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September 2019

Settler and different organization in the city produce a large amount of refuses in several forms, frequently making our environments impure and unpleasant. The urban and Arsi University discarded solid and fluid waste disposal deteriorating water quality through decrease in quality indicators because of the undiscriminating dumping of different waste. Therefore, this study determine urban waste disposal effects on water quality at open waste dumping sites of Asella city, Arsi zone, southeast Ethiopia.

Central venous cannulation (CVC) is an invasive procedure that is considered as a minor surgery requiring local anaesthesia. It can be also used where placement of peripheral IV cannula is difficult. Even though such catheters supply essential vascular access.

Plant-parasitic nematodes cause serious yield loss of various agricultural crops. One strategy that has attracted the interest of researchers is the use of biocontrol agent for the management of these nematodes. As a group of biocontrol agent of plant-parasitic nematode, bacteria exhibit diverse modes of action viz. parasitizing; producing toxins, antibiotics, or enzymes; competing for nutrients; inducing systemic resistance of plants and promoting plant health. The aim of this review is to present some of the results of this work, indicating its potential and limitations.

This paper lays focus on the fictional forte of Manohar Malgonkar and Khushwant Singh, with an emphasis on the communal riots between Hindus and Muslims, as it becomes unbearable and unforgettable for them as Indo-Anglian writers, and to the extent, they both converted contemporary history into literary creations by artistically depicting the impact of the partition that began to cast its shadow of communal disharmony and violence.

This article throws light on the dramatic approaches of Arthur Miller, who is one of the topmost American playwrights. Miller in his plays successfully judges together the social and the psychological. Miller’s approach to playwright and the drama itself is organic and his plays may be called realities but they are also naturalistic and expressionistic. So, his play concentrates and portrays the conflict between the individual and the society.

Proper utilization of partograph contributes to reduction of maternal deaths during labor. This cross-sectional study was designed to assess the magnitude of utilization of parthograph and factors associated with its utilization among obstetric caregivers in public health institutions of Buno-Bedele Zone, South Western Ethiopia from February- March 2017. The data in this study was collected using Key informant face to face interview and structured questionares among the samples of 362 obstetric care givers.

The field trial was conducted to assess the problem of trypanocidal drug resistance in Konso District using Diminazeneaceturate (Veriben®) and Isomethamedium chloride (Veridium®). A total of 250 naturally infected animals were screened and divided in to two groups of 125 animals. Group I was treated with Diminazeneaceturate at a dose of 3.5 mg/kg/ bodyweight (b.w.) and group II was treated with Isomethamedium chloride at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg/b.w. and monitored for relapses at 15 days interval for 90 days.

For the patient facing the loss of all his/her remaining natural teeth, there are three treatment options. One is for the patient to have all remaining teeth extracted and wait for 6–8 weeks for the extraction sites to heal. The conventional complete denture is made following healing, leaving the patient without teeth not only during the healing phase but also during the time required for the fabrication of the conventional complete denture. A second option is to convert an existing removable partial denture into an interim immediate complete denture.

Three natural flavor and fragrance compounds, n-butyl cinnamate, benzyl cinnamate, and benzyl cinnamate, were evaluated for toxicity and repellency against mosquitoes and ticks in this study. n-Butyl cinnamate showed the highest level of toxicity among the tested cinnamates with LC50value of 7 ppm followed by benzyl cinnamate (LC50= 8.4 ppm) and phenethyl cinnamate (LC50= 10.3 ppm) against 1-d old Aedes aegypti larvae. In Klun & Debboun (K&D) biting deterrence bioassay, these three compounds showed biting deterrent activity above the solvent control.

The study analyses age related variations in the phytochemistry and antioxidant property of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. leaves. Aqueous and ethanolic extracts of tender, mature dark green and old yellow leaves were used for the analysis. Leaves of different ages were collected from the same plant. Qualitative phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of carbohydrate, protein, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, phenols, saponin, tannin, steroids and coumarin in all extracts.

Introduction: Cancer is one of the most prevalent diseases around the world. According to recent reports by World Health Organization (WHO), the incidence of cancer will increase in future decades. In fact, this condition is expected to be the second most common cause of mortality. Hazardous drugs have been used for many years in cancer treatment. Nursing personnel have a major responsibility in ensuring safe handling of chemotherapeutic agents.

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cause of mortality in middle aged women in western countries and it is also one of the major health problems globally. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess knowledge and practice of methods of early detection and risk factors for breast cancer among regular undergraduate female students of Jimma University. Methodology: This study was conducted in Jimma University, which is located in Oromia Region Jimma town, 335 kilometers South West of the capital Addis Ababa. The study was conducted from June 10-24, 2016.

The increasing world demand for cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) nuts and by-products generates rapid expansion of cashew cultivation across West-African countries especially in Cote d’Ivoire. This has created wealth for many smallholders. This is not to mention the pressure on forest-savanna transition zone. The aim of this study is to contribute to a better management of rural land by investigating the spatial trends of cashew production and assessing the natural vegetation vulnerability to future cashew expansion in the forest-savanna transition zone.

The almonds of (Irvingia gabonesis) "Siako" in the Betes or "pkle" among the Gueres are used in food of the people of the West of Ivory Coast. The sauce from these almonds is an accompaniment for typical dishes. Unfortunately these spontaneous food plants are less and less present in our markets given the excessive deforestation.

Background: Urinary bladder injury is one of the most common operative morbidities of cesarean section. Bladder invasion with morbidly adherent placenta occurs rarely but can cause significant morbidity and mortality both for mother and fetus. Multiple management strategies have been mentioned in literature varying from conservative to radical approaches depending upon many factors as the degree of placental invasion.

