Air Pollution Tolerance Index (Modified APTI) by adding Free Amino Acids and Tot. Carbohydrates in 15 plants at IDA Nacharam and their ability to tolerate pollution a common stress factor prevailing in the environment to know their tolerance, sensitivity.

Cell wall was prepared from P. digitatum, dangerous post harvest disease of Citrus sp. The potentiality of lytic enzyme production by three biocontrol agents (Trichoderma viride -1, T harzianum -1 and Beuveria bassiana) was tested in vitro in mineral medium. In our experiment all three antagonists or biocontrol agents showed their ability to secrete lytic enzyme. Out of them the enzyme of T.viride I lysed 60% of the cell wall after 48 hrs, it was followed by T. harzianum I (45%) and Beauveria bassiana (37%). Moreover, within 24 hour, at 250C, the lysis by enzyme preparation of T.

The phytohormone, ABA plays a vital role in the growth and development of plants. The hormone is generally associated with seed dormancy and it is reported to be involved in desiccation tolerance in orthodox seeds. There is no conclusive information about the role of ABA in recalcitrant species. The present investigation was aimed at understanding the changes in ABA level during the desiccation of recalcitrant embryos of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. and Artocarpus hirsutus Lam.

Extracellular xylanase production by the newly isolated Bacillus cereus BSA1 in presence of different nitrogen and phosphate sources and metal ions was optimized under submerged fermentation. The growth of bacteria and its enzyme production were maximum in the presence of beef extract. Maximum enzyme production was done in presence of Na2HPO4 and the most effective concentration was achieved in 0.10%. The most effective salt for xylanase production by the bacteria was NaCl.

In the present study the organoleptic quality and shelf life of guava fruits treated with Naphthalene acetic acid (100 and 200 ppm), Gibberellic acid (150 and 300 ppm) and Benzyl adenine (25 and 50 ppm) were evaluated. Guava fruits were harvested at mature green (maximum growth of fruits is attained and skin colour changes from dark green to light green) and colour turning (skin colour turns slightly yellow from light green) stages to determine the appropriate stage of maturity during storage at 10±1ºC and 90±5% RH.

The study was conducted in Hooghly district of West Bengal. The study reveals that the most harmful insect-pest of brinjal was shoot and fruit borer. Brinjal growers were using various brands of various pesticides for controlling insect-pests with several doses. Infestation of insect-pests was mainly on mature stage of the crop. The brinjal growers used 20-30 litres and 100-180 litres of water per bigha for spraying at seedling stage and mature stage respectively. Brinjal growers’ interval of spraying of chemicals was mainly 4-7 days.

Large population of human beings in developing countries is mainly reliant on a staple diet of cereals, such as rice, wheat, maize and sorghum etc. Unfortunately all of our major cereal food crops lack certain essential vitamins and minerals, as milled cereal grains are poor sources of lysine, vitamin A, folic acid, iron, zinc and selenium, which are essential for normal growth and metabolism of human beings.

The BC3H1 smooth muscle cells of mice brain, the study was carried out membrane binding. This is important in relation to the activity of membrane proteins, because losing the activity of such systems will ultimately lead to malfunction or death of the cell. The interactions of Serum Amyloid A (SAA) and Serum Amyloid A protofibrils with BC3H1 cells of the mouse are dealt with in detail to study the binding of SAA protofibrils in various conditions.

In the present investigation, a pot culture experiment was conducted to estimate the ameliorating effect of triazoles such as triadimefon (TDM), tebuconazole (TBZ) and propiconazole (PCZ) on drought stressed maize. From 30 days after sowing (DAS), the plants were subjected to 4 days interval drought (DID) stress and drought with TDM at 15mg l-1, TBZ at 10mg l-1 and PCZ 15 mg l-1 alone and one day interval irrigation was kept as control. The plants were separated into root, stem and leaf for estimating the growth and biochemical.

Haemoglobin E- Beta thalassaemia is the commonest form of severe thalassaemia in many Asian countries In India; it is prevalent in North-Eastern region, but relatively rare in the rest of the country. Identification of this Hb variant thalassemia is important, because doubly heterozygous state for HbE and beta-thalassemia is characterized clinically by thalassemia major. Manifestations of E-beta thalassemia include refractory anemia, splenomegaly and sometimes, unexplained Jaundice.

This study was designed to assess total contents of 6 toxic metals viz., Fe, Hg, Pb, Cr, Cd and As in the fine sediment soil samples collected from industrial zone of Karur, Tiruchirappalli and Thanjavur districts of Tamil Nadu, India during April 2015. Heavy metals were analyzed by using standard methods. Heavy metal concentration in ground water was in following order Fe > Cr > As > Hg > Cd > Pb (ppm).

An area of about 510 sq km around Keoladev Ghana National Park - A World Heritage Site - and Bharatpur city has been investigated for assessment of groundwater vulnerability. Groundwater is the major source of water for various uses in the study area. Hence, the DRASTIC method approach has been used as a valuable tool for identifying groundwater zones that are vulnerable to contamination. Adopting DRASTIC model approach, the Vulnerability Index has been determined for the entire area that ranges from 174 to 203.

Two hundred progenies of four crosses of rice were evaluated to study the genetic variability in segregating generations for yield and bran oil content. The data was recorded on five randomly selected plants for ten quantitative and four grain quality characters. The analysis of variance showed significant differences for 14 characters studied, indicating the presence of high genetic variability among the progenies. The estimates of GCV were lower than the respective PCV, indicating the influence of environmental factors on the expression of the traits studied.

Rural leaders act as lighthouse to the villagers. They make decisions for the people where people interests as well as development of villages are involved. They tend to change the thought and action of others. The body- mind dialectics has got a dictum on the delivery mechanism of personality, which is being influenced by unique genetic characteristics and disposed of by its phenotypic expression through interaction with social environment.

Treatments evaluated for the management of YSB, Fipronil 40 WG @ 1 g/l registered its superiority over botonicles. All insecticides are found on par in the order of their efficacy viz, Fipronil 0.3 G @ 0.075kg a.i./ha, Car tap hydrochloride 50 SP @ 300 g a.i./ha, Cartap hydrochloride 4 G @ 750 g a.i./ha, Carbofuran 3 G @ 1kg a.i/ha and Chlorpyriphos 20 EC @ 2.5ml/l.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is known to cause wide range of infections. It exhibits resistance to several antimicrobial agents and produces ß-lactamases, which are responsible for the widespread ß-lactam resistance. In the present study, 41 isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were obtained from various clinical specimens like pus, urine, stool and wounds. 13/41 (32%) Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates were found to be positive for the production of ESBL by disc diffusion method. 9/41 (22%) Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates were found to be positive for the production of metallo-β-lactamases.