The purpose of this article is to examine the interconnections of significant, and remarkable intellectual resources, like the Strategic Process, and the STP (Segmentation, Targeting, and Positioning) tool to attain business success. This paper proposes the joint application of these two managerial, and marketing tools to a company. The impact of these two components embedded in managing a firm, creates a synergetic effect applying an enriched managerial formula. This document presents a renovated dynamic linking the strategic process, and the STP marketing strategy.

Ayurveda is one of the primeval medical science among the world. It narrates conceptual study of different diseases with reference to its principles and postulates. Sthoulya (Obesity) is described by different acharyas in the classics, whereas Charakacharya acknowledged Sthoulya as “ Astau Nindita Purusha “ and one of “ Santarpana Janya Vikaras “.

The author states the teaching of one of the great Sufi scholar Makhdumi Azam through analysing of his scientific-philosophical works, and also highlights its importance in bringing up today’s young.

Reading skill is essential tool for the student’s community to enhance their ability and comprehend the content. The researcher planned to assess the reading habit of English department graduate students to find the level of assigned reading habit during their course and leisure reading habits. The developed questionnaire was administrated to the students and data were analyzed.

Droughts in Northeast Brazil, which tend to intensify due to climate change, have repeatedly brought famine, mass migration and social conflicts in this region. Its prediction, monitoring and management, however, remain a central research theme. In water resources management in semiarid regions such as the Northeast of Brazil, it is fundamental to have tools to aid decision making.

Bacillus thuringiensis is a spore forming gram positive bacteria that have a number of different chemical compounds which are used for different types of insecticidal purposes. Though other various species of Bacillus are used for insecticidal purpose the effect on mammalian system has not been elaborated till now. In our study we observed some adverse effects of the cry toxins on the mammalian tissues i.e. specifically in the renal and hepatic tissues. The renal tissues and the hepatic tissues are the markers of toxin excretion and accumulation in physiological systems.

The article assessess the effectiveness of various health awareness programmes organized by Mahila Samakhya Karnataka (MSKn) at Najangud Taluk of Mysuru District and analyzes the utilization of awareness on health by MSKn Sangha women. Sample comprises of 90 women who are randomly selected from 6 Sanghas belonging to 06 villages in the area of study. Data is collected using structured interview schedule developed by the investigator and analyzed using percentage analysis.

Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a public health problem due to its impact on children’s health, development and wellbeing. The objective of study was to evaluate parents knowledge, attitude and practices towards the prevention of early childhood caries. A pretested questionnaire with 23 questions was used for collecting information regarding mothers practices regarding feeding and oral hygiene practices. Aim and Objectives: 1. To analyze parents attitude towards prevention of early childhood caries. 2. To evaluate parents Practices towards prevention of early childhood caries.

The study seeks to analyze the important role of customer satisfaction in maintaining and enhancing the relationship between customer value and customer loyalty. The study documented and reviewed the private bank (HDFC, AXIS and ICICI). The research design used was a descriptive research approach which essentially presents and describes quantitatively analyze these private banks. Questionnaires were designed and administered to customers of these three banks. The target population of study was the customers in theses bank.

Traumatic fibroma and/ or irritation fibroma, is a benign exophyticlesion secondary to tissue injury. It can occur at any soft tissue site exposed to injury or irritation, whereas the tongue, gingiva, buccal mucosa being the most common site of occurrence. Management includes conservative surgical excision of the lesions along with the removal of source of irritation.

Yam peelings are among the co-products whose technological applications and nutritional potential remain poorly known by agri-food sector stakeholders. The objective of this study is to contribute to the valorization of these co-products. The peelings of three yam cultivars of the Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata complex: "Assawa", "Krenglè" and "Kponan" were studied and compared to the pulp of these cultivars. The biochemical parameters, the phyto-chemical compounds and the functional properties of these varieties were determined according to the standard methods.

The application of 'health-promoting' bacteria for therapeutic purposes is one of the strongest emerging fields. In medicine, probiotics are used mainly in support therapy for gastro-intestinal diseases. In recent years, probiotics have been used as a treatment to promote oral health. Better knowledge of the ecology and microbiology of the oral cavity has laid to a change in understanding of the oral disease process.

Working class in India was a enormous area of discussion in lightning of the crisis on social respect. Working class Women in India provide a vigor important subject for debate and properly influence in colonial India. They had always been labeled and definited but increasingly the colonial literature presented Indian women’s worker as vulnerable class. They were divided in to two categories that were mentioned as organized or formal labour and another was Unorganized sector.

Introduction: Occupational accidents are common in any area of work, including hospitals. Every year, hundreds and thousands of health care workers are exposed to deadly diseases like HIV and Hepatitis C through needle stick injuries. Objectives: To assess the knowledge on prevention of needle stick injury before and after the skill training program, to determine the effectiveness of skill training program by comparing pre test and post test level of knowledge and to associate the knowledge on prevention of needle stick injury with skill training programme on needle stick injury.

The release of toxic, harmful metals in to ambient air by natural forces, man and other animal has become a great threat to ambient environment of developing countries, which increasing in positive correlation to urbanization and industrialization. Heavy metals in ambient air mostly associated with the particulate matter. This study reveals PM10 bound heavy metals in ambient air atmosphere around Mandideep industrial area, Madhya Pradesh, India. The study of PM10 bound heavy metals i.e.

Introduction: The fundamental responsibility of an anesthesiologist is to maintain adequate ventilation / gas exchange during operations. Failure to maintain a patent airway for more than few minutes results in brain hypoxia, damage or death and has medico legal implication also. When a difficult airway is unrecognized before attempting the intubation, the result can be catastrophic because the personnel and necessary equipment needed for specialized tracheal intubation may not be available in such emergent situation.