Breast cancer is a malignant disease most commonly occurring in women. Mortality is high due to the fact that breast cancer in later stages metastases to other parts of the body causing multiple carcinoma and death. Many therapeutic targets have been identified for breast cancer of whichCDK9 is emerging as target for cancerous cells due to its role in cell proliferation. CDK9 is a component of multiprotien complex P-TEFb which plays a vital role as an elongation factor for RNA pol2 mediated transcription.

Rolling Bearing element is used in Rotating Machinery; complexity of lading mechanism in bearing which influence the vibrational local defects (faults). These faults are the reason of breakdown in rotating machines. Rolling bearing fault model is based on the dynamic load analysis of a rotor-bearing system. The rotor impact factor is consideration in the rolling bearing fault signal model. The defect load on the surface of the bearing is divided into two parts, the alternate load and the determinate load. In this paper we are going to study outer race and inner race fault simulations.

Myrtle, Myrtus communis L., is an herb widely used throughout the world. It is one of the most popular plants in Morocco. For the purpose of examining the factors affecting extraction of this plant’s essential oil by hydrodistillation, a screening study by Hadamard matrix type Placket and Burman was conducted. After an appropriate choice of seven variables, sixteen experiments lead to a mathematical model of first degree linking the response function (yield) to factors.

With spreads usage of practical program, the network traffic increases too. While internet speed increases every day, tendency to benefit from multimedia rise too. Transferring mass size of multimedia data often make a high traffic in network that can be managed by distributed accounting system. In this article optimal solutions for analyzing audio and videotape files are examined.

This study examines the Vigidesastres program, which carries out environmental health surveillance in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, focusing on the region formed by the municipalities of Nova Iguaçu, Belford Roxo, Nilópolis, Mesquita and São João de Meriti. This region, also known as Baixada Fluminense, besides being located in a lowlands area that is prone to flooding, also has precarious basic sanitation infrastructure, factors that can lead to disasters. Interviews were conducted with the managers of the program to obtain data on the situation of each municipality studied.

Reversible data hiding can restore the image after the hidden data is extracted. Security and integrity of data are two challenging areas for research. Recently more attention is paid to reversible data hiding in encrypted images as original cover image can be losslessly recovered after embedded data is extracted while protecting the image contents confidentiality. Its applications are in medical imagery, military imagery and law forensics. Data hiding helps in protecting the data against malicious attacks such as information stealing, copyright piracy.

Recently the synthesis of 4-dimethylaminobenzoinhydrazone were carried out by the condensation of 4-dimethylaminobenzoin with hydrazine hydrate in presence of aqueous sodium hydroxide in Dioxane-water (80%) medium respectively. Similarly 4,4'-dimethoxy benzoin hydrazone were synthesized by the interaction of 4,4'-dimethoxy benzoin with hydrazine hydrate in presence of aqueous sodium hydroxide in dioxane-water (80%) medium respectively. The synthesis of 4-dimethylaminobenzoin and 4,4'-dimethoxybenzoin were carried out by the known literature method.

In this paper, the new concept minimization of multiplicative labelings has been introduced and a formula for minimization of multiplicative labeling has been introduced. A function f is called a minimization of multiplicative labeling of a graph G with q edges, if f is a bijective function from the vertices of G to the set {1,2,3,…..p} such that when each edge UV is assigned the label f(UV)=f(u)*f(v)-min{f(u),f(v)},then the resulting edge labels are distinct numbers. Moreover, some families of graphs which are coming under minimization of multiplicative labeling are being investigated.

The biquadratic Diophantine equation with five unknowns represented by is analysed for finding its non-zero distinct integral solutions. Introducing the linear transformations and employing the method of factorization different patterns of non zero distinct integer solutions of the equation under the above equation are obtained. A few interesting relations between the integral solutions are exhibited.

A gas giant with its comprehensive set of continuous and discontinuous rings is a Unique cocktail of interactions between itself, dust and ice, its moons and nearby orbiting satellites and particles. The Gravitational Influence of the moons, notably the largest of them like Titan and Rhea has created Gaps in between the rings. For years this has baffled Astronomers. There has been a speculation that the prograde motion of the planet against the prograde motion of its moons have caused this unique effect.

Coffee processing involves large volume of water and wastewater. Coffee grown in many regions is processed using the wet method in order to be commercialized as green coffee. The coffee pulping wastewater from source-1 was characterised by low pH which varying between 3.92 to 4.99 and high COD between 8,320 mg/L to 10,400 mg/L, BOD 160 mg/L, total solids concentration was 5,000 mg/L, phosphorus varying between 60 mg/L to 94 mg/L, nitrate nitrogen varying between 32 mg/L to 52 mg/L, and ammonia nitrogen concentration was in the range of 50 mg/L to 84 mg/L.

The NET energy meter using both renewable and non renewable energy. In the renewable energy only solar energy is used for rooftop of the home. Generated solar energy is stored in battery then its voltage is the form of DC converted into AC by using inverter after that it can be used for home appliances. Then excess generated power is given to grid. Whenever battery voltage gradually decreases as consumed by the appliances then after battery level is less than that of required energy for home appliances that time energy is taken from the nonrenewable energy (grid) to loads.

To prevent adverse health effect related to fluoride overdoses in drinking water, a comprehensive study is presented in this work for determining the optimal fluoride concentration range in drinking water. In fact, the optimal concentration range is bordered by two thresholds. For the hyper sensitive age groups (infant and children) the optimal concentration of 0.5mg.L-1 is required. This optimal concentration is known as the down threshold. However, for less sensitive age groups (adult), the optimal concentration of 1mg.L-1 is taken as the upper threshold.

The aim was to estimate the influence of shock pressure loading on the submersible hull using finite element analysis. The fluid medium was molded based on Tait’s equation of state. The equation of state from Jones-Wilkins-Lee (JWL) was used to describe the detonation products of explosives. The explosion and fluid were interfaced using Eulerian-Eulerian coupling and the fluid and shell were interfaced using arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian coupling. The damage has occurred in the submersible hull surface exposed to explosion only.

A study of the physico-chemical parameters on surface water of Nawabganj Lake was conducted from summer and winter. Surface water was collected from twenty different stations along the Lake. Water samples were collected and analysed for physico-chemical variables. The average value of surface water on winter-summer the pH was 7-7.042105; EC (Electrical Conductivity) 524.8-492.5µs/cm, Tub.

In 2006 Bhaskar and Laxmikantham introduced the concept of coupled fixed point for a partially ordered set. In this paper a common coupled fixed point result for two mappings are presented.

Globalization increases rapidly over the years along with the technology. But the Economic growth of the countries lies in its transportation capabilities. Transportation plays a vital role in today’s world. It may through air, water or surface mediums. But the most essential one and reliable one is surface transportation. Whenever the surface transport comes into picture it comprise of various vehicles like bike to a bullet trains. Here comes the factor called safety. The safety of a vehicle depends upon its own Braking system.