Today Ayurveda has been gaining popularity throughout the world. The Ayurvedic products are prepared from single herb, combination of herbs, metals, minerals and animal products. The increasing demand for the classical Ayurvedic preparations and the alarming rate of disappearance of the resource of the ingredients, led us to think of the Novel Unifications of Drugs and Formulations. These formulations can give us an effective result provided the Selection of apt drugs is done.

‘Work is Worship’ seems to be gone now a day because of the reason of stress. Stress is an unpleasant state of emotional arousal that people experience in situations that they perceive as dangering or threatening. Occupational stress is stress involved in work. It is the response people may have when presented with work demands and pressures that are not matched to their knowledge and abilities and which challenge their ability to cope. The study mainly focussed on the occupational stress among SBI employees in Nilambur Taluk and various factors leading to cause stress and types of stress.

The objective of this study is to evaluate the damage caused by termites in cocoa plantations of Oumé (Central West, Ivory Coast). Six (6) age classes of farms (less than one year, 5 years, 8 years, 20 years, 25 years and 30 years) were studied. Four types of damage (ranked on a scale of 1 to 4) are observed on the cocoa trees. A total of 14 species have been harvested. Termites identified as being responsible for the damage all belong to the fungus grow and xylophagous groups.

This study was conducted in order to assess the practices and challenges of teachers’ performance appraisal in the primary schools of Wolaita Zone, Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region. By stating the existing problems the researcher formulated four basic questions. Those are 1, how do current TPA practices implement? 2, to what extent current teachers` performance appraisal practices affect student learning? 3, to what extent current TPA meets purposes? 4, what are factors that affect the implementation of current teachers` performance appraisal?

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate knowledge and attitude of medical interns and dental interns regarding emergency management of avulsed teeth. Method: 40 medical interns and 40 dental interns were surveyed. All surveyed participants had served in either hospitals or dental centres with emergency department duties. Informed consent was sought from all the participants. Data was collected using a self- administered questionnaire. Results: Majority of the medical interns (n=36, 90%) surveyed had never received any information on management of tooth avulsion.

An expeditious synthesis of -lactams from benzyl-tethered trichloroacetamides using ruthenium catalysts in toluene under microwave activation was achieved. The new C(sp3)-C(sp3) bond formation takes place through a “Ru”complex promoted activation of a benzylic position in a radical process.

Background: Radiographic examination has a great value in the detection of carious lesions, especially the diagnosis of the smooth surface caries on the interproximal areas, thereby preventing extensive tooth loss. Periapical radiographs are primarily useful for detecting the extent of the wide carious lesions and changes around the teeth mainly pulp and periodontium. However, it is well known that ionizing radiation is capable of causing genetic damage to cellular systems.

Hinduism and Jainism are the two major religions in India. Both have different doctrines and concepts about spiritual life. And the concept of atman is mentioned a lot in their theories.For example, in Hinduism and Jainism there is the notion of the ordinary soul and the liberated soul. Further, the concept of karma is what that distinguishes the mundane soul from the liberated soul. This is the system of thoughts and practice that safeguard the soul from one life to the next.So in this article I would like to present some of the concepts of atman of Hinduism and Jainism.

The present study was under taken during two consecutive rainy seasons at Regional Research Station Mainpuri. The experimental soil was sandy loam with poor fertility status. The ten varieties of groundnut were tested. The main objective was to findout the suitable short and bunch type cultivars for cultivation during rainy season for increasing area, production and productivity. Cultivar Dh 86 and ICGV-93468 (Avtar) gave highest pod yield of groundnut by 24.95 q/ha and 24.27 q/ha, respectively. The other tested varieties produced poor yield in comparison to aforementioned genotypes.

Background: Sexual violence is a huge scourge due to its impact on the future lives of victims who are at a high risk of developing sexually transmitted diseases, including human papillomavirus diseases. The purpose of this work is to diagnose and share the different reactions of women victims of sexual violence during the screening process, from awareness to the announcement of the results.

Purpose To explore relationship between untreated psycho- social distress and return to work among cancer patients in the first year after diagnosis. Methods This longitudinal study was conducted in family practice among 174 cancer (out) patients in the first year after diagnosis from 2011 to 2016. Psycho- social distress screen of each individual case with questionnaire HADS, and the total sample was divided into 3 groups during the evaluation.

Introduction: Resistance training is also known as strength training. Strength training programmes may include the use of free weights, weight machines, elastic tubing, or body weight. In preadolescents proper resistance training can enhance strength without concomitant muscles hypertrophy. This mechanism helps to explain the strength gained from resistance training in population with low androgen levels including males and females. Strength training can also augment the muscles enlargement that is normally acquired with pubertal growth in males in females.

The current study assessed the connection that existed between the social acceptance and peer bullying of 76 high school students that identified as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Intersex, Asexual (LGBTQIA). The study was conducted within ten separate high schools in Southeastern North Carolina. The study considered all the experiences of peer bullying and social acceptance within the context of both family and peer groups. There was an identification of 76 adolescents in the study survey that was conducted in the ten high schools.

The present study was carried out on the Isolation and characterization of the leaves extract of V. auriculifera because; the plant is used for traditional medicine especially its leaf juice is locally known by blood clotting and healing wounds. In the present study, the powdered leaf of plant was sequentially extracted with organic solvents: petroleum ether, chloroform, chloroform/methanol (1:1), methanol and water respectively. Repeated use of solvent extraction followed by Column Chromatography and Thin layer Chromatography, leaf extract of V.