The research was designed to conduct to identify the board size and board composition effects on Financial Performance in Banking Sector of Pakistan having Board Composition i.e. Independent Director, Board Size and Total number of directors on Board as depending variable, Leverage and Size of Banks as Control Variable whereas the independent variables was Financial Performance i.e. Return on Assets and Return on Equity. A total of 174 responses were gathered through secondary sources for the analysis of the study.

The economic prosperity of nations like Japan, China, etc. springs ample evidence that there exists positive relationship between educational development and economic development of a nation. To achieve the much emphasized objective of technological self-reliance since independence, Indian economy witnessed a massive growth of institutions providing technical education. Among the various streams of technical education, the growth of institutions providing engineering education is extremely applauded.

Governmental commandments are those that the society ruler governs based on the anticipated religious principles and in accordance with the Muslims general interests to protect the health of the society and release from the impasses. Islamic ruler can respond to all the variant requirements with his governmental and warden ship commandment. The extensive jurisdictions of the Islamic ruler are the ways to adapt with the real requirements. The range and scope of the Islamic ruler and supreme leader hasa complete and total inclusion and generality.

The present study aims at comparing the quality of life and quality of working life in SAPCO participants and non-participants in sporting activities (public sports). In so doing, the checklist of individual characteristics, quality of life questionnaire developed by Vaez Mousavi (2000), and Walton's (1973) quality of working life questionnaire were distributed among 302 people including 162 athlete staffs and 162 non-athlete ones.

Immigration from one place to another places is a universal phenomena since the ages from pre-Aryan stage to this age of science migration from one place to other place is there. Migration doesn't see any caste, creed or faith barrier even the language is not problem for migraiton. Indian's have been in contrast to ancient immigrantion, modern immigrantion from India was wholly a British creation it begin in 1834. When slavery was abashed in the British Empire. Labour was needed to work on the different British colonies.

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States (1861-1865) and over a century and a half after his assassination, there remains a sleuth of opinions and oftentimes contradictory interpretations of his actions while in office. While some historians of note regarded him as the Great Emancipator whose singular action freed more than three million slaves and marked a major turning point in the historical evolution of the United States.

India, unorganized retailing has been predominantly in the form of local Kirana shops also called Mom-n-Pop stores, manned general stores, paan and beedi shops, convenience stores, hand cart and Pavement vendors, The study aims to understand the orientation of unorganized retail shoppers towards shopping and to measures the impact of various factors of shopping experience in the context of unorganized retail and the statistical tool as chi square was used to analyze the relationship between the number of variables and it was found that the factors such as income, awareness, product availabi

Quantum density functional theory (DFT) calculations for benzannulatedlutidine bisstannylene-tin(II) monoxide molecule is carried out. To explore the proper functional for our molecule, we perform DFT calculations with different hybrid functional. The results show that B3LYP is the best among the others. We calculated the theoretical IR for benzannulatedbisstannylene-tin(II) monoxide Molecule using B3LYP/SDD with scaling factor 0.961 which confirms the lutidine moiety is perpendicular to Sn- group. The HOMO-LUMO energy gap is very low of 80.46 meV.

Training and development enables employees towards skill development and perform better at workplace. It develops zeal among the employees by introducing them towards the process of continuous learning. What is crucial for employees as well as the organization is that whether the present training program is able to help employees to develop required set of skills. Paper basically focuses on understanding employees opinion about the present training program, extent to which it is leading to skill development for employees to perform efficiently at their workplace.

Education in India has a golden past, present and future. The aim of the paper is to make the English language learning by adult learners, more active and interesting. The focus for us all, however, is the learner. Innovation should not be ‘just for its own sake’ but always directed to improve the quality of learning. It is the learner who do the learning, and our work as teachers is for the learners. Active learning has superseded passive learning in recent times because people today seek all-round development of the students. Active learning gives a different perspective to education.

This study was carried out in the Asap Koyan Belaga Sarawak regions of Malaysia where the Orang Ulu ethnics use indigenous knowledge of natural dye extraction from different plant parts. In this region, 51 plant species belonging to 30 families were identified as sources of natural dyes. In natural dye production, different parts of the plant or the whole aboveground plant are used. Eight different colours are gained from the plants. Sometimes the same colour can be obtained from different plants. By combining different plants, it is possible to produce various colours.

Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) is a precious timber plant which has been serving the world’s population since human civilization. Its valuation depends on the quantity of oil and santalol contents of the heartwood. Normally, heartwood formation starts after 12-15 years of plant age. It depends on the soil characteristics and other climatic factors. Some other factors viz. host plant association, mycorrhizal association etc. can play important role for the survival of the sandalwood plants.

Advertising is a form of marketing communication used to persuade an audience to take or continue some action, usually with respect to a commercial offering, or political or ideological support. Advertising are usually paid for by sponsors and viewed via various media. Television is the most powerful media among them. Commercial ads often seek to create a need in the minds of people and to generate increased consumption. Another significant trend regarding future of advertising is the growing importance of the niche market using targeted ads.

The study generally aimed at integrating geographic information system (GIS) and statistical models in predicting landslide prone areas in Wahig-Inabanga Watershed, Bohol, Philippines. Logistic regression (LR) and bivariate statistical analysis (BSA) were employed to determine landslide prone areas using eleven significant landslide-related instability factors such as elevation, slope, aspect, lithology, soil order, soil type, fault line proximity, river proximity, road proximity, rainfall and land cover.

Despite the extensive research in the context of brand communities on social networking sites (SNSs), the theoretical foundations underlying consumers’ assessment of advertisements on SNSs’ brand communities was not yet explored. The present study consequently aimed to explore how SNSs’ brand communities’ consumers assess social networks’ advertisements (SNAs). Regression analysis was used to identify the best fit model, and the most effective predictors on the assessment of SNAs.

India’s relations with the World Bank can be traced back to the latter’s origin. India was one of the 17 countries, prepared the agenda for the Bretton Woods Conference (June 1944). It was also one of the 44 countries which signed the final agreement for the establishment of the Bank. The name “International Bank for Reconstruction and Development” was first suggested by India to the drafting committee. Since then the two have been established a close relationship with each other from framing the policies of economic development in India to financing the implementation of these policies.

This present study aimed to describe the kind of deixison "Holy Quran", theoretically this study is expected to be useful for scholars of Quranic and language. The main purpose of this investigation is the use of deixis, including the form and reference of deixis. The main objectives of this study are a) to describe the pattern of deixis used in the first and second chapters (Juz', Al-Awal, Al-Sani, Al-Sales) and b) to show the reference of deixis use in the first and second chapters. The descriptive approach is straight forward in principle. It consists of fairly three types of deixis.

The quantitative measure of crop distribution is an important analysis to understand the cropping pattern of an area. The multifaceted agriculture practices, bring different crops in fields. The concept of agricultural regionalization is not dividing a land into different fragments but also a method of understanding the agricultural patterns. The existing patterns will strongly show the combinations of physical and socio-economic balance of an area.

Learning is defined as modification of behavior through experience. It is also defined as the acquisition of a desirable behavioral pattern. In other words learning is the modification and co-ordination of the response of the organisms. Thus learning is essentially an active process and not a passive observation of knowledge. It is not the mere reading of books or listening to lectures is an enrichment of experiences. This study focuses on the important psychological variables like learning style and academic achievement. Normative survey method was used for the research.

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) that colonize plant roots and promote plant growth and development. The plant growth is being enhanced by wide variety of mechanisms adapted by rhizobacteria. Hence the use of PGPR is steadily increasing in the field of agriculture. Six indigenous PGPR strains were isolated from tea soils and different environment and characterized for the enhancement of plant growth and to improve soil health. To investigate the growth inducing ability of PGPR in tea plants.

This study empirically examines the relationship between brand awareness as the independent variable and purchases of ceramic tiles as the dependent variable in relation to select branded ceramic tiles. While one-way ANOVA is used to explain the significant relationship between these two variables, Chi-square explained the association between these two variables and t-test explained male and female awareness on ceramic tiles and their brands. For this we have collected opinions of 250 respondents by using a well constructed close-ended questionnaire.

Advertisement is the predominant Promotional Mix Variable which is being used in every industry to get noticed by their prospective customer, and thereby turning them into life time consumers. These advertisements are also playing their part in shaping the lifestyle of the individuals at large, whether elders, teenagers or children. Especially, these advertisements are influencing the lifestyle of the children in much greater fashion, both in righteous and unrighteous direction. The main objective of this study is to find out, how children are influenced by the television advertisements.

Psychological First Aid is designed to reduce the initial distress caused by traumatic events and to foster short- and long-term adaptive functioning and coping. Many distressing events happen in the world, such as war, natural disasters, accidents, fires and interpersonal violence affect the individuals, family and sometimes the entire community leading to a wide range of reactions and feelings. During these crisis situation, quick recovery steps are to be taken along with emergency care for which a professional practical training is necessary.

The aim of our work is the characterization of the chemical composition and evaluation of the antibacterial activity of the essential oil and methanol extract of Thymus satureioides growing wild in the eastern High Atlas of Morocco. The extraction of the essential oil of the aerial parts of the plant was carried out by steam distillation. The yield of essential oil is 2,74%.

Delay presentation of breast cancer is most common form of presentation of breast cancer in our environment. This prospective study was done in Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital Ogbomoso, to determine extent, reasons and factors associated with delay presentation of breast cancer in south western Nigeria. A total of 120 consented patients were recruited into the study. The mean duration of symptom was 68 weeks (± 53.92). One hundred and three (85.83%) of our patients suffered delay presentation.

Blood stream infections (BSI) caused by Candida species are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Although Candida albicans has been the most common Candida species isolated from BSI’s, there is an increasing trend of isolation of non-albicans Candida from BSI. With the shift to non-albicans Candida species, antifungal resistance has become a major cause of concern in the management of candidemia.

Background: Adequate Food labels can potentially prevent unhealthy eating and its associated diet-related diseases. Aim: To assess the extent to which prepackaged food products on the Ghanaian market meet requirements of The Ghana Standards Authority. Method: Study was cross-sectional. Five shopping centers were selected. Pre-packaged food products (N = 400) were put in 5 groups: Dairy products, Breakfast Cereals, Meat and Fish products, Fruit Juices and Carbonated Drinks, and Confectionery (80 per group; 40 imported products and 40 locally made). Their food labels were observed.

Introduction: Ageing and urbanization are closely related. There are many possible ways in which the urban environment may influence the health and well-being of older residents. Indeed, older people may be particularly vulnerable to the influence of urban characteristics many aspects of urban living that affect the quality of life of older persons go beyond municipal boundaries. Objectives: 1. To assess and compare the quality of life of the study groups. 2. To suggest appropriate measures for promotion of health of elderly in urban & urban slum area.

Background: Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus (HTLV) is a retrovirus associated with depression of the immune system. Patients with dual human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV-1) and HIV infections may present with a more serious stage of HIV disease especially at their first medical examination than patients with HIV infection alone, hence the reason for the study. Methodology: The research involved 180 Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) positive individuals. Five (5) mls of blood was collected in EDTA container from each of them and the plasma were tested using ELISA method.

Background: Human T- cell Lymphotropic virus, Hepatitis B and C viruses have a common disease they cause “Cancer” apart from other diseases they are known to cause. Although the sites affected differ from one virus to the other. HBV and HCV cause cancer of the liver while HTLV cause cancer of the blood called “Adult T- cell Leukaemia/Lymphoma (ATLL)”. All the viruses also have a similar route of transmission with HIV which helps to facilitate their disease manifestations.

Aim: To analyse the prevalence and pattern of early repolarization in athletes and non-athletes. Study design: Retrospective study Sample size: • Total sample of60 • Athletes30 • Non-athletes30 Inclusion criteria for Study group: 30 subjects who are involved in sports should haveundergone atleast2-3hoursofpracticeperdayfor5daysinaweekforminimum of 2years Inclusion criteria for Control group: The control consists of 30 healthy volunteers matched forage and BMI. All of them had a relatively sedentary lifestyle.

Objective: To evaluate the serum lipids and blood pressure in patients with and without diabetic retinopathy. Subjects and Methods: A total of 200 subjects of both gender and age ranging 35 – 65 years, were recruited and divided into three groups. Group A include 100 healthy subjects as controls, group B include 50 diabetic subjects with no retinopathy and group C consists of 50 diabetic patients with retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) was graded clinically by dilated Opthalmoscopic examination by a qualified ophthalmologist.

Background: The stability of biomarkers in stored biomedical samples is crucial, especially when storage is for extended periods of time. High-sensitivity CRP (Hs-CRP) is a biomarker of low grade inflammation that is extensively used to identify and study card in vascular and/or inflammatory processes in clinical care and large epidemiologic studies. (Ayo et al., 2014) Therefore, assessing Hs-CRP stability in archived samples at a given temperature is important to insure precision of measurements over time and the validity of studies using archived samples.

Aim: to find the relationship between Magnesium levels and patients who are digoxin therapy and correlated with those who developed digitoxicity. Methods: Eighty-one hospital patients receiving digoxin were separated into groups with and without digitoxicity (digoxin toxicity) using clinical criteria. Serum digoxin, sodium, potassium, calcium, creatinine, magnesium and monocyte magnesium concentrations were compared.