Introduction: The empirical use and abuse of antibiotics is quite common in community acquired urinary tract infection, leading to increase in antimicrobial resistance. Patients presenting to the outpatient department of a hospital are a heterogenous set of population, including all age groups and socioeconomic strata. Monthly and annual review of the antibiotic prescribing pattern and the trends in antimicrobial resistance is needed to curb the menace of antimicrobial resistance.

Introduction: After lower abdominal surgeries, postoperative discomfort and pain can be anticipated. The provision of effective postoperative analgesia is of key importance to facilitate early ambulation, reduce pain on physical straining such as coughing, avoid emotional stress and prevention of postoperative morbidity. The use of TAP block,in lower abdominal surgeries is relatively less common.

Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) have been identified as a coping strategy to climate change. Adaptation in Taraba State. This coping strategy is people and site specific and may be short lived. If continous availability of Non-Timber Forest Products cannot be guaranteed. Information on the Role of Non-Timber Forest Products to climate change adaptation is crucial for their sustainable Management. However this role has not been documented in Taraba State, therefore, “A survey of Non-Timber Forest Products used for climate change adaptation” was investigated.

Aims: To assess the knowledge of pregnant women about toxoplasmosis, to screen the main risk factors involved, and to evaluate the seroprevalence of this parasitosis in pregnant women in Marrakech. Methods and Material: Through a prospective study over a period of two months, from the beginning of October 2018 until the end of December 2018, two hundred and thirty-four pregnant women were invited to participate in our department of parasitology. They were interviewed with a structured questionnaire about known risk factors (age, meat consumption, contact with soil, and presence of cat...).

Metaplasic breast carcinomas are rare tumors. They constitute a heterogeneous group of tumors defined by the Wotld Health Organization as infiltrating ductal carcinoma but with metaplasic zones (epidermal cell, spindle cell, chondroid, bone or mixed), which vary from a few miscoscopic foci to a complete glandular replacement. The clinical and radiological aspects are not specific. The treatment combines surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Hormonal therapy has no place. The prognosis is gloomy. Histopathology combined with immunohistochemistry provides a reliable diagnosis.

The purpose of the study is to identify the dimension of service; and to examine the relationships among service quality, satisfaction and loyalty to visit the local festival. It is hypothesized that service quality is related to satisfaction and loyalty, and satisfaction is related to loyalty. A total of 149 visitors completed the survey during the local festival in Harrisonburg, Virginia. The findings showed that festival attendees assigned a great deal of importance on service quality to predict satisfaction and future intention.

Background: Preterm premature rupture of membrane (PPROM) is associated with various maternal and neonatal complications. The study was carried out to determine the various maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with rupture of membranes beyond 34 weeks of gestation. Methods: It was a prospective study carried out in Govt .Rajaji hospital for a period of 5 months from March 2019 to July 2019. All the pregnant women with rupture of membranes after 34 weeks are included in the study.

Orthodontists are constantly being challenged with the task of providing their patients with acceptable esthetics and masticatory function. Although esthetics is often the patient’s immediate and primary goal, function becomes far more important over the lifetime. So developing a sound, functional masticatory system is the primary goal of all orthodontic therapy. The frequency of TMJ complaints has multiplied in the last few years.

Background: diabetic foot ulcer is an open wound on the surface of the skin that occurs due to an injury to the soft tissue of the foot. Diabetic ulcers can also result in tissue death and if not treated properly and intensively, ulcers can cause gangrene. Objects: to identify the influence of compression bandage on lower extremity circulation in diabetic foot wound patients. Methods: The study design used quasi experimental with one group pretest and posttest with a sample size of48 respondents, taken by consecutive sampling.

Background: To prevent recurrence, mesh repair is the optimum choice for elective hernia repair, however the application of mesh herinoplasty in the acutely complicated inguinal hernia in emergency sitting is still controversial especially when omentum and intestinal resection is required. Patients and methods: This study was multicenter study conducted in the departments of surgery at AL Ahrar and Al –Sahel teaching hospitals during the period from December 2014 to June 2019.

Diarrhea is a disease based on the environment. serviço saùde Muncipio Covalima is one of the regions with the second-highest IR in Timor-Leste 2017, with a prevalence of 16.7 percent of all diarrhea events and a major cause of under-five deaths of 25.2 percent. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between environmental sanitation and maternal behavior with the incidence of diarrhea in infants in the Serviço Saude municipal area of Covalima. This research is quantitative analytic research with a Cross-Sectional approach. The sample in this study amounted to 98.

This study focuses on the use of cellulose-based natural fibers, extracted from date palm midribs in the form of nano particles, as reinforcement to Epoxy resin. Date palm midribs were first roughly broken to lengths of ~ 10mm in macro scale and then were chemically treated by two methods (Alkali treatment which is called Treatment1 and the other alkali and acetylation treatment which is called Treatment2).

The field of demography provides a researcher with a lot of areas for research studies. Demography is the science of the study of population dynamics. The ever changing population patterns are affected by a multiplicity of factors - migration being one such factor. In the recent years, the problem of out-migration has been one of the major points of concern and deliberation for the state of Uttarakhand. The various demographic events can be studied through expectancy table procedure.

The objective of this study is to assess the impact of credit provision of microfinance institution on job creation and income generation in Hawassa city. In order to carry out this study the field survey was conducted on a sample size of 133 members randomly from 35 small scale enterprises of the package program. The credit provision was assessed using various indicators of economic and social aspects such as income, access to education service, and health care, nutrition condition and self- employment.

The study is context analysis on fields of ethics especially in Thai Buddhist engaged Buddha Dharma into dairy life and towards in the society, the aim of study is to analyze Family Ethics: Thai Buddhist Cultivate Seeds of Virtues of Husband that a part encouraged the virtues and obvious role of husband in the Thai family.