Learning, in psychology, is the process by which a relatively lasting change in potential behavior occurs that brought about by experience. The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the factors that affect students learning in University graduate students. The main focus of this study was to see how some students perform well than the other in the academic achievement. Four departments in the college of social science and humanities were selected. Of the respective total population size of the study groups, 52 students as sample size were taken.

Background: Patients with anxiety prior to coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), have increased levels of anxiety which can have negative physical, physiological and psychological consequences. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching on anxiety and procedure compliance in patients undergoing coronary angiography in a selected cardiac hospital.

Modern sedentary life style and faulty food habits are leading to development of early life obesity. The journey from early life obesity to cardiovascular disease will be evident by slow regression of their cardio-respiratory efficiency. As VO2 max is an accepted measure of cardio-respiratory efficiency, it was used in this study to estimate cardio-respiratory efficiency. Present study was aimed to find out whether obesity affects cardio-respiratory efficiency of young women or not. The study was conducted on 30 obese and 30 non-obese female volunteers aged between 18 and 22 years.

Objective: To determine the hemodynamic changes in primigravida with pre-eclampsia. Study design: Prospective cross-sectional study. Methodology: Forty-four primigravida women with pre-eclampsia and 44 normal pregnant (NP) woman matched for gestational age were recruited. Cross-sectional array echocardiographic Doppler system were used to obtain the hemodynamic measurements. The height, weight and blood pressure too were recorded. Results are expressed as the mean and standard error (SE) of the mean.

Serratia marcescens, a Gram-negative bacillus belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family, is generally responsible for nosocomial infections. It produces reddish orange pigment named as prodigiosin. Community acquired pneumonia caused by Serratia marcescens in a healthy patient is very rare.A 38-year-old man presented with main complaints of cough, blood in sputum and fever. The sputum examination and bronchoalveolar lavage revealed that the patient had pseudohemoptysis due to S. marcescens pneumonia.Our patient presented with pseudohemoptysis due to S.

Rationale: The authors report a case of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) as an extra hepatic manifestation in a hepatitis C virus (HCV)-carrier man with normal liver function tests. Presenting concern: A 42 year old male visited Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital on 21/6/15 in the medicine OPD. He had complaints of Fever for two days and rashes on both the forearms and also complaints of passing black colored stools.

young adult females' age group of 18-25 years. The study group consisted of 60 obese adult female with BMI>30 kg/mt2 and the control group consisted of 60 non-obese adult female with BMI 18.5-25 kg/mt2. Physical parameters studied were a) Body mass index (BMI) and b) Waist-hip ratio. The cardiovascular parameters measured were a) Heart Rate b) Blood Pressure c) PR interval and d) QTc interval in both the groups. The data obtained was analyzed by student 'z' test and p<0.05 was considered as level of significance in all parameters.

Aims & Objectives: To determine the perinatal outcome in meconium stained amniotic fluid. Material & Methods: This prospective study was conducted from January 2013 to March 2014 on patients admitted to Labour ward, of RMC, Ajmer. Out of 16546 deliveries 2295 cases, 200 patients who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in our study. Results: In current study incidence of meconium staining of amniotic fluid (MSAF) is 13.87% In thin MSAF 37.5% and thick MSAF 52.5%, PMR 5.5 % and morbidity 20.5% in which 4.5% and 16.5% respectively in thick and thin.

Background: G-CSF is now used widely therapeutically to overcome neutropenia, a common side effect associated with chemotherapy. G-CSF is shown to improve neutrophil functions such as the phagocytosis, bactericidal and respiratory burst activity but not chemo taxis in cancer patients on chemotherapy. The varying results of various studies, raises questions about the functional competence of G-CSF induced neutrophils. Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the functions of neutrophils before G-CSF treatment and compare this with the neutrophil functions induced by G-CSF during chemotherapy.

Aim: To assess the level of knowledge on biomedical waste management among staff nurses in selected tertiary hospital, Kanchipuram district, Tamilnadu. Methods and Materials: A descriptive approach was used for the present study. The participants were about 60 in number and purposive sampling technique was used. Data was collected by administering a structured questionnaire. Results: The study result shows that majority (90%) of staffs belongs to 21-30 Age group. A majority (87%) of the staffs were female and 60% of the staffs were belongs B.sc nursing.

The simultaneous occurrence of Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) and transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) in the same kidney is unusual. We report a 60-year-old man with ipsilateral synchronous renal adenocarcinoma and renal pelvic transitional cell carcinoma with severe hydronephrosis and a huge staghorn calculus in the ipsilateral kidney. The patient was admitted to the hospital because of right flank pain and hematuria which he had had for 4 months. X-ray and USG revealed a huge stone in the renal pelvis and hydronephrosis of the right kidney and IVP suggested a non-functional kidney.

We have seen that the Web environment supported by the data warehouse a variety of ways, the link or surface to transfer data from the Web to the data warehouse is somewhat simple. Web data is contained in the records, the records manager nourish software information on flow, so the software is director of the amendments and summarize the data and re-organized. And pass the data manager software to the data warehouse.

Dengue is one of the most commonly occuring epidemic in rohilkhand region. Many studies are available with regards to the effects of dengue virus on haematological profile and hepatic involvement of patients. We in this research paper aim to study the effects of dengue infection on renal function, electrolyte profile and random blood sugar profile. We found that males were predominantly affected (73.3%). Most patients belonged to 15-45yr age group (85.5%). The incidence of DF, DHF, DSS were 64.4%, 26.7% and 8.9% respectively.

Background: Cataract is the leading cause of visual impairment in most parts of the developing world, including India. Cataract surgery is a cost-effective intervention in eye care. Poor outcome of cataract surgery is a major problem in developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess the visual outcomes of cataract surgery and to identify factors associated with it among people aged 50 years and above residing in urban slums of Raipur city, Chhattisgarh, India.

Objective: EDTA (Ethylenediamenetetracetic acid) and Chlorhexidineare potent chelating and bactericidal in nature. QMIX ® (Dentsply Tulsa Dental, USA) has been developed as a two in one single irrigation solution containing EDTA and Chlorhexid in and to be used after a final rinse post bleach. Due to the properties of its composition, QMIX has the potential to modify as well as disinfect the intracanal root surface. Thus the aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the efficacy of QMIX ® on the removal of smear layer from periodontally affected root surfaces.

Background: There was still a controversial effect of coffee, whether coffee could increase or decrease the blood uric acid level. Study about the influence of coffee on the blood uric acid level has never been conducted in Indonesia. Objective: To prove that coffee could decrease uric acid level in the hyperuricemia blood serum of rat. Method: A pre and post test design has been done on 24 wistar strain rats that were divided randomly into 4 groups. On the 1st and 2nd week all groups were fed high purin diet. On the 2nd week all group were given coffee, too.