Nickel cobalt mixed valence oxide nanoparticles composite Ni0.9Co2.1O4 was prepared by sol-gel method via propionic acid. The cell parameter and the average crystallite size of the Ni0.9Co2.1O4 composite are 8.102 Å and 49.57 nm, respectively. The composition and spinel type structure of the binary mixed oxide were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) combined with cyclic voltammetry (CV). It was found that the as-synthesized composite has a mixed spinel structure.

Electric rickshaws are three wheel battery operated vehicles. They are considered as an upgrade to the conventional cycle rickshaws and economically better than auto-rickshaws and other fuel variants. A continuous attempt was made by Anil K. Rajvanshi for the improvement of the cycle rickshaw at Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute (NARI), Maharashtra and had designed his first model of a Motor Assisted Pedal Rickshaw (MAPRA) and tested on Phaltan road in Maharashtra in 1996. After the introduction of MAPRA, he had further worked for the improvement of it.

It is essential that students in higher education are provided with academic support to gain enough medical and clinical expertise to empower their academic competence. This study is cross sectional qualitative study conducted for the first time in King Abdul-Aziz University to evaluate the quality of training sessions provided by Tanmia program. Tanmia program is a continuous learning program newly developed in the Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences to support students learning.

Dairy farming is such a profession these days that has become very competitive and more or less organized on the lines of an industry. Just like industry, it has seen the application of many a new technologies and the trend is growing. Sexing sperm is acclaimed such a new development that has attracted the attention of farmers, organizations and governments alike. This technology of course promises to increase the dairy productivity to many times the existing levels. So, farmers are trying to eagerly implement this on their dairy farms.

This study aims to determine and analyze the influence of work environment on the performance of extension agents, the influence of organizational commitment on the performance of extension agents, the influence of the work environment on work satisfaction of extension agents, the influence of organizational commitment on work satisfaction of extension agents, the influence of job satisfaction on performance of extension agents, the influence of job satisfaction as mediation between the work environment with the performance of extension agents and the influence of job satisfaction as a medi

This study aims to determine and analyze the effect of job satisfaction on teacher performance, the influence of organizational culture on teacher performance and the effect of work motivation on teacher performance. The sample in this study was 37 Teachers MAN 1 Muaro Jambi. The sampling technique is the census method because there are only 37 teachers filling out the questionnaire. The type of data used is primary data, the method of data collection uses a questionnaire with a Likert scale. Test of research instruments test validity and reliability.

Public road lighting during night-time is essential in citizens' daily lives. In recent years, investments in efficiency of street lighting have been done at all levels: European, national, regional and local. A switch to LED technology is taking place as pilot projects. It is expected to provide the same lighting quality, reduction of costs and increasing energy efficiency. In this investigation, the relationship between illumination during the daytimedarkness period and the number of road accidents resulting in fatalitieswas studied for the Loures County.

In this paper the enhancement factor of local field for pure ellipsoid metal/dielectric composite in linear host matrices is studied. The enhancement factor of local field which extremely enhanced is shown by analytical and numerical results. It is shown that the local field in metal ellipsoidal particles with dielectric core in an external varying electric field has two maxima at two different frequencies. The second maximum becomes more important with increment in the metal fraction.

The article presented molecular genetic studies of genotypes of St.aureus isolated from biosubstrates of the persistent opportunistic skin of the organism in patients with allergic dermatoses. Results of the study showed development of persistent opportunistic skin infections caused by persistent opportunistic skin infections in patients with allergic dermatoses caused by MRSA and toxic shock syndrome (TSST) by strains of S.Aureus in 37.5% of cases.

Detection efficiency of alpha particles emitted by radon-222 in the air of the diffusion chamber under the influence of an electrets have been carried out by using solid state nuclear track detector LR-115, type II. Electrets are the electrostatic equivalent of permanent magnet, having a permanent surface charge resulting in a surface potential that may be several KV. Electrets were used to attract radon progeny formed in a cylindrical shape diffusion cup where solid state nuclear track detector LR-115, type II was placed for the measurement of radon concentration.

Background of the study: Blood sample collection is an invasive procedure and is carried out for diagnostic purposes; standardized technique in withdrawing blood sample should be followed to reduce pain and psychological trauma. Therefore it is essential to follow the Standard Operative Procedure for collection of blood specimen to get accurate laboratory results. Methods: The design adopted for this study was descriptive design. The study was conducted in pediatric unit. Data collection period was for one month. Samples were Health care workers in Pediatric Unit of selected hospital.

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding early childhood caries (ECC) among pediatricians in Amritsar city. Material & Method: A systematic random study was conducted among 120 pediatricians in Amritsar city by using a self administered questionnaire. Results: Pediatricians lacked ECC-related knowledge. Most of them were unaware of the first dental visit.

Background: The ability to produce in-vitro cultures of neuronal cells has been the base for advancing the knowledge of the nervous system functioning. There is a rise in memory loss and associated disorders in the present era. The present day research focuses on developing cost effective medications for such conditions. There are many such medications found in classical Ayurvedic textbooks which if revalidated scientifically may get global acceptance and benefit the ailing society. Ashtangahrdaya, describes ‘Chathushkuvalaya Rasayana’ and claims it to be a potent memory enhancer.

The word Shaka – Varga refers to vegetables and their classification. In an Ayurvedic classical texts there are various classifications of drugs, minerals, and vegetables. In the vegetable it includes Patra (Leafy vegetables), Pushpa (Flowering vegetables), Phala (Fruit vegetables), Nala (Stalk vegetables), Kanda (Tuber vegetables). Consumption of these vegetables helps to maintain the health of the healthy person and take part in the curing the diseases. Some of the vegetables also recommended as Pathya (Suitable) and Apathya (Not suitable) in particular diseases.

Background: Assessment of core stability (CS) in subjects with high body mass index (BMI) is critical for prognosis and for designing a core stabilization program. Objectives: Investigation the effect of BMI on core stability in healthy adults, and to compare the outcome between female and male healthy adults. Subjects: 90 healthy students with the right dominant lower limb admitted in this study based on the inclusion criteria, with the age of 19 to 25 years. Subjects have been distributed into three groups; Group I: 30 individuals with BMI<25 kg/m2.

Background: The problem of left-behind children is a focus of social concern. Objectives: In order to investigate the situation and characteristics of college students who grow up from left-behind children, this paper conducts a comparative study of college students who grow up from left-behind children and those who grow up from non-left-behind children in Hunan University of Science and Technology from four aspects: thought, life, study and work. Material & methods: 174 students with "Left-behind experience" and 190 students without "Left-behind experience" were investigated.

Tuberculosis is a global health problem, especially in countries that are grouped in high-burden countries, including Indonesia. Indonesia was in second position with the highest number of TB patients in the world in 2016. Based on the annual report of Medan City Health Department in 2016, succeed rate in Medan City was 73.04%. This study was conducted to determine the relationship of knowledge of pulmonary TB patients with the level of treatment adherence.

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a highly malignant neoplasm that arises from embryonic mesenchyme ( Horn, 1958). It is the most common soft tissue tumor in children, with the head and neck region accounting for 35-40% of cases ( Healy, 2012). Rhabdomyosarcoma in the nasal cavity often begins as a polypoid growth and may easily be mistaken for nasal polyps. For this reason, it is important that polypoid growths in the nasal cavity occurring in childhood to be biopsied. Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the nasopharynx is an uncommon tumor occurring almost exclusively in children.

Firms are seeking to be competitive world over because of the changing business environment. Banks too are seeking for means to gain competitive advantage over each other. One key parameter of achieving or attaining competitive advantage is to have sound and efficient performance. To achieve this bank need to check and compare the amount of nonperforming loans in their portfolios. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ownership structure on non-performing loans of commercial banks in Kenya.

In this study, the aim was to find out the prevalence of blood groups in a group of patients in World College of Medical Sciences & Research and Hospital, Jhajjar, Haryana, India. In this study, the blood groups of 612 patients were evaluated. In this study, the results showed that the prevalence of different blood groups among one group of 612 patients was approximately: B+ 36%, O+ 28%, A+ 19%, AB+ 8% and Rh negative- 9 % (O- 4%, B- 3%, A- 1% & AB- 1%). Thus, B+ is the most common blood group in our study.

This paper assessed the potential economic value of PET Bottled Water Scraps (PBWS) that constitute a large proportion of municipal solid waste in Enugu Urban, Nigeria. It investigated the volume and typology of PET Bottled Water (PBW) produced and placed in the market in Enugu Urban and estimated the scale of potential economic value of the Scraps. Field Survey and key informant interviews were utilized to collect primary data on the typology, volume and cost of PBWS. Data collected was analyzed using simple descriptive statistics.

Feeding in an infant with cleft lip and palate is a major challenge due to an abnormal oronasal communication in these patients. These infants have difficulty in making a seal around the nipple of the mother or the bottle. Feeding obturator restores this gap and assists in feeding as well as helps in reduction of airway problems, regurgitations and frequent infections.

Governments have the responsibility to implement and guarantee the success of the international agreements and their own goals. However, the financial and the economical issues are crucial and can undermine it. This paper explains how to use market based instruments to avoid or mitigate it, focusing also on how sustainable consumption can be achieved.

Background: Falls are very common in elderly population. Falls are a main cause of morbidity and disability in the elderly. More than one-third of persons 65 years of age or older fall each other, and in half of such cases the falls are recurrent. The risk doubles or triples in the presence of cognitive impairment or history of previous falls. Many view falls as merely a risk factor for fractures, disregarding the fact that falls can lead to affect quality of life and social and psychological consequences, with profound economic effects.

Through the testimony of the restorative architect of the Emanuela Gambini Monastery we will discover the great work of the architect Francisco del Moradillo and how it has endured over the centuries. The restorer Gambini will make us reason about the importance of investigating the materials at work for their subsequent recovery, ending our tour in the room of the forbidden, where recovery goes through the historical study of it. We will discover that the restorer must recover, along with the construction, the historical memory of the building throughout his life.

Women Empowerment is a significant topic of discussion, mainly in underdeveloped and developing nations. They have lately realized that the development that they aspire cannot be achieved unless we achieve gender equality by empowering their women. The economic empowerment of women refers to their right to control the economic decisions, income, assets and other equivalents; improving their economic as well as social status.

Sporopalynological descriptions are provided for fourteen species of ferns found to occur in Acarai State Park, a full-protection conservation unit in Praia Grande, São Francisco do Sul, Santa Catarina, Brazil: Asplenium brasiliense Sw., Campyloneurum acrocarpon Fée, Cyathea phalerata Mart, Lindsaea lancea (L.) Bedd, Macrothelypteris torresiana (Gaudich.) Ching, Microgramma vacciniifolia (Langsd and Fisch.). Copel, Niphidium crassifolium (L.) Lellinger, Pecluma chnoophora (Kunze) Salino and Costa Assis, Pecluma pectinatiformis (Lindm.) M.G. Price, Lepidopteris pleopeltis (Langsd.

Water quality monitoring is the integrated activity for evaluating the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water in relation to human health, ecological conditions and designated water uses. However for the purpose of this study, the assessment focused on Temperature, total phosphorus, Total Nitrogen, pH, total dissolved solids, turbidity, Electrical conductivity and base cation (Mg and Ca) concentrations.