Background and Aims: An association of diabetes with chronic liver disease has been reported, even though the temporal relationship between hese two conditions is not established. Methods: We identified all patients with a hospital discharge diagnosis of diabetes between 2005 and 2013 from the Hospital records of the King George Hospital, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India. We randomly assigned patients without diabetes and with diabetes. We excluded patients with concomitant liver disease.

The aim of this prospective study is to determine the association of coffee and tea incidence as a factor for cleft lip and palate in Karnataka and Kerala population. This study took into account of mothers of 1000 non-syndromic oro-facial cleft subjects. They were questioned about their consumption of coffee –tea during first trimester and its frequency.

Introduction: Stress is essentially the body’s reaction to a threatening impulse. The drivers are worst affected because of the more congested roads that leads on to stress which is having huge impact on their health. Aim and Objectives: To estimate the Blood Pressure and blood lipid profile for professional lorry drivers and compare the results with controls. Materials and Methods: The study design was a cross sectional study. The study was carried out in the Institute of Physiology, Madurai Medical College, Madurai. The study group is divided into two groups.

Background: Anemia of chronic renal disease related to the failure of renal excretory functicn, and to the renal endocrine function, failure of the excretory function leads to an increased demand for red blood cells because of shortening of the red blood cells life span, failure of renal endocrine function leads to decreased erythorpoietic response because of imparid production of erythropoietin.(Krysiak et al., 2015a, Krysiak et al., 2015b) Hepcidinis a major hormonal regulater of iron homeostasis; (Carvalho et al., 2011, Atkinson et al., 2015) Made in the liver, it inhibits iron release f

Field experiments were conducted at Crop Research Centre of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India during 2013-14 and 2014-15 using randomized block design to evaluate some novel insecticides against root borer, Emmalocera depressella and their effect on natural enemies’ population in sugarcane. All the treatments were found significantly effective in reducing the infestation of root borer compared with control.

Native strains of Beauveria spp. were evaluated against Spodoptera litura using leaf spray method. Twelve native and one reference strain of B. bassiana were assayed at 1×1010 spores ml-1 to determine LT50 by probit analysis. The least LT50 values of 135.84 and 179.96 hours were recorded in native strains of SGb and MKb followed by Hb, Kb and Bb i.e. LT50 value of 195.49, 201.20 and 235.30. The highest LT50 values of 500.88 and 336.90 hours were recorded in RARST-b and NBAII-b strains. Five effective and promising B.

Possible effects of a synthetic pyrethroid pesticide Cypermethrin (25%EC) were observed in a freshwater fish Cyprinus carpio (Linn.) Juveniles of test fish were exposed for lethal (96h LC50 i.e. 3.31µg/l) and sublethal (1/10th of 96h LC50 i.e. 0.331µg/l for 5, 10 and 15 days) concentrations of cypermethrin to study the haematological parameters: Red Blood Cell (RBC) count; white blood cell (WBC) count; haemoglobin (Hb); Packed Cell Volume (PCV); Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV); mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH); Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC).

The conventional urea treatment of cereal straw process is a laborious, tedious and time-consuming task. It is essential to facilitate or eliminate some of these operations by using machine. For this purpose, the small rectangular baler model 349-T was selected for optimizing and setting up the mechanical urea treatment systems. Based on the calculation, the required mechanisms were made and installed. The machine performance was evaluated in the farm condition by treating the straw mechanically.

The main objective of this study was to determine the synthesis of silver nanoparticles and its antibacterial activity tested the different flower species. The flower plants namely; Rangoom creeper, yellow bauhinia, water hycinath, scarlet cordia, senna alata, golden shower, and sausage flower. The silver nanoparticles were synthesized by using 1mM silver nitrate solution through the flower extracts which act as a reducing as well as capping agent.

Hundred isolates of white-rot fungi were tested for their efficiency of wood degradation based on guaiacol-oxidation, lignin peroxidase, laccase and manganese peroxidase activities. The purpose of the test was to select the best isolates that show high efficiency of producing lignolytic enzymes. Among these isolate BR-1 (Pycnoporus cinnabarinus) was identified as the most good and highest activity for lignin degradation. Further its identification was confirmed in molecular level carried by the internal transcribed spacer ‘ITS’ regions of the ribosomal DNA (28S rDNA) sequencing.

This study was conducted at Poultry Farm of Animal Resources Dept., College of Agriculture, University of AL-Qasim Green to investigate the effect of adding Cinnamomum zeylanicum powder to the ration of broiler Ross 308 on productive traits.

A survey of dung beetles biodiversity, abundance and composition were studied from cattle grazing lands of Phaltan Tahesil, Satara, Maharashtra during June 2010 to March 2013. Seven sites were selected from Phaltan Tahesil. The beetles were collected from the dung pad and under soil by handpicking method. Dung beetles were then segregated as per species, sampling sites. The present study of dung beetle diversity of Phaltan Tahesil reveals 43 species of beetles belongs to 15 (Fifteen) Genera.

The healthy and well-balanced diet can play a significant role in the prevention of diseases associated with nutritional value. In the present study two commonly used wild vegetables like Celosia argentea, and Sennatora are taken to investigate. For studying nutritive value and antioxidant activity plant extracts were prepared from both fresh and dried materials as per methodology and showed significant result for both nutritive value like moisture content, mineral elements, proteins, carbohydrates, reducing and non-reducing sugars.

The present investigations were undertaken on laboratory studies of Trichogramma chilonis (Ishii) during the year 2013-2014 in the Bio-control laboratory, Department of Agricultural Entomology, College of Agriculture, Dapoli (Maharashtra).The results of effect of different hosts on parasitisation potential of T. chilonis revealed that the per cent parasitisation and per cent adult emergence of T. chilonis was found maximum on S. litura eggs followed by C. cephalonica and H. armigera eggs.

Studies suggest that the autolysis of bacterial strains also enhances the biofilm formation and the increase in incidence of pathogenicity. When the strains are subjected to adverse conditions either acidic or alkaline or to stress tolerance or to heat pressure, the parameters described above are all affected adversely. During this period, as a matter of escapism or to gain resistance power, the bacteria undergo autolysis. The pathogenecity of the organism tries to increase and also makes sure that its genomic DNA is released into the external surroundings.

Although a national vitamin A prophylaxis programme has been in operation for more than three decades, vitamin A deficiency (VAD) continues to be a major nutritional problem of public health significance in India. The present study was carried out with the aim of assessing the prevalence of clinical VAD among school going children 8-10 years in Tirupati. A study was carried out in area of Tirupati during 2008-2009. A total of 776 school children were examined for the presence of signs and symptoms of VAD. The total sample (776) of them was used to estimate blood vitamin A levels.

This study was conducted at the Poultry Farm -Dept. of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, AL-Qasim Green University to investigate the effect of adding Salvia officinalis leaves powder to the ration on productivity characteristics of broiler type Ross 308. 90 unsexed broiler chicks one day-old were used and randomly assigned to three treatments with 3 replicates per treatment and 10 chicks per replicate.

An investigation was carried out at College of Agriculture, Vellayani, Kerala, to evaluate the keeping quality shelf life and nutrient content of organic liquid manures. The results of the study revealed that the shelf life of promising organic liquid manure could be improved by bringing the pH to slightly acidic condition (6-6.5) by the addition of lime. Autoclaving helped to remove the foul smell of liquid manures without causing any reduction in nutrient content.

High concentration of iron in the water can cause technical and health problems. Activated carbon can be used to reduce iron levels in the water by absorption process. A variety of activated carbon can be made from many materials including coconut shells and bamboo. The purpose of this study was to compare the ability of activated carbon made of coconut shell and bamboo, in reducing iron contents of the well water. Experimentation was designed with pre and post-test control.

In the study on different sites the economics of paddy-fish farming system was conducted in the block of Moyna under East Midnapore district of West Bengal. The study was carried out among 100 farmers. Paddy alternate fish culture at Moyna Block utilizes a range of production systems and practices, but all contribute to eco friendly environmental benefits and sustainable development. Many factors have contributed to these developments, but equally and still, there are challenges that need to be addressed for up-scaling these production systems and practices.

To study the effect of heavy metals (Cd,Cr and Ni) on biochemical parameters in Vigna radiata (Green gram). Vigna radiata is an important legume species belongs to the family Fabaceae, commonly known as Green gram. Mung bean or green gram is an important cultivated pulses crop which has long been a food crop in Asia. Green gram is a protein rich staple food. It contains about 25 percent protein, which is almost three times that of cereals. It is also known as a useful green manure crop.

Marker assisted backcross breeding (MABB) is a promising strategy for improvement of elite crop varieties for one or more agronomical traits with minimal linkage drag. Akshayadhan is a high-yielding medium duration variety (135 days), whose yield is significantly limited by bacterial blight (BB) and blast diseases. In the present study, we attempted to improve Akshayadhan for resistance against BB and blast through marker-assisted backcross breeding (MABB).

Introduction: Arthritis diseases in particular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are considered as autoimmune disorders, in which cytokines play a role in their pathogenesis. Methods: Serum levels of IL-1α and IL-1RA were assessed in 49 JIA and 43 and RA Iraqi patients, as well as 20 JIA controls and 17 RA controls. Results: Serum level of IL-1α was significantly (P ≤ 0.05) decreased in JIA patients compared to their controls (28.7 ± 1.7 vs. 52.5 ± 3.1) pg/ml, as well as in RA patients compared to their control (44.1 ± 2.5 vs. 51.2 ± 2.5) pg/ml.

Recently a novel series of 2-substitutedimino-4-substitutedimino-6-(4- pyridineimino)amino-1,3,5-dithiazines (VIIIa1-a10) have been synthesized by refluxing 1-(4-pyridine)imino-5-substituted dithiobiuretes (Va-h) with various isocyanodichlorides (VIIa-c) in acetone-ethanol medium in 1:1 molar proportion for 2 hours. The structures of all the synthesized compounds were justified on the basis of chemical characteristics, elemental analysis and IR and NMR spectral analysis.

Plants are the source of feeling comfortable for most people but because of the business of everyday life these works could lead to forget watering plants periodically plants making of Good Condition and beautiful landscape. In this project will work to build a intelligent irrigation system its cost is relatively simple There have a various type using automatic watering system that are by using intelligent watering system, tube, nozzles and other. This project uses Arduino board.

Traditionally, the Barite (Specific Gravity of about 4.2-4.7) has been using as the weighting agent in conventional drilling fluid. But, the drilling of oil and gas wells from surface to the pay-zone with conventional drilling fluids may damage the producing interval. The formation plugging by drilling fluid’s compositional solids, drilled cuttings and polymers’ particles;hydration of clay envelop around pay zone particles by filtrate; formation of scales due to chemical reaction between formation fluid and mud filtrate are the most common damage mechanisms attributed to drilling fluid.

Two environmental targets were addressed in this study; decreasing the demand on cement and consequently the amount of generated polluting carbon oxide by the cement industry as well as recycling the granite-marble sludge as a construction material rather than dumping it. This study presented the results of an experimental program that investigated the recycling of the sludge particles as a replacement for cement in mortars. The effect of replacement percentages 10%, 20% and 40% on the basic properties of cement and compressive strength of corresponding cement mortars were determined.

Queuing problems are most common features not only in our daily-life situations such as bank counters, post offices, ticket booking centers, public transportation systems, but also in more technical environments such as in manufacturing, computer networking and telecommunications. The main observable performance characteristics for any queueing system are length and waiting time. Control chart is a graphical technique used to monitor changes in process over time and signifies to evolve methods to control.

In process industries, heat exchanger networks represent an important part of the plant structure. The purpose of the networks is to maximize heat recovery, thereby lowering the overall plant costs. This work attempt to present process design of heat exchanger network using pinch technology. Pinch Technology concept based on thermodynamic principles, offers a systematic approach to optimum energy integration in a process. The improvements in the process associated with this technique are not due to the use of advanced unit operations, but to the generation of a heat integration scheme.

The present study is an attempt to understand the awareness about Hb E among the affected people and their family members of Tura town. The study reveal that ignorance and unawareness about the prevalent hereditary haemolytic disorders in these vulnerable communities of Meghalaya, which is affecting the normal life of these tribes. The defenceless peoples are not aware about its health implications, their mode of transmission and available testing facilities.

In a process industry heat pump can be used for water heating application for an energy conservation application. The theoretical design for heat pump is designed from the point of view replacing electrical heaters. This paper presents simulation results of designed heat pump for water heating in a process industry. The paper also shows the results of indoor environmental quality improvement by heat pump around its surroundings. The compressor consumption analysis has done for electrical heater and heat pump also simulated results for compressor is shows in this paper.

De-noising an image is major area of research in the field of image processing. Many techniques has been proposed so far for removing the noise from image in more optimistic manner. However no method is best for high density of noise and for preserving the edges. This paper has proposed a new technique that preserves edges and also removes the noise from image. This new technique will use decision tree structure to replace the noisy pixel in given window.

Nanoparticles NiFe2-xNdxO4 (x=0.0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15) ferrite was prepared by solgel combution method. The samples were characterized with X-ray diffraction and SEM measurements. The effect of Nd3+ cations substitution on structure of prepared nano particles was investigated. From the analysis, the system was found to be inverse spinal cubic structure. The lattice parameter (a) increases with Nd doping content. Room temperature DC electrical resistivity decreases.

Education is a fundamental means to bring any desired change in society, which is an accepted fact throughout the world. Education helps to continue communication with known and unknown persons through technology and mass media. Further it helps to discriminate between wrong and right.