Objectives: To measure frontal bone thickness in skeletal hyperdivergent and hypodivergent patients and compare with a group of normodivergent patients. Settings and sample population: The material comprised of 150 patients divided into three group, 50 patients with skeletal hyperdivergence and 50 with skeletal hypodivergence. They were compared with a control group of 50 patients of skeletal normodivergence.

This paper describes the issues of printing, publishing and publishing activities in the emirate of Bukhara in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, publishing houses of Mulla Akhmad, Mulla Mukhsin and others under the conditions of Russian. Levin's printing house in Bukhara, which plays a crucial role in the printing industry, has been exposed by new facts and arguments in the sample of printing house of Levin.

Background: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-coronavirus causes respiratory illness and has been linked to high morbidity and mortality since it was first found in Saudi Arabia in 2012. Camels have been identified as the likely source of the infection of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome in Egypt, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia. Currently, there is no available treatment for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-coronavirus; however, many efforts was done by the World Health Organization.

A new spectrophotometric reagent 2-hydroxynaphthaldehydebenzoylhydrazone (HNABH) has been synthesized and characterized. A very simple, ultra-sensitive and highly selective non-extractive new spectrophotometric method for the determination of ultra-trace amount of uranium using 2-hydroxynaphthaldehydebenzoylhydrazone (HNABH) has been developed. HNABH undergoes reaction in a slightly acidic solution (0.00025-0.00075M H2S04) with uranium to give a very light yellow chelate, which has an absorption maximum at 406-nm. The reaction is instantaneous and absorbance remains stable for over 24h.

Donation of blood is of utmost importance in the science of surgical, medicine so it is purely obligatory on the part of every citizen who is not suffering from ill conditions to donate blood. The primary purpose of this study was to explore the attitude, practice and barriers towards voluntary blood donation among health care and non health care professionals of Sikkim Manipal University.

Background and aims: The aim of this work was to study the effect of intravenous glutamine dipeptide on the oxidative state and outcome in enterally nourished critically ill patients as regards the improvement of nitrogen balance, improvement of Body Mass Index (BMI), changes in the level of total antioxidants (especially glutathione), serum albumin, WCBCs and C-reactive protein, duration of stay in ICU and prognosis and incidence and frequency of complications.

Academic English abstract is a miniature of the whole dissertation with the presentation of the principal objectives, scope of the study, methods employed and principal results. However, the Chinese engineering graduates have a relatively poor level of academic writing resulting in ineffective academic communications with internatiosnal experts. Therefore, this study focuses on the main English academic writing errors committed in master dissertations from the perspective of Error Analysis. Results shows the negative transfer of mother tongue has a huge effect.

The market scale of sportswear keeps increasing globally. As it increases, not only the variety of the products is broadened, but also the definition of sportswear is broadened. Sportswear now refers to functional clothes for fierce activities as well as clothes for daily life. In this report, by going over theories explaining factors of fashion trend changes, drastic increase of sportswear sales in China is explained. Fashion trend is a tendency of fashion which is influenced by tremendous factors like significant or meaningful incidents.

The wavelet analysis of the dynamics of the maximum annual temperature of Central England according to HadCET is carried out by the method of identification of stable regularities. The dynamic series is decomposed into 57 wavelets with a maximum relative error of 0.42%. Based on the forecast of 57 members of the model, 15 members were placed, and 42 members or 73.68% affect the future. Valentina Zharkova's forecast for a small ice age is confirmed, and it will be from 2032 to 2046.

Exposure to blood borne pathogens such as HBV remains a significant occupational hazard to health care workers especially among dental professionals and they are higlyvulnerable. Infection through saliva contamination or via needle stick injuries remains a common cause. Hence this study was conducted to determine the level of knowledge and awareness about HBV transmission.

Background: To investigate the amount of mandibular ridge resorption in nondiabetic and diabetic completely edentulous post-menopausal women and to describe the effects of age, duration of edentulousness, time since attaining menopause and duration of diabetes mellitus. Methods: A cross-sectional, pilot study was conducted on 20 completely edentulous women (10 nondiabetic and 10 diabetic with type 2 diabetes) with a mean age of 56 years (range of 45 to 67 years).

The results of a study of the cooling and rheological properties of solutions of oligomers and polymers polyisobutylene (PIB) in mineral oil are presented onwards. The concentration of PIB additives ranged from 0.25% by weight to 20.0% by weight while molecular mass (Mm) ranged from 4,0•102 m.u. to 6,0•104 m.u. It was established that in oligomeric PIB solutions with Mm from 0,68•103 to 1,0•104 there was a range of optimal concentrations in which there is a sharp reduction in the duration or complete elimination of film boiling (EFB effect) observed.

Breast cancer is now the most prevalent form of cancer in Indian women. The Incidence of Breast Cancer in India is 25.8 per 100,000 women, while in a developed country such as the United States of America, it is 124 per 100,000 women. The 5-year survival in India is however only 50% while in the USA, it is 91%. The prevalence of breast cancer is increasing in India, especially in the younger age. Significant factors for developing Breast cancer are dietary habits, lifestyle, reproductive pattern, and usage of post-menopausal hormonal therapy.

Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS)is the method used by multinational companies to shift their profits to low tax or no tax jurisdictions. The MNC’s capabilities to successfully avoid tax motivated the G20 countries and OECD to launch BEPS Action Plans. BEPS action planshas attracted the attention of tax policy makers, practitioners and academics. By this research, we bring forth the importance of BEPS Action Plans among readers and howthese are acting as a support system in economic development of the nations by reducing Illegal/ Unaccountable Transfer of Profits into Tax Havens.

Since the year 2000, the world elderly population increased by 48%. Medical problems become more predominant with aging leading to polypharmacy. Biological changes can occur with aging resulting in increased susceptibility of older people to medications and their side effects. These changes may have greater effect in a frail person or person with number or long-term or chronic diseases and conditions. Atorvastatin, rosuvastatin, perindopril, amlodipine and paracetamol are commonly used medications among elderly.

Objective: Cervical cancer is the first leading cause of cancer-related death among woman in Madagascar. Nurses and midwives have an important role in promoting prevention. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge of cervical cancer screening among final year undergraduate nurse and midwife students. Methods: We conducted a survey during the academic year 2017-2018 at all training institutes in nursing and midwifery across the city of Antananarivo. Result: Thirteen out of 15 existing institutes in Antananarivo participated in the survey.

Introduction: Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is a multi-organ disorder of genetic origin, transmitted through the autosomal dominant modality. Peripheral nervous sheath malignant tumors (PNSMT) are rare highly aggressive soft tissue sarcomas, they represent 5-10% of soft tissue sarcomas (2) and are the main complication of NF1. We report in this article a giant PNSMT observation complicating a NF1. Observation reported: This is a 50 years-old woman with cutaneous neurofibroma since adolescence and no other specific antecedent.

The experiment was carried out at Fruit Nursery of VCSG Uttarakhand University of Horticulture and Forestry, Bharsar, Pauri, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India, in 2016. To investigate the effect of different time of budding on the performance of Nectarine cv ‘Red June’ as a bud stick cultivar on peach root stock. Peach seedlings were budded at 15 days interval from 20th August to 20th September.

Some biochemical parameters were studied in the leaves/shoots of seven wildly occurring vegetables viz, Amaranthus viridis L. (Chengkruk), Chenopodium album L. (Monsaobi), Polygonum perfoliatum L. (Linha-maton), Stellaria aquatica L.(Yerum-keirum), Cissus javanica DC. (Kongouyen), Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC. (Mukthrubi) and Antidesma acidum Retz. (Ching-yensin). The parameters included determination of percentage of total soluble sugars reducing sugars, total free amino acids and proteins on moisture free basis, in addition to moisture content.

Anterior open bite cases are very difficult to treat satisfactorily because of their multifactorial etiology and their very high relapse rate. Dependent on the origin of the anterior open bite malocclusion and the patient’s age, there are several treatment possibilities ranging from deterrent appliances, high-pull headgear, fixed appliances with and without extractions to orthognathic surgery, and skeletal anchorage with miniplates or minis crews. This article reviews and describes the prevalence, classification, etiology, treatment strategies and stability of open bite malocclusion.

This paper investigates the design deficiencies in the current Saudi house. It sheds light on the socio-cultural and climatic responses that should be offered by the physical form in order to enhance its passive performance and reducing the reliance on mechanical cooling. A typical size of a common design of a domestic unit is analysed. The analysis identifies the main design deficiencies which contribute to extensive reliance on mechanical cooling. Recommendations to improve the current design are set up.

Introduction: Through and through bony lesions are characterized by erosion of both buccal and palatal/lingual bony plate in relations to the teeth apices. PRP has been used in various fields and proven beneficial in healing. Case description: Lack of both buccal and lingual cortical plates was confirmed both clinically and CBCT in the case. Endodontic Microsurgery was performed following modern techniques and the lesions were filled with PRP before closure. A follow up was done at 12 month follow up.

Comparative Literature brings about a sense of the unity of knowledge. Comparative analysis allows for understanding and adaptation without necessitating elimination of opposing views or the absolute privileging of one theoretical position, thus the differences and similarities within and across literary genres are perceived. The context, geographical or historical hugely influences the interpretation of the message in these genres.

Introduction: Fartlek is a great training tool. Fartlek means "speed-play" and is very effective in increasing a runner's speed and endurance. Fartlek is a relatively unstructured type of continuous training that originated in Scandinavia. It is performed over natural terrain. A typical session lasts about 45 min. The route is predetermined, but the pace is varied from fast bursts to jogging and walking, according to the terrain, and the disposition of the runner. Depending on the precise composition, Fartlek training can improve both the aerobic and anaerobic capacity of the athlete.

The present paper aims to document the plants belonging to the class Liliopsida (sensu Takhtajan, 2009) of the erstwhile undivided Bardhaman district of West Bengal, India. During the present investigation, a total of 300 species of monocotyledonous plants belonging to 177 genera and 47 families have been inventoried. The evolutionary tilt of this group of plants of the region towards cosmopolitan-, evolutionarily younger Liliopsid genera than endemic-, and evolutionarily older ones have also been indicated.

Introduction: Lower respiratory tract infections are a common cause of hospitalisation in infants. It is estimated that infants younger than 12 months with bronchiolitis account for 18% of all paediatric admission , representing a great burden to industrialised healthcare systems each winter. Bronchiolitis is defined as the first respiratory tract infection in infants younger than 12 months. Clinically, it can be manifested by cough, tachypnoea, apnoea, increased respiratory effort, fever, nasal congestion and rhinorrhoea.

Introduction; With the modernization and hasty life Accidents are considered as a modern day epidemic. Worldwide one third of trauma patients have abdominal trauma and remains a frequent cause of preventable death. Materials and Methods; The present study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital government medical college Srinagar from june 2014 to may 2019. It’s a prospective study entitling 677 patients getting admitted in our hospital as a case of isolated abdominal trauma.

Introduction-Placement of negative suction drain in subcutaneous plane in emergency laparotomy has been shown to drastically reduce incidence of infection by many mechanisms like evacuation of seroma, evacuation of infected content thereby decreasing bacterial load which results in improved healing better wound management and decreased morbidity and hospital stay.

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