A new neuro fuzzy approach is proposed for classification of medium resolution remote sensing data. The feature wise degree of belongings of patterns to all classes of the area through a fuzzification is processed. A fuzzification process is generated with a membership matrix having total number of elements equal to the product of the number of features and classes present in the data set. These matrix elements were the input to neural networks. The effectiveness of the proposed model is established with matrix methods, three neuro-fuzzy models and two remote sensing images.

This study examines the effect of internal audit unit independence and staff adequacy on the effectiveness of internal control system of tertiary educational institutions in Adamawa state Nigeria. This study employs survey research design. Data were collected using the questionnaires from the eight (8) TEIs were by 140 respondents were analyzed as a sample using Descriptive statistics and Chi-square technique.

Despite the fact that the consumption of pesticides in India is still very low, about 0.5 kg/ha of pesticides, there has been a widespread contamination of food commodities with pesticide residues, basically due to non-judicious use of pesticides. The widespread application of pesticides in agriculture, industry and infrastructure, public health can result in the accumulation of pesticides in the environment. Therefore, a survey was conducted to analyze the levels of organochlorine pesticide residues in buffalo milk from different locations of Dhanbad city, Jharkhand, India.

The study on socio-economic determinants of exclusive breastfeeding on working mothers in AMAC was carried out to find out if variables like mothers level of knowledge, attitude and other socioeconomic variable affect the practice of exclusive breastfeeding practice. The respondents were selected through simple random sampling. In all a total of 324 were sample for the study. Questionnaires, indebth-oral interview and focus group discussion were the instruments used for data collection.

Education has taken a significant overhauling with technological advances coming our way. It is therefore imperative that teachers update their online skills so as to reach their students and get them interested in improving their academic performance. The researcher used the normative survey to find out the extent of utilization of ICT in teaching chemistry among instructors and professors of the university.

This paper is an attempt to find the prevalence of different types of Smokeless Tobacco (ST) products use among male and female, in their age at start consumption and which factors are associated with smokeless tobacco users in EAG states. This study is based on the data from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey India (GATS India). GATS India was carried out in all 29 states and the two union territories of Chandigarh and Pondicherry, covering about 99.9 percent of the total population of India. Findings reveal that prevalence of ST among male is very high comparatively female in EAG States.

In India community based programmes supported by practices of the prevailing religions and localized in the communities, based on the specific needs available expertise and productivity requirements. Out of all the types of disabilities, an intellectual disability poses greater challenges than the other type. Special legislations have been put in place to ensure empowerment of persons with disabilities. Human resource development programmes are standardized by Rehabilitation Council of India. The National Institute for the mentally handicapped has developed many service models.

The term problem child is generally used to describe children whose behaviour or personality shows serious deviation from the normal/ typical (Panda, 2009). Understanding the psychology of problem children is necessary to distinguish it from normal behaviors. Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is a condition in children which may lead to problem behaviours. Some of the problem behaviours exhibited by the children with ADHD are, not paying attention, making hundred different noises, not following directions, not turning in homework assignments and losing personal belongings.

White collar crimes form a separate category of criminal offences. The terms White collar crime and ‘Economic Crime’ are more often than not, used as synonyms in fact, both the terms need to be used to define different categories of crime. White collar Crimes not only victimize individuals with pecuniary loss but can also have serious repercussions on the Corporate System. White collar Crimes includes such as various financial scams, fraud, money laundering, tax evasion etc. are crimes which evoke serious concern and impact on the Corporate system.

The study was a survey aimed at analysing teachers’ competencies in the utilization of the e-learning technologies in tertiary institutions for service delivery in Borno state, Nigeria. Three hundred and fifty (350) lecturers were randomly selected from seven tertiary institutions in Borno State for the study. Out of the 350 questionnaire distributed, 324 were retrieved for analysis. The study revealed among other things that the available e-learning facilities in the tertiary institutions are well utilized and lecturers’ level of competency is considerably okay.

This study aims at investigating the impact of children’s literature on literacy development of primary schools children’s. Classroom are only limited to using textbook for teaching-learning transaction. Teachers are thinking children’s story books can be used for entertainment only. But children’s literature can be used during storytelling and story reading as an effective teaching tool/strategy to improve literacy, language, reading comprehension.

This study was conducted in Wonago Destrict, Southern Ethiopia with the objective of assessing the response and challenges of smallholder farmers towards soil and water conservation structures. Multi-stage sampling procedure was followed to select the kebeles1 and the households for the study. The data was collected from 120 randomly selected sample households from three selected rural kebeles using probability proportional to size sampling techniques. Structured interview schedule was developed, pre-tested and used for collecting the essential data.

The Consumer finance in India has experiences extraordinary change in it’s with a large number of Non –Banking financial entities all over India. And it aims to study the various factors that influence the decision of the consumer for taking consumer loan. This paper focuses on the Consumer loan offered by NBFC’S’s. Further the Results of the study revealed that basic demographic and socio-economic factors have significant impact on consumers’ attitudes towards consumer loans

Marker Romanticism, the special term in literature has been used to refer to certain artists, poets, writers, musicians, as well as political, philosophical, and social thinkers of the 18th and early to mid 19th centuries. It has equally been used to refer to various artistic, intellectual, and social trend of the era. Despite of this common usage of the term, a precise characterization and specific definition of Romanticism has been the subject of debate in the fields of intellectual history and literary history throughout the 20th century, without any great measure of consensus emerging.

IJMCE RECOMMENDATION

ONLINE PAYPAL PAYMENT

CURRENT ISSUE

NEWS

CHIEF EDITOR
Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil
ASSOCIATE CHIEF EDITOR

   

Jean-Marc SABATIER
Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group
France

Advantages of IJCR

  • Rapid Publishing
  • Professional publishing practices
  • Indexing in leading database
  • High level of citation
  • High Qualitiy reader base
  • High level author suport

EDITORIAL BOARD

Luai Farhan Zghair
Iraq
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Jordanian
Fredrick OJIJA
Tanzanian
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Uzbekistan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Philippines
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Sudan
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
India
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Pakistan
Dr. SHAHERA S.PATEL
India
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
India
Dr. Recep TAS
Turkey
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Egypt
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
India
DR. PATRICK D. CERNA
Philippines
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Mexico
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Libiya
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
DR. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL MOHMAND
United State
DR. MAHESH SHIVAJI CHAVAN
India
DR. M. ARUNA
India
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Malaysia
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
India
DR. IRAM BOKHARI
Pakistan
Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
Pakistan
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
India
Dr. ASHWANI KUMAR DUBEY
India
Dr. Ali Seidi
Iran
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Indonesia
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
India
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
France
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Pakistan
Dr. Imran Azad
Oman
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
India
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Iraq
Anam Bhatti
Malaysia
Md. Amir Hossain
Bangladesh
Ahmet İPEKÇİ
Turkey
Mirzadi Gohari
Iran